Register of the American Committee on United Europe records

Finding aid prepared by Beaudry R Allen
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2009, 2015

Title: American Committee on United Europe records
Collection Number: XX209
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Physical Description: 8 manuscript boxes (3.3 linear feet)
Date (inclusive): 1949-1964
Date (bulk): 1951-1957
Abstract: Conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings, and photographs, relating to the European Federalists' Union, the European Movement, the European Youth Campaign, and affiliated organizations in promoting European political and economic unity.
Language of the Materials: French, German, English and Dutch.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: American Committee on United Europe.

Historical note

The immediate post-World War II era witnessed a widespread dissemination of unitary ideology throughout Europe. Many countries had a proliferation of Europeanist and European Federalist movements, writings, initiatives, projects, and forming coalitions geared towards a supranational institutional model for solidarity. In particular, the American Committee on United Europe (ACUE), founded in 1948, was an American organization sought to promote European integration to ensure promotion of the Marshall Plan and counter Communist influence.
ACUE was organized as a non-governmental agency by Allen Welsh Dulles, then head of a committee reviewing the organization of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on behalf of the National Security Council (NSC), and William J. Donovan, former head of the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS). The ACUE worked closely with US government officials, particularly the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) and the National Committee for a Free Europe, which was being funded by Henry Ford and John D.Rockefeller foundations. One of the aims of ACUE was to covertly finance the European Movement (ME),Le Mouvement Européen, a burgeoning influential federalist organization. The European Movement brought together a network of people and organisations to mobilize advocacy of a democratic and federal union.
Concurrent to political mobilization towards unification was special attention was given to the youth. For example, in 1948 the Union Fédéralistes Inter-Universitaire (UFI) was created as group to disseminate federalist matters into universities (and later became affiliated with the Union Européenne des Fédéralistes). By 1949 ACUE begun discussions with the leaders of ME to support initiatives aimed at introducing European integration to young people. The European Youth Campaign, Campagne Européenne de la Jeunesse, was created. The campaign was initially temporary but grew into a long-term educational initiative and a significant arm of the European Movement. The youth campaign was funded and influenced by US State Department and ACUE.
Richard Aldrich,"OSS,CIA and European Unity: The American Comittee on United Europe, 1948-1960," Diplomacy and Statecraft, (1997): 184-227
Daniela Preda,"Youth and United Europe," Societa Mutamento Politica, (2014):75-85.


Collection is open for research.
Access to sound recordings, video recordings, or motion picture material requires at least two weeks advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives for further information.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], American Committee on United Europe records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Scope and Content of Collection

The American Committee on United Europe (ACUE) records contain conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings, and photographs, relating to European organizations promoting European political and economic unity throughout the 1940s and 1950s. The majority of the collection consists of materials on the European Movement and its subsidiary, the European Youth Campaign, and their activites.
The collection is arranged by organization.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

European Federalists' Union.
European Movement.
European Youth Campaign.
European federation.
United States--Foreign relations.
Youth movements--Europe.


American Committee on United Europe, 1949-1956

Scope and Contents note

Consists of speeches, committee proceedings, poll reports, and the "Brussels Reports" relating to ACUE's adminstrative activities and interests in Europe.
Box-folder 1:1

The American Committee on United Europe, 1949-1956

Box-folder 1:2

World Peace Foundation conference proceedings and French politics reports, 1955-1956


European Movement, 1949-1959

Scope and Contents note

Consists of speeches, conference proceedings, programs, reports, and printed matter related to European Movement activites and affilated organizations. Arranged in chronological order.
Box-folder 1:3

European Parliamentary Union, 1949, 1954

Box-folder 1:4

Economic Conference of the European Movement, 1949 April 20-29

Box-folder 1:5

Action committee, circa 1950

Box-folder 1:6

Pan Europa and printed matter, 1950,1952-1954,1960


Conférence de Sociale de Rome, 1950 July 4-7

Box-folder 1:7

Pamphlets, 1950 July 4-7

Box-folder 2:1

Preparation reports, 1950

Box-folder 2:2

Speech by Paul-Henri Spaark, at the meeting of the Council of Europe at Strasbourg, France, 1951 December 11

Box-folder 2:3

European League for Economic Co-Operation (ELEC), 1951,1957

Box-folder 2:4

European Economic Conference in Westminister, England, 1954 January 29-February 1

Box-folder 2:5

Programs, 1956-1957

Box-folder 2:6

Confédération européenne de l'agriculture (CEA), 1956, 1959

Box-folder 2:7/3:1-2

European Political Community Conference in Wiesbaden, Germany, 1959 January

General note

Also titled "Kongress für die Europäische Politische Gemeinschaft/Conference pour la Communaute Politique Européenne."
Box-folder 3:3

American Committee on United Europe and coal and steel community information, printed matter, undated

Box-folder 3:4

"La Fédération" and the French federalist movement, 1952,1953,1957


European Youth Campaign, 1951-1958

Scope and Contents note

Includes reports, newsletters, adminstrative records, speeches, and printed matter.
Box-folder 3:5

Comission reports, circa 1951

Box-folder 3:6

Drafts of conference speeches, 1951

Box-folder 3:7

Steering Committee and resolution proposals, Strasbourg, Germany, 1951 June 28

Box-folder 3:8

Press mentions on campaigns, 1952,1954, 1956

Box-folder 4:1

Jeunesse d'Europe, 1952

Box-folder 4:2

"News of the European Youth Campaign," reports, 1953-1955

Box-folder 4:3

Reports, 1953

Box-folder 4:4

"World Peace Round Up," radio interview between Louis Dailey and Luciano Sibille, 1953

Box-folder 4:5

European News Letter, review of the European Youth Campaign 1953-1954

Box-folder 4:6

"Voice of Europe," newsletters, 1953

Box-folder 4:7

European Youth Conference on Problems of Central and Eastern Europe, 1953 June 5-7

Box-folder 4:8

"European Youth Days," 1953 October 9-10

General note

Includes reports, news-clippings, and photographs.
Box-folder 5:1

Maastricht report, 1954 July 20- August 1

General note

In collaboration with Des Jeunes du Mouvement des Fédéralistes Europeens.
Box-folder 5:2-4

Activity reports, 1954 November- 1955 August

Box-folder 5:5

"Activitiés en France et Italie en faveur de la communauté européenne de defensé," 1954

Box-folder 5:6

European Youth Campaign newsletters, 1954-1955

Box-folder 5:7

Fact sheets, 1955

Box-folder 5:8

Youth campaign training manual, 1955 July 10-20

Box-folder 6:1

"Commentary," 1956-1958

Box-folder 6:2

Pamphlets, circa 1950s

Box-folder 6:3

Booklets, circa 1950s


Union Européenne des Fédéralistes (UEF), 1949-1959

Scope and Contents note

Includes committee reports, conference proceedings, news-clippings, and ephemera related to UEF activites. Of particular note, by 1956, Dutch and German movements detach from the UEF and the European federalist Action (AEF) was formed, while the UEF becomes, in 1959, the supranational MFE in which some materials reflect the change in name and division.
Box-folder 6:4

Resolutions and reports, 1949-1950

Scope and Content note

Includes the Schuman Plan and outlined organizational agreeance to the proposal.
Box-folder 6:5

Jeunesses Européennes Fédéralistes (JEF), 1950-1951

Box-folder 6:6

Central Committee reports and Fall Congress 1949- 1952

Box-folder 6:7

Adminstrative reports, 1951-1954

Box-folder 7:1

Campaign memoranda, resolutions and appeals, 1951-1955

Box-folder 7:2

Press mentions, 1952

Box-folder 7:3

Federal Union, annual reports and newsletters, 1949-1955

General note

The United Kingdom branch of the World Movement for World Federal Government and the UEF.
Box-folder 7:4

Centre International de Formation Européenne and UEF reports, 1955-1958

Box-folder 7:5

Centre D'Action Europeenne Federaliste (AEF), 1957-1959

Box-folder 7:6

Congress of European People, treaty drafts, 1959

Box-folder 7:7

Conference ephemera, 1959


Union Fédéralistes Inter-Universitaire (UFI), 1949-1954

Scope and Contents note

Consists of reports and conference printed matter relating to the organizational activities and philosophies.
Box-folder 8:1

Reports, motions, statues, 1949-1954

Box-folder 8:2

"Le Courier de L'Europe," 1950 August 18-30

Box-folder 8:3

Third Annual Congress at Saverne, France, 1951 September 7-12

Box-folder 8:4

International Universtiy, memorandum, 1953

Box-folder 8:5

J. Forment de Launay's "Fondation Europeenne de la Culture" dossier, 1959, 1964

Box-folder 8:6

Human Rights Sub-Commission, undated


Mouvement Socialiste pour les États-Unis d'Europe (MSEUE), 1953-1958

Scope and Contents note

Consists of reports, conference proceedings, and pamphlets.
Box-folder 8:7

Sixième Congrès du M.S.E.U, in Liège, Belgium, 1953 May

Box-folder 8:8

"Nouvelles du M.S.," 1954

Box-folder 8:9

Mouvement Gauche, circa 1950's

Box-folder 8:10

Notes for "Common Steps" report, 1955 October

Box-folder 8:11

Pamphlets, 1956

Box-folder 8:12

"Seminar über Die Politische Einigung Europas," 1958 January