Guide to the William A. Campbell Papers

Processed by Gwido Zlatkes; machine-readable finding aid created by Eric Milenkiewicz

Special Collections & Archives
The UCR Libraries
P.O. Box 5900
University of California
Riverside, California 92517-5900
Phone: 951-827-3233
Fax: 951-827-4673
Email: specialcollections@ucr.edu
URL: http://library.ucr.edu/?view=collections/spcol
©2007
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: William A. Campbell papers
Date: 1937-2006, undated
Date (bulk): 1975-1999
Collection Number: 232
Creator: Campbell, William A.
Extent: 4.25 linear feet (3 boxes, 1 map-case folder)
Repository: Rivera Library. Special Collections Department.
Riverside, CA 92517-5900
Abstract: The William A. Campbell papers are contained within the Tuskegee Airmen Archive. This archive consists of materials related to those individuals who served at Tuskegee Army Air Field, and its predecessors, as well as materials pertaining to Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., a non-profit organization.



This collection contains items in a variety of formats including books, videotapes, photographs, posters, and documents. Materials in this collection primarily relate to African American history, the military history and service of the Tuskegee Airmen, and Campbell's personal life. Some items pertaining to Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. are also included.
Languages: The collection is in English.

Access

This collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the University of California, Riverside Libraries, Special Collections & Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Regents of the University of California as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[identification of item]. William A. Campbell papers, Collection 232. University of California, Riverside Libraries, Special Collections & Archives, University of California, Riverside.

Acquisition Information

The William A. Campbell papers were acquired as a gift in 2006.

Processing History

Initial processing completed by Heidi Hutchinson, 2006. Final processing completed by Gwido Zlatkes, 2007.

Biography

In 1937, William A. Campbell graduated from the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute with a Bachelor of Science degree in Business. Campbell went on to become a member of class SE-42-F, which graduated at Tuskegee Army Air Field on July 3, 1942. Upon graduation he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant. On June 2, 1943 Campbell was among the group of soldiers that served as wingmen to pilots of the 33rd Fighter Group in the first combat mission for 99th pilots in WWII.
Campbell would eventually become commanding officer of the 99th Pursuit Squadron and in 1947 he became Group Commander of the 332nd Fighter Group. Campbell went on to fight in two more wars during his military career, as he served in both Korea and Vietnam. He remained in the service until 1970, reaching the rank of full Colonel. After his retirement in 1970 Campbell taught management at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California and is a member of the Tuskegee Airmen Commission established by the State of Alabama.

Chronology

1937: Campbell graduated from the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute with a Bachelor of Science degree in Business.
1942: Campbell graduated at Tuskegee Army Air Field on July 3rd as part of class SE-42-F.
1943: On June 2nd, Campbell was among the group of soldiers that served as wingmen to pilots of the 33rd Fighter Group in the first combat mission for 99th pilots in WWII.
1947: Campbell became Group Commander of the 332nd Fighter Group.
1970: Campbell retired from the U.S. military and went on to teach management at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.

Collection Scope and Content Summary

The William A. Campbell papers are contained within the Tuskegee Airmen Archive. This archive consists of materials related to those individuals who served at Tuskegee Army Air Field, and its predecessors, as well as materials pertaining to Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., a non-profit organization.
The William A. Campbell papers contains books, posters, and videotapes regarding both African American and military history. Included are numerous certificates honoring Campbell's United States military service and his personal accomplishments, photographs dealing with the military service and history of the Tuskegee Airmen, and various other items pertaining to aviation history and Tuskegee Airmen, Inc.

Collection Arrangement

This collection is arranged into six series:
  • Series 1. African American History, 1971-2000, undated.
  • Series 2. Aviation History, 1988-2005, undated.
  • Series 3. Military History, circa 1940-2002, undated.
  • Series 4. Military Service, 1940-1995, undated.
  • Series 5. Personal History, 1937-2006, undated.
  • Series 6. Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., 1998-2001, undated.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

African American fighter pilots.
Campbell, William Ayers.
Tuskegee Airmen, Inc.
United States. Army Air Forces. Fighter Squadron, 99th History.
United States. Army Air Forces. Fighter Group, 332nd History.
World War II.

Genres and Forms of Materials

Correspondence.
Documents.
Photographs.
Posters.


Collection Contents

 

Series 1. African American History. 1971-2000, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series primarily contains books regarding African American History. Newspaper clippings, journals, and posters on this subject are also included.
Shelved at the end of the collection

"Black College Football, 1892-1992: One Hundred Years of History, Education, and Pride" by Michael Hurd. 1993.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Harlem Princess: The Story Of Harry Delaney's Daughter" by Ruth Bates Harris. 1991.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"I Had a Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story" by Henry Aaron with Lonnie Wheeler. 1991.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"I've Been Marching All the Time: An Autobiography" by Xernona Clayton with Hal Gull. 1991.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Proceedings of the First Conference on Black Americans in World War II" sponsored by the U.S. Army Military History Institute, et al.. 1992.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"The Movable School Goes to the Negro Farmer" by Thomas Monroe Campbell. 1992.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Through These Eyes: The Photographs of P.H. Polk" published by University Gallery, University of Delaware. 1998.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"African American Military History: A Bibliography" by U.S. Army Military History Institute. 1993.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"In the Age of Mankind" by Roger Lewin. 1988.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Jumping Over the Moon: A Biography of Alice Coachman Davis" by Nellie Gordon Roulhac. 1993.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"My Soul Looks Back 'Less I Forget: A Collection of Quotations by People of Color" edited by Dorothy Winbush Riley. 1993.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Loving's Love: A Black American's Experience in Aviation" by Neal V. Loving. 1994.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"They Had A Dream: The Story of African American Astronauts" by J. Alfred Phelps. 1994.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"The Air Force Integrates, 1945-1964" by Alan L. Gropman. 1998.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"A Long Hard Journey: The Story of the Pullman Porter" by Patricia and Frederick McKissack. 1995.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"The Panther and the Lash: Poems of Our Times" by Langston Hughes. 1992.

Box 1, Folder 25

Negro Heritage, vol. 14, no. 3. 1975.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Black Americans in Defense of Our Nation: A Pictorial Documentary of the Black American Male and Female Participation and Involvement in the Military Affairs of the United States of America" published by the Department of Defense. undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Women of Courage" by Kenneth W. Bentley. undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

Poster from the exhibit "Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" by William S. Phillips at the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution. undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "C. Alfred 'Chief' Anderson, The Father of Black Aviation" by Ronald S. McDowell. 2000.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of Black History Calendar. 1999.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"American Popular Song: Six Decades of Songwriters and Singers" published by The Smithsonian Collection of Recordings" (1 book, 4 audio cassettes). undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Ain't, But it Can Be" by Bill Phears. 1989.

Box 1, Folder 3

Newspaper clipping of "The Great Air Force Experiment" by James A. Bullock from Negro Heritage, vol. 14, no. 5. 1975.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Race Relations Research in the U.S. Army in the 1970s: A Collection of Selected Readings" edited by James A. Thomas. 1988.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Thomas Monroe Campbell and the Development of Negro Agriculture Extension Work" by Deborah Waldrop Austin. 1975.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Gerri Major's Black Society" by Gerri Major with Doris E. Saun. 1976.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" by Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano. 1983.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Integration of the Armed Forces 1940-1965" by Morris J. MacGregor, Jr.. 1985.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race From 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D." by Chancellor Williams. 1987.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Strength for the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military" by Bernard C. Nalty. 1986.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"African Kingdoms (Great Ages of Man)" by Basil Davidson and the Editors of Time-Life Books. 1971.

Box 1, Folder 25

Negro Heritage, vol. 14, no. 4. 1975.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Drumond, Smith, Campbell - Black History". 1999.

 

Series 2. Aviation History. 1988-2005, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains artwork, videotapes, and brochures regarding the history of aviation.
Box 1, Folder 14

Partial article with images of various individuals at an event hosted by the U.S. Air Force Museum (photocopy). 1999.

Framed-Artwork Box 10

Framed artwork by J. Rummer dedicated to William A. Campbell for supporting Black History Month; no. 1159/2000. 2005.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "The Hornet's Nest (Doolittle Tokyo Raiders Commemorative)" by John D. Shaw. undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Strangers in a Strange Land" by Hans-Heiri Stapfer. 1988.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Gathering of Eagles 1994". 1994.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Gathering of Eagles Interviews". undated.

Box 1, Folder 25

Brochure of the "Aviation History Symposium: Gathering of Eagles". undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Gathering of Eagles, 1994" published by the United States Air Force. 1994.

Framed-Artwork Box 10

Poster titled "Gathering of Eagles 1994". undated.

 

Series 3. Military History. circa 1940-2002, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series includes posters, videotapes, and photographs that depict the military history of the Tuskegee Airmen.
Shelved at the end of the collection

"The Tuskegee Airmen: The Men Who Changed a Nation" by Charles E. Francis. 1993.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Tuskegee Airmen 1941-1945" edited by Shelby Westbrook. 1992.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Images of America: The Tuskegee Airmen" by Lynn M. Homan and Thomas Reilly. 1998.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "Button Up Time" by A. Ric Druet; signed by nine members of the 302nd Fighter Squadron (2 copies). undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "The Lonely Angels" by T. Ellis. undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "General B.O. Davis, Jr., Tuskegee Airmen Commander" by Ronald S. McDowell . 2000.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "The Freedom Flyers: The Heroic Stories of the Tuskegee Airmen". undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "Drop tanks, follow me" by A. Ric Druet; signed by four members of the 100th Fighter Squadron (2 copies). undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "Red Tail Angels" by Jay Ashurst; numbered 191/500. undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"America's Wars and Military Excursions" by Edwin P. Hoyt. 1987.

Box 1, Folder 8

Comic book titled "Hop Harrigan, The 99th Squadron". ca. 1940.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Salute to our WWII Airmen, Tape 2". undated.

Box 1, Folder 5

"The Negro Soldier: A partial record of Negro devotion and heroism in the cause of freedom gathered from the files of the War and Navy department" by Helen Gahagan Douglas appearing in the Congressional Record. 1946.

Box 1, Folder 7

Newspaper clipping of "The Thunderbolt Wing" from Our World, vol. 4, no. 6. 1949.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Closing the Circle: War in the Pacifc, 1945" by Edwin P. Hoyt. 1982.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"A Different Kind of Courage" by Jim Horsley. 1984.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "Destroyer Attack"signed by William H. Holloman III and Charles E. McGee; numbered 294/300. undated.

Framed-Artwork Box 10

Framed artwork showing WWII fighter planes P-40, P-39, P-47, P-51, and T-38 titled "Aircraft of the 99th". undated.

Framed-Artwork Box 10

Poster showing William A. Campbell and six other Tuskegee Airmen labeled "The Tuskegee Airmen Premiere, Birmingham, Alabama". 2002.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "America's Black Eagles: The Tuskegee Airmen". undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Framed artwork titled "Red Tail Fury" by A. Ric Druet; signed by artist and five members of the 301st Fighter Squadron. undated.

Box 1, Folder 24

Photograph of a replica fighter plane marked "FG851". undated.

Box 1, Folder 12

Photograph of Chehaw railroad station. undated.

Box 2

Photograph mounted on foamcore of U.S. President Bill Clinton applauding retired General Benjamin Davis titled "Fourth Star for a Pioneer". undated.

Box 2

Photograph mounted on foamcore of U.S. President Bill Clinton with General Benjamin Davis and Colonel William A. Campbell saluting the flag. undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of CMSAF Thomas N. Barnes (Legacies of Leadership). undated.

Box 1, Folder 24

Photograph of the General Daniel "Chappie" James Center for Aerospace Science and Health Education building at Tuskegee University. undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "On Target" by Rick Druet; signed by eight members of the 99th Fighter Squadron. undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of Colonel Roosevelt "Ted" Mercer (Legacies of Leadership). undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of Brigadier General Marcelite Harris (Legacies of Leadership). undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of First Lieutenant Micul E. Thompson, Jr. and First Lieutenant Christopher B. Howard (Legacies of Leadership). undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of Thomas J. Echols (Legacies of Leadership). undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of Colonel Guion "Guy" Bluford (Legacies of Leadership). undated.

Box 1, Folder 6

Newspaper clipping of "The Negro in the AAF" by Phillips J. Peck from Flying Magazine (photocopy). 1945.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster of Air Force General "Chappie" James (Legacies of Leadership). undated.

Box 1, Folder 25

Brochure from the U.S. Air Force highlighting the accomplishments of the Tuskegee Airmen titled "Before the Air Force shattered the sound barrier, these airmen shattered the race barrier" (multiple copies). undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Colin Powell". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Tuskegee Airmen - Spanky, Cox, Ace, B.O.". undated.

Box 1, Folder 1

Brochure titled "So That Others May Know: A Tribute to the Tuskegee Airman". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Salute to our WWII Airmen, Tape 1". undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"The Tuskegee Airmen: The Men Who Changed a Nation" by Charles E. Francis. 1997.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Awards Banquet with keynote address by Gen. Colin L. Powell". undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Poster titled "Red Tail Angels" by John D. Shaw (2 copies). undated.

Box 3

VHS tape sleeve titled "War Story: The Battles of the Tuskegee Airmen" (videotape not included). undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "A conversation with the Tuskegee Airmen". undated.

Shelved at the end of the collection

"Firefight at Yechon: Courage and Racism in the Korean War" by Lt. Col. Charles M. Bussey, USA (Ret.). 1991.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "KTVU Program Services, Summer Flight Academy - Tuskegee Airmen". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Tuskegee Black and White". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Symposium: Tuskegee Airmen, Col. Harry A. Sheppard, Col. William A. Campbell, Lt. Col. Herbert E. Carter". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Benjamin O. Davis, Jr./The Deadly Deception". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "KTVU 'Segment 2' Report on Tuskegee Airmen/Smithsonian Air and Space Museum Footage". 1987.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "High Calling: The Alabama Experience". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Tuskegee Airmen, Memorial Ceremony, Arlington Natl. Cemetery". 1995.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Veteran's Day 1998". 1998.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "To Serve and Protect". undated.

 

Series 4. Military Service. 1940-1995, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series primarily consists of photographs that showcase the military service of the Tuskegee Airmen.
Box 1, Folder 11

Journal titled the Falcon (Italy edition), vol. 1, no.1 (photocopy). 1944.

Box 1, Folder 9

Photographic print of the 99th Fighter Squadron (computer printout). undated.

Box 2

Plaque "For Your Participation in the First Mission Made by Pilots of the Famous All Black 99th Fighter Squadron..." presented to William A. Campbell. 1995.

Box 1, Folder 10

Photograph of soldiers posing in uniform (2 copies). undated.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of the 99th Fighter Squadron Dance Band in Italy. 1944.

Framed-Artwork Box 10

Photograph dedicated to Colonel "Wild Bill" Campbell USAF "An honorary Claw" from the 426 TFTS "Killer Claws". undated.

Framed-Artwork Box 10

Framed photograph depicting William A. Campbell in flight suit. undated.

Box 2

Hand painted wood plaque of the 99th Fighter Squadron emblem. undated.

Box 1, Folder 10

Photograph of three soldiers on the wing of a fighter plane. undated.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of Pearl Lawson at Tuskegee Air Force Base. 1943.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of five soldiers with a partial plane in the background. undated.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of Joe Louis shaking hands with First Sergeant Henderson in Italy. 1944.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of Ace Lawson. undated.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of First Sergeant Henderson of the 99th Pursuit Squadron. undated.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of General Nathan Twining. undated.

Box 1, Folder 2

Roster of graduates from the Tuskegee Army Air Field's Advanced Flying School. 1946.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of men and women on-stage singing. undated.

Box 2

Certificate of Competency from the Department of Commerce recognizing William Ayers Campbell completion of training as a private pilot. 1940.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of three soldiers in front of a plane marked "D-178". undated.

Map-Case AA5, Folder 5

Photograph montage surrounding Tuskegee Airmen statue; includes dedication to William A. Campbell. undated.

Box 1, Folder 23

Photograph of seven men standing on temporary tarmac. undated.

Box 1, Folder 13

Photograph showing Colonel William A. Campbell and another aviator in flight suits (photocopy). undated.

 

Series 5. Personal History. 1937-2006, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains certificates, plaques, and videotapes that pertain to the personal life of William A. Campbell.
Box 1, Folder 15

Certificate of Special Congressional Recognition presented to William A. Campbell by Sam Farr, member of Congress. 1999.

Box 1, Folder 18

Correspondence from Barbara Boxer congratulating Colonel William Campbell on being honored by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). 1999.

Box 1, Folder 19

Certificate of Recognition from the California State Assembly presented to William A. Campbell. 1999.

Box 1, Folder 17

Certificate of Recognition from the California State Senate "In Honor of Heroic Military Service as a Tuskegee Airman" presented to William A. Campbell. 1999.

Box 2

Framed certificate presented to Colonel William A. Campbell from Dan Albert, Mayor of Monterey, Calfornia. 1999.

Box 2

Framed certificate of the City of Sand City Resolution SC 99-64 honoring "Black Military Hero, Tuskegee Airman Colonel William Campbell". undated.

Box 2

Stephen E. Ross Award presented to Tuskegee Airman Colonel William A. Campbell by the Monterey Peninsula Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). 1999.

Box 4

Statue of William A. Campbell with a plaque that reads "Col. William Campbell: Black History Month 1999, Seaside, CA". 1999.

Box 1

Framed plaque in case, "The Black Hollywood Education and Resource Center Salutes Col. W.A. Campbell, U.S. Air Force (Ret.)". 2002.

Box 1, Folder 22

Funeral program for Arthur Carol Harmon. 2006.

Box 1

Framed resolution from the Monterey County Board of Supervisors recognizing the outstanding contributions of Colonel William A. Campbell. 1999.

Box 2

Plaque presented to William A. Campbell by the United States Air Force saluting the Tuskegee Airmen. 1999.

Box 1, Folder 8

Corresponce to William A. Campbell dated April 27, 1988. 1988.

Box 2

Plaque titled "Certificate of Life Membership" for William A. Campbell from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). 1983.

Box 1, Folder 20

Certificate for the completion of the Defense Resources Management Course presented to William A. Campbell by Defense Resources Management Education Center. 1983.

Box 2

Framed award from the Legion of Merit to Colonel William Campbell for "Exceptionally Meritorious Conduct in the Performance of Outstanding Services" signed by General G.P. Wela. 1952.

Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence from Clarence L. Shivers about the Tuskegee Airmen statue he sculpted. undated.

Box 1, Folder 1

Brochure titled "About the Artist" on Clarence L. Shivers. undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "TV Interview - Campbell". undated.

Box 2

Framed Certificate of Appreciation awarded to William A. Campbell by the Northern California Chapter of the American Aviation Historical Society. 1990.

Box 1, Folder 21

Membership card of William A. Campbell for Negro Aviation International (NAI). undated.

Box 2

Diploma from the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute awarding the Bachelor of Science in Business degree to William A. Campbell. 1937.

Box 3

VHS tape, blank. undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "Osh Kosh". undated.

Box 1, Folder 16

Certificate of Appreciation from The Military Order of the World Wars presented to William A. Campbell. 1997.

 

Series 6. Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. 1998-2001, undated.

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series includes newspaper clippings, videotapes, and other materials regarding Tuskegee Airmen, Inc.
Box 3

VHS tape titled "TAI National Convention 1998, Day Two/Davis promotion December, 9, 1998". 1998.

Box 2

Framed newspaper clipping of "Wild Black Yonder: Monterey's True Tuskegee Airman talks about the flight, combat and the fantasy of film," from The Weekly. 2001.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "TAI Tribute". undated.

Box 1, Folder 1

Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. information sheet. undated.

Box 1, Folder 4

Correspondence signed by William E. Broadwater submitting a proposal "for a scholarly historical account of the Black Air Force before, during and after WWII". undated.

Box 1, Folder 1

Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. business card for John L. Whitehead. undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "TAI Beginnings". undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "1st Annual Dinner in San Diego 1995/Installation of Officers/Tribute to Benjamin O. Davis, Jr." undated.

Box 3

VHS tape titled "The Tuskegee Airmen 1998 Convention". 1998.