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Finding Aid to the Second District of the California State PTA (San Francisco PTA) Records, 1907-2006 (bulk 1927-1975)
SFH 21  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Provenance
  • Materials Transferred
  • Related Archival Materials
  • Related Materials not in San Francisco Public Library's holdings
  • Conservation Note
  • Organizational History
  • Scope and Contents
  • Arrangement

  • Title: Second District of the California State PTA (San Francisco PTA) Records
    Date (bulk): (bulk 1927-1975)
    Date (inclusive): 1907-2006
    Collection Identifier: SFH 21
    Creator: California Congress of Parents and Teachers. Second District.
    Physical Description: 47 boxes (31.0 cubic feet)
    Contributing Institution: San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library
    100 Larkin Street
    San Francisco, CA, 94102
    (415) 557-4567
    info@sfpl.org
    Abstract: The San Francisco PTA Records cover nearly 100 years of the activities of the Second District of the California State PTA, from its early days as the San Francisco Congress of Mothers in 1908. These extensive records were maintained by the district office. The collection contains board meeting minutes, bylaws, periodicals, directories known as yearbooks, and scrapbooks covering procedures, history, and publicity.
    Physical Location: The collection is stored off-site. A minimum of two working days’ notice is required for use.
    Language of Materials: Collection materials are in English.

    Access

    The collection is open for research, with photographs available during Photo Desk hours. Please call the San Francisco History Center for hours and information at 415-557-4567.

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the City Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the San Francisco Public Library as the owner of the physical items.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Second District of the California State PTA (San Francisco PTA) Records (SFH 21), San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library.

    Provenance

    The San Francisco PTA, formally known as Second District of the California State PTA, donated the collection in 2006.

    Materials Transferred

    Photographs have been transferred to the San Francisco Historical Photograph Collection.
    Some items were transferred to the San Francisco Unified School District Records (SFH 3).
    The following titles were added to the book collection:
    Waiting to move the mountain, California Poets in the Schools 1994 Statewide Anthology, 30th Anniversary Issue, Perie Longo, [San Francisco, Calif.], California Poets in the Schools, 1994.
    The Life and Personality of Phoebe Apperson Hearst, Winifred Black Bonfils, San Francisco: John Henry Nash, 1928, no. 263 of 1000.

    Related Archival Materials

    Researchers are encouraged to see also Mrs. Joseph (Elizabeth) Morcombe San Francisco, Second District, California Congress of Parents and Teachers (PTA) Records, [1914]-1937, (SFH 12). See also First Mothers Club Scrapbook, 1894-1928. See also Series 9 of the San Francisco Unified School District Papers, (SFH 3). See also John W. Geary School PTA Records, 1930-1974, (MS 3595), California Historical Society, San Francisco, CA. For national PTA records, see National Congress of Parents and Teachers Records, 1896-1965, (MS N2772), Richard J. Daley Library, University of Illinois, Chicago. For California PTA records, contact the California State PTA.

    Related Materials not in San Francisco Public Library's holdings

    Deffterios, Margaret N. History of the California Congress of Parents and Teachers, thesis/dissertation). Berkeley: University of California, Berkeley, 1958. (A similar title, History of the California Congress of Parents and Teachers, 1900-1944, edited by Margaret H. Strong, Los Angeles: California Congress of Parents and Teachers, 1945, is in the library's book collection as well as in this collection (in the series History of PTA Books). National Congress of Parents and Teachers. History of the California Congress of Mothers: From Date of Organization, May 8, 1900, to June 30, 1913. Complied by Mrs. M. C. Kennedy. Los Angeles: State Congress of Mothers, 1913.
    National PTA. The PTA Story: A Century of Commitment to Children. Chicago, IL: National PTA, 1997.
    Twining, Harry LaVerne. History of the California Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations. Los Angeles: California Congress of Mothers, 1908.

    Conservation Note

    During processing, some of the scrapbooks were dismantled and put into file folders. Covers were removed. Photographs were transferred to the San Francisco Historical Photograph Collection.

    Organizational History

    America's kindergarten movement gained momentum in the first three decades of the twentieth century when public school systems gradually began to adopt kindergarten education. As the movement swept through America, groups of local women formed independent Mothers Clubs to discuss how they could collectively address the problems their children faced in the home and in society. These clubs were the genesis of today's Parent Teachers Association, or PTA, as it is commonly known.
    Spawned by the kindergarten movement, the National Congress of Mothers gained national prominence when Phoebe Apperson Hearst and Alice McLellan Birney convened the first National Congress of Mothers on February 17-19, 1897 in Washington, D.C. and elected Mrs. Adlai E. Stevenson as vice president. At the time, Birney wrote in a notebook, "How can the mothers be educated and the Nation made to recognize the supreme importance of the child?" The organization's formal charter was drawn up in 1900. with Theodore Roosevelt serving as chairman of the Advisory Council.
    Locally, the Mothers Club of the San Francisco Boys Club was organized in 1894. The group's name was changed to First Mothers Club in 1923. A Mothers Club was formed at Occidental Free Kindergarten in 1895. By 1897, the California Home and School Child Study Association was formed in San Francisco, with school principals in charge. The San Francisco Congress of Mothers was organized in 1907 by the merger of the Mothers Clubs and the California Home and School Association. Meanwhile, the Federation of Mothers Clubs was formed in Los Angeles. This organization became the California Congress of Mothers and Child Study Circles and joined the national organization in 1902. In 1911, the state organization became the California Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations, later the California Congress of Parents and Teachers, and in the 1970s, the California State PTA.
    Mothers Clubs formed federations based on regional lines. In 1910, the Northern California Congress of Mothers was formed with membership from the Bay counties. This group was likely also known as the Bay Federation of Mothers Clubs. In 1912, the Bay Federation of Mothers Clubs reorganized as the Second District of the California Congress, representing nine counties. Los Angeles was already known as the First District. In 1927, the state Congress reorganized the Second District to include only San Francisco. The earlier Second District was then referred to as the Old Second District.
    The Second District's activities mirrored the ideals and initiatives set forth by the national PTA. Strongly believing that child-rearing skills be developed through training, PTA mothers banded together to educate fellow mothers in home-making skills, cooking and nutrition, sewing, hygiene, road safety and tax awareness. These women worked to improve the relationship between home, school, and youth. The organization evolved along with the rest of society. More recently, individual clubs raise considerable funds to supplement the schools' budgets. Second District is also known as San Francisco PTA.

    Scope and Contents

    The San Francisco PTA Records cover nearly 100 years of the activities of the Second District of the California State PTA, from its early days as the San Francisco Congress of Mothers in 1908. These extensive records were maintained by the district office. The collection contains board meeting minutes, bylaws, periodicals, directories known as yearbooks, and scrapbooks covering procedures, history, and publicity. While the collection largely documents the Second District since 1927, when redistricting made it a strictly-San Francisco district, there are also minutes and publicity record books of the original Congress. The records document the group's objectives and activities which continue to focus on child welfare and educational support, from its establishment as a conglomerate of Mothers Clubs to its currently-known name as the San Francisco PTA.
    Researchers are encouraged to see also Mrs. Joseph (Elizabeth) Morcombe San Francisco, Second District, California Congress of Parents and Teachers (PTA) Records, [1914]-1937, SFH 12. The Morcombe PTA Records consist chiefly of publicity record books with newspaper articles by Mrs. Morcombe, from 1929 to 1937. Also included in that collection are some organizational history documents from 1914 to 1937.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into these record groups: Record Group 1. Administrative; Record Group 2. Publications and Reports; Record Group 3. Publicity; and Record Group 4. Reference Materials; then further organized into thirteen series: Series 1. Minutes and Agendas; Series 2. By-Laws; Series 3. Life Membership; Series 4. Yearbooks and Directories; Series 5. Procedures; Series 6. History, Annual Reports, and Committee Reports; Series 7. Unit and Section Records; Series 8. Publications; Series 9. Publicity Books and Ephemera; Series 10. Photographs and Realia; Series 11. History of PTA Books; Series 12. California Congress/PTA; and Series 13. Pamphlet Collection.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    California Congress of Parents and Teachers. Second District. -- History
    Child welfare -- California -- San Francisco
    Education -- California -- San Francisco
    Parents' and teachers' associations -- California -- San Francisco -- History