Inventory of the Fred L. Walker papers

Finding aid prepared by Beaudry R. Allen
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2009, 2015

Title: Fred L. Walker papers
Date (inclusive): 1889-1969
Date (bulk): 1915-1947
Collection Number: 93001
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 9 manuscript boxes; 4 oversize boxes (11.75 linear feet)
Abstract: Memoirs, diaries, speeches, correspondence, news clippings, printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia relating primarily to the American military campaign in Italy during World War II, especially to the Battle of the Rapido River. Also includes material on the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I, American troops in the Philippines, the Punitive Expedition into Mexico in 1916, and the Texas National Guard.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Walker, Fred L.(Fred Livingood), 1887-1969.


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Fred L. Walker papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1993.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1887 Born in Fairfield County, Ohio
1911 Graduated from Ohio State University with a degree in engineering and joined the Army as second lieutenant
1911-1914 Served in the Philippines with 13th U.S. Infantry
1914-1916 Served with 17th Infantry in the Punitive Expedition into Mexico
1917-1918 Served with the 30th Infantry Regiment in France
1918 Battalion Commander during the Second Battle of the Marne and awarded the Distinguished Service Cross
1927-1932 Infantry School instructor
1941-1944 Appointed commanding general of the 36th Infantry Division in Texas and fought at the Battle of Salerno at Paestum, Rapido River, Cassino, and Mt. Artemisio
1944 Awarded Second Distinguished Service Cross
1946-1947 Retired from the army as a major general and appointed lieutenant general and commander of the Texas National Guard
1969 Died in Washington, D.C.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection consists of diaries, memoirs, speeches, correspondence, news clippings, printed matter, photographs, and memorabilia of Fred Livingood Walker, Commander of the 36th Infantry Division in World War II. Walker's papers detail his military career and relate to American troops in the Philippines in 1912, the Punitive Expedition into Mexico in 1916, and the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I. The bulk of the collection focuses on the 36th Division's campaign in Italy during World War II, especially to the Battle of the Rapido River, and Walker's later commandment of the Texas National Guard. The collection is arranged into five groups: Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Military Career file, Photographs, and Scrapbooks and Printed material.

Related Collection(s)

Fred L. (Fred Livingood) Walker typescript: Mission impossible at Cassino: the first assault across the Rapido River near Cassino in World War II, January 1944, Hoover Institution Archives

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Texas. National Guard.
United States. Army--History--Punitive Expedition into Mexico, 1916.
United States. Army--Officers.
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces.
United States. Army. Infantry Division, 36th.
Marne, 2nd Battle of the, France, 1918.
Rapido River, Battle of the, 1944.
United States--Armed Forces--Philippines.
United States--National Guard.
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns--France.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Italy.


Correspondence, 1944-1947

Scope and Contents note

Contains letters and telegrams to and from Walker after his return from deployment in Italy in 1944 and mostly consists of correspondence from his tenure as commander of the Texas National Guard and Director of Military Training with Army Service Forces. The correspondence maintains the original order of the creator and is arranged into personal and professional correspondence.

Personal correspondence, 1944-1947

Box/Folder 1:1

1944 July - September

Box/Folder 1:2

1944 October - December

Box/Folder 1:3

1945 January - June 30

Box/Folder 1:4

A-J, 1945-1947

Box/Folder 1:5

K-S, 1945-1947

Box/Folder 1:6


Box/Folder 1:7

Invitations, RSVP response letters, 1946-1947


Professional correspondence, 1945-1947

Box/Folder 2:1

Adjutant General's Office, War Department, 1945-1947

Box/Folder 2:2

Ainsworth, H. Miller, Colonel, 1945

Box/Folder 2:3

Albert, John E., Colonel, Air Corps, 1945

Box/Folder 2:4

Army Service Forces,1945

Box/Folder 2:5

Barron, Gaines, Colonel, 1945

Box/Folder 2:6

Biographical sketches and requests, 1944-1946

Box/Folder 2:7

Bradley, Omar, General, 1945

Box/Folder 2:8

Chase, Thorton, Colonel, 1945

Box/Folder 2:9

Clark, Mark, General, 1945

Box/Folder 2:10

Dahlquist, John, Major General, 1945

Box/Folder 2:11

Dawes, B. G., 1945

Box/Folder 2:12

Delcher, Bill, 1945

Box/Folder 2:13

Films, battlefield reels, 1946

Box/Folder 2:14

Heraty, Francis (Mike), Colonel, 1945

Box/Folder 2:15

Hobson, W.H. (Bunny), 1945

Box/Folder 2:16

Hume, Edgan, Brigadier General, 1946

Box/Folder 2:17

Humphery, Walter, 1945

Box/Folder 2:18

Kelley, William, Captain, 1945

Box/Folder 2:19

Kerr, Clayton, Colonel, 1945

Box/Folder 2:20

O'Connell, Arthur, 1947

Box/Folder 2:21

Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, 1945

Box/Folder 2:22

Publicity, 1946

Box/Folder 2:23

Salerno Memorial, 1945

Box/Folder 2:24

Sevaried, Eric, 1946


Speeches and writings, 1912-1947

Scope and Contents note

Consists of diaries and drafts of memoirs that relate to Walker's experiences in the military, which would later serve as material for his published memoir, From Texas to Rome, and speeches given upon his return from active duty and during his tenure as General of the Texas National Guard. Arranged by format.

Writings, 1912-1947

Box/Folder 2:25

Diary and notebook, undated

Box 3

Diaries, 1912-1941

Box/Folder 4:1-5; 5:1

Memoirs, typescript drafts, undated


Speeches, 1944-1947

Box/Folder 5:2

Untitled. speech, American Red Cross, undated

Box/Folder 5:3

"Some of my experiences and conclusions arrived at as the result of my service in the Italian Theatre of Operations with the 36th Division," undated

Box/Folder 5:4

Untitled. peech, State Board Conference, undated

Box/Folder 5:5

1944 July 7. speech, "Farewell Review by the Troops of the 36th Division at Paestum, Italy," 1944

Box/Folder 5:6

1944 November 11. speech, talk before the American Legion in Columbus, Ohio, 1944

Box/Folder 5:7

1944 November 28. speech, British Officers Dinner, 1944

Box/Folder 5:8

1944 December 7. speech, New York- War Bond trip, 1944

Box/Folder 5:9

1945 January 4. speech, dinner for Modern Small Arms and Ammunition Industry, 1945

Box/Folder 5:10

1945 January 26. speech, The Civitan Club in Birmingham, Alabama, 1945

Box/Folder 5:11

1945 January 29. speech, The Columbus Kiwanis Club, 1945

Box/Folder 5:12

1945 March 14. speech, for radio broadcast Dallas Morning News, 1945

Box/Folder 5:13

1945 March 17. speech notes, untitled, 1945

Box/Folder 5:14

1945 May 8. announcement, "Victory in Europe," 1945

Box/Folder 5:15

1945 May 15. speech, Detroit, Michigan, dedication of Hero's Square, 1945

Box/Folder 5:16

1946 May 26. speech, reorganization of the Texas National Guard, 1946

Box/Folder 5:17

1946 July 6. speech, Duty to Continued Peace in Austin, Texas, 1946

Box/Folder 5:18

1946 September 5. speech, American Legion of Galveston, Texas, 1946

Box/Folder 5:19

1946 November 11. speech, "Address of Governor-Elect Jester on the Occasion of the Return of the Colors to the State of Texas," 1946

Box/Folder 5:20

1947 April 13. address, American Legion in Childress, Texas, 1947


Military Career File, 1918-1967

Scope and Contents note

Contains reports, bulletins, news clippings, memorandums, maps, and printed matter detailing United States military operations and Walker's military career. Arranged by subject, then chronologically.

World War I, 1918-1922, 1967

Box/Folder 5:21

Marne Division bulletins and other printed matter, 1918-1919

Box/Folder 5:22

Barrage sheet of German tactics on Marne, 1918, 1967 July 15

Box/Folder 5:23

Campaign of 1918, Americans at the Second Battle of Marne, circa 1921-1922

Box/Folder 5:24

Battle of Verdun Illustrated Guide, undated


World War II, 1941-1946

Box/Folder 5:25

Special orders, re: appointment lists, 1941-1945

Box/Folder 5:26

Publicity clippings, 1941-1942

Box 9

Italian campaign maps, 1940s

Box/Folder 6:1

Fort Benning memorandums, 1945 January-February

Box/Folder 6:2

Po Valley campaign printed matter, 1945

Box/Folder 6:3

Portrait presentation of Walker at the Texas Senate, 1945 April 30

Box/Folder 6:4

Retirement file with the Adjutant General Office, 1945-1946

Box/Folder 6:5

The Rapido River Crossing, Hearings before the Committee on Military Affairs from House of Representatives, 1946 February 20-1946 March 18

Box/Folder 6:6

"Intermission at Cassino," undated

Box/Folder 6:7

Texas National Guard lists, reports, plans, and constitution, 1946-1947

Box/Folder 6:8

Charles Walker, awards and commendations, 1959


Photographs, 1889-1969

Scope and Contents note

Photographs include Walker's early years in the miltary from deployment to the Philippines and the Punitive Expedition, to World Wars I and II. The majority of the photographs are of the 36th Infantry Division activities during and after World War II. Also included are personal family photographs. Arranged chronologically by subject.
Box/Folder 6:10

Family photographs, 1889-1945

Box/Folder 6:11

Troop B drills, Columbus, Ohio, photo album, 1908

Box/Folder 6:12

Family photographs while stationed in the Philippines, 1912-1915

Box/Folder 6:13; 7:1

Portraits of Fred Walker, 1911-1947

Box/Folder 7:2

Punitive Expedition into Mexico, 1915-1917

Box/Folder 7:3

World War I, on the Banks of the Rhine and German soldiers prison camp, 1917-1919

Box/Folder 7:4

Fred Walker, Jr., 1928-1935, 1944

Box/Folder 6:9

15th Infantry, Fort Lewis, Washington, photo album, 1938-1939

Box 7:5; 8:1-3

The 36th Infantry Division, 1941-1969

Box 8:4-6

Campaign into Italy, 1943-1944

Box 10

Aerial shot of Area "E" terrain to Cassino, circa 1940s

Box/Folder 8:7

Perasano, Italy, photo album, circa 1944

Box/Folder 9:1

Fort Benning, Infantry School and miscellaneous receptions and dinners, post 1944

Box/Folder 9:2

P.R.O. photographs from Bunny (W. H.) Hobson, 1945

Box/Folder 9:3

Colonel Ainsworth Ranch, 1945

Box/Folder 9:4

Texas, 1946-1947


Scrapbooks and Printed Material, 1898-1968

Scope and Contents note

The scrapbooks contain photographs of the 36th Infantry Division's campaign from Africa into Italy, news clippings, and career and personal ephemera. Arranged by format.
Box 10

Art prints, undated

Box 10

Reprint of "Instrument of Surrender" by Japanese government, circa 1945

Box 10

Certificate of appreciation from Chaplains Corps, Rome, Italy, 1944 July

Box 11

Scrapbook, 1898-1940s

Box 12

News clippings scrapbook, 1911-1968

Box 13

Photograph scrapbook, 1942-1944