Scope and Content
Organization and Arrangement
Title: Judd Marmor papers
Date (inclusive): 1923-2001
Collection number: 1795
69 document boxes (34.25 linear feet)
4 oversize flat boxes
1 map folder
Abstract: Judah (Judd) Marmor, M.D. (1910-2003), Los Angeles psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, acknowledged for his leadership role in
the movement to declassify homosexuality as a mental disease, which was removed from DSM-II in 1973. The collection contains
Dr. Marmor's research and reference materials, documents related to his professional and academic life, including his presidency
of the American Psychiatric Association (APA); correspondence with colleagues; and some personal items.
Language: Finding aid is written in
University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department
of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.
Restrictions on Access
COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Box 74 of this collection is restricted; biographical information from patient records
may not be disclosed. To access the restricted portion of the collection researchers must first apply in writing to the Manuscripts
Librarian, outlining the research project and clearly presenting the purpose for which the records are to be used. To access
the unrestricted portion of this collection, advance notice required for access. Contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special
Collections Reference Desk for paging information.
Restrictions on Use and Reproduction
Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library,
Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright,
are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of
the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the
copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC
Regents do not hold the copyright.
Provenance/Source of Acquisition
Gift of Judd Marmor, 1999. Subsequent gift from the estate in 2004.
Processed by Amelia Acker, with assistance from Kelley Bachli,in the Center For Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), March
[Identification of item], Judd Marmor papers (Collection Number 1795). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young
Research Library, UCLA.
Judah (Judd) Marmor, M.D. (1910-2003) was an important Los Angeles psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, acknowledged for his leadership
role in the movement to declassify homosexuality as a mental disease, which was removed from DSM-II in 1973.
Born on May 1, 1910 in London, England, Dr. Marmor grew up in Chicago and New York. He attended Columbia College as a Pulitzer
scholar and graduated from the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1933. Afterwards he began his postgraduate
training in neurology and psychiatry and went into private psychiatric practice. Dr. Marmor began his psychoanalytic training
four years later at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute in 1937.
After serving as a Senior Attending Surgeon (Lt.) in the Navy during WWII, Dr. Marmor and his wife Katherine moved to Los
Angeles where he began as the Senior Attending Psychiatrist at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in 1947. At this time he began
visiting professorships in psychology and social welfare at the University of Southern California (USC) and the University
of California, Los Angles (UCLA). In 1952, Dr. Marmor was appointed Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the UCLA School of
Medicine and a year later began as a Training Analyst for the Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1965 Dr. Marmor
assumed the position of Director of the Division of Psychiatry at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and in 1972 became the first
Franz Alexander Professor of Psychiatry Chair at the USC School of Medicine.
Dr. Marmor rose to prominence early in his career in academic and professional psychiatric and psychoanalytic communities;
he was known as a talented educator, prolific writer and a compassionate clinician. He was respected for his analytic work
with Hollywood celebrities, his strong commitment to the civil and women's rights movements, and was also known to the public
as Abigail Van Buren's mental health expert in "Dear Abby" advice columns.
Judd Marmor was also a leading figure in the movement to declassify homosexuality as a mental disease. Dr. Marmor worked for
many years with homosexual patients beginning in the 1940s, and his first book Sexual Inversion and early publications regarding
the subject were some of the first to feature biopsychosocial approaches to the issue of homosexuality. In 1967, Evelyn Hooker,
chairwoman of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Task Force on Homosexuality, nominated Judd to be a member. The
NIMH Task Force produced an influential final report two years later, the recommendations of which would have far-reaching
effects for social policy, training, treatment, and government funded research.
From 1970 to 1973 annual APA conferences were disrupted by protests from gay activists. Shortly after Dr. John Fryer's now
famous "Dr. H. Anonymous" presentation at the annual APA conference in Dallas in May of 1972, the Nomenclature Committee,
Dr. Marmor then the Vice President and Dr. John P. Spiegel the President-elect of the APA met with gay activist groups to
discuss the category of homosexuality as it appeared in the Diagnostics and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
In 1973, a DSM-II development committee led by Dr. Robert Spitzer put forth a vote to the APA Board of Trustees, and a year
later the APA membership would vote to remove homosexuality from the DSM-II. Dr. Marmor had long been an outspoken critic
of classifying homosexuality as a mental illness and was influential in many historic events that ended discrimination against
homosexuals in the psychiatric community.
Dr. Marmor sat on numerous journal editorial boards and boards of directors, and was the president and/or vice-president of
six professional medical organizations and societies; including the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, American Psychiatric
Association, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, Southern California Psychoanalytic Institute, and Southern California
Psychoanalytic Society. He was the principle author and editor of 8 books and over 350 scientific journal articles featuring
a spectrum of psychiatric and psychoanalytic topics.
Judd and his wife Katherine, a clinical psychologist, were also collectors of contemporary art. Both sat on the Contemporary
Art Council board of directors at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) and were known to have lent and donated artworks
to LACMA and MOCA.
Dr. Marmor died on December 16, 2003 at the age of 93.
Scope and Content
Collection consists of Dr. Marmor's professional papers, including his research and reference files by subject; lectures and
manuscripts; correspondence with colleagues; and materials related to his involvement in a variety of professional and academic
organizations and institutions, including the American Psychiatric Association and the Southern California Psychoanalytic
Institute and Society. The collection does not contain any of Dr. Marmor's patient records.
Organization and Arrangement
The collection is arranged into seven series; alphabetically by topic, title or author's last name.
Abbreviations Used in Container List:
- APA = American Psychiatric Association
- DSM = Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders
- GAP = Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry
- LACMA = Los Angeles County Museum of Art
- NIMH = National Institute of Mental Health
- SCPS = Southern California Psychoanalytic Society
- UCLA = University of California, Los Angeles
- USC = University of Southern California
- USPHS = United States Public Health Service.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Psychiatrists --California --Los Angeles --Archival resources.
Psychoanalysts --California --Los Angeles --Archival resources.
Universities and colleges --California --Los Angeles --Faculty --Archival resources.
The Judd Marmor papers [
]. Available at the ONE archives.
The One National Gay & Lesbian Archives in Los Angeles have 4 boxes (approximately 1.7 linear feet) of Dr. Marmor's research,
legal consulting, and subject files on homosexuality, including correspondence with Evelyn Hooker; photographs with gay activists
at the 1972 annual APA meeting; and litigation proceedings where he was called to participate as an expert witness.
Judd and Katherine's son and daughter-in-law, Mike and Jane Marmor manage the Marmor Foundation which has donated a contemporary
art collection to the Cantor Art Center at Stanford University.