Inventory of the H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949

Processed by Hoover Staff.
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2009
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Hoover Staff
Date Completed:
2009
Encoded by:
Machine-readable finding aid derived from Microsoft Word and MARC record by Lisa H. Nguyen.
© 2009 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Title: H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949
Dates: 1919-1949
Collection Number: 2006C51
Creator: Kung, H. H. (Hsiang-hsi), 1880-1967
Collection Size: 100 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes (46.75 linear feet linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Speeches and writings, correspondence, reports, conference proceedings, meeting minutes, and audiovisual material, relating to political and economic conditions in China and to Chinese diplomatic policy and finances during World War II.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: Chinese

Administrative Information

Access

51 of the 103 boxes in this collection are open for research on January 19, 2010. Due to the fragility of the original documents, only microfilm copies (68 reels) will be provided for researchers' use.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Related Materials

Kia-ngau Chang papers, 1889-1979, Hoover Institution Archives
Chiang Kai-shek diaries, 1917-1972, Hoover Institution Archives
T. V. Soong papers, 1916-2005, Hoover Institution Archives
Zhongguo guo min dang records, 1894-1957, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical/Historical Note

1881 Born, Shanxi Province, China
1896-1900 Studied at North China Union College in Tongzhou
1906 Graduated from Oberlin College, Ohio
1907 Graduated from Yale University, M.A. in Economics
1913 Secretary of the Chinese YMCA, in Tokyo, Japan
1914 Married Soong Ailing
1924 Joined the Kuomintang (KMT)
1925 Received honorary LL.D. degree from Oberlin College
1928 Named Minister of Industry and Commerce
1929 Elected to the KMT Central Executive Committee
1932 Appointed special commissioner to study European industrial conditions, assigned to secure foreign aid for the development of China's national defense
1933 Governor, Bank of China
  Minister of Finance
  Vice-Premier, Executive Yuan
1937 Represented the Chinese National Government as special envoy during the coronation of King George VI
  Received honorary degree from Yale University
1938-1939 Premier, Executive Yuan
  President, Chinese-American Institute of Cultural Relations
1948 Moved to New York, United States
1967 August 15 Died, Long Island, New York

Scope and Content of Collection

The Hoover Institution received on deposit, 103 boxes of H. H. Kung papers in 2006. Of this material, contents of 51 boxes are available for research. Due to the fragility of the original documents, only microfilm copies will be provided for researchers' use. This finding aid describes the papers in these 51 boxes. A microfilm reel list, which indicates corresponding box and reel numbers, is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
The other boxes are closed due to the hazardous physical condition of the papers. A significant portion of the papers suffered mold infestation, and displayed other signs of deterioration when received at the Hoover Archives.
The microfilmed Kung papers at Hoover bear witness to and describe turning points of the Republic China era, such as the passing of Sun Yatsen in 1925, the Manchurian Incident of 1931, the Xi'an Incident of 1936, the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the Chinese Civil War (1946-1949), and the reformation of China's modern banking and monetary system.
Among the previously less-known historical accounts now revealed from Kung's personal papers are Nationalist China's endeavors to manufacture its own military weapons before and during World War II, intelligence reports concerning the Chinese Communist Party's financial, economic, and military operations in the Shaaxi-Gansu-Ningxi Border Region, Japanese secret activities in China in the early war years, and the intricate relationship between Chiang Kai-shek's central government and regional warlords and political factions.
A major component of the collection includes KMT records, conference proceedings, meeting minutes, agendas, reports, resolutions, and other support documents from the Central Executive Committee and the Supreme National Defense Commission (bulk 1930-1943). The collection also includes core domestic and foreign policy making files compiled during Kung's political career as Minister of Industry and Commerce, Minister of Finance, and Premier of the Executive Yuan.
The papers also exhibit Kung's charitable and educational endeavors such as his involvement in disaster relief efforts and the establishment of the Oberlin Shansi Ming Hsien School (see English correspondence files, 1917-1948) which fostered cross-cultural and education exchange programs.

Arrangement

The arrangement of this material reflects the original order of the papers when received from the donors.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Kung, H.H. (Hsiang-hsi), 1880-1967
Finance, Public--China.
World War, 1939-1945--China.
World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history.
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
China--Politics and government--1912-1949.
China--Economic conditions--1912-1949.
Statesmen--China.


Collection Contents

Box/Folder: 1 :

Aircraft manufacturing for warplanes 1933-1942

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence, price quotations, and aircraft description and specifications from aircraft manufacturing companies.
Box/Folder: 1 : 1

Aircraft standards and regulations, 1938

Box/Folder: 1 : 2-4

Correspondence, 1940-1942

Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Far-East Aviation Co., Ltd, 1933

Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Koolhoven Aeroplanes, 1938

Box/Folder: 1 : 7-11

Real estate files, 1928

Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Printed matter, 1929

Box/Folder: 1 : 13

China Child Welfare Inc., 1929-1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 14

David Kung, undated

Box/Folder: 2 : 1-10

Sino-Japanese relations, 1932-1937 1932-1937

Box/Folder: 1 : 11

Manchurian (Mukden) Incident, 1931

Box/Folder: 2 : 12-13

Xi?an Incident, 1936-1937

Box/Folder: 3 : 1

Zhang Xueliang correspondence file, circa 1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 2-5

Yan Xishan and Feng Yuxiang correspondence file, 1936-1937

Box/Folder: 1 : 6-8

Shanxi file, 1circa 1930-1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 9

Chinese Communists, 1939-1946

Box/Folder: 4 : 1-7

Chinese Communists, 1939-1946

Box/Folder: 4 : 8-11

Wang Jingwei and Hu Hanmin correspondence file, 1935-1938

Box/Folder: 5 : 1-2

Sun Yatsen Mausoleum Construction Committee, 1925

Box/Folder: 5 : 3-11

Sun Yatsen Funeral Services Committee, in Chinese, circa 1925-1930

Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Digest of translated and transcribed news reports, records, telegrams, correspondence, meeting minutes, undated

Box/Folder: 6 : 1-5

Digest of translated and transcribed news reports, records, telegrams, correspondence, meeting minutes, undated

Box/Folder: 7 : 1-2

Digest of translated and transcribed news reports, records, telegrams, correspondence, meeting minutes, undated

Box/Folder: 7 : 3-10

English correspondence files, 1917-1945

Box/Folder: 8 : 1-6

English correspondence files, 1917-1948

Box/Folder: 8 : 7

William Hunt and company, 1941-1945

Box/Folder: 8 : 8

Aviation, 1941-1944 1941-1944

Box/Folder: 8 : 9

Aerial transportation, 1941-1944

Box/Folder: 8 : 10

China Foundation, 1940-1941

Box/Folder: 9 : 1

KP Chen (Chen Guangfu), 1941

Box/Folder: 9 : 2

Appointment applications received, 1944

Box/Folder: 9 : 3

Foreign Ministry, 1941

Box/Folder: 9 : 4

Chinese embassy, London, 1941

Box/Folder: 9 : 5

Chinese government Trading Commission, 1941

Box/Folder: 9 : 6

East-West Association, 1945

Box/Folder: 9 : 7

Customs administration, general, 1943

Box/Folder: 9 : 8

Foreign Exchange Central Commission (application for Foreign Exchange), 1941

Box/Folder: 9 : 9

French Embassy, 1941

Box/Folder: 9 : 10

Export Import Bank Cotton and Wheat Loan, 1939

Box/Folder: 10 : 1-14

Intelligence reports, circa 1935-1940

Box/Folder: 11 : 1-11

Intelligence reports, circa 1935-1940

Box/Folder: 12 : 1-10

Intelligence reports, circa 1935-1940

Box/Folder: 13 : 1

Shanghai municipal government intelligence reports, 1932

Box/Folder: 13 : 2

International relations, 1938

Box/Folder: 13 : 3-4

Finance and banking, 1924-1934

Box/Folder: 13 : 5

Miscellaneous documents, 1934-1938

Box/Folder: 13 : 6-10

Provincial policy address, undated

Box/Folder: 14 : 1-10

Intelligence reports, circa 1938-1939

Box/Folder: 15 : 1-10

Intelligence reports, circa 1938-1939

 

Ministry of Industry, 1931

Box/Folder: 16 : 1-3

Mining, 1931

Box/Folder: 16 : 4-5

Agriculture, 1931

Box/Folder: 16 : 6

Water, 1931

Box/Folder: 17 : 1-3

Ministry of Commerce, 1925-1928

Box/Folder: 17 : 4-6

Central Bank files, 1944

Box/Folder: 17 : 7

Headquarters of Four Joint Banks, 1944

Box/Folder: 17 : 8

Farmer's Bank of China, 1944

Box/Folder: 17 : 9

Aviation, 1944

Box/Folder: 17 : 10

Central Trust, 1944

Box/Folder: 18 : 1-8

Tax regulations, undated

Box/Folder: 19 : 1-3

Four Banks (Central Bank, Bank of Communications, Bank of China, Agricultural Bank) joint meeting, circa 1943

Box/Folder: 20 : 1-4

Disaster relief, circa 1933-1935

Box/Folder: 20 : 5-7

Foreign affairs, national defense and political affairs, 1934-1936

Box/Folder: 21 : 1-6

Economic Committee, undated

Scope and Content Note

Consists of the records of various several subcommittees, including the establishment of fundamental industrial and commercial units, reorganization of domestic and foreign loans, wartime financial policies, the stabilization of the Foreign Exchange Market in Shanghai and natural resources.
Box/Folder: 22 : 1-4

Economic Committee, undated

Box/Folder: 22 : 5-10

Confucius Temple, circa 1928-1935

Box/Folder: 23 : 1-4

Sun Yatsen funeral records, 1925

Box/Folder: 24 : 1-6

Sun Yatsen funeral records, 1925

Box/Folder: 25 : 1-6

Sun Yatsen funeral records, 1925

Box/Folder: 26 : 1

KMT Party Affairs Report, 1936

Box/Folder: 26 : 2-4

Central Executive Committee, 1929

Box/Folder: 26 : 6-8

Central Executive Committee, 1941

Box/Folder: 27 : 1-2

Central Executive Committee, 1941

Box/Folder: 27 : 3-4

Central Executive Committee, 1929

Box/Folder: 27 : 5-8

Central Executive Committee, 1930

Box/Folder: 27 : 9-12

Central Executive Committee, 1931

Box/Folder: 28 : 1-9

Zong Li (Sun Yatsen) Memorial Committee, 1929-1931

Box/Folder: 29 : 1

Party Affairs Report, 1929

Box/Folder: 29 : 2-3

Central Executive Committee, 1930

Box/Folder: 29 : 4

Central Executive Committee, 1931

Box/Folder: 29 : 5

Central Executive Committee, 1932

Box/Folder: 29 : 6

Central Executive Committee, 1935

Box/Folder: 29 : 7

Central Executive Committee, 1936

Box/Folder: 29 : 8-12

Central Executive Committee, 1939

Box/Folder: 30 : 1

KMT National Congress Meeting Minutes, 1924

Box/Folder: 30 : 2-4

KMT National Congress Meeting Minutes, 1926

Box/Folder: 30 : 5-7

KMT National Congress Meeting Minutes, 1929

Box/Folder: 30 : 8

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1929

Box/Folder: 30 : 9

KMT National Party Congress 1931

Box/Folder: 30 : 10-12

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1931

Box/Folder: 31 : 1-3

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1929

Box/Folder: 31 : 4

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1930

Box/Folder: 31 : 5-8

KMT Central Executive Committee, 1931

Box/Folder: 31 : 9-20

National Party Congress, undated

Box/Folder: 32 : 1

Central Executive Committee, 1940

Box/Folder: 32 : 2-3

Central Standing Committee, 1938

Box/Folder: 32 : 4

Central Executive Committee, 1930

Box/Folder: 32 : 5

Central Standing Committee, undated

Box/Folder: 32 : 6-7

Central Executive Committee, 1938

Box/Folder: 32 : 8-10

Central Executive Committee, 1940

Box/Folder: 32 : 11

Central Executive Committee, 1939

Box/Folder: 32 : 12

Central Executive Committee, 1935

Box/Folder: 32 : 13

Central Executive Committee, 1939

Box/Folder: 32 : 14

Central Executive Committee, 1938-1940

Box/Folder: 32 : 15

Central Executive Committee, 1940

Box/Folder: 32 : 16

Central Executive Committee, 1937

Box/Folder: 33 : 1-14

Central Executive Committee, 1940-1941

Box/Folder: 34 : 1-4

Central Executive Committee, 1935

Box/Folder: 34 : 5-15

KMT Political Council, 1927

Box/Folder: 35 : 1-6

KMT Political Council, 1927

Box/Folder: 35 : 7-15

Central Executive Committee, 1927-1931

Box/Folder: 35 : 16-21

Central Bank, 1936

Box/Folder: 35 : 22-26

Ministry of Finance, 1936

Box/Folder: 36 : 1

Executive Yuan, 1942

Box/Folder: 36 : 2-3

Executive Yuan, 1943

Box/Folder: 36 : 4

Ministry of Transportation, 1940

Box/Folder: 37 : 1-24

National Assembly, 1931

Box/Folder: 38 : 1-6

National Assembly, 1931

Box/Folder: 38 : 7-10

National Assembly, undated

Box/Folder: 38 : 11-12

National Supreme Defense Council, 1938

Box/Folder: 38 : 13

National Supreme Defense Council, 1939

Box/Folder: 38 : 14

National Supreme Defense Council, 1940 1940

Box/Folder: 39 : 1-13

National Supreme Defense Council, 1939-1940

Box/Folder: 40 : 1-18

National Supreme Defence Council, 1939-1940

Box/Folder: 41 : 1-28

National Government State Council, 1928-1931

Box/Folder: 42 : 1-16

State Affairs Conference, laws and regulations, 1928-1931

Box/Folder: 42 : 17-20

State Affairs Conference, miscellaneous documents, 1928-1931

Box/Folder: 43 : 1-9

State Affairs Conference, miscellaneous documents, 1928-1931

Box/Folder: 43 : 10-24

Executive Yuan, state affairs, circa 1928-193

Box/Folder: 44 : 1-10

Executive Yuan, circa 1930

Box/Folder: 44 : 11-20

Wartime Finance Committee, circa 1936-1937

Scope and Content Note

Includes resolutions, meeting minutes, correspondence, and other supporting documents relating to wartime finance.
Box/Folder: 45 : 1-6

Currency policy, taxation System, and currency management, undated

Box/Folder: 45 : 7-12

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1935-1936

Box/Folder: 46 : 1-14

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1936-1940

Box/Folder: 47 : 1-3

National Mobilization records, circa 1943

Box/Folder: 48 : 1-4

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1943

Box/Folder: 49 : 1-3

Executive Yuan, circa 1943

Box/Folder: 49 : 4

Ministry of Finance, circa 1927-1928

Box/Folder: 50 : 1-4

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1930

Box/Folder: 50 : 5-7

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1931

Box/Folder: 50 : 8

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1938

Box/Folder: 50 : 9-10

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1943

Box/Folder: 51 : 1-9

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1930

Box/Folder: 51 : 10-13

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1931

Box/Folder: 51 : 14

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1940

Box/Folder: 51 : 15-17

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1941

Box/Folder: 51 : 18

Executive Yuan meetings, circa 1943