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Register of the UFA motion picture newsreels
48007  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Related Collection(s)

  • Title: UFA motion picture newsreels
    Date (inclusive): 1933-1945
    Collection Number: 48007
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: German
    Physical Description: 450 motion picture film reels, 3 envelopes (45.0 linear feet)
    Abstract: The UFA Motion Picture Newsreels depict German military operations and conditions in Germany during World War II, mainly during the 1939 to 1942 period.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Universum Film AG (Firm)

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], UFA motion picture newsreels, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1948.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the library catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Historical Note

    Universum Film AG (UFA) is a German film production company that was founded in 1917. The UFA motion picture newsreels at the Hoover Institution consist of World War II era newsreels produced by the Third Reich and include the German weekly newsreel, or Die Deutsche Wochenshau (DW), and the foreign weekly newsreel, or Auslandtonwoche (ATW). The bulk of the newsreels in the collection were produced from 1939 to 1942.
    At its inception in 1917, UFA was envisioned as a state-controlled vehicle for military propaganda films, but the company greatly expanded its output in 1918 to include feature films, documentaries, newsreels, and public service films. With a broadened focus that was further spurred on by the 1921 privatization of the company, UFA made an especially significant impact on world cinema during the Weimar Republic era (1919-1933), most notably through its German Expressionist films.
    In 1937, all German film companies were nationalized under the Third Reich (1933-1945). UFA and its competitors were brought under the oversight of the Third Reich’s propaganda ministry, and Joseph Goebbels, in his role as propaganda minister, oversaw production. Initially, UFA maintained some autonomy and continued success with production and distribution of feature films, but under Goebbel’s increasing control, the propagandistic appeal of newsreels ultimately dominated the company’s focus. Wartime news films favoring a National Socialist point of view were widely distributed to both the German public and international audiences.
    In 1940, prompted by the Nazi invasion of Poland and efforts to sway public opinion in support of the German war cause, the Third Reich combined newsreel companies Ufa-Tonwoche and Deulig-Tonwoche (both under the broader UFA umbrella), as well as Tobis-Woche and Fox-Tönende-Wochenshau, into a single war newsreel titled Die Deutsche Wochenshau (DW) or the German weekly newsreel. With reports that doors were often closed and even locked in many German theaters during DW screenings, German audiences were literally held captive by the footage.
    As the single DW newsreel emerged, the foreign weekly newsreel, or Auslandtonwoche (ATW), was restructured and refocused, again in support of the German war effort and particularly in support of the Polish campaign. ATW was distributed to occupied and neutral countries alike. Initially, ATW and DW newsreels differed only by language. As ATW operations grew, the newsreels were customized to their respective target audiences. Although ATW and DW reels contained similar content, scenes were often edited and German nationalism toned down in ATW reels to appeal to wider regional interests. Regional ATW editorial offices were also set up in select countries, including in Belgium and Spain.
    Shortly after merging all German newsreels into a single war newsreel, Goebbels combined all German film production companies into a single, state-run film monopoly called UFA-Film GmbH (UFI). UFA, Tobis, Terra, and other film companies were assimilated into UFI. This overarching state control of German film production resulted in censorship and selectively edited scenes in newsreels. In DW and ATW reels, scenes of dead German soldiers, as well as scenes of significant military failures on the Eastern Front, such as in the Battle of Stalingrad, were cut from final versions.
    Though selectively edited in conformity with the broader Nazi agenda, the combined efforts of DW and ATW generated a cinematic product unlike any other. With a drive to influence audiences from across Europe and beyond, these newsreels employed compelling and dramatic cinematic techniques, which set them apart from their American and European counterparts. American newsreels were modeled on newspapers that led with headline news stories, followed by news segments of decreasing importance. DW and ATW films, in contrast, were edited in a fashion similar to narrative movies, featuring seamless fades and dissolves between scenes and a build-up of story and action to a climactic turning point or conclusion. War scenes captured by cameramen at the front lines of battle were also central to the drama and action of Nazi-era newsreels. Sound was likewise used for cinematic effect. Voice-over narration conveyed a sense of continuity and authority, while dramatic music amplified the intensity of the visuals and narration.
    Today, these newsreels serve as significant historical documention of World War II and a National Socialist perspective of the world. In addition to the UFA and Tobis newsreels at the Hoover Institution Archives, other known collections of these newsreels exist at the University of California at Los Angeles Film and Television Archive, the Library of Congress, the Imperial War Museum in London, and the Bundesarchiv in Berlin.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection is comprised of films and photographs depicting military operations and conditions in Germany during World War II. It includes a few pre-war newsreels of Nazi leaders and rallies, and a few photographs. Most newsreels were distributed in Spain.

    Related Collection(s)

    Ernest D. Rose papers, Hoover Institution Archives

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Nationalsozialistische deutsche Arbeiter-Partei.
    Germany--History--1933-1945.
    Motion pictures.
    National socialism.
    Propaganda, German--Spain.
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns.
    World War, 1939-1945--Germany.
    World War, 1939-1945.