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Collection Guide
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Register of the American Committee on United Europe records
XX209  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Historical note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: American Committee on United Europe records
    Date (inclusive): 1949-1964
    Date (bulk): 1951-1957
    Collection Number: XX209
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of the Materials: French, German, English and Dutch
    Physical Description: 8 manuscript boxes (3.3 linear feet)
    Abstract: Conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings, and photographs relating to the European Federalists' Union, the European Movement, the European Youth Campaign, and affiliated organizations in promoting European political and economic unity.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: American Committee on United Europe.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], American Committee on United Europe records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Historical note

    The immediate post-World War II era witnessed a widespread dissemination of unitary ideology throughout Europe. Many countries had a proliferation of Europeanist and European Federalist movements, writings, initiatives, projects, and forming coalitions of groups geared towards a supranational institutional model for solidarity. In particular, the American Committee on United Europe (ACUE), founded in 1948, was an American organization sought to promote European integration to ensure promotion of the Marshall Plan and counter Communist influence.
    ACUE was organized as a non-governmental agency by Allen Welsh Dulles, then head of a committee reviewing the organization of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on behalf of the National Security Council (NSC), and William J. Donovan, former head of the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS). The ACUE worked closely with US government officials, particularly the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) and the National Committee for a Free Europe, which was being funded by the Henry Ford and John D. Rockefeller foundations. One of the aims of ACUE was to covertly finance the European Movement, Le Mouvement Européen (ME), an influential federalist organization in the post-war years. The European Movement brought together a network of people and organizations to mobilize advocacy a democratic, federal & enlarged union.
    Concurrent to political mobilization towards unification special attention was given to the youth. For example, in 1948 the Union Fédéraliste Inter-Universitaire (UFI) was created as a group to disseminate federalist matters into universities. By 1949 ACUE began discussions with the leaders of ME to support initiatives aimed at introducing European integration to young people. The European Youth Campaign, Campagne Europeenne de la Jeunese, was created . The campaign was initially geared towards the French and German youth and last one year but grew into a long term educational initiative. was created as an arm of the European Movement and wholly funded and controlled by the US State Department and ACUE.
    Around the same time period that formed the Union of European Federalists (UEF), a supranational organization established by the federalist movements present throughout the European Community. The Dutch and German movements become detached from the UEF and founded in 1956, the European federalist Action (AEF), while the UEF becomes, in 1959, the supranational MFE.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The American Committee on United Europe (ACUE) records contain conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings, and photographs relating to the European Movement, the European Federalists' Union, the European Youth Campaign and affiliated organizations in promoting European political and economic unity.
    The collection is arranged according to its original order.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    European Federalists' Union.
    European Movement.
    European Youth Campaign.
    European federation.
    United States--Foreign relations.
    Youth movements--Europe.