Inventory of the Alfred Connor Bowman Papers

Finding aid prepared by Beaudry R Allen
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2008, 2015

Title: Alfred Connor Bowman papers
Collection Number: 66015
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 18 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 1 card file box, 1 motion picture film reel, 2 discs (10.5 linear feet)
Date (inclusive): 1943-1979
Date (bulk): 1945-1955
Abstract: Diaries, speeches and writings, correspondence, memoranda, reports, printed matter, audio-visual materials, and photographs, relating to Allied Military occupation of Italy, especially Venezia Giulia and Trieste, after World War II, and plans for military occupation of North Korea in 1950.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of the Materials: English and Italian
creator: Bowman, Alfred Connor, 1904-1982


Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Alfred Connor Bowman papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1966.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1904 December 18 Born in Detroit, Michigan
1922-1924 Student at Wayne State University, Michigan
1926 Received JD from University of Michigan
1928 Married Claribel Pressnall
1931-1942 Admitted to California Bar and practiced in Los Angeles, California
1942 Commander Major in US Army in World War II
1943-1944 Chief, Liaison Division, Allied Control Commission for Italy
1944-1945 Regional Commissioner and Military Governor of the Emilia-Ramagna Region, Italy
1945-1947 Senior Civil Affairs Officer of Venezia Giulia, Italy
1953-1954 Chief negotiation commander of Military Armistice Committee for United Nations Command in Panmunjon, Korea
1955-1957 Chief of the Army Claims Division, Office of the Judge Advocate General (OTJAG), Appointed to investigate 1947 Texas City Disaster
1963-1965 Participant in “First World Conference World Peace Through Law”
1982 Published Memoir, Zones of Strain: A Memoir of the Early Cold War
1982 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The Alfred Connor Bowman papers contains reports, writings, research materials, correspondence, photographs, and audiovisual materials relating to Allied Military Government (AMG) occupation in Venezia Giulia region of Italy, and, to a lesser extent, the initial United States operations into the Korean War. The bulk of the collection is Alfred Bowman's career as a Senior Civil Affairs Officer and Military Governor for the AMG, in which the file is comprised of declassified reports, criminal case files, correspondence, and press summaries relating to the socio-political climate of post-war Italy and amplified conflict between Italians and Yugoslavs. The collection also contains a substantial amount of photographs and audiovisual materials detailing Bowman’s experience in Italy. Another major topic of the collection is the Korean War file, which includes reports and news-clippings in regards to United States military intervention in Korea. The Subject files and Speeches and Writings file detail Bowman’s post-war career with the United States Military and materials that were used to publish his memoir, Zones of Strain: A Memoir of the Early Cold War.
The majority of files in the collection retain their original folder titles.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

United States. Army Officers.
Italy--History--Allied occupation, 1943-1947.
Korean War, 1950-1953.
Military government.
Motion pictures.
Trieste (Italy)--History.
United States--Foreign relations--1945-1989.
Venezia Giulia (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1947)
World War, 1939-1945--Territorial questions--Trieste.


Biographical file, 1946-1979

Scope and Contents note

Consists of diaries, correspondence, curriculum vitae, news-clippings, and printed matter relating to Bowman's life and career as a lawyer and participation with the American Bar Association. Arranged chronologically.

Diaries, 1944-1950

Box-folder 1:1

1944 September 5- 1945 September 1

Box-folder 1:2

1944 September- 1945 June

Box-folder 1:3

1945 September 4- 1946 September 4

Box-folder 1:4

1946 June-1947 June

Box-folder 1:5

1946 September 2 -1947 June 16

Box-folder 1:6

Diary excerpt, 1950 October

Box-folder 2:1

AMG biographical report, 1946

Box-folder 2:2

Press mentions, 1946, 1957

Box-folder 2:3

Curriculum vitae, circa 1961

Box-folder 2:4

Trip to England, 1966

Box-folder 2:5

General Correspondence, 1967-1978

Box-folder 2:6-7

Peace Through Law European Conferences and American Bar Association, 1971-1972

Box-folder 2:8

1974 April 25. Interview of Alfred Bowman by Victoria Billings, Daily Breeze, 1974

Box-folder 2:9

Fiftieth Law School reunion, 1979

Box-folder 2:10

Descriptions of medals received, undated


Speeches and writings, 1947-1977

Scope and Contents note

Consists of speeches, published articles, a manuscript, and related research correspondence, articles, newsclippings, and notes. Arranged by subject then chronologically.

Speeches, 1945-1957

Box-folder 3:1

Radio speeches in Venezia Giulia, 1945

Language of the Materials : Includes Slovene and English translation.
Box-folder 3:2

Farewell Radio Talk, 1947

Box-folder 3:3

Speeches by others, 1947

Box-folder 3:4

Civil Affairs and military government speeches, 1948-1952

Box-folder 3:5

Speeches made as Chief of Army Claims Division, 1955-1957

Box-folder 3:6

Speech given at the Pentagon, undated


Writings, 1948-1951, undated

Box-folder 3:7; 4:1-2

Research materials, news-clippings, articles and correspondence, 1946-1977

Box-folder 4:3

"Partisan Disarmament" in Time magazine, 1948 May 10

Box-folder 4:4

"Venezia Giulia and Trieste: An address on the unique expression in Allied Military Government, delivered before Provisional Reserve Corps G-5 Section of the Military District of Washington," Military Government Journal, 1948 June

Box-folder 5:1

"The Military Government Training Program," in The Army, Navy, Airforce Journal, 1951 April

Box-folder 5:2

manuscript, undated


Allied Military Government file, 1943-1977

Scope and Contents note

Consists of correspondence, reports, memoranda, minutes, and printed matter relating to Senior Civil Affairs Office in Venezia Giulia. Includes declassified and public reports on domestic topics of Venezia Giulia region and the Yugoslav and Italian conflict. Arranged by subject.

Correspondence, 1945-1947

Scope and Contents note

The majority of the correspondence are letters sent to Senior Civil Affairs Office (SCAO).

Acknowledgement of letters sent to SCAO

Box-folder 5:3

No. 94, 1945 June-August

Box-folder 5:4

No. 94D, 1945 November

Box-folder 5:5

No. 97A, 1945 September

Box-folder 5:6

No. 97B, 1945 September-October

Box-folder 6:1

No. 97C, 1945 October

Box-folder 6:2

No. 97F, 1947 February

Box-folder 6:3

Correspondence from Foreign Policy Advisors (POLAD), 1946

Box-folder 6:4-8

General Correspondence, 1946 December - 1947 June

Box-folder 7:1

Letters of Farewell, 1947 June


Reports, 1945-1947

Box 7

Early History of Venezia Giulia, undated

Box 7

History of AMG Venezia Giulia by Functional Subject, Volume I, Agriculture to Military, undated

Box-folder 8:1-3

History of AMG Venezia Giulia by Functional Subject, Volume II, Partisans to Transportation, undated

Box-folder 8:4

History of AMG Venezia Giulia by Functional Subject, Volume III, Miscellaneous, undated

Box-folder 9:1

History of the Allied Military Government in Venezia Giulia, undated

Box-folder 9:2

Allied Forces reports and excerpts of agreements with Yugoslav Army, circa 1945

Box-folder 9:3

Reports on reaction to the Separatist Tendency and Yugoslav Army and Organization in Zone "B," 1945

Box-folder 9:4

Reports of proceedings at SCAO weekly press conference, November 1945-July 1946

Box-folder 9:5; 10:1

Minutes of Meeting Held at Headquarters, AMG Venezia Giulia, 1946 July 8- 1947 June 9

Box-folder 10:2

"Res Futura" A Compiled Political History of Zone "A" of Venezia Giulia under Allied Military Government, 1945-1947

Box-folder 10:3

"Labor Division Report: Historical Outline of Labor Division Activities from date of Allied Occupation (12 June 1945) to "S" Day of the Italian Peace Treaty (10 February 1947)," circa 1947

Box-folder 10:4

General directives, Belgrade and Duino agreements, 1945

Box-folder 10:5

The History of Monfalcone and District Communes, part I and II, 1945-1946

Box-folder 11:1

"Prelude to Decision," report on Venezia Giulia under AMG, undated

Box-folder 11:2

"Outline Economic Information on the free territory of Trieste," unofficial report, circa 1947

Box-folder 11:3

Subject reports and notes on AMG in Venezia Giulia, 1947-1950

Box-folder 11:4

Prinicipal Personalities, 1946

Box-folder 11:5

AMG Officers master lists, circa 1947

Box-folder 11:6

Directories, undated

Box-folder 11:7

"History of Sesana," 1947

Box-folder 11:8

Venezia Giulia criminal investigation division report on the attempted murder of Major Cunder Stane Yugoslav Army, April 10, 1946

Box-folder 12:1-2

Case of Maria Pasquinelli, 1947

Box-folder 12:3

Maria Pasquinelli pardon, 1964,1977

Box-folder 12:4

Excerpt translation of "Sotto Due Bandiere," undated

Box-folder 12:5

Personal file, circa 1947

Box-folder 12:6

End of active duty in Venezia Giulia file, 1947

Box-folder 12:7

United States European Command (EUCOM), 1951


Printed matter, 1945-1947

Box 13

Military treaty booklets, programs, and ephermera, 1943-1947

Box-folder 14:1

"Amgothic Lines, and Other Outbursts of an Uncivil Affairs Officer," 1943, 1945

Box-folder 14:2

Poems, booklets, caricatures, and miscellaneous ephermera, 1943-1947

Box-folder 14:3

Italian Allied Military Occupation stamp collection, 1945-1947

Box-folder 14:4

German surrender announcements in Star and Stripes, 1945 April-May

Box-folder 14:5

The Emilia Way newsletters, 1945

Box-folder 14:6

Press releases and news-clippings, 1945-1947

Box-folder 15:1

AMG Venezia Giulia proclamations and AMG Gazette, circa 1946

Box-folder 15:2

No. 603-616 Daily Press Summaries- Pro-Yugoslav, Pro-Italian, and Independent Press, July 11-26, 1947

Box-folder 15:3

Maps, 1947


Korean War file, 1950-1953

Scope and Contents note

Consists of reports, orders, correspodence, agreements, and news-clippings relating to Bowman's participation in the United States effort to pass a resolution through the United Nation’s Security Council calling for military intervention to Korea and subsequent cease-fire in 1953. Arranged chronologically.
Box-folder 16:1

Far East Command (FECOM) diary and news-clippings, 1950

Box-folder 16:2

Orders and correspondence, 1950

Box-folder 16:3

Proclamations and printed matter, 1950

Box-folder 16:4

Souvenirs and news-clippings, 1950

Box-folder 16:5

Extract of Korean War Crimes case reports addressed to United Nations, 1953

Box-folder 16:6

United Nations Command Military Armistice Comission (UNCMAC) agreements and negiotations, 1953


Subject files, 1952-1967

Scope and Contents note

Consists of reports, correspondence, news-clippings, and ephemera relating to Bowman's Post- World War II career with the Armed Forces. Arranged by subject.
Box-folder 17:1-3

Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 1952-1967

Box-folder 17:4-6

Army Staff Judge Advocate office, 1949-1970

Box-folder 18:1-2

Texas City Disaster investigation, 1955-1959


Photographs and negatives, 1945-1947

Scope and Contents note

Photographs and negatives include images of the effects of war and Bowman's duties in Emilia and Venzia Giulia. Arranged by format.
Box-folder 18:3

San Marino, photographs, 1945

Box-folder 18:4-5

Bologna, Riccione, and Emilia region Allied occupation, photographs, 1945

Box-folder 18:6

Bowman's tour in Korea and honorary dinner at Stillwell Hall, Washington, D.C., 1950

Box 19

Emilia region occupation and Bowman press conferences, scrapbook, 1945

Box 19

Bretto di Sopra, photograph album, 1946

Box 20

Reconstruction of San Daniele Del Carso, photograph album, 1946-1947

Box 20

Trieste, photograph album, circa 1947

Box 20

The Officers and Men of 13 Corps, AMG, photo album, circa 1947

Box 21

Negatives, unidentified, undated


Audiovisual Material, 1945-1947

Scope and Contents note

Consists of a sound recording and a film.

Sound recordings


Sound recording of the farewell speech of Alfred Connor Bowman, 1946 July 23

Conditions Governing Access note

Use copy reference number: 66015_a_0002430

Scope and Contents note

Bowman describes the images people have versus the reality of Venezia Giulia. He describes the activities of a "caretaker" occupation force before the creation of new, free government. 2 discs. BBC label reads: 1 BOWMAN, ALFRED CONNOR Farewell Speech of Colonel Alfred C. Bowman, Military Governor Venezia Giulia (in Italian) 23 Jul 1946

Motion picture film

Motion picture film 1-2

"Trieste 1945-47: large roll: Rebuilding, ETC of Baetto del soppa, small roll: police review and various other village rebuilding + openings Cine-Film Rolls," 16mm film, 650 ft.