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Inventory of the H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949
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Collection Details
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  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Related Materials
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949
    Date (inclusive): 1919-1949
    Collection Number: 2006C51
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Chinese
    Physical Description: 107 manuscript boxes, 3 oversize boxes (49.5 linear feet)
    Abstract: Speeches and writings, correspondence, reports, conference proceedings, meeting minutes, and audiovisual material, relating to political and economic conditions in China and to Chinese diplomatic policy and finances during World War II.
    Language of the Materials : Mainly in Chinese.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Kung, H.H. (Hsiang-hsi), 1880-1967


    51 of the 110 boxes in this collection are open for research as of January 19, 2010. Due to the fragility of the original documents, only microfilm copies (68 reels) will be provided for researchers' use.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], H. H. Kung papers, 1917-1949, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Related Materials

    Kia-ngau Chang papers, 1889-1979, Hoover Institution Archives
    Chiang Kai-shek diaries, 1917-1972, Hoover Institution Archives
    T. V. Soong papers, 1916-2005, Hoover Institution Archives
    Zhongguo guo min dang records, 1894-1957, Hoover Institution Archives

    Biographical/Historical Note

    1881 Born, Shanxi Province, China
    1896-1900 Studied at North China Union College in Tongzhou
    1906 Graduated from Oberlin College, Ohio
    1907 Graduated from Yale University, M.A. in Economics
    1913 Secretary of the Chinese YMCA, in Tokyo, Japan
    1914 Married Soong Ailing
    1924 Joined the Kuomintang (KMT)
    1925 Received honorary LL.D. degree from Oberlin College
    1928 Named Minister of Industry and Commerce
    1929 Elected to the KMT Central Executive Committee
    1932 Appointed special commissioner to study European industrial conditions, assigned to secure foreign aid for the development of China's national defense
    1933 Governor, Bank of China
      Minister of Finance
      Vice-Premier, Executive Yuan
    1937 Represented the Chinese National Government as special envoy during the coronation of King George VI
      Received honorary degree from Yale University
    1938-1939 Premier, Executive Yuan
      President, Chinese-American Institute of Cultural Relations
    1948 Moved to New York, United States
    1967 August 15 Died, Long Island, New York

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Hoover Institution received on deposit, 103 boxes of H. H. Kung papers in 2006. Of this material, contents of 51 boxes are available for research. Due to the fragility of the original documents, only microfilm copies will be provided for researchers' use. This finding aid describes the papers in these 51 boxes. A microfilm reel list, which indicates corresponding box and reel numbers, is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
    The other boxes are closed due to the hazardous physical condition of the papers. A significant portion of the papers suffered mold infestation, and displayed other signs of deterioration when received at the Hoover Archives.
    The microfilmed Kung papers at Hoover bear witness to and describe turning points of the Republic China era, such as the passing of Sun Yatsen in 1925, the Manchurian Incident of 1931, the Xi'an Incident of 1936, the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the Chinese Civil War (1946-1949), and the reformation of China's modern banking and monetary system.
    Among the previously less-known historical accounts now revealed from Kung's personal papers are Nationalist China's endeavors to manufacture its own military weapons before and during World War II, intelligence reports concerning the Chinese Communist Party's financial, economic, and military operations in the Shaaxi-Gansu-Ningxi Border Region, Japanese secret activities in China in the early war years, and the intricate relationship between Chiang Kai-shek's central government and regional warlords and political factions.
    A major component of the collection includes KMT records, conference proceedings, meeting minutes, agendas, reports, resolutions, and other support documents from the Central Executive Committee and the Supreme National Defense Commission (bulk 1930-1943). The collection also includes core domestic and foreign policy making files compiled during Kung's political career as Minister of Industry and Commerce, Minister of Finance, and Premier of the Executive Yuan.
    The papers also exhibit Kung's charitable and educational endeavors such as his involvement in disaster relief efforts and the establishment of the Oberlin Shansi Ming Hsien School (see English correspondence files, 1917-1948) which fostered cross-cultural and education exchange programs.


    The arrangement of this material reflects the original order of the papers when received from the donors.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Kung, H.H. (Hsiang-hsi), 1880-1967
    China--Economic conditions--1912-1949.
    China--Politics and government--1912-1949.
    Finance, Public--China.
    World War, 1939-1945--China.
    World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history.
    World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects.