Finding Aid for the James Richardson papers on the Ku Klux Klan in Southern California, 1910-1985 (bulk 1975-1985)

Processed by Krystal Appiah in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), with assistance from Kelley Wolfe Bachli, 2008; machine-readable finding aid created by Caroline Cubé.
UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections
Manuscripts Division
Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
Box 951575
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
Email: spec-coll@library.ucla.edu
URL: http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/special/scweb/
© 2009
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: James Richardson papers on the Ku Klux Klan in Southern California
Date (bulk): 1910-1985 (bulk 1975-1985)
Collection number: 1818
Creator: Richardson, James, 1953-
Extent: 5 document boxes (2.5 linear ft.) 1 shoe box.
Abstract: Research materials, notes, transcripts and audio cassette interviews relating to the Ku Klux Klan group based in Southern California in the late 1970s and early 1980s. These materials were created, collected and assembled by James Richardson (b. 1953), who was a journalist and investigative reporter for The Press-Enterprise (Riverside, Calif.) and other California newspapers. The collection contains Richardson's materials for his investigative reporting on the Ku Klux Klan in Riverside. This includes Richardson's coverage of the 1980 43rd Congressional District election between Republican Clair Burgener and Democrat Tom Metzger, the leader of the Ku Klux Klan in California. The only material in the collection with no connection to the Ku Klux Klan is Richardson's reporting of the conspiracy and perjury trial of San Diego Mayor Roger Hedgecock.
Language: Finding aid is written in English.
Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Open for research. Advance notice required for access. Contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

Provenance/Source of Acquisition

Gift of James Richardson, August 8, 2008.

Processing Note

Processed by Krystal Appiah in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), with assistance from Kelley Wolfe Bachli, 2008.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James Richardson papers on the Ku Klux Klan in Southern California (Collection Number 1818). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

Biography

The bulk of the collection relates to the Ku Klux Klan group based in the Riverside-San Bernardino area in the late 1970s and early 1980s. These materials were created, collected and assembled by James Richardson (b. 1953), who was a journalist and investigative reporter for The Press-Enterprise (Riverside, Calif.) and other California newspapers.
During this period, the Ku Klux Klan had three branches in California, with the Riverside-San Bernardino group probably being the largest. The Riverside-San Bernardino area "Realm of California" branch was initially part of the national organization "Knights of the Ku Klux Klan," but split from the group in 1979 after disputes between Klan leader Thomas Metzger and Grand Wizard David Duke. Metzger then created the separate organization "Ku Klux Klan of California" (also referred to as the "California Knights of the Ku Klux Klan") and appointed himself State Director.
In 1980, Metzger made headlines when he won the Democratic Party nomination for the U.S. House of Representatives with over 40,000 votes in a San Diego-area district. The Democrats disavowed his candidacy, instead endorsing incumbent four-term Republican Clair Burgener. Metzger lost by over 200,000 votes, which was 86 percent of the vote.

Scope and Content

The collection contains Richardson's notes, transcripts and audio cassettes of interviews, and research materials for his investigative reporting on the Ku Klux Klan in Riverside. This includes Richardson's coverage of the 1980 43rd Congressional District election between Republican incumbent Clair Burgener and Democrat Tom Metzger, the leader of the Ku Klux Klan in California.
The only material in the collection with no connection to the Ku Klux Klan is Richardson's reporting of the conspiracy and perjury trial of San Diego Mayor Roger Hedgecock.

Organization and Arrangement

The original arrangement of the creator was maintained during processing. The only exceptions are for the notebooks and audio cassette tapes which had no discernable order. The notebooks are arranged alphabetically by subject and the cassettes are arranged chronologically.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Richardson, James, 1953- –Archives.
Ku Klux Klan (1915- )–California


Container List

Box 1, Folder 1

Willis, George 1978-1981

Box 1, Folder 2

Richardson, James--article draft 1980 March

Box 1, Folder 3

Interviews--miscellaneous 1980-1981

Scope and Content Note

Transcripts and typed notes of interviews with Ku Klux Klan members and public officials.
Box 1, Folder 4

New Yorker 1985 July 8

Box 1, Folder 5

Ku Klux Klan--rallies 1981-1982

Scope and Content Note

Clippings.
Box 1, Folder 6

Ku Klux Klan--publications 1979-1981

Box 1, Folder 7

Ku Klux Klan--clippings--Southern newspapers 1975-1980

Box 1, Folder 8

Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'rith 1979-1980

Scope and Content Note

Reports and newsletters.
Box 1, Folder 9

Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'rith 1979-1982

Scope and Content Note

Clippings of Ku Klux Klan activities.
Box 1, Folder 10

Anti-Ku Klux Klan activities 1980, undated

Scope and Content Note

Press releases, clippings, event announcements.
Box 1, Folder 11

Klanwatch Intelligence Report 1981-1983

Box 1, Folder 12

Dope ring 1980, undated

Box 1, Folder 13

Interviews--Metzger, Tom and Subject "Y" 1979 November, 1980 February

Box 1, Folder 14

Ku Klux Klan--leaflets and pamphlets 1982, undated

Box 2, Folder 1

Metzger, Tom--notes undated

Box 2, Folder 2

Ku Klux Klan--post-election update 1981 July-August

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, California state report, handwritten notes
Box 2, Folder 3

Duke, David undated

Scope and Content Note

Pamphlets
Box 2, Folder 4

Magazine articles 1980

Box 2, Folder 5

Ku Klux Klan--handbook undated

Box 2, Folder 6

43rd Congressional District election--clippings 1980 March-November

Box 2, Folder 7

Ku Klux Klan and National Socialist Party--clippings 1981

Box 2, Folder 8

43rd Congressional District election--campaign trail 1980 October

Scope and Content Note

Richardson's notes on Burgener and Metzger.
Box 2, Folder 9

Ku Klux Klan--notes 1980 July 23

Box 2, Folder 10

Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations 1980 December

Scope and Content Note

Report
Box 2, Folder 11

Richardson, James--book proposal 1980

Scope and Content Note

Richardson's correspondence and notes to Doubleday editor.
Box 2, Folder 12

Metzger, Tom--clippings undated

Box 2, Folder 13

Richardson, James--California Journal article 1980 September

Box 2, Folder 14

Ku Klux Klan--press releases 1978-1980

Box 2, Folder 15

Ku Klux Klan--government records 1980-1981

Scope and Content Note

Motor vehicle registrations and court records involving Ku Klux Klan members.
Box 2, Folder 16

Ku Klux Klan--internal grievances 1978-1981

Box 2, Folder 17

Johnson, Paul 1979-1980

Scope and Content Note

Riverside City Council candidate with alleged involvement with Ku Klux Klan.
Box 2, Folder 18

Ku Klux Klan--clippings 1977-1979

Box 2, Folder 19

Ku Klux Klan--clippings and photographs 1980-1982

Box 3, Folder 1

Ku Klux Klan--demonstration undated

Scope and Content Note

Notes.
Box 3, Folder 2

Ku Klux Klan--Fresno 1980 January

Scope and Content Note

Clipping.
Box 3, Folder 3

Pepper, George 1910-1911, 1980-1985, undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten notes, transcript of interview with James Richardson, correspondence with Ku Klux Klan members, photocopy of Encyclopedia Britannica entry for "Negro."
Box 3, Folder 4

Howard, Dovard--shooting 1980, undated

Scope and Content Note

Notes, clipping.
Box 3, Folder 5

43rd Congressional District election--election night 1980 November

Scope and Content Note

Notes, election returns, clippings, campaign materials.
Box 3, Folder 6

Burgener, Clair--campaign materials 1974, 1980, undated

Box 3, Folder 7

43rd Congressional District election--primary election 1980 March-September

Scope and Content Note

Interviews, notes, clippings relating to primary election and responses to Metzger's victory.
Box 3, Folder 8

43rd Congressional District election--Democratic Party resolutions 1980

Box 3, Folder 9

Metzger, Tom--campaign literature 1980

Box 3, Folder 10

Metzger, Tom--campaign financial reports 1980 October-December

Box 3, Folder 11

National Minority Advisory Council on Criminal Justice 1979 October

Scope and Content Note

Transcript of proceedings at which Tom Metzger spoke.
Box 3, Folder 12

Dent, Robert 1980 October

Scope and Content Note

Probation officer report for murder conviction of fellow Ku Klux Klan member.
Box 3, Folder 13

Ku Klux Klan--Southern California activities 1977-1980, undated

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, interviews, notes.
Box 4, Folder 1

Ku Klux Klan--photographs 1980-1981, undated

Box 4, Folder 2

Thompson, Jerry--clippings 1980

Scope and Content Note

Articles of Tennessean newspaper reporter who went undercover as Ku Klux Klan member.
Box 4, Folder 3

Oceanside incident 1980 March 16

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, notes.
Box 4, Folder 4

Oceanside incident 1980 March 17-20

Scope and Content Note

Clippings.
Box 4, Folder 5

Ku Klux Klan--clippings--San Diego newspapers 1980 October 14-16

Box 4, Folder 6

Oceanside incident--wire photographs 1980 March 15

Box 4, Folder 7

Hedgecock, Roger--trial 1984-1985

Scope and Content Note

Conspiracy and perjury trial of San Diego Mayor Roger Hedgecock. Clippings, notes, correspondence. This folder contains the only material in the collection with no connection to the Ku Klux Klan.
Box 4, Folder 8

43rd Congressional District election--opposition and election statistics 1980 October-November

Scope and Content Note

Notes, interviews of Metzger's opponents, election results predictions.
Box 4, Folder 9

Yellen, Ben--newsletters 1969, 1980

Scope and Content Note

Water and land issues in the Imperial Valley, California
Box 4, Folder 10

Richardson, James--clippings 1980 April-October

Scope and Content Note

Articles published in Press-Enterprise.
Box 5, Folder 1

Burgener, Clair--notes 1980 October

Scope and Content Note

Three notebooks.
Box 5, Folder 2

Burgener, Clair--notes undated

Scope and Content Note

Two notebooks.
Box 5, Folder 3

Election night--notes 1980 November 4

Scope and Content Note

One notebook.
Box 5, Folder 4

Interviews--notes undated

Scope and Content Note

One notebook.
Box 5, Folder 5

Metzger, Tom--notes undated

Scope and Content Note

Two notebooks.
Box 5, Folder 6

Pepper, George--notes undated

Scope and Content Note

One notebook.
Box 5, Folder 7

Richardson, James--address book undated

Box 6, Folder 1

Interviews--Pepper, George and John Edens--audio cassette 1979 December 18

Box 6, Folder 2

Interviews--Pepper, George and John Edens--audio cassette 1979 December 18

Box 6, Folder 3

Interviews--Ku Klux Klan meeting--audio cassette 1980 January 20

Box 6, Folder 4

Interviews--Fraley, Bernie Lee and George Pepper--audio cassette 1980 February 8

Box 6, Folder 5

Interviews--Metzger, Tom--audio cassette 1980 February 13

Scope and Content Note

Parts 1 and 2.
Box 6, Folder 6

Interviews--Metzger, Tom--audio cassette 1980 February 13

Scope and Content Note

Parts 3 and 4.
Box 6, Folder 7

Interviews--Alcorn, Irvin--audio cassette 1980 February 22

Box 6, Folder 8

Interviews--Oceanside incident--audio cassette 1980 March 15

Box 6, Folder 9

Interviews--Pepper, George--audio cassette 1980 April 25

Box 6, Folder 10

Interviews--Johnson, Paul and Clair Burgener--audio cassette 1980 July 10, 1980 September 26

Box 6, Folder 11

Interviews--Anti-Ku Klux Klan march--audio cassette 1980 October 4

Scope and Content Note

Progressive Labor Party and International Committee against Racism.
Box 6, Folder 12

Interviews--Solomon, Ben--audio cassette 1980 October 29

Scope and Content Note

NAACP leader.
Box 6, Folder 13

Interviews--Burgener, Clair and Tom Metzger--audio cassette 1980 October 21 and 22

Box 6, Folder 14

Interviews--Metzger, Tom--audio cassette 1980 October 22

Scope and Content Note

At El Centro Detention Center
Box 6, Folder 15

Interviews--Metzger, Tom and Ben Yellen--audio cassette 1980 October 22

Scope and Content Note

At El Centro Detention Center and Brawley, California.
Box 6, Folder 16

Interviews--Metzger, Tom--audio cassette 1980 October 24

Scope and Content Note

San Diego County Democratic Central Committee trial.
Box 6, Folder 17

Interviews--Morrow, Floyd--audio cassette 1980 October 24

Scope and Content Note

Chairperson, San Diego County Democratic Central Committee.
Box 6, Folder 18

Interviews--Cross burning-audio cassette 1980 November 1

Scope and Content Note

Parts 1 and 2. At George Pepper's house in Fontana.
Box 6, Folder 19

Interviews--Cross burning--audio cassette 1980 November 1

Scope and Content Note

Part 3.
Box 6, Folder 20

Interviews--Election night--audio cassette 1980 November 4

Scope and Content Note

Tom Metzger, Larry Kapiloff, Connie Lemen, Tim Field
Box 6, Folder 21

Interviews--Johnson, P. and NAACP anti-Ku Klux Klan march--audio cassette undated