Inventory of the H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Archives
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Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2009


Title: H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949
Date (inclusive): 1919-1949
Collection Number: 2006C51
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Chinese
Physical Description: 100 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes (46.75 linear feet)
Abstract: Speeches and writings, correspondence, reports, conference proceedings, meeting minutes, and audiovisual material, relating to political and economic conditions in China and to Chinese diplomatic policy and finances during World War II.
Language of the Materials : Mainly in Chinese.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Kung, H.H. (Hsiang-hsi), 1880-1967

Access

51 of the 103 boxes in this collection are open for research on January 19, 2010. Due to the fragility of the original documents, only microfilm copies (68 reels) will be provided for researchers' use.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Related Materials

Kia-ngau Chang papers, 1889-1979, Hoover Institution Archives
Chiang Kai-shek diaries, 1917-1972, Hoover Institution Archives
T. V. Soong papers, 1916-2005, Hoover Institution Archives
Zhongguo guo min dang records, 1894-1957, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical/Historical Note

1881 Born, Shanxi Province, China
1896-1900 Studied at North China Union College in Tongzhou
1906 Graduated from Oberlin College, Ohio
1907 Graduated from Yale University, M.A. in Economics
1913 Secretary of the Chinese YMCA, in Tokyo, Japan
1914 Married Soong Ailing
1924 Joined the Kuomintang (KMT)
1925 Received honorary LL.D. degree from Oberlin College
1928 Named Minister of Industry and Commerce
1929 Elected to the KMT Central Executive Committee
1932 Appointed special commissioner to study European industrial conditions, assigned to secure foreign aid for the development of China's national defense
1933 Governor, Bank of China
  Minister of Finance
  Vice-Premier, Executive Yuan
1937 Represented the Chinese National Government as special envoy during the coronation of King George VI
  Received honorary degree from Yale University
1938-1939 Premier, Executive Yuan
  President, Chinese-American Institute of Cultural Relations
1948 Moved to New York, United States
1967 August 15 Died, Long Island, New York

Scope and Content of Collection

The Hoover Institution received on deposit, 103 boxes of H. H. Kung papers in 2006. Of this material, contents of 51 boxes are available for research. Due to the fragility of the original documents, only microfilm copies will be provided for researchers' use. This finding aid describes the papers in these 51 boxes. A microfilm reel list, which indicates corresponding box and reel numbers, is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
The other boxes are closed due to the hazardous physical condition of the papers. A significant portion of the papers suffered mold infestation, and displayed other signs of deterioration when received at the Hoover Archives.
The microfilmed Kung papers at Hoover bear witness to and describe turning points of the Republic China era, such as the passing of Sun Yatsen in 1925, the Manchurian Incident of 1931, the Xi'an Incident of 1936, the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the Chinese Civil War (1946-1949), and the reformation of China's modern banking and monetary system.
Among the previously less-known historical accounts now revealed from Kung's personal papers are Nationalist China's endeavors to manufacture its own military weapons before and during World War II, intelligence reports concerning the Chinese Communist Party's financial, economic, and military operations in the Shaaxi-Gansu-Ningxi Border Region, Japanese secret activities in China in the early war years, and the intricate relationship between Chiang Kai-shek's central government and regional warlords and political factions.
A major component of the collection includes KMT records, conference proceedings, meeting minutes, agendas, reports, resolutions, and other support documents from the Central Executive Committee and the Supreme National Defense Commission (bulk 1930-1943). The collection also includes core domestic and foreign policy making files compiled during Kung's political career as Minister of Industry and Commerce, Minister of Finance, and Premier of the Executive Yuan.
The papers also exhibit Kung's charitable and educational endeavors such as his involvement in disaster relief efforts and the establishment of the Oberlin Shansi Ming Hsien School (see English correspondence files, 1917-1948) which fostered cross-cultural and education exchange programs.

Arrangement

The arrangement of this material reflects the original order of the papers when received from the donors.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Kung, H.H. (Hsiang-hsi), 1880-1967
China--Economic conditions--1912-1949.
China--Politics and government--1912-1949.
Finance, Public--China.
Statesmen--China.
World War, 1939-1945--China.
World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history.
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects.

Microfilm Reel 1, Box/Folder: 1

Aircraft manufacturing for warplanes 1933-1942

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence, price quotations, and aircraft description and specifications from aircraft manufacturing companies.
Microfilm Reel 1, Box/Folder: 1 : 1

Aircraft standards and regulations, 1938

Microfilm Reel 1, Box/Folder: 1 : 2-4

Correspondence, 1940-1942

Microfilm Reel 1, Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Far-East Aviation Co., Ltd, 1933

Microfilm Reel 1, Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Koolhoven Aeroplanes, 1938

Microfilm Reel 1, Box/Folder: 1 : 7-11

Real estate files, 1928

Microfilm Reel 1, Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Printed matter, 1929

Microfilm Reel 2, Box/Folder: 1 : 13

China Child Welfare Inc., 1929-1931

Microfilm Reel 2, Box/Folder: 1 : 14

David Kung, undated

Microfilm Reel 2, Box/Folder: 2 : 1-10

Sino-Japanese relations, 1932-1937 1932-1937

Microfilm Reel 2, Box/Folder: 2 : 11

Manchurian (Mukden) Incident, 1931

Microfilm Reel 3, Box/Folder: 2 : 12-13

Xi'an Incident, 1936-1937

Microfilm Reel 3, Box/Folder: 3 : 1

Zhang Xueliang correspondence file, circa 1931

Microfilm Reel 3, Box/Folder: 3 : 2-5

Yan Xishan and Feng Yuxiang correspondence file, 1936-1937

Microfilm Reel 3-4, Box/Folder: 3 : 6-8

Shanxi file, 1circa 1930-1931

Microfilm Reel 4, Box/Folder: 3 : 9

Chinese Communists, 1939-1946

Microfilm Reel 4, Box/Folder: 4 : 1-7

Chinese Communists, 1939-1946

Microfilm Reel 4-5, Box/Folder: 4 : 8-11

Wang Jingwei and Hu Hanmin correspondence file, 1935-1938

Microfilm Reel 5, Box/Folder: 5 : 1-2

Sun Yatsen Mausoleum Construction Committee, 1925

Microfilm Reel 5-6, Box/Folder: 5 : 3-11

Sun Yatsen Funeral Services Committee, in Chinese, circa 1925-1930

Microfilm Reel 6, Box/Folder: 5 : 12

Digest of translated and transcribed news reports, records, telegrams, correspondence, meeting minutes, undated

Microfilm Reel 7, Box/Folder: 6 : 1-5

Digest of translated and transcribed news reports, records, telegrams, correspondence, meeting minutes, undated

Microfilm Reel 8, Box/Folder: 7 : 1-2

Digest of translated and transcribed news reports, records, telegrams, correspondence, meeting minutes, undated

Microfilm Reel 8, Box/Folder: 7 : 3-10

English correspondence files, 1917-1945

Microfilm Reel 9, Box/Folder: 8 : 1-6

English correspondence files, 1917-1948

Microfilm Reel 9, Box/Folder: 8 : 7

William Hunt and company, 1941-1945

Microfilm Reel 9, Box/Folder: 8 : 8

Aviation, 1941-1944 1941-1944

Microfilm Reel 9, Box/Folder: 8 : 9

Aerial transportation, 1941-1944

Microfilm Reel 9, Box/Folder: 8 : 10

China Foundation, 1940-1941

Microfilm Reel 9, Box/Folder: 9 : 1

KP Chen (Chen Guangfu), 1941

Microfilm Reel 9, Box/Folder: 9 : 2

Appointment applications received, 1944

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 3

Foreign Ministry, 1941

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 4

Chinese embassy, London, 1941

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 5

Chinese government Trading Commission, 1941

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 6

East-West Association, 1945

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 7

Customs administration, general, 1943

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 8

Foreign Exchange Central Commission (application for Foreign Exchange), 1941

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 9

French Embassy, 1941

Microfilm Reel 10, Box/Folder: 9 : 10

Export Import Bank Cotton and Wheat Loan, 1939

Microfilm Reel 11-13, Box/Folder: 10 : 1-14

Intelligence reports, circa 1935-1940

Microfilm Reel 13-14, Box/Folder: 11 : 1-11

Intelligence reports, circa 1935-1940

Microfilm Reel 14-16, Box/Folder: 12 : 1-10

Intelligence reports, circa 1935-1940

Microfilm Reel 16, Box/Folder: 13 : 1

Shanghai municipal government intelligence reports, 1932

Microfilm Reel 16, Box/Folder: 13 : 2

International relations, 1938

Microfilm Reel 16, Box/Folder: 13 : 3-4

Finance and banking, 1924-1934

Microfilm Reel 16, Box/Folder: 13 : 5

Miscellaneous documents, 1934-1938

Microfilm Reel 16-17, Box/Folder: 13 : 6-10

Provincial policy address, undated

Microfilm Reel 18-19, Box/Folder: 14 : 1-10

Intelligence reports, circa 1938-1939

Microfilm Reel 19-21, Box/Folder: 15 : 1-10

Intelligence reports, circa 1938-1939

 

Ministry of Industry, 1931

Microfilm Reel 21, Box/Folder: 16 : 1-3

Mining, 1931

Microfilm Reel 22, Box/Folder: 16 : 4-5

Agriculture, 1931

Microfilm Reel 22, Box/Folder: 16 : 6

Water, 1931

Microfilm Reel 22-23, Box/Folder: 17 : 1-3

Ministry of Commerce, 1925-1928

Microfilm Reel 23, Box/Folder: 17 : 4-6

Central Bank files, 1944

Microfilm Reel 23, Box/Folder: 17 : 7

Headquarters of Four Joint Banks, 1944

Microfilm Reel 24, Box/Folder: 17 : 8

Farmer's Bank of China, 1944

Microfilm Reel 24, Box/Folder: 17 : 9

Aviation, 1944

Microfilm Reel 24, Box/Folder: 17 : 10

Central Trust, 1944

Microfilm Reel 24-25, Box/Folder: 18 : 1-8

Tax regulations, undated

Microfilm Reel 26-27, Box/Folder: 19 : 1-3

Four Banks (Central Bank, Bank of Communications, Bank of China, Agricultural Bank) joint meeting, circa 1943

Microfilm Reel 27-28, Box/Folder: 20 : 1-4

Disaster relief, circa 1933-1935

Microfilm Reel 28, Box/Folder: 20 : 5-7

Foreign affairs, national defense and political affairs, 1934-1936

Microfilm Reel 28-29, Box/Folder: 21 : 1-6

Economic Committee, undated

Scope and Contents note

Consists of the records of various several subcommittees, including the establishment of fundamental industrial and commercial units, reorganization of domestic and foreign loans, wartime financial policies, the stabilization of the Foreign Exchange Market in Shanghai and natural resources.
Microfilm Reel 29, Box/Folder: 22 : 1-4

Economic Committee, undated

Microfilm Reel 29, Box/Folder: 22 : 5-10

Confucius Temple, circa 1928-1935

Microfilm Reel 30, Box/Folder: 23 : 1-4

Sun Yatsen funeral records, 1925

Microfilm Reel 30, Box/Folder: 24 : 1-6

Sun Yatsen funeral records, 1925

Microfilm Reel 31-32, Box/Folder: 25 : 1-6

Sun Yatsen funeral records, 1925

Microfilm Reel 33, Box/Folder: 26 : 1

KMT Party Affairs Report, 1936

Microfilm Reel 33, Box/Folder: 26 : 2-4

Central Executive Committee, 1929

Microfilm Reel 34, Box/Folder: 26 : 6-8

Central Executive Committee, 1941

Microfilm Reel 35, Box/Folder: 27 : 1-2

Central Executive Committee, 1941

Microfilm Reel 35, Box/Folder: 27 : 3-4

Central Executive Committee, 1929

Microfilm Reel 35-36, Box/Folder: 27 : 5-8

Central Executive Committee, 1930

Microfilm Reel 36, Box/Folder: 27 : 9-12

Central Executive Committee, 1931

Microfilm Reel 36-37, Box/Folder: 28 : 1-9

Zong Li (Sun Yatsen) Memorial Committee, 1929-1931

Microfilm Reel 38, Box/Folder: 29 : 1

Party Affairs Report, 1929

Microfilm Reel 38, Box/Folder: 29 : 2-3

Central Executive Committee, 1930

Microfilm Reel 39, Box/Folder: 29 : 4

Central Executive Committee, 1931

Microfilm Reel 39, Box/Folder: 29 : 5

Central Executive Committee, 1932

Microfilm Reel 39, Box/Folder: 29 : 6

Central Executive Committee, 1935

Microfilm Reel 39, Box/Folder: 29 : 7

Central Executive Committee, 1936

Microfilm Reel 39, Box/Folder: 29 : 8-12

Central Executive Committee, 1939

Microfilm Reel 39, Box/Folder: 30 : 1

KMT National Congress Meeting Minutes, 1924

Microfilm Reel 39-40, Box/Folder: 30 : 2-4

KMT National Congress Meeting Minutes, 1926

Microfilm Reel 40-41, Box/Folder: 30 : 5-7

KMT National Congress Meeting Minutes, 1929

Microfilm Reel 41, Box/Folder: 30 : 8

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1929

Microfilm Reel 41, Box/Folder: 30 : 9

KMT National Party Congress 1931

Microfilm Reel 41, Box/Folder: 30 : 10-12

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1931

Microfilm Reel 41, Box/Folder: 31 : 1-3

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1929

Microfilm Reel 41, Box/Folder: 31 : 4

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1930

Microfilm Reel 41, Box/Folder: 31 : 5-8

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1931

Microfilm Reel 41-42, Box/Folder: 31 : 9-20

National Party Congress, undated

Microfilm Reel 42, Box/Folder: 32 : 1

Central Executive Committee, 1940

Microfilm Reel 42, Box/Folder: 32 : 2-3

Central Standing Committee, 1938

Microfilm Reel 43, Box/Folder: 32 : 4

Central Executive Committee, 1930

Microfilm Reel 43, Box/Folder: 32 : 5

Central Standing Committee, undated

Microfilm Reel 43, Box/Folder: 32 : 6-7

Central Executive Committee, 1938

Microfilm Reel 43-44, Box/Folder: 32 : 8-10

Central Executive Committee, 1940

Microfilm Reel 44, Box/Folder: 32 : 11

Central Executive Committee, 1939

Microfilm Reel 44, Box/Folder: 32 : 12

Central Executive Committee, 1935

Microfilm Reel 44, Box/Folder: 32 : 13

Central Executive Committee, 1939

Microfilm Reel 44, Box/Folder: 32 : 14

Central Executive Committee, 1938-1940

Microfilm Reel 44, Box/Folder: 32 : 15

Central Executive Committee, 1940

Microfilm Reel 44, Box/Folder: 32 : 16

Central Executive Committee, 1937

Microfilm Reel 44, Box/Folder: 33 : 1-14

Central Executive Committee, 1940-1941

Microfilm Reel 45, Box/Folder: 34 : 1-4

Central Executive Committee, 1935

Microfilm Reel 45, Box/Folder: 34 : 5-15

KMT Political Council, 1927

Microfilm Reel 46, Box/Folder: 35 : 1-6

KMT Political Council, 1927

Microfilm Reel 46, Box/Folder: 35 : 7-15

Central Executive Committee, 1927-1931

Microfilm Reel 46, Box/Folder: 35 : 16-21

Central Bank, 1936

Microfilm Reel 46-47, Box/Folder: 35 : 22-26

Ministry of Finance, 1936

Microfilm Reel 47, Box/Folder: 36 : 1

Executive Yuan, 1942

Microfilm Reel 47, Box/Folder: 36 : 2-3

Executive Yuan, 1943

Microfilm Reel 47, Box/Folder: 36 : 4

Ministry of Transportation, 1940

Microfilm Reel 48-49, Box/Folder: 37 : 1-24

National Assembly, 1931

Microfilm Reel 49, Box/Folder: 38 : 1-6

National Assembly, 1931

Microfilm Reel 49, Box/Folder: 38 : 7-10

National Assembly, undated

Microfilm Reel 50, Box/Folder: 38 : 11-12

National Supreme Defense Council, 1938

Microfilm Reel 50, Box/Folder: 38 : 13

National Supreme Defense Council, 1939

Microfilm Reel 50, Box/Folder: 38 : 14

National Supreme Defense Council, 1940 1940

Microfilm Reel 50-51, Box/Folder: 39 : 1-13

National Supreme Defense Council, 1939-1940

Microfilm Reel 51-52, Box/Folder: 40 : 1-18

National Supreme Defence Council, 1939-1940

Microfilm Reel 52-53, Box/Folder: 41 : 1-28

National Government State Council, 1928-1931

Microfilm Reel 53-54, Box/Folder: 42 : 1-16

State Affairs Conference, laws and regulations, 1928-1931

Microfilm Reel 54, Box/Folder: 42 : 17-20

State Affairs Conference, miscellaneous documents, 1928-1931

Microfilm Reel 54-55, Box/Folder: 43 : 1-9

State Affairs Conference, miscellaneous documents, 1928-1931

Microfilm Reel 55, Box/Folder: 43 : 10-24

Executive Yuan, state affairs, circa 1928-193

Microfilm Reel 56, Box/Folder: 44 : 1-10

Executive Yuan, circa 1930

Microfilm Reel 56-57, Box/Folder: 44 : 11-20

Wartime Finance Committee, circa 1936-1937

Scope and Contents note

Includes resolutions, meeting minutes, correspondence, and other supporting documents relating to wartime finance.
Microfilm Reel 57-58, Box/Folder: 45 : 1-6

Currency policy, taxation System, and currency management, undated

Microfilm Reel 58-59, Box/Folder: 45 : 7-12

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1935-1936

Microfilm Reel 59-60, Box/Folder: 46 : 1-14

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1936-1940

Microfilm Reel 61-62, Box/Folder: 47 : 1-3

National Mobilization records, circa 1943

Microfilm Reel 62-63, Box/Folder: 48 : 1-4

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1943

Microfilm Reel 64-65, Box/Folder: 49 : 1-3

Executive Yuan, circa 1943

Microfilm Reel 65, Box/Folder: 49 : 4

Ministry of Finance, circa 1927-1928

Microfilm Reel 65-66, Box/Folder: 50 : 1-4

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1930

Microfilm Reel 66, Box/Folder: 50 : 5-7

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1931

Microfilm Reel 66, Box/Folder: 50 : 8

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1938

Microfilm Reel 66-67, Box/Folder: 50 : 9-10

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1943

Microfilm Reel 67-68, Box/Folder: 51 : 1-9

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1930

Microfilm Reel 68, Box/Folder: 51 : 10-13

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1931

Microfilm Reel 68, Box/Folder: 51 : 14

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1940

Microfilm Reel 68, Box/Folder: 51 : 15-17

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1941

Microfilm Reel 68, Box/Folder: 51 : 18

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1943