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Finding Aid for the Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection 1966 - 1972
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Container List

Box 1

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection March / May 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Three oral histories:

Hugo Massa, Rafael Gudino, and Lorenza Rodriguez.

Includes 18p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

The three interviewees give short narratives

of various Mayan figures and culture.

Some of the narratives include La Xtabay

who seduces men who are out

during late hours. When they approach her she

becomes a venomous serpent.

Chilam Bilam is a Mayan priest that foresaw

the conquest of the Americas. Tutul Xiu

walked out towards the ocean and turned

himself into a ball of fire and rose

upwards to the heavens during the Spanish

conquest. The Midget of Uxmal is about a

midget who lives with his mother, the witch

(hechicera). Includes various other narratives

of Mayan figures and culture.
Box 2

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection May / December 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Two oral histories:

Josefina Marquez and Candelario Gallardo.

Includes 21p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Josefina Marquez recounts narratives of miracles

she has experienced. These include

la Virgen de San Juan, who cured her cancer.

Another miracle narrative is of the

Santo Nino de Plateros, who restored her vision.

After a discussion about faith and miracles

the discussion turns towards the appearance

of the Virgin Mary in various places.

Afterwards, Josefina Marquez talks about

la Llorona [the weeping woman],

duendes [goblins], and other figures.

Candelario Gallardo recounts a narrative

of a widowed man and his daughter.

A woman appears to the man and pleads

with him to take her to his daughter so she

can be the daughter's guardian/step-mother.

The woman/step-mother gives the daughter

impossible tasks and, when the tasks are

not done well, beats her. The narrative

includes a magical bird that

aids the daughter in her tasks. Finally,

the daughter runs away and encounters

a lost boy named Antonio Malverde.
Box 3

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection May 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Five oral histories:

Isaura Benicia, Amalia Hernandez,

Elisa Contreras, Lola Cruz, and Luis Cruz.

Includes 37p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Isaura Benicia tells stories about appeals

for help to the santo Nino de Atocha and

la Virgen de Talpa. The last two narratives

involve the devil in San Jose and also

his appearance in the form of a dog.

Amalia Hernandez recounts narratives of

buried treasures guarded by animas [souls]

and other ghosts. Elisa Contreras recounts

the story of a treasure in a cave called

la cueva de la fabrica, which belonged to thieves

during the Mexican revolution.

Lola Cruz recounts narratives of animas [souls]

taking her cousin away and another version of la Llorona [the weeping woman]

Throughout these two tapes there are

various narratives of animas [souls] that

make appearances and frighten people.
Box 4

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection May 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

oral history:

Alicia Salinas.

Includes 38p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Alicia Salinas recounts a story about

smoking a charmed cigar that caused

her to be bedridden for days

and lose her memory. Then she recounts

a story about an anima [wandering soul]

that informs an old man about a large

buried treasure left behind by guerrillas.
Box 5

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection October 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and paper

Scope and Content Note

Oral history:

Ismeria Garay, Alfonso Dominguez, Inocente Rocha,

Padre Jose de Jesus Madera, Tecla Rocha.

Includes 38p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Ismeria Garay recounts narratives about

different statues or appearancesof the Virgin

and of la Llorona [weeping woman], ghosts,

and goblins (duendes). Alfonso Dominquez Franco

recounts narratives of Christ apparitions.

Inocente Rocha recounts narratives

of a hungry man who encounters various

figures, god, the virgin, and death,

while walking in the woods.

Padre Jose recounts narratives of diabolic posession.

Tecla Rocha recounts experiences about

ghosts (espantos), and sightings of

la Llorona [the weeping woman].
Box 6

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection November 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Three Oral histories:

Inocente Rocha, Sandy Franco, and Candelario Gallardo

Includes 31p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Inocente Rocha recounts a story about

pacts made with the devil.

Candelario Gallardo recounts various tales.

One is about a couple deeply in love.

They decide to make a pact that binds them

through death. When one of them dies,

the other will also die. Another tale is about,

a man who encounters a snake. The snake is trapped

underneath a rock and the man decides

to unburden the snake. The snake returns

the favor by trying to bite the man.

Other tales are about Blancaflor,

Juan del Oso, and Juan Tonto.
Box 7

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection December 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Three oral histories:

Ana María Romero, Sandy Franco,and Lola Cruz

Includes 36p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Ana María Romero recounts tales from her childhood.

They concern a bear that kidnaps a woman

from a town. Another tale concerns

a mysterious man that is seen

sitting on a rock, apparently guarding

a treasure, while children play

at night. A third tale is about a ring that

brings poverty to a wealthy woman.

Another is about an old snake that

attempts to devour a man's foot.

Sandy Franco narrates a story she read

as a small child. The story is about

a convent where a bell would ring whenever

the nun's were lacking food.

Lola Cruz narrates stories about Juan Tonto,

a tale about a Queen Isabel, a story of

the good fisherman, and finally,

a narrative about a city mouse

and a country mouse.
Box 8

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection December 1966

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Three oral histories:

Lola Cruz, Candelario Gallardo, Angel Flores

Includes 45p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

The tape opens with a song, apparently

sung by Lola Cruz, titled Granada.

Afterwards Lola Cruz recounts narratives

about kings. The first narrative is

about three kings who marry three

princesses that make grand promises

if the kings will marry them.

Another narrative is about a king

with three daughters. The king

questions the daughters about their

love for the king and the queen.

Candelario Gallardo recounts two tales.

The first is about a peasant

and a princess and three magic rocks.

The second is about a good boy

and his flock of sheep.Angel Flores

tells the story about two travelers.
Box 10

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection July 1967

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral history:

Candelario Gallardo

Includes 18p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Candelario Gallardo recounts two

tales in this tape. The first one is

about a husband and wife mired in poverty.

To unburden themselves, they decide

to rid themselves of their children

by taking them out to the woods

and abandoning them. The children

encounter a seven headedserpent. Another tale

concerns two travelers and their adventures.
Box 12

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection February 1970

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral History:

Lola Cruz

Includes 23p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Lola Cruz recounts the narrative

of the birth of Jesus.

Afterwards she talks about the

development, over the years,

of her nativity scene display.
Box 13

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection March 1970

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral history:

Lola Cruz

Includes 22p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Lola Cruz comments on a series of

photographs of her nativity scene

displays over the years. The photographs

are not provided but Ms. Cruz

discusses the photographs in detail.
Box 15

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection December 1970

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral History:

Lola Cruz

Includes 10p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

The interview is with Lola Cruz discussing

her nativity scene. Ms. Cruz presents

the nacimiento yearly during the

Christmas season. Ms. Cruz recounts

various narratives in relation to her

nativity scene, such as the Original Sin

narrative, Jesus' crucifixion, his burial

and resurrection. Ms. Cruz also talks

about the various children that she has

known and helped to rear. At one point she

recounts the story of the Original Sin.

The interviewer asks Ms. Cruz about changes,

over the years, in the nativity scene and

Ms. Cruz recounts some of the changes.

Throughout, she recounts aspects of Jesus'

crucifixion, his burial, and his

resurrection,incorporating objects in

the scene as part of the narrative. Later in

the interview there is a discussion

about a 'mysterious' glass boat.

Luis' old boss, a Mrs. Hickler?

( the exact name is never stated), gave

Lola a glass boat six days before she died.

the last part of the interview is

a recital of a verse that is embroidered

on a sheet, "Quien lo Sabe,"

a verse about the birth of Jesus

and the mystery of Jesus as savior of the

world.
Box 16

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection December 1970

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral history:

Lola Cruz

Includes 24p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

This tape continues Lola Cruz' reading

from the verse embroidered

on a sheet.The narrative

includes the birth of Jesus and

Mary and Joseph's subsequent flight

towards Egypt. The angel, Saint Gabriel,

guides them away from danger.

The interviewer asks questions about

the embroidery on the sheet. Lola Cruz

recounts how she learned the verses

of "la posada" and the significance of

the various figures in the embroidery

(she recounts that the embroidering

took a month working every day to finish).

Lola Cruz tells the story of Lucifer,

who wanted to rule the world,

and the hermit who believed in Jesus'

birth as the birth of the savior.

She then recounts the story of Isabel

and Simon who gave birth to John

the Baptist. The conversation of the

different figures and objects in the

nativity scene continues. Figures

discussed include sea gulls, San Pascual

(Santa Claus), japanese houses, and

turtles. The interviewer continues

with questions about the nativity scene,

how long it has taken to construct,

who brings figures to add to the scene, etc.

Ms. Cruz continues with narratives

about king Melchor and John the Baptist.
Box 17

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection December 1974

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral history:

Lola Cruz

Includes 21p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

Ms. Cruz recounts details of her life

growing up in the 1910s in Mexico.

Ms. Cruz talks about her experiences

during difficult times of poverty

and homelessness growing up in Mexico City.

Ms. Cruz then recounts her experiences

immigrating to the United States.

Ms. Cruz talks about her marriage

to an American citizen (by force) and her

subsequent travails after his death.

Afterwards, there are more conversations

about the nativity scene and the yearly

rituals that take place.
Box 18

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection December 1974

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral history:

Lola Cruz

Includes 12p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

The conversation is about a haunted

house in Mexico City when Lola

Cruz was 10 years old. Lola Cruz

talks about the old large house and

a miserly old man who lived

there, died, and remained as a spirit

to guard his belongings.

Another story involves a husband

his lazy wife and their three children.

After the wife dies, she returns

to care for the children.

During the conversation,

children arrive to sing and

to see the nativity scene.

Afterwards, the interviewer, Lola

and Luis open the presents

brought by the children.
Box 21

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection January 1975

Physical Description: Audio tapes and papers

Scope and Content Note

Oral history:

Lola Cruz

Includes 18p. t.ms. transcript

original 1/4 inch open reel tapes

And audio cassette transfers.

Note

Synopsis:

In this tape, Lola Cruz recounts

the story of "Santa Rosa de Lima."

The story is about a husband (Spaniard),

a count, and a wife who have a child.

The couple argue over the child's name.

The Count's wishes prevail and

the child is named Rosa. After going

to Lima, Peru, the maid comes running

to the wife to tell her that the child's

face has turned into a rose.

Afterwards, Ms. Cruz recounts various

miracles performed by Saint Rosa de Lima

and the subsequent conflicts over

the meaning of these miraculous acts.

Afterwards, Ms. Cruz recounts the

narrative of La Virgen de los Remedios.
Box 22, Folder 1

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection 1966 - 1967

Physical Description: Papers

Scope and Content Note

Binder 1

t.ms. tape transcripts for tapes 1 - 8
Box 22, Folder 2

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection 1966 - 1967

Physical Description: Papers

Scope and Content Note

Binder 2

t.ms. transcript of tapes 10 - 21
Box 22, Folder 3

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection 1967

Physical Description: Papers

Scope and Content Note

background notes on Informants
Box 22, Folder 4

Elaine K. Miller Oral History Collection 1966 - 1967

Physical Description: Papers

Scope and Content Note

Index of Tape Contents