Register of the Karl Baarslag papers

Finding aid prepared by Paige Minister
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2008, 2016


Title: Karl Baarslag papers
Date (inclusive): 1919-1979
Date (bulk): 1940-1960
Collection Number: 85040
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English and German
Physical Description: 7 manuscript boxes (2.8 linear feet)
Abstract: Writings, reports, memoranda, letters, pamphlets, and other printed matter relating to international communism, communism in the United States, communism in maritime unions, and internal security activities of the Office of Naval Intelligence during World War II.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Baarslag, Karl.

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Karl Baarslag papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1985.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1900 November 25 Born
1920s-1930s Marine radio operator
1935 Published SOS to the Rescue
1937 Published Coast Guard to the Rescue
1938 Published Robbery by Mail: The Story of the U.S. Postal Inspectors
1940 Published Islands of Adventure
1941-1945 Lieutenant commander, United States Navy; assigned to Office of Naval Intelligence
1947 Published Communist Trade Union Trickery Exposed
1947-1953 Head of the National Americanism Commission of the American Legion
1953-1954 Research director for the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
1956-1960 Consultant for the House Committee on Un-American Activities
1984 January 10 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The Karl Baarslag papers contain writings, reports, memoranda, letters, pamphlets, books, and other printed matter relating to international communism, communism in the United States, communism in maritime unions, and internal security activities of the Office of Naval Intelligence during World War II. Some of Baarslag's own writings on communism; chapters from his unpublished memoir, "Backwards, Turn Backwards;" and his writings on other research interests are also included in the papers.
The majority of the material is located in the Communist Activities File, which contains material documenting various domestic and international communist movements and organizations, such as the Communist Party of the United States of America, the International of Seamen and Harbour Workers (ISH), and the Marine Transport Workers of the Western Hemisphere. Of particular note are letters written between 1924 and 1949 by prominent members of the Communist Party USA, including Jay Lovestone and Alex Bail, located in the Communist Party of the United States of America file.
In addition, the collection contains several pamphlets and books relating to communism and socialism, located in the Printed Matter series.

Related Collections

The Church League of America Collection of the Research Files of Counterattack, the Wackenhut Corporation, and Karl Baarslag, Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Communist Party of the United States of America issuances, Hoover Institution Archives
Jay Lovestone papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Subjects and Indexing Terms

United States Office of Naval Intelligence.
Communism--United States.
Internal security--United States.
Labor unions and communism.
World War, 1939-1945--Secret service.
World War, 1939-1945--United States.

Box 1

Biographical File, 1951, 1953

Scope and Contents note

Contains a copy of a U.S. News & World Report article about Baarslag's role in the American Legion and a letter introducing Baarslag to Joseph Ku, Political Adviser to the Chinese Embassy in Washington, D.C.
Box/Folder 1 : 1

"Legion's 'Red Chase': Being Toned Down?," U.S. News & World Report, 1953 June 12

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Letter from Alfred Kohlberg to Joseph Ku re Karl Baarslag, 1951 January 2

Box 1

Correspondence, 1971, 1979

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Launter, John, 1971 January 11

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Packard, W. H., 1979 December 6

Boxes 1-2

Writings, 1940-1959, 1970-1973, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains articles and drafts of books written by Baarslag. Also included are chapters from Baarslag's unpublished memoir, "Backwards, Turn Backwards." Arranged chronologically.
 

"Backwards, Turn Backwards," undated

Box/Folder 1 : 5

"Part I: Office of Naval Intelligence"

Box/Folder 1 : 6

"Part III: Operations Overlord and C.I.O.S. [Combined Intelligence Objectives Sub-Committee of Shaef]"

Box/Folder 1 : 7

"Part IV: Through the Siegfried Line and across the Rhine"

Box/Folder 1 : 8

"Part V: What Has Really Happened to the American Legion?"

Box/Folder 1 : 9

"Part XI: The Western Ocean Freighter Life on the North Atlantic"

Box/Folder 1 : 10

"Part XV: Our Unknown Anti-Communist Dead"

Box/Folder 1 : 11

"A Brief Memorandum on Communist Tactics," undated

Box/Folder 1 : 12

"Have the Communists Yet Stopped Their Cold War Against the U.S.?," undated

Box/Folder 1 : 13-14

"Iron Curtain Visitors," manuscript, undated

Box/Folder 1 : 15

"The Kronstadt Massacre of 1921," undated

Box/Folder 1 : 16, Box/Folder 2 : 1

"Mutinies in Modern Navies," manuscript, undated

Box/Folder 2 : 2

"Riding the 'Reefers,'" undated

Box/Folder 2 : 3

"Some Lessons from Byzanthium," undated

Box/Folder 2 : 4

"Communists in Communication or Sovietizing American Citizens," 1940

Box/Folder 2 : 5

"What Have We Bought in Europe?," 1953

Box/Folder 2 : 6

"Womens International League for Peace and Freedom," 1959

Box/Folder 2 : 7

"Chicago Trial and Red Tactics," 1970

Box/Folder 2 : 8

"The LaFollette Committee Unmasked," 1970

Box/Folder 2 : 9

"We Helped Industrialize Red Russia, Will We Make the Same Mistake with Red China?," 1971

Box/Folder 2 : 10

"Fallacies About Communism," 1973

Boxes 2-3

Writings by Others, 1945-1953, 1960, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains articles and other writings mainly related to communism. Arranged alphabetically by author.
Box/Folder 2 : 11

"Closest Brothers, Greatest Friendship," 1960 December 13

Box/Folder 2 : 12

Colby, Bainbridge, "The New Deal Fifth Column," undated

Box/Folder 2 : 13

Cronin, John, "The Problem of American Communism in 1945," 1945

Box/Folder 2 : 14

Crouch, Paul, "Communist Infiltration of the American Armed Forces," 1953

Box/Folder 2 : 15

Crouch, Paul, "Subversive Activities Control Board Docket No. 51-101," 1951

Box/Folder 2 : 16

Donovan, William J. and Mary Gardiner Jones, "Program for a Democratic Counter Attack to Communist Penetration of Government Service," 1949

Box/Folder 2 : 17

Hoover, J. Edgar, "An Analysis of the 17th National Convention of the Communist Party, USA," 1960

Box/Folder 2 : 18

Kornfeder, Joseph, "Conquest by Subversion," 1952

Box/Folder 2 : 19

Kornfeder, Joseph, "Infighting Amongst the Communists," undated

Box/Folder 2 : 20

Lange, Alfred, "The Path to Victory: A Theoretical Discussion on Marxism and Insurrection," undated

Box/Folder 2 : 21

Lorwin, Lewis L. and Jean A. Flexner, "International Transport Workers' Federation," undated

Box/Folder 2 : 22

Speier, Hans, "The Proletariat and Its Critics," undated

Box/Folder 2 : 23

Speier, Hans, "Tolstoy in the Marxist Mirror," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 1

"Summary of the House Intelligence Report that Was Never Published," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Tolley, Kemp, "Moscow at War," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Valtin, Jan, "Counter Revolution in Europe?," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 4

Valtin, Jan, "How It Happened Last Time," undated

Boxes 3-4

Communist Activities File, 1924-1971, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains reports, memoranda, news clippings, collected correspondence, writings, and other material related to communism, communist groups, and communist activities in the U.S. and abroad.
Box/Folder 3 : 5

"Action Conference on China Policy," 1949

Box/Folder 3 : 6

"Brief Historical Summary of the Russian War Relief," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 7

"Chinese Communist Publications Circulated in the United States," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 8

Clippings, 1925-1961, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes some clippings from the German publication Wir erobern die Betriebe, later known as Die Rote Fahne.
Box/Folder 3 : 9

"Communist Fronts, Their History and Purpose," circa 1961

Scope and Contents note

Draft of a chapter later published in A Manual for Survival: A Counter-Subversive Study Course, produced by the Church League of America. Possibly written by Karl Baarslag.
 

Communist Party of the United States of America file, 1924-1961, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes chronological files consisting primarily of collected correspondence of Party members, such as Jay Lovestone, Alex Bail, Bill Dunne, Max Bedacht, and Jack Stachel. Following the chronological files are documents, such as histories of the organization, bulletins, lists, and reports, that are arranged alphabetically by document title or topic.
Box/Folder 3 : 10

Undated

Box/Folder 3 : 11

1924-1926

Box/Folder 3 : 12

1928-1929

Box/Folder 3 : 13

1935-1937

Box/Folder 3 : 14

1949

Box/Folder 3 : 15

"Chronology of the Communist Party, U.S.A. Case, November 22, 1950 to December 1, 1961," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 16

"Chronology of Conventions Leading Up to, and of, the Communist Party of the United States of America," 1960

Box/Folder 3 : 17

"The Communist Party in the United States," undated

Box/Folder 3 : 18

"The Communist Party of the United States of America," 1930

Box/Folder 3 : 19

Convention bulletins, 1956

Box/Folder 3 : 20

"A Guide for Communist Work Aboard Ship," 1937

Box/Folder 3 : 21

Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) report, 1949 April 13

Box/Folder 3 : 22

List of district offices and officers, undated

Box/Folder 3 : 23

List of Party leaders by state, undated

Box/Folder 3 : 24

Supreme Court case, 1961

Box/Folder 3 : 25

Miscellany, 1928, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains handwritten notes, part of a bibliography of works related to the Communist Party of the U.S.A., and a statement of cash receipts and payments from 1928.
Box/Folder 3 : 26

Delegates of the First Communist Party Convention in 1934, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains a photocopy of a photograph of the delegates.
Box/Folder 3 : 27

"Einheitsverband," photostat, undated

Box/Folder 3 : 28

International of Seamen and Harbour Workers (ISH) file, 1931-1935

Box/Folder 3 : 29

"Inquiry on Racial Incitations Practiced by Communists," 1949

Box/Folder 3 : 30

The Kronstadt Group: A Political Platform for the Peoples of the USSR, 1970

Box/Folder 4 : 1

Marine Transport Workers of the Western Hemisphere file, 1926

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Memoranda, 1954, 1957

Scope and Contents note

Contains memoranda written by and for Baarslag regarding communists, communist organizations, and communist activities in the U.S. and abroad.
Box/Folder 4 : 3

The Militant, 1960 July 4

Box/Folder 4 : 4

National Conference for New Politics bulletins, 1967

Box/Folder 4 : 5

National Youth Alliance file, 1969-1971

Box/Folder 4 : 6-7

Naval Intelligence Operations file, 1941-1945

Scope and Contents note

Contains memoranda, drafts of memoranda, and reports written or received by Baarslag regarding Naval internal security, communist groups, and communist activities during World War II.
Box/Folder 4 : 8

"Review of World-Wide Communist Trends," 1944

Box/Folder 4 : 9

Shipmates' Voice, 1935 July

Box/Folder 4 : 10

Simas Kudirka incident, 1970

Scope and Contents note

Contains press releases, a report, and the published hearings related to the investigation of the events surrounding the attempted defection of a Lithuanian seaman, Simas Kudirka. Kudrika attempted to defect to the U.S. by jumping aboard the USCGC Vigilant while his mother ship was anchored near Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts.
Box/Folder 4 : 11

"Statement of Lt. Duane Thorin, U.S.N., Ret., Prepared for Delivery to Senate Special Preparedness Subcommittee," undated

Box/Folder 4 : 12

"The Struggle Against Imperialist War and the Tasks of the Communists: Resolution of the Sixth World Congress of the Communist International July - August, 1928," 1934

Box/Folder 4 : 13

"Testimony of William F. Hynes, Acting Capt. of Detectives, Los Angeles Police Dept. Commanding, Intelligence Bureau," undated

Box/Folder 4 : 14

Miscellany, 1934, 1968, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains a copy of the Waldorf Pledge, a section from V. I. Lenin Collected Works, and mailings from various labor groups.
Boxes 4-7

Printed Matter, 1917-1971, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains pamphlets, books, periodicals, and a report related to communism and socialism in the U.S. and abroad. Includes both communist and anti-communist writings.
 

Pamphlets, 1917-1965, undated

Box/Folder 4 : 15

10th Political Conference of the Possev Weekly, 1958

Box/Folder 4 : 16

15 Years of the Communist International, undated

Box/Folder 4 : 17

76 Questions and Answers on the Bolsheviks and the Soviets, 1919

Box/Folder 4 : 18

The American Way to Jobs, Peace, Democracy, 1954

Box/Folder 4 : 19

Beat the "Incitement to Disaffection" Bill!, 1935

Box/Folder 4 : 20

A Comment on the March Moscow Meeting, 1965

Box/Folder 4 : 21

Communism in Germany!, 1933

Box/Folder 4 : 22

Communism-World Revolution to Red Imperialism, undated

Box/Folder 4 : 23

The Communist Nucleus: What It Is, How It Works, 1928

Box/Folder 4 : 24

The Communist Party: A Manual on Organization, 1935

Box/Folder 4 : 25

Communist Trickery, undated

Box/Folder 4 : 26

The Constitution of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics, 1924

Box/Folder 4 : 27

De Leon the Uncompromising, 1939

Box/Folder 4 : 28

The Devil and Jimmy Byrnes, 1948

Box/Folder 4 : 29

Disintegration of Military Morale, undated

Box/Folder 5 : 1

Fair Play for Cuba Committee Summer '64, 1964

Box/Folder 5 : 2

German Woman in Soviet Hands, 1950

Box/Folder 5 : 3

Grasp the Weapon of Culture!, 1951

Box/Folder 5 : 4

Guide to Readings on Communism, undated

Box/Folder 5 : 5

International Peace/Disarmament Directory, 1963

Box/Folder 5 : 6

Jesus as a Free Speech Victim, 1960

Box/Folder 5 : 7

Joseph Stalin for Peaceful Coexistence: Postwar Interviews, 1951

Box/Folder 5 : 8

The Kronsdadt Revolt, 1942

Box/Folder 5 : 9

The Meaning of Social-Fascism, undated

Box/Folder 5 : 10

The New Soviet Constitution, 1936

Box/Folder 5 : 11

The October Revolution and the Triumph of Socialism, undated

Box/Folder 5 : 12

The Pacific Coast Maritime Strike, 1937

Box/Folder 5 : 13

The Path of a Renegade: Why Earl Browder Was Expelled from the Communist Party, 1946

Box/Folder 5 : 14

The Port Huron Statement, 1964

Box/Folder 5 : 15

Preparing for October, 1917

Box/Folder 5 : 16

Problems of Art and Literature, 1950

Box/Folder 5 : 17

The Professional Informer, 1955

Box/Folder 5 : 18

Program of the Communist International, 1936

Box/Folder 5 : 19

Program for a Political Offensive Against World Communism, 1955

Box/Folder 5 : 20

The Red Baiting Racket and How It Works, 1948

Box/Folder 5 : 21

Revolution in Iraq, 1959

Box/Folder 5 : 22

The Role of Labor Unions in the Russian Revolution, undated

Box/Folder 5 : 23

The Russian Revolution, undated

Box/Folder 5 : 24

The Russification of the Baltic States, 1950

Box/Folder 5 : 25

The Secret Battalion, 1946

Box/Folder 5 : 26

Soviet Penetration of Latin America Chile: The Allende Regime and Its Aftermath, undated

Box/Folder 5 : 27

Stalin's Speeches on the American Communist Party, 1929

Box/Folder 5 : 28

The Struggle Against Imperialist War and the Tasks of the Communists, 1928

Box/Folder 6 : 1

The Struggle of the Marine Workers, undated

Box/Folder 6 : 2

Support the People of Viet Nam, Defeat U.S. Aggressors, Part I, 1965

Box/Folder 6: 3

Support the People of Viet Nam, Defeat U.S. Aggressors, Part IV, 1965

Box/Folder 6 : 4

The Telephone and Telegraph Workers, 1935

Box/Folder 6 : 5

Text of Speeches by V. M. Molotov on General Reduction of Armaments at the General Assembly of the United Nations, 1946

Box/Folder 6 : 6

The Trade Union Unity League, undated

Box/Folder 6 : 7

The Truth About Communism in Hawaii, 1947

Box/Folder 6 : 8

The Twenty-One Conditions of Admission Into the Communist International, undated

Box/Folder 6 : 9

Under Arrest: Workers' Self-Defense in the Courts, undated

Box/Folder 6 : 10

The United Front Against Fascism and War, undated

Box/Folder 6 : 11

What Is Happening to the Jews in Soviet Russia?, 1951

Box/Folder 6 : 12

Why Am I a Revolutionist?, undated

Box/Folder 6 : 13

Why Communism?, 1934

 

Periodicals, 1929, 1934, 1967

Box/Folder 6 : 14

Information Bulletin, World Marxist Review Publishers, 1967

Box/Folder 6 : 15

Information Bulletin of the I.S.H. [International of Seamen and Harbour Workers], 1934

Box/Folder 6 : 16

The Red International of Labour Unions 1, nos. 8-9, 1929 October

Box/Folder 6 : 17

Report, Democrat Duplicity and Appeasement in Foreign Policy Administration, 1935-1947, as Revealed in the Memoirs of Official Participants, 1948 July

Boxes 6-7

Books, 1932-1971, undated

Box/Folder 6 : 18

24th Congress of the CPSU [Communist Party of the Soviet Union] Information Bulletin 9, nos. 7-8, 1971

Box/Folder 6 : 19

Aptheker, Herbert, The Negro People in America, 1946

Box/Folder 6 : 20

Balabanoff, Angelica, Impressions of Lenin, 1968

Box/Folder 6 : 21

Buchner, Johannes, The Agent Provocateur in the Labor Movement, photocopy, undated

Box 7

Ciliberti, Charles, Backstairs Mission in Moscow, 1946

 

Communist Perspective: A Handbook of Communist Doctrinal Statements in the Original Russian and in English, undated

 

Foster, William Z., The New Europe, 1947

 

Huberman, Leo, The Labor Spy Racket, 1937

 

Johnson, Hewlett, The Secret of Soviet Strength, 1943

 

Khrushchev, N. S., Report on the Program of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1961 October 17

 

The Life of Stalin: A Symposium, 1932

 

Liu Shao-Chi, How to Be a Good Communist, 1952

 

Liu Shao-Chi, On the Party, 1950

 

Morrow, Felix, Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Spain, 1938

 

New Program of the Communist Party U.S.A.: A Draft, 1966

 

New Program of the Communist Party U.S.A., 1970

 

Niemeyer, Gerhart, Communists in Coalition Governments, circa 1963

 

Royal Institute of International Affairs, Soviet-Yugoslav Dispute, 1948

 

Snow, John Kowland, The Case of Tyler Kent, 1962

 

Stalin, Joseph, Problems of Leninism, 1935