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Register of the Sergei Sergeevich Tolstov Papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Location of Originals
  • Biography
  • Chronology
  • Scope and Content Note

  • Title: Sergei Sergeevich Tolstov papers
    Date (inclusive): 1914-1940
    Collection Number: 2000C65
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Russian
    Physical Description: 2 microfilm reels (0.3 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, military documents, and photographs, relating to Russian military activities during World War I, and to the Russian Civil War.
    Creator: Tolstov, Sergei Sergeevich, 1881-


    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Sergei Sergeevich Tolstov Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2000.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Location of Originals

    Originals in: Museum of Russian Culture, San Francisco.


    Colonel S. S. Tolstov was born on 13 February 1881. He was wounded in the Russo-Japanese War and several times in the course of the First World War, where he began as a captain and rose to command the 5th Siberian Rifles (promoted to the rank of colonel in 1916).
    In 1917, as commander of the 6th Siberian Reserve Brigade, he was simultaneously the commander of the Krasnoiarsk garrison and later the entire military region. Arrested during the anti-Bolshevik uprising in Irkutsk in December 1917, he escaped from jail to Vladivostok, where he worked in various capacities. In June 1918, he was invited by the anti-Bolshevik government in Vladivostok to be commander of the Primor'e Military District. In September 1918, he resigned his command for political reasons and left for Shanghai (1919). In 1923 he and his wife, Lidiia Vladislavovna, moved to San Francisco, where he was involved in fundraising activity to help Russian war invalids abroad, and where he died of a heart attack on 9 November 1950.


    1881 February 13 (O.S.) Born, Kazanskaia guberniia, Russia
    1898 Entered military service as a volunteer
    1901 Graduated Kazan' infantry military college
    1904-1905 Served in Russo-Japanese War with 6 th Eniseiskii polk
    1914-1915 Commanded mounted unit of 2 nd Siberian Rifle Division
    1915-1916 Battalion commander, 5 th Eastern Siberian Rifles
    1917 Commanded 15<emph render="super">th</emph> Siberian Reserve Regiment
      Commanded 6<emph render="super">th</emph> Siberian Rifle Brigade
      Commanded Krasnoiarsk garrison
    1918 Commanded military and naval forces of the Maritime District
      Commandant, Vladivostok fortress
    1919 April Arrived, Shanghai, China
    1923 Arrived, United States

    Scope and Content Note

    The papers of Colonel Sergei Sergeevich Tolstov detail his military career during the First World War and Russian Civil War. They include orders, battlefield notes and descriptions of battles on the Austrian front of World War I, and in Siberia and the Far East (Vladivostok) during the period 1917-1919. The correspondence is also largely of a military nature.
    Detailed processing and preservation microfilming for these materials were made possible by a generous grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and by matching funds from the Hoover Institution and the Museum of Russian Culture. The grant also provides depositing a microfilm copy in the Hoover Institution Archives. The original materials remain in the Museum of Russian Culture, San Francisco, as its property. A transfer table indicating corresponding box and reel numbers is available at the Hoover Institution Archives.
    The Hoover Institution assumes all responsibility for notifying users that they must comply with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17 United States Code) and Hoover Rules for the Use and Reproduction of Archival Materials.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Russia. Armiia--Officers
    Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
    Soviet Union.
    World War, 1914-1918--Russia.
    World War, 1914-1918.