Biography / Administrative History
Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Workman family papers
Date (inclusive): 1881-1997
Collection number: CSLA-9
Creator: Workman family
Extent: 24 archival document boxes, 14 oversize boxes, 5 flat files
Loyola Marymount University. William H. Hannon Library. Department of Archives and Special Collections
Los Angeles, California 90045-8200
Abstract: These holdings consist of materials related to the life and accomplishments of a leading Los Angeles family, the Workmans,
influential in city politics, social work, and prperty development.
Physical location: Research use requires both an advance notice of intent to use the collection and an appointment. To schedule an appointment,
please contact the Department of Archives and Special Collection, William H. Hannon Library, Loyola Marymount University:
Languages: Languages represented in the collection:English
Digitized collection materials available online.
This collection is part of the Center for the Study of Los Angeles Research Collection, a program of the Thomas and Dorothy
Leavey Center for the Study of Los Angeles, Loyola Marymount University. The Research Collection is administered by the Department
of Archives and Special Collections, Loyola Marymount University; the Workman Family Papers are open to research under the
Materials in the Department of Archives and Special Collections may be subject to copyright. Unless explicitly stated otherwise,
Loyola Marymount University does not claim ownership of the copyright of any materials in its collections. The user or publisher
must secure permission to publish from the copyright owner. Loyola Marymount University does not assume any responsibility
for infringement of copyright or of publication rights held by the original author or artists or his/her heirs, assigns, or
[item], Series title, box and folder numbers, Workman Family Papers, CSLA-9, Department of Archives and Special Collections,
Charles Von der Ahe Library, Loyola Marymount University.
Gift of David A. Workman, 1999, 2001
Biography / Administrative History
Tracing its residence in Los Angeles back to the mid-nineteenth century, the Workman family holds a distinguished place in
the city's history. Two brothers, David (1798-1855) and William (1800-1876), originally from England, were the first Workmans
to settle in Los Angeles: David came from Missouri, and William from Taos, New Mexico. Of their descendants, the following
Workmans figure most prominently in the collection: William H. Workman, the son of David, and his wife Maria Elizabeth; their
daughter Mary Julia Workman; her sister-in-law, Margaret Workman, wife of Mary's brother Thomas.
William H. and Maria E. Workman
William H. Workman (1839-1918) would make his great mark in Los Angeles politics and the development of the city infrastructure.
The most important civic office that William Workman held was mayor of Los Angeles, from 1887 to 1888, during which time he
investigated civic corruption in Los Angeles, had Fort (Broadway), Spring, Hill, and Main streets paved, and supported the
establishment of the city library. Workman had served on the city council for much of the 1870s (1872-1874;1875-1880). As
a council member, he fought for, and won, a restriction of fifty years on the management by the privtely-owned Los Angeles
Water Company of the water rights of the Los Angeles River. In 1875, William Workman paid the Los Angeles Water Company to
extend its services to Boyle Heights, thus ensuring a domestic water supply there. He also persuaded fellow council members
to permit the building of a conduit bringing the water of the Elysian Hills to Boyle Heights for irrigation. These improvements
permitted William Workman's opening of Boyle Heights to real estate sales, which led to the development of this important
and historic segment of Los Angeles east of the Los Angeles River.
William Workman was also instrumental in the building of street car lines in Los Angeles, some of which would reach Boyle
Heights. He led the fight to bring the Southern Pacific Railroad, against considerable local opposition, to Los Angeles, a
link to the outside world that would help make the land booms of the 1880s possible. As City Treasurer (1901-1907), he oversaw
a general election for the building of the Silver Lake Reservoir. During his term on the Park Commission, he donated two-thirds
of the land for Hollenbeck Park, a Los Angeles landmark. He also helped found the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce.
He and Maria Elizabeth Boyle (1847-1933) married in 1867, joining two distinguished Los Angeles families. Maria's family had
settled in Boyle Heights before William Workman's acquisitions there. A devout Roman Catholic, she received her education
from the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul and strongly supported the Orphans' Fairs, an important charitable work,
and was also active in the Catholic Women's Club and the Women's Athletic Club.
Mary Julia Workman
William and Maria had seven children; of these Mary Julia Workman, born in 1871, was especially notable. Although her father
William was Protestant, Mary Workman was reared in the Roman Catholic faith of her mother, receivine a Catholic education
at the Convent of the Sacred Heart of Mary and Jesus, in Oakland, from which she graduated in 1890. In 1902 she completed
studies in kindergarten teaching, at the State Normal School in Los Angeles; Workman would teach in the city's public schools
During these years, because of her studies, Mary Workman became deeply influenced by the ideals of American Progressivism.
The fruit of this influence was manifested in her leadership in the establishment of the Brownson House (1901), a landmark
of the settlement house philosophy on the West Coast and one of its stronger Roman Catholic expressions.
Active in Los Angeles civic affairs, she was a progressive advocating civil service, which led to her presidency of the Los
Angeles City Civil Service Commission (1927-1928). Mary Workman also participated in other civic reform groups, such as the
Municipal Light and Power Defense League, which watched over city services, and helped in the recall of corrupt Los Angeles
mayor Frank Shaw, campaigning for reform candidates John Anson Ford and Fletcher Bowron through such means as radio speeches.
Her work with the Democratic National Committee, Southern California Division, involved her in Democratic politics in the
Los Angeles area.
Part of the post-World War I movement for world peace, Workman vigorously labored for the participation of the United States
in the League of Nations. To this end, she founded, and was an officer in, the Southern California chapter of the League of
Nations Association. Of a similar nature was her participation in the Catholic Association for International Peace (CAIP),
Southern California Committee, of which she was secretary. The CAIP was intended to apply Christian ideals to the troubled
world politics of the post-war era; this application of Christian principles to resolve international confilict clearly expresses
Mary Workman's philosophy of social activism.
Underlying all her life's work was Mary Workman's Roman Catholic faith, a connection vividly demonstrated in Pope Pius XI's
grant of the papal medal
Pro Ecclesia et Pontificeto Mary Workman in 1926. The medal rewarded Roman Catholics for their humanitarian work and, in Mary Workman's case, especially
recognized her contribution to the field of social work, but within the Roman Catholic tradition. This was a signal honor
for Workman, for she was the first woman in the diocese of Los Angeles to receive this medal. Mary Workman died in 1964, following
complications from a broken hip.
Like her sister-in-law Mary Julia Workman, Margaret Kilgariff Workman (1902-1987) achieved similar, notable accomplishments
in social and philanthropic causes, often working together on issues. Margaret was born into a well-known California family,
the Kilgariffs: her mother, Regina, was a suffragette and one of the first women on the Democratic State Central Committee.
In 1925, Margaret, after graduating from college, married Thomas Edgar Workman (1890-1972), son of William H. and Maria E.
Workman. The couple would make their home in Los Angeles, where Margaret would compile an outstanding record of service in
social welfare, politics, and education. Her membership on the board of the California Relief Commission (1935-1937) saw the
implementation of the New Deal in California. Margaret was a member of the famous
Citizens' Committeeheaded by Clifford Clinton that was the key in toppling Frank Shaw, the corrupt mayor of Los Angeles. A leader in the state-wide
Democratic Party, she served as co-chair of the Culbert Olson campaign for governor in 1938, which led to the election of
the first Democratic governor in California in the twentieth century. Margaret Workman was delegate to the Democratic National
Convention in 1940 and played a role on the Democratic Women's Advisory Platform Committee. That Los Angeles news publisher
Manchester Boddy would solicit her support in his senatorial primary campaign against Helen Gahagan Douglas in 1950 also testifies
to her importance in state Democratic circles.
In World War II, she served as secretary of the Los Angeles branch of the National Committee Against Nazi Persecution and
Extermination of the Jews. She also was a member of William Allen White's Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies,
a group active before the United States's entrance into World War II that strongly advocated logistical support for Great
Britain in its war with Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Her support for liberal causes was manifested in her membership in
the National Conference of Jews and Christians, and she actively opposed the anti-labor Proposition 1, which was on the California
ballot in 1938. Her service to both secular and Roman Catholic philanthropy in Los Angeles was tireless: the latter included
work with the Social Service Auxiliary, and the former involved such organizations as the Hollywood Studio Club of the Young
Women's Christian Association. This list of activities, impressive in its own right, is still incomplete, which suggests that
Margaret Workman's record of service to her community and nation knew few peers in Los Angeles.
Scope and Content of Collection
The Workman Family Papers consist of correspondence, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, scrolls, diplomas, administrative/organizational
papers, publications, certificates, tract maps, reports, brochures and pamphlets, legal documents, and photographs. These
holdings chiefly concern the life and work of five prominent members of the Workman family: William H. Workman (1839-1918);
his wife Maria E. (1847-1933); their daughter Mary Julia Workman (1871-1964); her sister-in-law, Margaret K. Workman (1902-1987),
prominent Democrat and social work leader, and wife of Mary's brother Thomas; and Judge David A. Workman, son of Margaret
and Thomas Workman. The materials span the years from 1881 to 1997, with the majority from the period 1910-1950. In Box 13ov,
Folder 1, is a copy of a document, dated 1843, confirming property rights, but it may be spurious, resulting in the omission
of this date from the comprehensive collection dates. Most materials are in good condition; those that are not are so indicated
in the box and folder list and should be handled with extreme care.
Persons of note whose activities are documented in this collection include Eleanor Roosevelt, Culbert Olson, Bishop John Cantwell,
Fletcher Bowron, Ellen S. Woodward, Jerry Voorhis, and Melvyn and Helen Gahagan Douglas.
The Workman Family Papers have been divided into series based on the family members and materials predominant in the collection:
Series 1: Mary Julia Workman; Series 2: Margaret K. Workman; Series 3: William H. and Maria E. Workman; Series 4: David A.
Workman Judicial Campaigns; Series 5: Publications. Each series has the subseries "photographs" to account for the photographs
corresponding to the respective family member. Series 5: Publications was established for the large number of loose publications
in the holdings.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Workman, Margaret K., 1902-1987
Workman, Mary Julia, 1871-1964
Workman, William H., 1839-1918
Workman family--Political activity--History--19th century--Sources
Workman family--Political activity--History--20th century--Sources
Women civic leaders--California--Los Angeles--History--20th century--Sources
Civic leaders--California--History--20th century--Sources
California--Politics and government--1850-1950--Sources
For background information on the Workmand family, consult the following works:
Mary Julia Workman, the Catholic Conscience of Los Angeles.
California History(1993): 2-19.
Workman, Mary Julia (1871-1964).
Encyclopedia of American Catholic History. Collegeville, Minnesota, 1997. Pp. 1517-1518.
The Workman Family in Los Angeles.
Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly32 (1950): 316-325.
Rowland, Donald E.
John Rowland and William Workman: Southern California Pioneers of 1841. Spokane: Arthur H. Clark Co.; Los Angeles: Historical Society of Southern California, 1999.