Inventory of the Pledge of Resistance Collection

Lucinda Glenn
Graduate Theological Union Archives
Graduate Theological Union
2400 Ridge Road
Berkeley, California, 94709
Phone: (510) 649-2523/2501
Email: archives@gtu.edu
URL: http://gtu.edu/library/information/special-collections
© 2011
Graduate Theological Union. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the Pledge of Resistance Collection

Collection number: GTU 96-7-02

Graduate Theological Union Archives

Graduate Theological Union

Berkeley, California
Processed by:
Lucinda Glenn
Date Completed:
2005 April
Encoded by:
Michele Gibney
© 2011 Graduate Theological Union. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Pledge of Resistance collection
Dates: 1982-1993
Bulk Dates: 1985-1989
Collection number: GTU 96-7-02
Collector: Butigan, Kenneth Michael
Collection Size: 17 boxes 15 feet
Repository: The Graduate Theological Union. Library.
Berkeley, CA 94709
Abstract: The Pledge of Resistance began in 1984 in response to the threat of U.S. invasion into Nicaragua. The national structure grew as people signed the pledge resisting the U.S. government's policies toward Central America. Signals for actions were sent out from the national center to the local groups whose members committed civil disobedience and protested policies seen as interventionist and repressive. Groups which worked closely with the Pledge included the Inter-Religious Task Force for Central America, the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador, the American Friends Service Committee, and the San Francisco Bay Area's Emergency Response Network, and Bay Area Pledge of Resistance. National Directors were Stephen Slade, Ken Butigan, and Judy Rohrer. Jim Wallis was instrumental in the foundation and early years of the Pledge. Brian Willson was an activist in civil disobedienceThe vast majority of the records are from the Pledge National Resource Center, but also included to a lesser extent records from the Emergency Response Network, also called the Bay Area Pledge of Resistance, located in San Francisco.
Physical location: 4/H/2-6
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

Access

Collection is open for research.
Restrictions: Box 16, containing Personal Reference Sheets, n.d., ca. 4/1987. Closed to public use for 25 years until 2012.
Box 17, containing Personal Reference Sheets (continued). Closed to public use for 25 years until 2012. Gift Checks received, 1991. Closed for 25 years, until 2016.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Graduate Theological Union. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Graduate Theological Union as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

Pledge of Resistance collection, GTU 96-7-02. Graduate Theological Union Archives, Berkeley, CA.

Biography / Administrative History

"The plan began to emerge during a retreat. On November 2-4, 1983, representatives of the Christian peace movement met at the Kirkridge retreat center in Pennsylvania for Bible study, prayer, and political discernment...bringing together those from major denominations and churches, religious orders, national organizations, community campaigns, and local action groups. We met in the aftermath of the Grenada invasion. Some of us were in frequent contact with Nicaraguan churchpeople who were expressing great fear that their country would also be added. ...Witness for Peace, a grassroots effort,...was to be publicly launched in December and was already attracting a great deal of support and enthusiasm. We committed ourselves to that bold initiative and together drew up a statement pledging ourselves to a plan of action in the event of a United States invasion of Nicaragua." ("A Pledge of Resistance", Jim Wallis, in Sojourners August 1984. Box 14, file folder 28.)
The statement had appeared in the December 1983 issue of Sojourners. "We will resist with our minds, hearts, and bodies any intervention by the United States, directly or indirectly, in Nicaragua. We will call upon our churches, organizations, networks, communities, and friends to join us in such resistance, and we will begin to prepare others for it. Our faith compels us to respond: we are committed to an active nonviolence that confronts the forces of war and the structures of injustice. If such an intervention takes place we will respond. ...We pledge ourselves to work for peace and justice in Central America. ...May peace come to our minds, our hearts, our world." ("A Promise of Resistance", Box 4, file folder 8a.) The original statement came from a faith perspective, but was never exclusive to church-related persons or organizations. The Pledge encompassed a broad range of faith, secular, community, and political persons and groups who shared the common goal of a commitment to peace.
In the national movement, the plan at first relied on Witness for Peace and the Inter-Religious Task Force on Central America to transmit information and signals for action. As a growing number of people joined the national contingency plan by signing the Pledge of Resistance, and more and more local and regional groups planned responses to military escalations, a national working group developed an organizational structure. By the end of 1984 and into 1985, that structure included a National Resource Center, an executive committee, board of directors, signal group (responsible for initiating calls to action), a national coordinator, and regional coordinators. The Pledge expanded during the Reagan-Bush years to include actions against not only intervention in Nicaragua, but U.S. intervention throughout Central America including U.S. funding of the Nicaragua Contras fighting the Sandinista government (Contra Aid), the embargo against Nicaraguan goods, military exercises in Honduras, the Iran-Contra scandal (Contra-gate), and U.S. support for the repressive Salvadoran government (bombing and death squads). In the early 1990s, actions focused on the Gulf War and intervention in Haiti.
The National Resource Center was begun in 1985. It was headquartered at different times in Washington D.C. and in San Francisco, CA. Stephen Slade served as the National Coordinator (1985-87). The Center convened the executive committee and national board, collected resources and information, disseminated the information in monthly mailings to regional groups, sponsored an annual national conference, produced a national newsletter, and did fundraising. The Center also received and filed information and materials (i.e. newsletters, flyers, newspaper articles reporting actions, etc.) from regional groups and local affinity groups throughout the U.S. The Center coordinated calls to action, variously called signals or alerts, and kept statistics through response forms on numbers of actions held, numbers of participants who were arrested committing civil disobedience, and other local information. The Center coordinated flyer designs, information, and materials for actions and maintained a phone hotline which gave updated information on events and issues. Slade wrote in 1985, "We pledge to resist as conscience leads. ...Conscience moves each of us differently. ...The Pledge has never been static and never will be. It will continue to change because the conditions that gave it birth have changed and because we change." ("The Pledge One Year Later", Box 1, file folder 5.)
In the 1988-89 Pledge of Resistance National Resource Center Annual Report, then National Coordinator (later called Director) Ken Butigan (1987-90) reported "Tens of thousands of U.S. citizens - participating in over 300 local affiliates across the country - have engaged in literally hundreds of rallies, marches, vigils, interfaith services, and demonstrations opposing the U.S. war waged against the people of El Salvador, Nicaragua, and throughout the region. Many also have engaged in nonviolent civil disobedience, joining the 9,000 people who have been led by conscience to engage in [it] over the last four years in Pledge-sponsored actions." (Box 1, file folder 3.)
Actions, demonstrations, and protests could be national or local. Over the years, Pledge sponsored actions at federal buildings in cities throughout the U.S., at the U.S. Capitol building, the Pentagon, and CIA headquarters, at military bases throughout the U.S., and at congress-people's offices. Proposals for actions could be made from any part of the overall structure from the national to the local. Local affinity groups, operating by consensus, could choose whether or not to participate, or could pursue their own individual action. Individuals could choose whether or not they were willing to be arrested during actions. Throughout its existence, the Pledge of Resistance worked with other major peace activist groups such as Mobilization for Survival and the American Friends Service Committee, and with Central American focused groups such as CISPES, the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador.
Judy Rohrer served as National Director, 1991-93. Following the Gulf War and the election of Bill Clinton as President, the "anti-intervention movement" found itself in a dialog process exploring how to re-envision and re-structure in the new reality. The questions were "What directions do you see emerging? What are the crucial issues and how do we organize around them? What role does direct action play in the next period? What is your vision for a national anti-intervention organization/network?" (Dialogue Process Basic Agenda. Box 1, file folder 38.) The National Pledge Board decided to close the national office, and in essence the Pledge of Resistance, effective March 15, 1993. Rohrer sent out a closing notice stating, "Movements have their cycles. At some point in the future anti-intervention activists will be ready to get together to take the next step, and whatever it is we know it will be grounded in the history and experience of the Pledge. ...The heart of the Pledge has always been the work of local groups and in that way we know it will continue. ...We are proud of what has been accomplished. Let's carry what we have learned into this new period and continue the resistance! For Justice." (Box 1, file folder 30.)

Scope and Content of Collection

The Collection contains five Series: 1) Administration; 2) Fundraising and Financial Records; 3) Projects, Events, and Actions; 4) Regional and Affinity Groups; and 5) Resources.. The Collection was transferred as a whole from a basement in San Francisco where it had been stored. The materials did not have an internal order. The arrangement here has been imposed.

Arrangement

The Collection contains five Series: 1) Administration; 2) Fundraising and Financial Records; 3) Projects, Events, and Actions; 4) Regional and Affinity Groups; and 5) Resources.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Emergency Response Network (San Francisco Bay Area, Calif.)
Bay Area Pledge of Resistance (San Francisco Bay Area, Calif.)
Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador (U.S.)
American Friends Service Committee.
Inter-Religious Task Force for Central America.
Protest movements--United States--History--20th Century--Sources.
Civil disobedience--United States--History--20th Century - --Sources.
Peace movements--United States--History--20th Century--Sources.
United States--Relations--Central America.
Central America--Relations--United States.
Central America--Politics and government--1979-
Central America--History--20th Century--Sources.

Index Terms Related to this Collection

Butigan, Ken.
Slade, Stephen.
Wallis, Jim.
Rohrer, Judy.
Willson, Brian.

Restrictions

Box 16, containing Personal Reference Sheets, n.d., ca. 4/1987. Closed to public use for 25 years until 2012.
Box 17, containing Personal Reference Sheets (continued). Closed to public use for 25 years until 2012. Gift Checks received, 1991. Closed for 25 years, until 2016.

Contents of Containers

 

Series 1 Administration 1984-1993

Physical Description: 167 folders

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically.
box-file 1 : 1

Karen Abrams 1988

box-file 1 : 2

Advertisement - Raise your Opposition. Includes photo of protest banner ca. 1989

box-file 1 : 3

Pledge of Resistance National Resource Center Annual Report 1989 June

box-file 1 : 4

Anti-Pledge of Resistance groups, etc undated

box-file 1 : 5

Article, "The Pledge One Year Later" by National Director Stephen Slade, preparation and research 1985

box-file 1 : 6

Bay Area Pledge of Resistance: A Chronology 1988

box-file 1 : 7-19

National Board Meetings 1985 November-1992

box-file 1 : 20-22

Pledge Brochures ca. 1984-1989

box-file 1 : 23-28

Ken Butigan, National Coordinator/Director: Work Notebook, Correspondence, Handwritten Notes, Curriculum Vitae, and Resignation ca. 1987-1990

box-file 1 : 29

Central America Working Group Member List 1989

box-file 1 : 30

Closing the National Pledge Office notice 1993 March 9

box-file 1 : 31

Contingency Plan Working Group meetings, (national structure) 1984-1985

box-file 1 : 32-36

Correspondence 1984-1987 1990

Scope and Content Note

Includes ERN - Emergency Response Network, San Francisco, Calif., 1984-85
box-file 1 : 37

Development Director search ca. 1990

box-file 1 : 38

Pledge Dialog Process Agenda and resources, re-structuring/re-envisioning 1992

box-file 2 : 1

National Director's trips to visit local groups 1992 January

box-file 2 : 2

The Emergency Response Network, ERN 1984-1985

box-file 2 : 3

"Emergency Response Network Alert System", Pledge of Resistance 1985

box-file 2 : 4

"Emergency Response Network's Proposed Six-month Work-Plan" 1985 April-1985 October

box-file 2 : 5

Emergency Response Network Sponsorship Form, San Francisco, Calif. region 1984 October-1984 November

box-file 2 : 6-13

Executive Committee Meetings 1985 March-1987 June

box-file 2 : 14

First Aid Support Group, San Francisco, Calif. undated ca. 1985

box-file 2 : 15

Formation of the Pledge, correspondence, Supporting Groups 1984-1985

box-file 2 : 16

General ideas and materials 1988

box-file 2 : 17

Grant Proposal, Pledge of Resistance Local Military Connections Project 1988

box-file 2 : 18

Graphics 1986-1987

box-file 2 : 19

Jeri Seese Green 1986

box-file 2 : 20

High Profile names to participate in Pledge 1986

box-file 2 : 21-23

Hotline (Pledge office phone recorded messages) 1986-1989

box-file 2 : 24

International groups interested in Pledge 1985

box-file 2 : 25-26

Inter-Religious Task Force on Central America. Report - Participation in Pledge of Resistance 1985-1986

box-file 2 : 27

Pledge Legal Support Center, legal work and arrests 1985-1986

box-file 2 : 28

Letterhead Various dates

box-file 2 : 29

Local Contacts in States list update project 1987

box-file 2 : 30

Pledge logo ideas and drawings ca. 1987

box-file 2 : 31

Mailing list additions ca. 1987

box-file 2 : 32

Mailing Lists 1988

box-file 2 : 33-38

Mailings from Pledge National Resource Center 1985-1987 April

box-file 3 : 1-10

Mailings from Pledge National Resource Center 1988-1992

box-file 3 : 11

Media fax numbers list 1991

box-file 3 : 12

Meeting notes, various, handwritten 1988

box-file 3 : 13

Merger Proposal: Pledge, Out Now, and Mobilization for Survival 1992

box-file 3 : 14-15

Pledge National Convention planning 1988 1991

box-file 3 : 16

National Coordinator, notes undated ca. 1985

box-file 3 : 17

National Coordinator, Search: Resumes, Applicants 1987

box-file 3 : 18

Pledge National Organization and Structure 1984-1985

box-file 3 : 19

National Resource Center Proposal 1985

box-file 3 : 20-21

National Strategy 1985 December-1987

box-file 3 : 22

National Pledge Survey 1992

box-file 3 : 23

New Ideas (campaigns, events, etc.) ca. 1987

box-file 3 : 24

News Releases from Pledge 1984-1985

box-file 3 : 25

Office responsibilities undated

box-file 3 : 26

"Organizing for the Pledge of Resistance" and development of national structure 1985

box-file 3 : 27

Orientation Packet for San Francisco Bay Area Pledge of Resistance 1987

box-file 3 : 28

Parents' Authorization Form for Juveniles Participating in Demonstrations 1985

box-file 3 : 29

Pledge of Resistance Map of Local Groups in 400 Communities and list of participating organizations ca. 1987

box-file 3 : 30

National Convention Report 1987

box-file 3 : 31

New Text for the Pledge 1989

box-file 3 : 32

Participating Organizations 1986 1988

box-file 3 : 33

Peace Development Fund Grant 1989

box-file 3 : 34

"Pledge of Resistance Background" 1986

box-file 3 : 35

"Pledge of Resistance Chronology" and other information ca. 1988-1989

box-file 3 : 36-46

Pledge of Resistance National Newsletter 1984 December-1988

Scope and Content Note

The run of Newsletters is incomplete.
box-file 4 : 1-2

Pledge of Resistance National Newsletter 1989-1990

Scope and Content Note

The run of Newsletters is incomplete.
box-file 4 : 3

Pledge of Resistance planning and Progress Report by Ken Butigan: Emergency Response Network, San Francisco 1984 September 4

box-file 4 : 4

Pledge of Resistance Poll 1985

box-file 4 : 5-6

Pledge of Resistance Response Forms 1987 April

box-file 4 : 7

A Pledge of Resistance Special Report, Nationwide Protest of U.S. Policy in El Salvador 1989 November-1989 December

box-file 4 : 8

Police Misconduct Report Form undated

box-file 4 : 8a

"A Promise of Resistance" in Sojourners 1983 December

box-file 4 : 9-10

Proposals to Pledge to consider for Actions, etc. 1985-1987

box-file 4 : 11

Proposal for Funding - Expose the War Campaign, Uncover U.S. War in Central America and increase resistance to it 1990

box-file 4 : 12

Proposal for National Resource Center 1985

box-file 4 : 13

Proposals 1985-1987

box-file 4 : 14

Proposal for project - El Salvador: Steps to Freedom, Days of Resistance and Solidarity ca. 1988

box-file 4 : 15

Proposal - Video/Film, Peace Begins Here, B. Bruen and L. Walker 1988

box-file 4 : 16

Recommit to Resistance Campaign packet; "The People of Central America Can't Take Four More Years and Neither Can We" 1989 January

box-file 4 : 17-25

Regional Coordinators, Regional Committee, Conference Calls, Signal Group, Signals 1984-1987

box-file 4 : 26

Repressive Measures toward Pledge by the Government 1987 1990

box-file 4 : 27-30

Retreat 1986

box-file 4 : 31

Judy Rohrer, National Coordinator, application and hire 1991

box-file 4 : 32

Staff Workplans 1986-1987 1989

box-file 4 : 33

Statement on U.S. Government Subpoenas of Darla Rucker and Ken Butigan to testify in Brian Willson case (and turn over Pledge documents) 1990

box-file 4 : 34

Strategy Committee 1988-1990

box-file 4 : 35

Structure Discussion paper by James Sweeney and contacts lists 1985

box-file 4 : 36

"To Do - Friday 5/19/1989" 1989 May 19

box-file 4 : 37

Total numbers of Pledge signers 1985

box-file 4 : 38

"Toward a Pledge Strategy" 1989

box-file 4 : 39

Volunteers: possible people ca. 1986

box-file 4 : 40

"Wallis" letter 1986 January

box-file 4 : 41-44

Brian Willson Court Case, including Exhibits, Deposition Subpoena, Court Documents, preparation, articles, etc. re: Ken Butigan and Darla Rucker testimony and turning over Pledge documents 1990

box-file 4 : 45

World Pledge (International) 1985-1986

 

Series 2 Fundraising and Financial Records 1984-1992

Physical Description: 35 folders, 2 restricted folders

Scope and Content Note

Arranged chronologically. The majority of this series contains Fundraising records and very few Financial Records. None of the records were clearly organized. The records are not consistent from year to year. The various files may contain general financial information, budgets, appeal letters, mailings, phonebanks, proposals, donor lists, and gifts received. (The records continue in Box 17, File Folders 3-4. Gift checks received, 1991 are Restricted from public use for 25 years, until 2016.)
box-file 4 : 46-49

Fundraising and Financial Records 1984-1986

box-file 5 : 1-31

Fundraising and Financial Records 1985-1992

box-file 17 : 1-2

Restricted

Scope and Content Note

Closed for 25 years, until 2016. (See Box 5, File Folder 30.)
 

Series 3 Projects, Events, and Actions 1984-1993

Physical Description: 165 folders, 14 restricted folders

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically.
box-file 5 : 32-51

Actions Various dates

Scope and Content Note

Arranged chronilogically. Actions refer to any type of protest, demonstration, or act of civil disobedience.
  • Protest Aid to Contras, 6/12/1985
  • Stop Bombing El Salvador, 9/1985
  • U.S. Gunboat incident, shelling in El Salvador, 1/8/1986
  • May 17, 1986, Armed Forces Day. Includes Organizers Packet
  • Contra Aid vote in Congress, 6-7/1986
  • People's Filibuster on Contra Aid vote, D.C. Capitol Building, 7/29/86
  • Stop the Lies, 1986-87
  • Peace, Jobs, and Justice, 10/25/1986
  • Protest Contra-gate, Contra Training by the U.S., Bombing Nicaragua, 12/1986
  • Blockade the CIA building, civil disobedience, 4/1987 (See also Boxes 16-17, contain Restricted files, closed from public use for 25 years until 2012.)
  • Days of Decision: No Contra Aid, No War Aid, 1987
  • Philadelphia, Bi-Centennial of the Constitutional Convention, 1987
  • Media, 1987
box-file 6 : 1-32a

Actions Various dates

Scope and Content Note

Arranged chronilogically. Actions refer to any type of protest, demonstration, or act of civil disobedience.
  • Camp Lejeune, NC, Protest Operation Solid Shield, 5/1987, Stop the Lies Organizers Packet, Summer 1987
  • Action Forms, Fall 1987 (charting Actions by Regional Groups)
  • No to the War in Central America, 3/1988
  • Stop the War in Central America, 4/29-30/1988
  • Steps to Freedom: Resistance at the Pentagon, 10/17/1988
  • Protest the War in El Salvador, 3/1989
  • Stop U.S. Support for Death-squad Government in El Salvador, 6/1/1989
  • Steps to Freedom, Los Angeles arrestees court case, 1989
  • El Salvador, Nicaragua, Bombing ca. 1989
  • Housing Now, 1989
  • Anti-Contra Activities, 1989
  • Action response forms, 5-6/1989
  • Surprise Actions, 5/15-17/1989
  • Call to Conscience in El Salvador, 11-12/1989
  • Information handouts if you are thinking about or are arrested at an Action, ca. 1989
  • Actions 1990
  • Stop the War in El Salvador, at the U.S. Capitol, 1/24/1990
  • Commemorate the 2nd Anniversary of murder of Jesuits in El Salvador, 1989: "Now is the Time to Act" 1991 "Victory" Day, Washington D.C., 4/1991 (legal size folder at side of box)
  • National Days of Action in Solidarity with Haiti, 3/21-24/1992
  • Lawrence Livermore Lab protests, newsclippings (Includes Martin Sheen), 1993
box-file 6 : 33-39

Archbishop Oscar Romero Commemoration and March to End the U.S. War in Central America, 10th Anniversary 1990 March 24

box-file 6 : 40

Central America Calendar 1990

box-file 6 : 41

Commissioning Service for Signers of Pledge of Resistance, Bangor, Maine 1985 June 12

box-file 6 : 42

Concord Naval Weapons Station, Brian Willson 1987 September

box-file 7 : 1-13

Contra Aid, protests, actions, events 1985-1988

box-file 7 : 14

Covert Operations by U.S., actions against and info on 1989-1990

box-file 7 : 15

Cry of the Environment: Rebuilding the Christian Tradition. A book by Ken Butigan and Phil Joranson undated

box-file 7 : 16

The Disarm Bazaar - Stop the War at Home! Baltimore, MD 1989

box-file 7 : 17-18

El Salvador Delagations 1988-1989

box-file 7 : 19

El Salvador - Ecology of Conflict, call by Environmentalists 1989

box-file 7 : 20

El Salvador issues, work in California 1987

box-file 7 : 21

El Salvador Steps to Freedom, Pentagon Action 1988

box-file 7 : 22

Fall Questionnaire, "Let Us Know What You are Doing" 1989

box-file 7 : 23

Going Home - From Mesa Grande Camp to El Salvador 1987

box-file 7 : 24-25

Gulf War, Actions, etc. 1990-1991

box-file 7 : 26

Hotline, Pledge phone scripts 1991 January-1991 April

box-file 7 : 27

International Boycott of Salvadoran Coffee, Proposal, Neighbor to Neighbor Education Fund 1990

box-file 7 : 28

Jobs with Peace Campaign 1990

box-file 7 : 29

Erik Larson, Marine Corporal (Conscientious Objector or War Resister, Gulf War) 1990-1991

box-file 7 : 30

Benjamin Linder Peace Tour 1987

box-file 7 : 31-32

Local Military Connections Campaign 1987

box-file 7 : 33

Media/Newspaper Activism and Actions, (Includes photographs) ca. 1989

box-file 7 : 34

Mobilization Steering Committee, Civil Disobedience planning 1987

box-file 7 : 35

National Call to Action to Stop the U.S. War in El Salvador 1989 March

box-file 7 : 36-44

Pledge of Resistance National Conventions 1986-1989

box-file 8 : 1-4

Pledge of Resistance National Conventions 1989-1991

box-file 8 : 5

National Days of Remembrance ca. 1985

box-file 8 : 6

National Emergency Meeting on El Salvador 1989 March

box-file 8 : 7-8

St. Louis Pledge of Resistance, National Guard and Reserves Clearinghouse 1986-1988

box-file 8 : 9-10

National Mobilization for Justice and Peace in Central America and South Africa 1987 April

box-file 8 : 11

National Referendum to End the War in Central America, CISPES (Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador) 1987

box-file 8 : 12

National Sanctuary Meeting, Milwaukee 1988 April

box-file 8 : 13

Nicaragua Network call for actions 1989 April 28-1989 May 1

box-file 8 : 14

Rap on Nicaragua 1985

box-file 8 : 15

Nonviolence Training for Civil Disobedience, Packet ca. 1984

box-file 8 : 16-17

Filibuster Group for People's Filibuster on Contra Aid 1986

box-file 8 : 18

The Philly Sixteen 1989-1990

box-file 8 : 19-38

Photographs of Actions Various dates

Scope and Content Note

  • Unidentified in Oakland or San Francisco, ca. 1985
  • San Francisco march from Customs Bldg. to Salvadoran Consulate, Spring 1987
  • Unidentified in Washington D.C., Spring 1988
  • Concord (CA) Naval Weapons Station, ca. 1987 (Includes photo of Father William (Bill) O'Donnell
  • Action at the Washington D.C. Capitol Bldg. ca. 10/1989 (Negatives in Negative Box 7, file folders 1-2, 1/A/3)
  • Action at Washington D.C. unidentified bldg. ca. 9-10/1989 (Negatives in Negative Box 7, file folder 3, 1/A/3)
  • Action at San Francisco Federal Bldg. n.d., (Includes Ken Butigan being arrested)
  • Action at Hurlburt Field, Florida, U.S. Air Force Special Operations, n.d. (Negatives in Negative Box 7, file folders 4-5, 1/A/3)
  • Note: Negative Box 7, file folder 5a - Action at the Chronicle Bldg., San Francisco, n.d. (There are no prints.)
box-file 8 : 39

Press Conference to Denounce Bipartisan Accord on Contra Aid 1989 April 8

box-file 8 : 40

Quincentenary, 500 Years of Columbus landing in America, actions, events, etc. 1992

box-file 8 : 41

Religious leaders who have endorsed the Statement: "In the Name of God - Stop the Lies - Stop the Killing", Witness for Peace 1986 April

box-file 8 : 42

Report the Truth Media Campaign 1990 Fall

box-file 8 : 43

Response/Report Questionnaires 1989 November

box-file 8 : 44

Rock Island Arsenal Protest, IL 1985

box-file 8 : 45-46

Signals from Signal Group (earlier term for Actions) 1984-1986

box-file 8 : 47

Speeches,(includes "Rap Book") 1985

box-file 8 : 48

Summer Actions 1987

box-file 8 : 49

Sweet Honey in the Rock Concert, Berkeley, CA, Benefit for El Salvador projects, CISPES 1988 May 28

box-file 8 : 50

"USA Decay" Guerilla Press - National protest to mimic USA Today, protesting U.S. militarism 1992 October

Scope and Content Note

Includes photographs.
box-file 8 : 54

Veterans Fast for Life 1986 October

box-file 8 : 55

Veterans' Peace Convoy to Nicaragua (blocked at Laredo, TX) 1988 June

box-file 8 : 56

Walk Against the War, CISPES organizing packet 1987 October 24

box-file 8 : 57

War on Drugs brochure, Pledge 1990

box-file 8 : 58

"Why We Acted First: San Francisco's May Alert" 1985

box-file 8 : 59

Workshop on Organizing Social Movements, and funding proposal undated

box-file 16 : 1-12

Restricted

Scope and Content Note

Closed to public use for 25 years until 2012. (See Box 5, File Folder 42.)
box-file 17 : 1-2

Restricted

Scope and Content Note

Closed to public use for 25 years until 2012. (See Box 5, File Folder 42.)
 

Series 4 Regional and Affinity Groups 1984-1991

Physical Description: 94 folders

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by geographic state or region. Materials vary from group to group and area to area. Folders can contain flyers of actions or events, local newsletters, correspondence, and/or newsclippings on actions or events. File folders had been set up in the National Resource Center in the mid-1980s to sort the materials sent to the Center from the local affinity groups throughout the country. The file system broke down, and local group materials were kept in the central office, but unsorted. The state and regional folders are followed by the unsorted material arranged chronologically.
box-file 8 : 60-61

Arizona 1988-1990

box-file 8 : 62

Arkansas 1987-1990

box-file 8 : 63-64

California and San Francisco Bay Region 1985-1989

box-file 9 : 1-5

California and San Francisco Bay Region 1985-1990

Scope and Content Note

(Includes Walnut Creek, Mt. Diablo Peace Center.) See also Box 11, File Folders 15-18.
box-file 9 : 6

Canada 1989

box-file 9 : 7-9

Central Midwest 1985-1986

box-file 9 : 10-11

Chicago 1985-1986

box-file 9 : 12

Colorado 1985-1989

box-file 9 : 13

Connecticut 1987-1990

box-file 9 : 14-16

Florida, includes Miami and St. Petersburg 1986-1990

box-file 9 : 17

Idaho 1986 1989

box-file 9 : 18

Illinois 1986-1988

box-file 9 : 19

Indiana 1986-1988

box-file 9 : 20

Iowa 1986-1987

box-file 9 : 21

Kansas 1989

box-file 9 : 22

Maine 1986

box-file 9 : 23

Maryland, Baltimore 1988

box-file 9 : 24

Massachusetts 1985-1986

box-file 9 : 25-28

Mid-Atlantic 1984-1987

box-file 9 : 29

Michigan 1986

box-file 9 : 30

Minnesota, Minneapolis 1987-1989

box-file 9 : 31

Missouri, St. Louis 1987

box-file 9 : 32

Montana 1984 1989

box-file 9 : 33

Nebraska, Omaha 1989

box-file 9 : 34

Nevada 1988

box-file 9 : 35-36

New England 1984-1987

box-file 10 : 1

New Hampshire 1988-1990

box-file 10 : 2

New Jersey 1986-1987

box-file 10 : 3-4

New York, including Albany 1985-1988

box-file 10 : 5

Northern California, Alaska, and Hawaii 1984-1990

box-file 10 : 6

Northern Miswest 1985-1987

box-file 10 : 7

Ohio 1986-1988

box-file 10 : 8

Oregon 1988-1990

box-file 10 : 9

Pacific Northwest 1984-1986

box-file 10 : 10-11

Pennsylvania (includes Pittsburgh) 1986-1988

box-file 10 : 12

Rhode Island 1988-1989

box-file 10 : 13

Rocky Mountain 1985-1987

box-file 10 : 14

South Central 1984-1989

box-file 10 : 15

South Dakota 1988-1989

box-file 10 : 16-17

Southeast 1984-1986

box-file 10 : 18

Southern California 1985-1989

box-file 10 : 19

Tennessee 1986-1990

box-file 10 : 20

Utah 1988-1989

box-file 10 : 21

Vermont 1987

box-file 10 : 22

Washington, Seattle 1986-1990

Scope and Content Note

22a is legal size folder, side of box.
box-file 10 : 23

West Virginia 1986

box-file 10 : 24

Wisconsin 1985-1989

box-file 10 : 25-35

Unsorted Regional/Affinity Groups 1987-1990

box-file 11 : 1-14

Unsorted Regional/Affinity Groups 1986-1991

box-file 11 : 15-18

California and San Francisco Bay Region 1984-1990

Scope and Content Note

See also Box 9, File Folders 1-5.
 

Series 5 Resources 1982-1992

Physical Description: 188 folders

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by title or heading. Materials were collected or received and used in the National Resource Center office for reference, research, or for information to include in mailings to the regional and affinity groups.
box-file 11 : 19

Elliott Abrams 1986-1987

box-file 11 : 20

Affinity Group Packet undated ca. 1988

box-file 11 : 21

Affinity Group Packet, Boston undated ca. 1985

box-file 11 : 22

"American Peace Test: Nonviolence Trainers' Manual", Nevada Test Site 1986 May 31-1986 June 2

box-file 11 : 23

"Anti-CIA Organizing Manual" for College Campuses, Madison, WI 1986

box-file 11 : 24

"An Appeal for Faith and Action to Stop the U.S. War Against Nicaragua: Miguel D'Escoto's Fast for Peace" ca. 1987-1988

box-file 11 : 25

"Attacks by the Nicaraguan 'Contras' on the Civilian Population of Nicaragua", Report of Fact Finding Mission 1984 September-1985 January

box-file 11 : 26

"Basta! No Mandate for War: A Pledge of Resistance Handbook" ca. 1984-1985

box-file 11 : 27

Bay Area, CA, Non Violent Action Movements research paper, John Linsay-Poland 1986 June 9

box-file 11 : 28

Bay Area Peace Navy, Berkeley, CA ca. 1985

box-file 11 : 29

"Bill Moyer's Journal: The Adventures of a Radical Hillbilly", from Appalacian Journal, (aired on PBS 6/5/1981) 1983 September 4

box-file 11 : 30

George Bush,(Vice President, running for President) ca. 1988

box-file 11 : 31

The Message of Caraballeda Concerning Peace, Security and Democracy in Central America 1986 January 12

box-file 11 : 32

"Central America: For Members of Parliament, A Briefing Book Prepared for the Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference" Managua, Nicaragua 1987

box-file 11 : 33

"Central America News Update", Chicago, IL 1986-1987

box-file 11 : 34

"Central America Report" Media Alliance, Central America Committee 1986 October

box-file 11 : 35

"Central America Without Crying Uncle: Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador, A Long History Made Short", A Primer Project Publication 1987

box-file 12 : 1-5

Central America, general articles and information 1985-1988

box-file 12 : 6

Central America, Children's drawings undated

box-file 12 : 7

Central American Peace Accord Report 1987

box-file 12 : 8

Central American Historical Institute, Washington D.C. 1987

box-file 12 : 9

"The Church Martyred: Guatemala", ed. Kurt Greenhalgh and Mark Gruenke ca. 1982

box-file 12 : 10

"CIA Off Campus: A Do-It-Yourself Handbook", Ami Chen Mills 1990

box-file 12 : 11-14

CISPES (Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador) 1986-1990

box-file 12 : 15

"Commitment to Freedom: Security Assistance as a U.S. Policy Instrument in the Third World", Regional Conflict Working Group, Commission on Integral Long-Term Strategy, U.S. Dept. of Defense 1988

box-file 12 : 16

Common Agenda - Joint Grassroots Action, meeting 1990 March 5

box-file 12 : 17

"Conflicting Views on Central America: A Sampler", George Chauncey, Task Force on Central America, Presbyterian Church, USA 1986

box-file 12 : 18-20

Congress: Voting on Contra Aid, how to contact, and correspondence from Senators and Congresspersons to Melanie Lawrence and Ken Butigan 1985-1986

box-file 12 : 21-22

Contra Aid vote in Congress 1986 1988

box-file 12 : 23

Contra Activities 1986

box-file 12 : 24

"Corporate Response in Communion with Central American Refugees in Our Midst", Religious [Sisters] of the Sacred Heart, U.S. Province ca. 1986

box-file 12 : 25

"Costa Rica: Democracy Under Seige, The Impact of U.S. Intervention in the 1980s", American Friends Service Committee 1990

box-file 12 : 26

"Crucible of Hope: A Study Guide for the Churches on Central America", Sojourners 1984

box-file 12 : 27

Debt Crisis in the Third World 1986

box-file 12 : 28

"Directorio Del Servicio Paz y Justicia en America Latina", Rio de Janeiro 1987

box-file 12 : 29

Earth Action Network, Earth and People before Profit 1990 June

box-file 12 : 30-35

El Salvador, general articles and information 1986-1990

box-file 12 : 36

"El Salvador: At a Turning Point for War or Peace," Margarita S. Studemeister, Winning Democracy Campaign 1988

box-file 12 : 37

"El Salvador is Ready", FMLN Peace Initiative in Vaceremos, Publication of FMLF El Salvador (Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front 1989 February-1989 March

box-file 12 : 38

"El Salvador Online", Weekly publication of the Washington Center for Central American Studies 1989-1990

box-file 12 : 39

"Envio" Special Issue: Homage to Six Jesuits - New Martyrs of El Salvador 1990 January

box-file 12 : 40

"Envio: Monthly Magazine of Analysis on Nicaragua" 1990 May

box-file 12 : 41

The Environmental Project on Central America 1989-1990

box-file 13 : 1

"Exploding Mines: Shattering Lives, U.S. Claymore Mines in Central America", Renee Simar Rheams 1988

box-file 13 : 2

Extra! Newsletter of FAIR (Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting) 1987-1989

box-file 13 : 3

FBI Surveillance info from Center for Constitutional Rights ca. 1988

box-file 13 : 4

FMLN (Frente Farabundo Marti Para La Liberacion Nacional), FDR (Frente Democratico Revolucionario), El Salvador ca. 1985

box-file 13 : 5

Food First 1987

box-file 13 : 6

"Force Without Reason: A View of the Conflict in Central America", Inter-Church Action for Central America 1984 February

box-file 13 : 7

Freedom of Information Act, A Guide for Users 1987

box-file 13 : 8

"The Geneva Conventions, Terrorism, and Central America: International Legal Implications for the United States" 1985

box-file 13 : 9

"Get Up, Stand Up: A Manual for the Anti-Nuclear Defendant", Abalone Alliance Legal Collective, San Luis Obispo, CA 1982

box-file 13 : 10

"Guatemala 1983", by Nancy Peckenham, A Report to the American Friends Service Committee undated

box-file 13 : 11

Guatemala 1987-1990

box-file 13 : 12

"Haiti: Background to the [Nov. 1987] Elections" 1988 January 17

box-file 13 : 13

"Handbook for Nonviolent Action", War Resisters League ca. 1987

box-file 13 : 14

Hartsough, David: Articles on vigils at Concord Naval Weapons Station, CA 1988

box-file 13 : 15

Honduras 1987-1989

box-file 13 : 16

"Honduras into the 1990s", American Friends Service Committee 1990

box-file 13 : 17

"How to Run a Newspaper Ad" undated

box-file 13 : 18

"Human Relations Materials for the School, Church, and Community", Anti-Defamation League, B'nai B'rith 1988

box-file 13 : 19

"Illegal" Buttons - Take a Stand, Wear the Badge: Soladarity with refugees, 8th Day Center for Justice, Chicago undated

box-file 13 : 20

"In the Wake of Contra-gate: Whither the U.S. War?", William I. Robinson and Kent Norsworthy 1987

box-file 13 : 21

"Incident at Oglala" - Press materials on the film release, film by Robert Redford about Leonard Peltier 1992

box-file 13 : 22

Information and News from various organizations 1990

box-file 13 : 23

Institute for the Practice of Non-Violence, Director, Brian Willson 1989

box-file 13 : 24

"The Insurrection in the Barrio Nicarao, Managua, Nicaragua as Experienced by Mariana Fittoria Hernandez", (oral history transcript, English) 1984

box-file 13 : 25

Interfaith Moratorium Campaign, San Francisco 1987

box-file 13 : 26

International Law References undated

box-file 13 : 27

"Invasion: A Guide to the U.S. Military Presence in Central America", American Friends Service Committee, National Action Research on the Military Industrial Complex 1985

box-file 13 : 28

Iran-Contra, "Guns for Drugs?", from Newsweek 1988 May 23

box-file 13 : 29

Iran-Contra Monitor: Contragate as History 1987 October 6

box-file 13 : 30

"Kairos, Central America: A Challenge to the Churches of the World" 1988

box-file 13 : 31

Legal Brief - Obtaining Discovery to present evidence for defense, Abrams, Brannon, Petrey, Studley, Welliver Defendants, Alameda Co., CA (Demonstrations at Livermore National Laboratory 1986

box-file 13 : 32

Legal Issues and Articles 1984-1987

box-file 13 : 33

Materials and Ideas, various organizations and groups 1988

box-file 13 : 34

"Media Watch: Central America", Dayton, OH Pledge 1990

box-file 13 : 35

Media, working with 1987-1988

box-file 13 : 36-37

Medical Aid for El Salvador 1985

box-file 13 : 38

"Mesa Grande" ca. 1987

box-file 13 : 39

Middle East/Gulf War 1990

box-file 13 : 40

"Militarization, Central America, and the U.S. Role", Friends Service Committee 1987

box-file 13 : 41

Military Installations in the U.S. Map Book 1992

box-file 13 : 42-43

Mobilization for Survival 1985-1986

box-file 13 : 44

"The Movement Action Plan: A Strategic Framework Describing the Eight Stages of Successful Social Movements" 1987 Spring

box-file 13 : 45

Mt. Diablo Peace Center (Calif.) Wall Calendar 1990

box-file 13 : 46-47

"New El Salvador Today Delegation Report", Nest, Berkeley, CA 1985

box-file 13 : 48

"The New People", publication from the Thomas Merton Center, Pittsburgh, PA 1989-1990

box-file 13 : 49-58

Newsclippings Various dates

Scope and Content Note

  • Actions in the U.S., 1986-88
  • Central American Peace Plan, 1987
  • Contra Aid, 1986
  • Iran-Contra, 1986
  • Nicaragua, 1984-86
  • Pledge of Resistance, 1984-85
box-file 14 : 1-3

General Newsclippings 1987-1990

box-file 14 : 4

"Nicaragua: A Look at the Reality" 1984 1985

box-file 14 : 5-7

Nicaragua 1986-1989

box-file 14 : 8

Nicaragua Elections 1989

box-file 14 : 9

"Nicaragua Libre: My Journal" 1984

Scope and Content Note

Author unknown (possibly Ken Butigan?)
box-file 14 : 10

Nicaragua Network 1985

box-file 14 : 11

"Nicaragua Notes" 1985 April 24

Scope and Content Note

4 pgs. Typed, photocopied, author unknown
box-file 14 : 12

"Nicaraguan Perspectives", 10th Anniversary issue, no. 17 1989

box-file 14 : 13

NISGUA, Network in Solidarity with the People of Guatemala 1984-1987

box-file 14 : 14

"No Mandate for War: Basta! A Pledge of Resistance Handbook" 1986

box-file 14 : 15-17

Non-Violence/Civil Disobedience materials and training 1985-1991

box-file 14 : 18

"A Nonviolent Action Manual", William Moyer. How to organize nonviolent demonstrations and campaigns, San Jose Peace Center ca. 1984-1985

box-file 14 : 19

"NSC, CIA, and Drugs: The Cocaine Connection" by Vince Bielski and Dennis Bernstein, in Covert Action 1987 Summer

box-file 14 : 20

Nuremberg Actions undated

box-file 14 : 21

"Official Agendas, Reporting Patterns, and the Peace Process: An Anaysis of the Washington Post coverage of the Central American Peace Process, 1/1987-1/1988", William Ramsey 1989

box-file 14 : 22

"Oscar Romero: Saint of the Americas", Ken Butigan undated ca. 1990

box-file 14 : 23

Pace e Bene Center - Nonviolence. A Franciscan Service 1989

box-file 14 : 24

"Options for Peace in Central America" Packet, American Friends Service Committee 1985-1986

box-file 14 : 25

Panama 1989-1990

box-file 14 : 26

Peace Songbook undated

box-file 14 : 27

Persian Gulf Crisis 1990

box-file 14 : 28

"A Pledge of Resistance: A Contingency Plan in the Event of a U.S. Invasion of Nicaragua" in Sojourners, by Jim Wallis 1984 August

box-file 14 : 29

"The Pledge 'Recommit to Resistance' Housemeeting Campaign Organizing Guide", Philadelphia Pledge of Resistance ca. 1989

box-file 14 : 30

"'Private Assistance' and the Contras: A Staff Report", U.S. Senate, by Sen. John Kerry 1986 October 14

box-file 14 : 31

"Progressive Periodical Directory", 2nd ed, Craig T. Canan 1989

box-file 14 : 32

Quincentenary - 500 Years of Columbus landing 1992

box-file 14 : 33

"Reagan's Shadow CIA: How the White House ran the secret 'Contra' war", in The New Republic, Robert Parry and Brian Barge 1986 November 24

box-file 14 : 34

"The Real War: Low Intensity Conflict in Central America" in Report on the Americas 1986 APril-1986 May

box-file 14 : 35

"Real War Stories", Eclipse Comics, No. 1 1987

box-file 14 : 36

Religious Task Force on Central America, Commemorating the martyrdom of Ford, Kazel, Donovan, and Clarke 1986

box-file 14 : 37

"Report of Delegation to Investigate Religious Persecution in Nicaragua" 1984

box-file 14 : 38

Report, November 1988 trip to El Salvador and Nicaragua, Brian Willson to Barbara Boxer 1989 January 13

box-file 14 : 39

"Respect for Dignity: Cost and Promise in Central America", Episcopal Diocese of Washington 1987

box-file 14 : 40

Sample Pledge Organizing materials for Affinity Groups from Massachusetts ca. 1985-1986

box-file 14 : 41

Sanctuary 1984

box-file 14 : 42

"The Search for Peace in Central America" Report, National Labor Committee in Support of Democracy and Human Rights in El Salvador, AFL-CIO 1985

box-file 14 : 43

"Shrines and Slogans: The Divided Church in Nicaragua", Kevin McKiernan 1984

box-file 14 : 44

"Solidarity in the United States of America: A Promise of the Future and a Blessing for Today", James Sweeney 1985 March

box-file 14 : 45

"Soviet Attitudes Towards Aid to and Contacts with Central American Revolutionaries", C.G. Jacobsen, U.S. Department of State 1984 June

box-file 14 : 46

Star Wars, Space based missile defense 1985-1988

box-file 14 : 47

"Stopping the War in Central America Starts Here", Local Military Connections Campaign Guide, Pledge of Resistance 1988

box-file 14 : 48

"Testimony of Bernard W. Aronson, Asst. Secretary of State, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs", Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives 1990 January 24

box-file 14 : 49

"U.S. Aid to El Salvador: An Evaluation of the Past, A Proposal for the Future", Abridged, Rep. Jim Leach, R-Iowa, Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., Sen. Mark Hatfield, R-Oregon 1985 February

box-file 14 : 50

"The U.S. People Say No: Nationwide Protest of U.S. Policy in El Salvador", A Pledge of Resistance Special Report 1989 November-1989 December

box-file 14 : 51

"Using the Freedom of Information Act: A Step by Step Guide" 1987

box-file 14 : 52

"Venceremos", Publication of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front of El Salvador 1988 January

box-file 14 : 53

Veterans Fast for Life 1986

box-file 14 : 54

"Violations of the Laws of War by Both Sides in Nicaragua, 1981-85", An Americas Watch Report 1985

box-file 14 : 55

War Resisters League 1987-1988

box-file 15 : 1

"The Way of the Hart in a Violent Time: A Word from Prison", Ken Butigan 1985

box-file 15 : 2

"'We Came to Fight': Return of Ruben Zamora and Guillermo Ungo to El Salvador" by David Dyson 1987

box-file 15 : 3

Weapsons Facilities Network 1987

box-file 15 : 4

"The Wednesday Morning Coalition: A Call to Conscience" ca. 1990

box-file 15 : 5

"What Kissinger Didn't Tell Us: A Report by the Women's Commission to Central America" ca. 1984-1985

box-file 15 : 6

"What We have Seen and Heard in Nicaragua", Witness For Peace 1987

box-file 15 : 7

"What's Wrong in Central America, and What to Do About It", by Phillip Berryman, American Friends Service Committee, 3rd printing 1987

box-file 15 : 8

"Who Are the Contras?", Analysis of Makeup of Military Leadership of the rebel forces and nature of the Private American Groups providing financial and material support. Arms Control and Foreign Policy Caucus, U.S. Congress 1985 April 18

box-file 15 : 9

"Why We are Engaging in Civil Disobedience to Resist Aid to the Contras", 68 Civil Disobedients undated ca. 1986-1987

box-file 15 : 10

Witness For Peace ca. 1984

box-file 15 : 11

"You Can Do It: Helping to Build the New El Salvador", Fundraising Manual for NEST, New El Salvador Today 1984

folio-file 1 : 1

2 Photographs, unidentified action, People identified: Marty Henry, Newport News, Mary Thurston, Virginia Beach, Elaine Hruska, Virginia Beach, Rosemary O'Conner, Portsmouth undated

folio-file 1 : 2

Photograph, unidentified women and child, Central America undated

folio-file 1 : 3

Transparency (for printing), poster, "Blockade the Pentagon!", "El Salvador: Steps to Freedom" undated ca. 1987-1988

folio-file 1 : 4

Original drawing, set on transparency for printing. "Pledge of Resistance" in a banner held by several people. By Lee Miller. undated

folio-file 1 : 5

Poster (2 copies), "Stopping the War in Central America Starts Here", Nationwide Pledge Actions at U.S. Military Installation ca. 1988

folio-file 1 : 6

Map of U.S., 58" x 40", showing the actions for the El Salvador, Steps to Freedom ca. 1987-1988