Finding aid for the Fire Monitoring and Fire Effects Records

Ward Eldredge, Anna Uremovich, Tammy Fishman, Alyson Mazzone, Bekah Piche, Allison Metzler
Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks
47050 Generals Highway
Three Rivers, CA 93271-9700
Phone: (559) 565-3133
Fax: (559) 565-3133
Email: Ward_Eldrege@nps.gov
URL: http://www.nps.gov/seki
© 2011
National Park Service, Sequoia & Kings Canyon NP. All rights reserved.

Finding aid for the Fire Monitoring and Fire Effects Records

Collection number: SEKI 22368

Museum and Archives

Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks

Three Rivers, California
Processed by:
Ward Eldredge, Anna Uremovich, Tammy Fishman, Alyson Mazzone, Bekah Piche, Allison Metzler
Date Completed:
August 2011
Encoded by:
Tammy Fishman
© 2011 National Park Service, Sequoia & Kings Canyon NP. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Fire Monitoring and Fire Effects records
Dates: 1968-1999
Collection number: SEKI 22368
Creator: Sequoia National Park (Calif.). Division of Visitor, Fire and Resource Protection
Collection Size: 13 linear feet.
Repository: Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, Museum and Archives
Three Rivers, CA 93271-9700
Physical location: Sequoia Kings Canyon National Parks. Ash Mountain Headquarters, Archive.
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English
Abstract: Records generated within the organizational divisions of Sequoia Kings Canyon National Park concerning Park management, planning and development.

Access

Collection is open for research by appointment.

Publication Rights

Many collections are former federal government records and are in the public domain. Other collections are from private sources; copyright has been transferred to the NPS on most. Some collections have publication restrictions. Researchers are required to properly credit all materials used. The researcher assumes responsibility for acquiring copyright permissions when needed.

Preferred Citation

Fire Monitoring and Fire Effects records, SEKI 22368. Courtesy of the National Park Service, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks.

Biography / Administrative History

Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks have been at the forefront of fire management and the evolution of National Park Service fire policy since the 1950s. Building on the research into the ecology of Giant Sequoia groves begun by Richard Hartesveldt in the mid-1960s, the Parks recognized that the exclusion of all fire was inhibiting Sequoia regeneration. An appreciation of the central role played by fire, the Parks were among the first in the Park service to reappraise its approach to fire management. In 1968, the Parks began both a prescribed burn and a let burn policy for selected fires ignited by lightning at higher elevation, where the risks for major conflagration were minimal. By the early 1970s, the Parks had begun to reintroduce fire to much of landscape, a complete reversal of nearly a hundred years precedent.
The Parks' began monitoring the effects of fire on park ecosystems with the advent of the early, experimental burns of the late 1960s. The Fire Monitoring and Fire Effects crew was established in 1982 as a part of the Division of Resources Management to standardize these efforts. The fire monitoring effort was meant to document short-term effects, while the fire effects program was to document long-term effects. In the mid-1980s, a review of fire management brought attention to the new program. In the early 1990s, fire monitoring efforts were separated from fire effects so different skill sets could be emphasized. Around 2000, the fire monitoring program was placed under the authority of the Parks' fire management program.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection consists of correspondence, reports, plans, field notes, and briefing papers.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into four series: Series I Correspondence; Series II Fire Monitoring Reports and Surveys; Series III Fire Management Program Planning; and Series IV Fire Management Program Review.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Sequoia National Park (Calif.). Division of Visitor, Fire and Resource Protection.
Fire testing--Sequoia National Park (Calif.)
Fire management--Sequoia National Park (Calif.)
Fire investigation--Sequoia National Park (Calif.)


Collection Contents

Folder 001-052

Series 1. Correspondence 1968-2001 1970-1988

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series consists of correspondence, plans, reports, memoranda, and research studies relating to forest fire control, fire management, prescribed fire, and forest ecology.

Arrangement

Chronological.
Folder 053-336

Series 2.  Monitoring reports and surveys 1972-2007 1977, 1985

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series consists of protocols, reports, narratives, field notes, weather reports, and fuels inventories. Important topics include post-fire rehabilitation, the Amphitheater Point fire, and primary data for fire behavior.

Arrangement

Chronological.
Folder 337-356

Series 3.  Fire management program planning 1985-1992 1986-1987

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series consists of plans, articles and Press releases relating to the parks' fire management program and prescribed fire.

Arrangement

Chronological.
Folder 357-398

Series 4.  Fire management program review 1980-1992 1984-1987

Series Scope and Content Summary

In the mid-1980s, public concern over the Parks' use of prescribed fire as a means of maintaining the ecological health of forest ecosystems lead to the cessation of all prescribed burning in the National Park Service. A panel was convened to review the Parks' fire management program in an attempt to balance public concern with resource benefit.
The series consists of reports, policies, proceedings, and public comments relating to the Parks' fire management program, particularly its use of prescribed fire as a resource management tool

Arrangement

Chronological.