A Register of the W. Langhorne Bond Papers

Processed by Elizabeth Konzak
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2007
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

A Register of the W. Langhorne Bond Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Elizabeth Konzak
Date Completed:
2007
Encoded by:
ByteManagers using OAC finding aid conversion service specifications and Elizabeth Konzak
© 2007 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: W. Langhorne Bond Papers
Dates: 1930-1998
Collection number: 2005C58
Creator: Bond, W. Langhorne, 1893-1985.
Collection Size: 4 manuscript boxes (1.6 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: The papers describe China during the period surrounding World War II and the Chinese Revolution. The documents, including correspondence, reports, writings, printed matter, personal documents, and photographs, contain descriptions, observations, and insights about political events in East Asia especially during the Sino-Japanese War and World War II. A majority of the material is documentation about the China National Aviation Corporation.
Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English Chinese

Administrative Information

Access

The collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], W. Langhorne Bond Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

Acquisition Information

Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2005.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biography Note

1893 November 12 Born William Langhorne in Petersburg, Virginia, son of Thomas Baker Bond, a tobacco buyer, and Mary Potter Langhorne
1917 Enlisted in World War I, serving in the army in France for the duration of the war
1929 Started working for Curtiss-Wright Corporation
1931 Accepted the position of Operations Manager for the China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC), in Shanghai
1933 When Pan American Airways purchased Curtiss-Wright interests in CNAC, Bond became a Pan American employee
1935 May 15 Married Katherine (Kitsi) Dunlop in Shanghai
1937 When fighting broke out between Japan and China, Pan American withdrew from active operations in China during the United States policy of political neutrality. Bond became a CNAC employee to ensure the continued operations of CNAC as a Chinese civilian air transport company. After the war, he returned to work for Pan American
1937-1942 CNAC continued to be active through the war despite evacuations from the main operating bases of Shanghai, Hankow and Hong Kong
1941 Pioneered the "Hump" route between China and India, an essential air link to China during World War II
1947 Promoted to vice president, Orient by Pan American Airlines
1949 After the fall of the Nationalist Chinese government, CNAC assets were sold to China for the Civil Air Transport
1950 Retired to his farm in Warrenton, Virginia
1985 July 16 Died, Ponte Vedra, Florida
2001 Author, Wings for an Embattled China, ed. James E. Ellis, Lehigh University Press, 2001. Posthumously published autobiography and history of the CNAC

Scope and Content of Collection

Acquired by the Hoover Institution in 2005, the W. Langhorne Bond papers describe China during the period surrounding World War II and the Chinese Revolution. The documents contain descriptions, observations, and insights about political events in East Asia during the time. A majority of the material is documentation of the China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC).
CNAC was first established as a cooperative company by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation and the Chinese Government. The American interest in the company, known as China Federal Airways, was purchased by Pan American Airways in 1933. Bond, known to most as "Bondy," began as operations manager for the company in 1931 and continued to work for the company until his retirement from the post of Pan American's vice president, Orient in 1950.
CNAC provided passenger, freight, and mail services to the Chinese Nationalist government. The small but effective airline was active during World War II, even as the Japanese took over large segments of China. The materials in the collection document events such as the evacuation of Hong Kong and a CNAC plane shot down by the Japanese. Bond also pioneered the "Hump" route over the Himalayas from China to India in 1941, which brought necessary supplies to the Chinese during the war. Prints in the Photographs document the first flight over the "Hump."
Materials documenting the operations of CNAC may be found in the Correspondence series. Of note is correspondence between Bond and other Pan American employees including H. M. Bixby, a Pan American vice president in China and the Philippines, and S. E. Morgan, a corporation general purchasing agent in New York. However, most CNAC correspondence before 1937 was lost when moved from Shanghai to Hankow after the outbreak of war with the Japanese. Additional information on the overall history of CNAC may be found in materials the Writings series, as well as the CNAC Files.
Images of the CNAC Staff, airplanes, airports, the Bond family, and travel in China during the 1930s and 1940s are found in the Photographs.
Wings for an Embattled China, By W. Langhorne Bond, ed. James E. Ellis, published by Lehigh University Press in 2001 is an autobiography of Bond and overall history of CNAC.
Throughout the collection description, the Romanization of Chinese place names have been kept as they were spelled by Bond in the 1930s and 1940s.

Arrangement

Arranged in five series: Biographical File, Correspondence, Writings, China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC) Files, Photographs, and Printed Materials

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

China National Aviation Corporation.
Pan American Airways Corporation.
Aeronautics--China.
Sino-Japanese Conflict, 1937-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--China.
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations.
World War, 1939-1945--Transportation.


Container List

 

Biographical File, 1936-1982, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Includes identification cards, clippings, and articles. Arranged by document type, then chronologically.
Box/Folder: 1 : 1

Biography and identification cards, undated, 1936-1940

Box/Folder: 1 : 2

Clippings, 1947, 1982, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

"New Horizons", article on evacuation of Hong Kong, 1942

 

Correspondence, 1929-1984.

Scope and Content Note

Includes both personal and CNAC business correspondence, containing descriptions of life, business and politics in China, particularly during World War II. Arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent.
Box/Folder: 1 : 4

General, 1938-1982

Box/Folder: 1 : 5

American Consular Service, 1937-1945

Box/Folder: 1 : 7-11

Bixby, H. M., 1937-1950

Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Bond, Kisti, 1937-1948

Box/Folder: 1 : 13

Bond, Mary (mother), 1937

Box/Folder: 1 : 14

Brock, Horace, 1977

Box/Folder: 1 : 15-17

China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC), 1929-1949

Box/Folder: 1 : 18

Soong Ching Ling, 1942, 1950

Box/Folder: 1 : 19

Leary, William (Bill) 1969-1979

Box/Folder: 1 : 20, Box/Folder: 2 : 1-2

Morgan, S. W., 1937-1940

Box/Folder: 2 : 3

Mulroney, J. D., 1970

Box/Folder: 2 : 4

Neumann, Gerhard, 1971, 1983

Box/Folder: 2 : 5

Pan American Airways, 1937-1950

Box/Folder: 2 : 6

United States Armed Forces, 1937, 1942

Box/Folder: 2 : 7

United States Embassy, Chungking and Hankow, 1938-1939

 

Writings, 1965 1972, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Consists of histories of the CNAC. Arranged chronologically by date of publication.
Box/Folder: 2 : 8

CNAC Chronology, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder: 2 : 9

History of the CNAC, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder: 2 : 10

Operating History of the CNAC, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder: 2 : 11

Wings for an Embattled China, Chapter 6, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder: 2 : 12

Handwritten chapter drafts, undated

Box/Folder: 2 : 13

Deposition, John Costello v. Pan American World Airways, 1965.

Scope and Content Note

Concerning the 1949 evacuations of refugees
Box/Folder: 2 : 14

Wings over Asia; A brief history of CNAC, by CNAC Foundation, 1972.

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy
 

China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC) Files, 1930-1947.

Scope and Content Note

Brochures, contracts and reports describing CNAC operations. Arranged by document type. Additional information on the company may be found in the Correspondence and Writings series.
Box/Folder: 2 : 15

Brochures, circa 1930

 

Contracts

Box/Folder: 2 : 16

Ministry of Communications and Directorate of Posts, National Government, Republic of China, 1930

Box/Folder: 2 : 17

Pan American Airways, circa 1933

Box/Folder: 2 : 18

National Government, Republic of China, 1933

Box/Folder: 2 : 19

National Government, Republic of China, American Armed Forces, 1947

Box/Folder: 2 : 20

Report on air freight service to China, 1941

 

Photographs, 1935-1949, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Photographic prints of Bond, his family, homes, travels, and CNAC operations. Photographs identify CNAC planes, airports, routes, and events. Arranged by subject.
Box/Folder: 3 : 1

W. L. Bond and Kitsi Bond, undated, 1938, 1945

Box/Folder: 3 : 2

Groups with W. L. and Kitsi Bond, undated, 1938, 1942

 

Homes

Box/Folder: 3 : 3

Shanghai apartment, 2030 Joffre, 1935

Box/Folder: 3 : 4

Shanghai house, 279 Route Charles Culty, 1937.

Scope and Content Note

Includes baby Langhorne
Box/Folder: 3 : 5

Repulse Bay cottage, Hong Kong, 1938

 

Travel

Box/Folder: 3 : 6

Chinese scenes, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Unidentified
Box/Folder: 3 : 7

Photographic post cards, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 8

Calcutta, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 9

Japan, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 10

Nanking, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 11

Shanghai, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 12

Houkow flood, 1931

Box/Folder: 3 : 13

Great Wall of China trip from Peking, 1935

Box/Folder: 3 : 14

Chungking, 1936

Box/Folder: 3 : 15

Hangchow Bore, undated, 1936

Box/Folder: 3 : 16-17

Yangtze River trip, 1936

Box/Folder: 3 : 18

En Route to Hong Kong, Repulse Bay Hotel, 1940

 

CNAC

Box/Folder: 3 : 19

Airplanes, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Includes CNAC staff and a Sikorsky helicopter
Box/Folder: 3 : 20

Airports: Lunghwa, Shanghai, and Kai Tak, Hong Kong, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 21

Staff, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 22

New office, Peking, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 23

War scenes, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 24

Airplanes, street scenes, and damage photographed by Captain Higgins, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Printed 35mm film proofs
Box/Folder: 3 : 25

Airplane piloted by Captain H. L. Woods shot down by Japanese, 1938

Box/Folder: 3 : 26

First survey flight over the "Hump" from Linking, China to Dinjin, India, 1941

Box/Folder: 3 : 27

Twentieth anniversary staff photo, 1949

 

Printed Materials, 1935-1998, undated.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings and published materials. Arranged chronologically.
Box/Folder: 4 : 1

General brochures and pamphlets, undated

Box/Folder: 4 : 2

Curtiss-Wright Corporation brochure featuring CNAC, undated.

Scope and Content Note

In Chinese
Box/Folder: 4 : 3

Pan American Airways Flying Clipper Ships map, undated

Box/Folder: 4 : 4

A Pictorial Map of Peiping, undated

Box/Folder: 4 : 5-9

Clippings, 1935-1953, undated

Box/Folder: 4 : 10

Peking Utility Book, Peking International Women's Club, 1934-1935

Box/Folder: 4 : 11

Handbook of the American University Club, Shanghai, 1935

Box/Folder: 4 : 12

Who's Who in China, 5th edition, The China Weekly Review, 1936

Box/Folder: 4 : 13

War Messages and Other Selections, Madame Chiang Kai-shek, 1938.

Scope and Content Note

Inscribed by author
Box/Folder: 4 : 14

"Inside Story of a Japanese Peace Overture to China during the Second World War," Chin-chao Liang, published in Cheung Chi Journal, 1974.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder: 4 : 15

Clipper newsletter, Pan Am Historical Foundation 1997-1998