Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Preliminary Inventory of the Iran Freedom Foundation Records
93035  
No online items No online items
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (143.57 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Description of Major Groups
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: Iran Freedom Foundation Records
    Dates: 1966-1993
    Collection Number: 93035
    Creator: Iran Freedom Foundation Tabatabai, Ali Akbar, 1930-1980
    Collection Size: 60 manuscript boxes, 3 cassette boxes, 1 open reel box, 2 cubic foot boxes, and 1 oversize box (27.7 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The collection relates to the Iranian revolution of 1979, subsequent political conditions and civil rights abuses in Iran, the Iran-Iraq War, Iranians in the United States and elsewhere, and American foreign policy toward Iran. It contains correspondence, press releases, appeals, clippings, speeches and writings, financial records, reports, bulletins, newsletters, pamphlets, serial issues, photographs, sound recordings, and videotapes. The collection includes some personal papers, 1966-1980, of Ali A. Tabatabai, founder of the organization, and material relating to his assassination.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: In In English and Persian.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Iran Freedom Foundation Records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1993.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Historical Note

    The Iran Freedom Foundation (IFF) was formed in Bethesda, Maryland in October 1979. Prior to establishing the IFF, the organization's founder and president, Ali Akbar Tabatabai worked as director of the Foreign Relations Department of the Ministry of Information in Tehran and press attaché at the Iranian embassy in Washington, D.C., in the final years of the Shah's reign and under the leadership of Ambassador Ardeshir Zahedi (1977-1979). Ali Akbar Tabatabai was assassinated in July 1980 by Daoud Salahuddin (David Belfield) at the front door of his home in Maryland. After his assassination, Ali Akbar's identical twin brother, Mohammad Reza, took over the operations of the IFF.
    The IFF supported a secular democracy in Iran and actively opposed the Islamic fundamentalist regime of Ayatollah Khomeini. Both Ali Akbar and Mohammad Reza frequently appeared on television and radio programs to promote awareness of human rights violations in Iran. In addition, the IFF disseminated information about Iran to members of the U.S. House and Senate as well as to members of the general public who wrote to the foundation with questions about Iran. The foundation worked closely with Iranian nationalist groups overseas, most notably Chapour Bakhtiar's National Movement of Iranian Resistance and Bahram Aryana's Azadegan.
    Source:
    "Iran Ex-Attaché, Khomeini Foe, Slain in the U.S." New York Times, July 23, 1980

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection relates to the Iranian revolution of 1979, subsequent political conditions and civil rights abuses in Iran, the Iran-Iraq War, Iranians in the United States and elsewhere, and American foreign policy toward Iran. It contains correspondence, press releases, appeals, clippings, speeches and writings, financial records, reports, bulletins, newsletters, pamphlets, serial issues, photographs, sound recordings, and videotapes. The collection includes some personal papers, 1966-1980, of Ali A. Tabatabai, founder of the organization, and material relating to his assassination.
    The majority of the collection consists of clippings, subject files, and printed matter relating to political and social events within Iran and surrounding countries, Iranian foreign relations, and the experiences of Iranian émigrés in the United States. Among these materials are volumes of photocopied clippings from Tabatabai's time as press attaché for the Iranian embassy in Washington, D.C., covering the critical months leading up to the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran, November 1978 to February 1979. Subject files also contain clippings, press releases, and speeches relating to the assassination of Ali Akbar Tabatabai.
    Following Ali Akbar Tabatabai's assassination, the Iran Freedom Foundation held several political rallies from 1981 to 1983 in support of secular democracy in Iran. While subject files contain flyers and speeches from these events, the publicity files include drafts of speeches and writings, press releases, and background information on the foundation's activities.
    The Iran Freedom Foundation sponsored one of the first anti-Khomeini Persian-language radio programs in the United States on WLMD radio in Maryland. Referred to as both the Iranian Hour and Iran Freedom Movement radio, the program was used as a forum to disseminate information about Iran and unite Iranian émigrés in the United States. The collection contains recordings of broadcasts as well as radio program materials in the form of notes, research headlines, clippings, and financial records. Sound recordings are identified in the container list by their labels. However, the contents of the sound recordings may not match their labels.

    Description of Major Groups

    The collection is unarranged, but most materials fall into the following major groups.
    Box Nos. Groups
    1, 3, 5, 9, 11-12, 15, 18, 20, 26, 29-30, 33, 36-38, 40-42, 45, 49, 51, 54 Publicity file, 1979-1984. Includes general background information, press releases, newsletters, bulletins, transcripts, speeches and writings, and notes
    1-4, 8-13, 16,18, 20, 28-30, 32, 34, 38-39, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52 Subject file, 1967-1992. Consists of clippings, magazines, collected articles, correspondence, flyers, newsletters, bulletins, speeches, government documents, and writings
    1-7, 11, 14, 26-36, 39-41, 44-45, 48-50, 52, 55 Clippings, 1971-1990. Consists of clippings from Iranian, American, and Saudi Arabian newspapers and magazines, mostly in English
    1-9, 15-16, 18, 29, 33-34, 37-38, 47-49, 51, 53, 55 56-57 Printed matter, 1978-1993. Consists of newspapers, magazines, monographs, newsletters, and pamphlets
    1, 3, 5, 10-11, 13, 15-16, 19, 29-30, 33, 36, 39, 41,48, 50, 56 Correspondence, 1979-1992. Consists mainly of letters sent and received, and enclosures
    20-25, 32-33, 42, 48-49, 51 Press attaché of the Iranian embassy, Washington, D.C., materials, 1953, 1970-1979. Consists of memoranda, correspondence, clippings, notes, and photographs
    19-20, 26, 40, 42-44 Radio program materials, 1981-1983, undated. Consists of notes, scripts, clippings, press summaries, and financial records relating to a Persian language program radio program in Maryland
    8, 11, 16-18, 32, 40, 51 Photographs, 1970-1983, undated. Consists of prints and negatives
    58-60 Video recordings, 1979-1981, undated. Contains recordings of interviews on U-matic videocassettes, arranged chronologically by subject
    61-66 Sound recordings, 1979-circa 1987, undated. Compact sound cassettes and open reel tapes arranged by form then by title chronologically
    67 Oversize materials, 1975-1990. Contains newspapers, posters, flyers, and a calendar

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Civil rights--Iran.
    Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988.
    Iran--History--Revolution, 1979.
    Iran--Politics and government--1979-1997.
    Iran--Emigration and immigration.
    Iran--Foreign relations--United States.
    United States--Foreign relations--Iran.