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Register of the American Committee on United Europe records
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Collection Details
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  • Historical note
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: American Committee on United Europe records
    Collection Number: XX209
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Physical Description: 8 manuscript boxes (3.3 linear feet)
    Date (inclusive): 1949-1964
    Date (bulk): 1951-1957
    Abstract: Conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings, and photographs, relating to the European Federalists' Union, the European Movement, the European Youth Campaign, and affiliated organizations in promoting European political and economic unity.
    Language of the Materials: French, German, English and Dutch.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: American Committee on United Europe.

    Historical note

    The immediate post-World War II era witnessed a widespread dissemination of unitary ideology throughout Europe. Many countries had a proliferation of Europeanist and European Federalist movements, writings, initiatives, projects, and forming coalitions geared towards a supranational institutional model for solidarity. In particular, the American Committee on United Europe (ACUE), founded in 1948, was an American organization sought to promote European integration to ensure promotion of the Marshall Plan and counter Communist influence.
    ACUE was organized as a non-governmental agency by Allen Welsh Dulles, then head of a committee reviewing the organization of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on behalf of the National Security Council (NSC), and William J. Donovan, former head of the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS). The ACUE worked closely with US government officials, particularly the Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) and the National Committee for a Free Europe, which was being funded by Henry Ford and John D.Rockefeller foundations. One of the aims of ACUE was to covertly finance the European Movement (ME),Le Mouvement Européen, a burgeoning influential federalist organization. The European Movement brought together a network of people and organisations to mobilize advocacy of a democratic and federal union.
    Concurrent to political mobilization towards unification was special attention was given to the youth. For example, in 1948 the Union Fédéralistes Inter-Universitaire (UFI) was created as group to disseminate federalist matters into universities (and later became affiliated with the Union Européenne des Fédéralistes). By 1949 ACUE begun discussions with the leaders of ME to support initiatives aimed at introducing European integration to young people. The European Youth Campaign, Campagne Européenne de la Jeunesse, was created. The campaign was initially temporary but grew into a long-term educational initiative and a significant arm of the European Movement. The youth campaign was funded and influenced by US State Department and ACUE.
    Richard Aldrich,"OSS,CIA and European Unity: The American Comittee on United Europe, 1948-1960," Diplomacy and Statecraft, (1997): 184-227
    Daniela Preda,"Youth and United Europe," Societa Mutamento Politica, (2014):75-85.


    Collection is open for research.
    Access to sound recordings, video recordings, or motion picture material requires at least two weeks advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives for further information.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], American Committee on United Europe records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The American Committee on United Europe (ACUE) records contain conference proceedings, newsletters, pamphlets, reports, clippings, and photographs, relating to European organizations promoting European political and economic unity throughout the 1940s and 1950s. The majority of the collection consists of materials on the European Movement and its subsidiary, the European Youth Campaign, and their activites.
    The collection is arranged by organization.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    European Federalists' Union.
    European Movement.
    European Youth Campaign.
    European federation.
    United States--Foreign relations.
    Youth movements--Europe.