Guide to the Nichols family collection on the Palace of Westminster

Processed by Sara Stilley, 2011.

Special Collections & Archives
The UCR Libraries
P.O. Box 5900
University of California
Riverside, California 92517-5900
Phone: 951-827-3233
Fax: 951-827-4673
Email: specialcollections@ucr.edu
URL: http://library.ucr.edu/?view=collections/spcol
©2011
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Nichols family collection on the Palace of Westminster
Date (inclusive): circa 1650-1905, undated.
Date (bulk): 1800-1840.
Collection Number: 203
Extent: 1.5 linear feet (1 flat storage box, 1 phase box)
Repository: Rivera Library. Special Collections Department.
Riverside, CA 92517-5900
Abstract: This collection is comprised of items found within The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber , by Edward Wedlake Brayley, and John Britton. Material includes correspondences, documents and illustrated plates from circa 1650 to 1905. The original book that contained these items is also housed within the collection. All of the plates feature views of Westminster from different publications and years. The correspondence includes items addressed to historically significant individuals or persons related to the history of the Westminster or the production of the book. Highlights include correspondences to John Bowyer Nichols, the printer of the book; from Charles Barry, the son of the architect who rebuilt the Parliament and Westminster; to Dr. Reverend Kippis, a noted British Historian and author; from Sir John Cam Hobhouse, British Member of Parliament and friend of the poet Lord Byron.
Languages: The collection is in English.

Access

This collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the University of California, Riverside Libraries, Special Collections & Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections & Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Regents of the University of California as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[identification of item]. Nichols family collection on the Palace of Westminster, Collection 203. University of California, Riverside Libraries, Special Collections & Archives, University of California, Riverside.

Acquisition Information

The book, which contained the items in this collection, The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber , by Edward Wedlake Brayley, and John Britton was purchased in 1995.

Processing History

Processed by Sara Stilley, 2010.
Items were removed from the book, The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber , by Edward Wedlake Brayley, and John Britton, with their original location (page numbers) noted. They were then processed by preservation standards and housed in mylar enclosures. A custom clam shell box was made to house the book because of its damaged state. Damage to the book includes: broken leather spine, lost head caps, first two signatures detached from the text block, and extensive swelling of the text block due to the inserted items. Some slight damage also occurred from removing items as they were attached in the book.
All items removed from the book have been digitized.

Custodial History

The book, which contained the items in this collection, The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber , by Edward Wedlake Brayley, and John Britton, was purchased by Henry Snyder in London in the 1960's and was subsequently sold to the University of California, Riverside in 1995.
At some point before Henry Snyder purchased the item it was owned by Robert Washington Oates, a noted collector and antiquarian bookseller. It is unknown how the book came into Oates' possession or how it went up for sale in London but much of the Nichols family library was sold at Sothebys auctions.

Biography

John Nichols (1745-1826): John Nichols was apprenticed to printer William Bowyer in 1757 and took over that business in 1777. Among his noteworthy accomplishments was being editor of Gentleman’s Magazine and some of the most lengthy and complete antiquarian county histories. Additionally he worked with Abraham Farley in on the 300th anniversary edition of the Domesday Book. Nichols created a special font for the edition, which was unfortunately destroyed in a workshop fire in 1808. Also, he held the office of Master of the Stationer’s Company in 1804. Nichols’ son, John Bowyer Nichols, and grandson, John Gough Nichols, continued the printing business which is considered today to be one of the best documented printing houses of its time in England.
J. John Bowyer Nichols (1779-1863): J.B. Nichols was apprenticed to his father and when freed? became a partner in the family business. He continued the family tradition of printing county histories and was the official printer of British parliamentary publications. Along with being a printer, J.B. Nichols was, like his father, editor of the Gentleman’s Magazine, a poet and an author of many works on antiquarian subjects. He was Master of the Stationer’s Company in 1850.
John Gough Nichols (1806-1873): J.G. Nichols joined the family business in 1824 and was a natural historian and perfect successor to his grandfather’s tradition of studying and printing antiquarian histories. He also carried on the editorial leadership of the Gentleman’s Magazine until its sale in 1856. He was a founding member of many historical societies such as Camden Society, Surtees Society and Shakespeare Society and publisher of their publications.
John Britton (1771-1857): Co-author of the book in which the items were found. A well- known English author and historian of his time, he created, along with his friend Edward Wedlake Brayley a new form of literature in the of important monuments throughout Britain. He was a frequent contributor to Gentleman’s Magazine.
Edward Wedlake Brayley (1733-1854): Co-author of the book in which the items were found. A noted English author, historian and topographer, he wrote several works with John Britton his life long friend.

Historical Background

Palace at Westminster: The Palace at Westminster began as a royal palace in the eleventh century and was the primary residence in London for the Kings of England and for Parliament until a fire in 1512 that destroyed much of the residential area and the King Henry VIII moved the royal family to Whitehall Palace. After, it served only as the meeting space for the Parliament, and various other judicial courts and various other functions. In 1834 much of the medieval building burned in a devastating fire . Sir Charles Barry won the competition to rebuild the site in the popular Perpendicular Gothic style. The replacement was much larger, including over 8 acres of reclaimed land along the Thames River, and incorporated those areas not destroyed in the fire. This reconstruction began in 1840 and lasted for 30 years. Since then there has been considerable restoration of the soft sandstone used to build the structure due to the effects of London’s pollution, The House of Commons had to be rebuilt after it was destroyed in a 1941 German bombing of London. Areas of note in the structure are those that survived the 1834 fire: Westminster Hall, the Cloisters of St. Stephen’s, the Chapel of St. Mary Undercroft and the Jewel Tower.

Collection Scope and Content Summary

This collection is comprised of items found within The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber , by Edward Wedlake Brayley, and John Britton. Material includes correspondences, documents and illustrated plates from circa 1650 to 1905. The original book that contained these items is also housed within the collection. All of the plates feature views of Westminster from different publications and years. The correspondence includes items addressed to historically significant individuals or persons related to the history of the Westminster or the production of the book. Highlights include correspondences to John Bowyer Nichols, the printer of the book; from Charles Barry, the son of the architect who rebuilt the Parliament and Westminster; to Dr. Reverend Kippis, a noted British Historian and author; from Sir John Cam Hobhouse, British Member of Parliament and friend of the poet Lord Byron.

Collection Arrangement

This collection is arranged into three series. The series arrangement is as follows:
  1. Series 1. Correspondence and other material, 1650-1905, undated.
  2. Series 2. Plates (illustrations), 1747-1875, undated.
  3. Series 3. Publications, 1836.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Brayley, Edward Wedlake, 1773-1854.
Britton, John, 1771-1857.
Nichols, John, 1745-1826.
Nichols, John Bowyer, 1779-1863.
Nichols, John Gough, 1806-1873.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Correspondence.
Plates (illustrations).
Publications.
Westminster Palace (London, England).


Collection Contents

 

Series 1. Correspondence and other material. 1650-1905, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains correspondences and other material found within the published book titled The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its Cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber by Edward Wedlake Brayley and John Britton (1836).

Series Arrangement

This series is arranged sequentially according to box and folder number (the original order that the individual items were located in the book has been maintained).
Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to J.B. Nichols, Esquire. from J. C. Buckley. September 9, 1819. (digital image: curivsc_203_001)

Box 1, Folder 1

Notes regarding rebuilt areas of St. Stephen's Chapel and House of Lords [architectural drawing attached in lower left corner]. undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_002)

Box 1, Folder 1

Notes regarding rebuilt areas of St. Stephen's Chapel and House of Lords [architectural drawing attached in lower left corner]. undated (digital image: curivsc_203_003)

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to Wilki Collins from John Britton. December 4, 1848. (digital image: curivsc_203_004)

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to unknown from unknown [signature removed; in pencil above “My dear sir,” is written “W. Safford"] undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_005)

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to G. James Ache from Champion Dymoke. undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_006)

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to unknown from Charles Barry, Jr. May 24, 1881. (digital image: curivsc_203_007)

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to J.B. Nichols, Esquire from E. W. Brayley. January 26, 1839. (digital image: curivsc_203_008)

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to Pickersgile Esquire RA from D. Maclise. undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_009)

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence to unknown from Ar. Orslow. November 16, 1800. (digital image: curivsc_203_010)

Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence to unknown from Ar. Orslow. August 6, 1801. (digital image: curivsc_203_011)

Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence to The Rev’d Dr Kippis from John Rayner. April 7, 1783. (digital image: curivsc_203_012)

Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence to unknown from Earl of Dundonald. July 14, 1830. (digital image: curivsc_203_013)

Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence to unknown from George Dance. October 27, 1811. (digital image: curivsc_203_014)

Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence to unknown from Edward W. Brayley. August 12, 1837. (digital image: curivsc_203_015)

Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence to Sir John Cam Hobhouse from WG and to WG from Sir John Cam Hobhouse. September 19, 1857. (digital image: curivsc_203_016)

Box 1, Folder 2

Financial records regarding Sir Thomas Lenthall. circa 1650. (digital image: curivsc_203_017)

Box 1, Folder 2

Admit card to House of Lords. February 14, 1905. (digital image: curivsc_203_018)

Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence to J.B. Nichols, Esquire from J. C. Buckley. November 24, 1819. (digital image: curivsc_203_019)

 

Series 2. Plates (illustrations). 1747-1875, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series consists of the plates (illustrations) found in the published book titled The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its Cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber by Edward Wedlake Brayley and John Britton (1836).

Series Arrangement

This series is arranged sequentially according to box and folder number (the original order that the individual items were located in the book has been maintained).
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Edifices of London – public buildings, Westminster Hall looking south". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_020)

Dimensions: 22.5cm x 13.5cm

Captions:

"A. Pugin, direxit -T.T. Bury. Del.t B. Winkles. Sculp.t"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Edifices of London – Halls, Westminster Hall North front". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_021)

Dimensions: 22.5cm x 13.5cm

Captions:

"Pt. 2, A. Pugin; direxit J. Willis. Del.t, G. Gladwin. Sculp.t; John Weale, Architecutural Library 59 High Holborn"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Sale de Westminster, ou Westminster – Hall". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_022)

Dimensions: 18cm x 15.5cm

Captions:

"Pag: 848"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "The Funeral Proceſsion of the Right hon.ble Charles James Fox _ paſsing the end of Old Palace Yard". 1806. (digital image: curivsc_203_023)

Dimensions: 28cm x 21cm

Captions:

"Engraved for the Lady’s Magazine"; "London Publishd as the Act directs No. 1 1806 by G. Robinson Paternoster Row"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Interior of the New House of Lords". 1847. (digital image: curivsc_203_024)

Dimensions: 18.5cm x 22.5cm

Captions:

"Harris Brothers 8 Budge Row 1847"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Vue de Westminster-Hall". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_025)

Dimensions: 18cm x 15.5cm

Captions:

"Pag: 840"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Westminster Hall, East Entrance". July 1815. (digital image: curivsc_203_026)

Dimensions: 13.5cm x 21.5cm

Captions:

"Engraved by Wallis from a drawing by J.P. Neale for the Beauties of England and Wales"; "London published by John Harris, St. Pauls Church Yard July 1815"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "The lower Lobby, House of Commons". September 1, 1815. (digital image: curivsc_203_027)

Dimensions: 13.5cm x 21.5cm

Captions:

"Engraved by Sands from drawing by JP Neale for the Beauties of England and Wales"; "London published by John Harris, St. Pauls Church Yard Sept 1 1815"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "A Perspective View of Westminster Abbey from the High Altar to the West End, shewing the manner of his Majeſty’s Crowning Sep.r 22 1761". September 22, 1761. (digital image: curivsc_203_028)

Dimensions: 22cm x 19cm

Captions:

"George III"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Ground-Plan of Part of the City of Westminster as it appeared at the coronation of King George III – 1761". March 15, 1820. (digital image: curivsc_203_029)

Dimenstions: 21.5cm x 21cm

Captions:

"London – Published 15th March 1820 by John Major 18 Skinner SPlate 10:"; "Ground-Plan of Part of the City of Westminster as it appeared at the coronation of King George III – 1761"; "London – Published 15th March 1820 by John Major 18 Skinner Street"
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "A View of the House of Peers, The King sitting on the Throne, the Commons attending him." January 1769. (digital image: curivsc_203_030)

Dimensions: 21.5cm x 27cm

Captions:

"Gent. Mag Jan.y 1769"; "J. Lodge delin et sculp."
Box 1, Folder 3

Plates (illustrations), "Representation of the Court at the Trial of Lord Byron." undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_031)

Dimensions: 21cm x 27cm
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "Part of Westminster Hall". September 3, 1805. (digital image: curivsc_203_032)

Dimensions: 9.5cm x 15cm

Captions:

"Engraved by J. Grey for the Antiquarian & Topographical cabinet from a drawing by W.m Deeble"; "Published for the proprietors by w. Clarke New Bond St. & J. Carpenter Old Bond St. Sep 3 1805"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "Westminster Hall". 1875. (digital image: curivsc_203_033)

Dimenstions: 14cm x 22cm

Captions:

"G. Garielli scupt."; "Eton: Williams & son 1875"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "A View of the Inſide of Weſtminster Hall". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_034)

Dimensions: 26.5cm x 20cm

Captions:

"vol. 15 pg 89"; "This was formerly the chief palace of the Kings of England but none of them have resided in it since Henry 8 when great part of it was burnt…"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "A View of the Scaffolding in Westminster Hall". 1747. (digital image: curivsc_203_035)

Dimenstions: 25cm x 21cm

Captions:

"q. II 1747"; "The Plan"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "A View of the Court Sitting on the trial of Lord Mellville in Westminster Hall". July 1,1806. (digital image: curivsc_203_036)

Dimensions: 18.5cm x 16.5cm

Captions:

"published as the Act directed July 1 1806, by G. Robinson Paternoster Row"; ":T. Prattent sculpt."
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "House of Commons. House of Lords as they were before the Fire 16th Oct.r 1834". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_037)

Dimensions: 25cm x 20cm

Captions:

"drawn by Jn. Shury & Son"; "Printed by Day & Haghe Gates st."; "London, Published by John Shury & Son 16 Charterhouse St. Charterho Sqe."
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "A View of the Court Sitting on the trial of Warren Hastings Esqr. in Westminster Hall". 1788. (digital image: curivsc_203_038)

Dimensions: 26.5cm x 21.5cm

Captions:

"Lady’s magazine"; "Pubd Nat 1 1788, according to Act of Parliament by G. Robinson & Co. Pattter Noster Row"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "View of the choir, theatre and area" AND "The Homage in the Theatre". September 1831. (digital image: curivsc_203_039)

Dimensions: 38cm x 22cm

Captions:

"Gent. Mag. Sept. 1831 Pl. IV p. 229"; "Gent. Mag. Sept. 1831 Pl. III p. 228"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "The Houses of Lords & Commons on the Fire Oct.r 16th 1834". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_040)

Dimensions: 18.5cm x 16cm

Captions:

"London. Published by J & F Harwood, 26 Fenchurch St."
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "The Doors above the Porch and on the level with the Gallery…". undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_041)

Dimensions: 22.5cm x 27cm

Captions:

"Arnolds magazine of the Fine Arts"; "Drawn on Stone by T Allon"; "Printed by C. Hullmandel"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "A View of the Riot Dec.r 11th 1770". 1770. (digital image: curivsc_203_042)

Dimensions: 13.5cm x 22cm

Captions:

"But that we are forbid, To tell the Secrets of the Upper House. We Could a Tale Unfold, Whose lightest Word Would harrow up the Reader's Soul - Shakes. alter'd"
Box 1, Folder 4

Plates (illustrations), "Vox Populi vox Dei." undated. (digital image: curivsc_203_043)

Dimensions: 13.5cm x 22cm

Captions:

"Think what care, What vigilance, what toils, what bright contention...- Thomson"
 

Series 3. Publications. 1836.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series constists of the published book, The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its Cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber by Edward Wedlake Brayley and John Britton (1836).

Series Arrangement

This series is arranged by box number.
Box 2

Book titled The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster : Embracing Accounts and Illustrations of St. Stephen's Chapel, and its Cloisters, - Westminster Hall, - The Court of Requests, - The Painted Chamber by Edward Wedlake Brayley and John Britton. Published in London by John Weale, Architectural Library. 1836.