Inventory of the Claude M. Owens papers

Finding aid prepared by Tess McCarthy, MLIS
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2008, 2014

Title: Claude M. Owens papers
Date (inclusive): 1940 - 1946
Date (bulk): (Bulk, 1945-1946)
Collection Number: 79084
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 2 manuscript boxes (0.8 linear feet)
Abstract: This collection of declassified law materials containing legal briefs and decisions, exhibits of evidence containing transcripts of testimony, notes and, photographs relating to the trial of Japanese military personnel, chiefly Tomoyuki Yamashita, for atrocities in the Philippines during World War II was collected by Second Lieutenant Claude M. Owens of the Prosecution Division of the War Crimes Branch. Materials also contain legal briefs prepared about prosecuting the cases. Evidence containing testimony, caputured diaries, sworn affidavits and photographs prepared as bound documents as evidence in the trial USA vs Tomoyuki Yamashita.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Owens, Claude M.


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Claude M. Owens papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1979.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical/Historical Note

Claude M. Owens attended Standford University as an undergraduate. Then he went on to Stanford University Law School. On January 13, 1941 Owens was admitted to The State Bar of California. As a second lieutenant in the United States Army he was assigned to the prosecution division from investigator in the War Crimes Branch of Legal Section of the Supreme Command for the Allied Powers, Manila, 1945-1946.
After the military he became a Superior Court Judge and retired around 1981.

Scope and Content of Collection

Legal briefs and decisions, transcripts of testimony, notes, and photographs, relating to the trial of Japanese military personnel for atrocities in the Philippines during World War II.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.
United States. Army
War crime trials--Philippines.
World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities.
World War, 1939-1945--Japan.
World War, 1939-1945--Philippines.

Box 1

Legal briefs, 1945

Scope and Contents note

This series of which Owens entitled Legal Briefs are typewritten. Notations of the item number correspond to alpha and alpha-numeric index numbers on the Legal Briefs Index folder. The topics of notes and briefs compiled are: military orders, writ of habeas corpus, articles of war, criminal liability for negligence, command responsibilities, legal articles, acts pertaining to the Philippines, list of war offenses and other documents in pre-trail research.
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Legal Briefs index 1945

Scope and Contents note

Original beige file folder with handwritten on the tab, "Legal Briefs." The inside of the folder contains an index of all his briefs.
Box/Folder 1 : 2

Legal briefs, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Typewritten briefs and notes on the matter of legal proceedings, prosecuting cases and other matter in preparation for trial.
Box/Folder 1 : 3

Legal briefs, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Typewritten briefs and notes on the matter of legal proceedings, prosecuting cases and other matter in preparation for trial.
Box/Folder 1 : 4

Photographs, 1945 - 1946

Scope and Contents note

Images of non-commissioned officers in the War Crimes Branch (May 1946); 2nd Lt. Claude M. Owens (April 1946) and, a photo marked “Exhibit 892” (circa 1945). A large picture of the surrender meeting between General Wainwright and General Honma are depicted (May 1942).
Box 2

Law materials, 1942 - 1946

Scope and Contents note

The legal materials in this series are bound documents about the Philippine atrocities committed by the Imperial Japanese army during World War II, the 1944-1945 Philippine Campaign and Pacific War. The United States Army War Crimes Branch, Prosecution Division assembled these exhibits of evidence that were later compiled for the trial of USA vs Tomoyuki Yamashita.
Box/Folder 2 : 1

Exhibit number 382 to Exhibit number FF, Bulk, 1944-1945 May 1942 - November 1945

Scope and Contents note

Bound document containing law materials of various types that are primarily stamped or classified as exhibits of evidence in the case of USA vs Tomoyuki Yamashita. Copies of personal diaries of US and Japanese Imperial Army personnel; text from a United States Army report entitled “Japanese Defenses of Cities as exemplified by The Battle for Manila” from the Headquarters of the 6th [US] Army which includes illustrations such as pillboxes and other enemy construction; photographs of atrocities; a hierarchical chart of Japanese Imperial Army; a large fold out map written in Japanese and keyed to translation by ATIS (Allied Translator and Interpreter Sections of the Southwest Pacific Area); copies of newspaper clippings of “The Tribune” (Manila, Philippines) from November 4, 1944 to January 31, 1945; texts of broadcasts that were intercepted, as well as testimony from informants; a notice to surrender dated May 19, 1942 and lastly, statements sworn in November 1945 from retired, Japanese military generals on the character of General Tomoyuki Yamashita
Box/Folder 2 : 2

Exhibit number A-2 to Exhibit 381, February 1945 - August 1946

Box/Folder 2 : 3

Exhibit number 110 to Exhibit number 244, July 1945 - August 1945

Scope and Contents note

Bound document begins with Prosecution exhibit number 110 (the sworn tesimony of Carmencita Veloso Ballesteros) to Prosecution exhibit number 244 (a copy of a picture of five men pointing to a site, undated).
Box/Folder 2 : 4

Report of Investigation of Atrocities Committed by Japanese Imperial Forces in Intramuros (Walled City) Manila, P.I. during February 1945 February 1945 - April 1945

Scope and Contents note

Bound document, with brown card stock covers measuring 21 x 26 centimeters with mixed types of paper (photographic, mimeographic).
Investigated and compiled by Colonel James T. Walsh of the Adjutant General’s Department Headquarters, XIV Corps APO 453. This is a compilation of exhibits of evidence which is composed of testimony of civilians, written statements from the priests and nuns of St. Augustine, affidavits from US soldiers, pictures, and evidence surrounding the places where the Japanese imperial armies were accused of committing massacres at St. Augustine (a church) as well as Fort Santiago (a seized military fort), Plaza McKinley, and Santa Rosa Ruins. Indexed in this compilation include the treatment of women and the Spanish who were still living in Manila at the time. This particular bound copy is easier to follow since the exhibits of evidences are clearly indicated in the report which begins at A-1 to D-5.
Box/Folder 2 : 5

In re Yamashita, 327 U.S. 1 (1946)

Scope and Contents note

United States Supreme Court materials in regards to General Tomoyuki Yamashita containing petitions introduced in February 1946 with court decisions with dissenting opinions and a memorandum dated March 1946.
Box/Folder 2 : 6

Personal files, 1940 - 1946

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, law documents and a clipping from a magazine.