Finding Aid to the Frederick Douglas Haynes Family Papers, 1935-1980
Finding aid prepared by California Historical Society staff; revised by Martha Noble.
California Historical Society
678 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA, 94105
© 2003, 2009
Title: Frederick Douglas Haynes family papers
Date (inclusive): 1935-1980
Collection Number: MS 3355A
Haynes, Frederick Douglas, 1899-1971
(0.75 Linear feet)
California Historical Society
678 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA, 94105
Physical Location: Collection is stored onsite.
Language of Materials: Collection materials are in English.
Consists of correspondence, sermons, and other papers of Haynes, a Baptist clergyman active in church affairs and civil rights;
his second wife, Charlie Mae (Crawford) Lomax Haynes, a singer, church worker, and successful candidate for the School Board,
who was employed by the San Francisco Dept. of Social Services; and his son by his first marriage, Frederick Douglas Haynes,
Jr., also a Baptist clergyman active in the Third Baptist Church. Also contains material related to the Third Baptist Church,
the largest Black congregation in Northern California, including its history, annual reports and financial records, and other
Information for Researchers
Collection is open for research.
Copyright has not been assigned to the California Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from
manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Research Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf
of the California Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission
of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
[Identification of item], Frederick Douglas Haynes Family Papers, MS 3355A. California Historical Society.
Photographs have been transferred to the California Historical Society Photography Collection; cataloged as MSP 3355A.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Third Baptist Church (San Francisco, Calif.)
African American Baptists--California--San Francisco.
African American churches--California--San Francisco.
African American clergy--California--San Francisco.
African Americans--California--San Francisco.
African Americans--Civil rights.
School boards--African American membership--California--San Francisco.
Processed by California Historical Society staff.
LC Ref: 89798057
Biography of Reverend Frederick Douglas Haynes
Reverend Frederick Douglas Haynes was born in 1899 in Talcott, West Virginia. Orphaned at the age of four, he was raised by
his sister in Pennsylvania. He began working at the age of ten and supported himself through high school by working in a bakery.
In the early 1920s Haynes moved to Los Angeles, California where he attended Biola Institute, a Baptist Bible College. Licensed
as a preacher by the age of seventeen, he organized the first junior church in California while serving as an assistant pastor
in Los Angeles.
In 1928, Haynes was ordained and took over the pulpit of the Second Baptist Church in Fresno, California. Four years later,
he came to San Francisco to serve as the pastor of the Third Baptist Church, a position he retained until his death in 1971.
When Haynes arrived in San Francisco in 1932, the Third Baptist Church had a congregation of 150 and an annual budget of about
$1,500. At his death the congregation had grown to over 3,000 members and the annual budget had increased to $150,000.
Founded in August 1852, the Third Baptist Church was the first African American Baptist congregation established west of the
Rocky Mountains. Originally known as the First Colored Baptist Church of San Francisco, it was organized by nine individuals
who met at the home of William and Eliza Davis on Kearny Street. The congregation was served by nearly a dozen pastors and
housed in several different buildings prior to Haynes' arrival. His leadership, and changes in San Francisco's demographics
brought about by World War II, resulted in dramatic growth for the church. In 1952 the congregation moved into a group of
buildings at McAllister and Pierce Streets and in 1956 a Youth Building was erected. Additional construction at the site continued
as membership grew and community service programs were expanded. Pastor of the largest African American congregation in Northern
California, Haynes served as president of the California State Baptist Convention from 1960 to 1969. Earlier service, beginning
in 1954, as chair of the scholarship committee of the National Baptist Convention, established Haynes as a leader. In recognition
of his lifelong accomplishments, Haynes was awarded an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree by Bishop College in Dallas, Texas
Active in local and national politics, as well as church affairs, Haynes was a strong proponent of civil rights and social
justice. In 1943 he marched with striking longshoremen and was instrumental in Pacific Telephone's decision to end racially
based hiring restrictions. Paul Robeson and W.E.B. DuBois were among the many notable figures who sought counsel and support
from Haynes. In 1945 Haynes became the first African American to run for Supervisor in San Francisco. Although unsuccessful
each time, he ran again in 1947 and 1951. He did achieve local political success in 1956, however, when Mayor Christopher
appointed him to the San Francisco Public Library Commission.
Haynes married his second wife, Charlie Mae Lomax, in 1945. Together they raised their three children, Harvey, Douglas and
Sharon, along with Frederick Douglas Haynes, Jr., Haynes' son from his first marriage. After his death in 1971, Frederick
Douglas Haynes, Jr. succeeded him as pastor of the Third Baptist Church.
Biography of Charlie Mae Haynes
Charlie Mae Crawford was born in Calvert, Texas in the early 1920's. Her father, Charlie Crawford, was a cement finisher.
Her mother, Julia Orum Crawford, was a domestic maid. Although her early schooling took place in Groesbeck,Texas, her family
moved to California when she was eleven years old. She graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School in Los Angeles and eventually
went on to attend the University of Southern California as a music major. She ultimately received her B.A. in Social Work
from San Francisco State University.
In 1939 Charlie Mae married the Reverend Thurston Lomax. Until his death in 1941, she was considered the first lady of the
Second Baptist Church of Long Beach, California where he served as a pastor. In 1945 she moved to San Francisco and married
Reverend Frederick Douglas Haynes. A concert artist for many years, Charlie Mae Haynes was often the featured soloist at church
events. Also involved in the leadership of the Third Baptist Church, she served as Youth Director, Youth Choir Director, and
Counselor. President of Minister's Wives and a member of the NAACP and the San Francisco Opera Guild, she was active in a
wide range of church and community organizations.
In addition to her volunteer activities, Charlie Mae Haynes worked for the San Francisco Department of Social Services for
many years. After her husband's death, she became the first African American woman elected to the San Francisco Board of Education
where she served as a Commissioner from 1972 to 1974. She died in San Francisco in 1980.
Biography of Frederick Douglas Haynes, Jr.
Frederick Douglas Haynes, Jr. was born in Los Angeles in 1928. His mother, Annette Reid Jordan of Los Angeles, was the first
wife of Reverend Frederick Douglas Haynes. In 1932 Frederick Douglas Haynes, Jr. left his mother and moved to San Francisco
to live with his father. Haynes attended school in San Francisco but eventually returned to Los Angeles where he graduated
from the Manual Arts High School. He attended Fresno State College, Simpson Bible College, and Bishop College in Dallas. At
the time of his death he was a student at the Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary.
He began preaching in 1950. In 1954 he became an ordained minister and went on to serve as an Assistant Minister at the Third
Baptist Church under his father. In 1963 he left San Francisco to take course work at Bishop College. Upon returning to the
Bay Area, he was called to the Pastorate of Jerusalem Baptist Church in Palo Alto, where he served until May of 1972. Shortly
after his father passed away, he returned to the Third Baptist Church in San Francisco to serve as pastor. Drawn to the evangelical
mission of the church, he began an extensive outreach program and became the first African American minister to preach behind
He was married to Lynetta Doyle Haynes. The couple had one son, Frederick Douglas Haynes, III, and three daughters, Helena,
Francine and Michelle. Frederick Douglas Haynes, Jr. died in 1975, only four years after the death of his father.
Divided into two series: Series 1: Haynes Family Papers; and Series 2: Records of the Third Baptist Church.
Scope and Contents
The Frederick Douglas Haynes Family Papers detail the professional, political and personal lives of three members of the Haynes
family and provide a glimpse into the history of San Francisco's oldest African American Baptist congregation during the years
1935 to 1980.
Divided into two series, the first series, Haynes Family Papers, contains material relating to Reverend Frederick Douglas
Haynes, his wife, Charlie Mae Haynes and Frederick Douglas Haynes, Jr. This series includes correspondence, sermons, notes,
campaign literature, programs, newspaper clippings, memorial tributes and other family records.
The second series, Records of the Third Baptist Church, concerns the history of the church and includes correspondence, financial
and statistical reports, programs, biographical sketches, newspaper clippings, community resource listings and materials copied
from the archives of the American Baptist Churches of the West. Annual Reports, from 1946 through 1974, comprise the bulk
of the records within this series. Annual Reports include information regarding church finances, membership, organizational
structure, programs and contributions.
Haynes Family Papers
Folders within this series are arranged by family member.
Scope and Contents
Contains correspondence, sermons, notes, reports, campaign literature, biographical sketches, programs, obituaries and tributes,
newspaper clippings and other material relating to the Haynes family and the Third Baptist Church of San Francisco. The correspondence
of Frederick D. Haynes consists primarily of his outgoing professional correspondence from 1960 and 1962. A 1935 letter to
Haynes from Franklin D. Roosevelt and a 1968 letter from Hubert H. Humphrey are of particular interest. Sermons, written by
Haynes, records of his political involvement and public service, biographical information and church records are also included.
Material relating to Charlie Mae Haynes consists of correspondence, programs, campaign literature, tributes and clippings.
Material relating to Frederick Douglas Haynes, Jr. consists of programs, clippings and memorial tributes. Photographs, including
portraits of family members, have been transferred to the photography collection.
Box 1, Folder 1
List of Correspondents
- Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-
- Alioto, Joseph L.
- Christopher, George
- Humphrey, Hubert H., 1942-
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
- Shelley, John F.
The Quest for the More Abundant Life
The Severity of the Church's Commitment
A Wavering Faith in the Presence of Indisputable Evidence
The Dignity of Christian Service; Man's Ethics and God's Purposes
God's All Sufficiency and Man's Insufficiency
1964 President's Annual Address to the California State Baptist Convention on the passage of the Civil Rights Bill
The Nobility of Motherhood
Box 1, Folder 3
Box 1, Folder 4
Box 1, Folder 6
Haynes, Frederick D., Jr., assorted material
Box 1, Folder 7
Haynes Family clippings
Records of the Third Baptist Church
Folders are arranged first by record type and then by date.
Scope and Contents
Contains church history research files, programs, church calendars, correspondence, membership lists, Trustee Board and Executive
Council meeting minutes, statistical reports, newspaper clippings, community directories, and biographical information regarding
a subsequent pastor, Amos C. Brown. The bulk of these records are comprised of Annual Reports dated 1946 through 1974. Annual
Reports include information regarding church finances, membership, organizational structure, programs and contributions. Photographs
recording various church events have been transferred to the photography collection.
Box 2, Folder 9
Historical research materials
Box 2, Folder 10
Brown, Amos C., Pastor
Box 2, Folder 12
Agendas, documents for Trustee Board and Executive Council meetings
Box 2, Folder 18
San Francisco Black Business Directory