Finding Aid to the Eldridge Cleaver Photograph Collection, 1966-circa 1982

Finding Aid written by Chris McDonald
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
© 2007
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the Eldridge Cleaver Photograph Collection, 1966-circa 1982

Collection Number: BANC PIC 1991.078--PIC

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California
Finding Aid Written By:
Chris McDonald
Date Completed:
September 2007
© 2007 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Eldridge Cleaver photograph collection
Date (inclusive): 1966-circa 1982
Collection Number: BANC PIC 1991.078--PIC
Collector : Cleaver, Eldridge, 1935-1998
Extent: Number of containers: 10 boxes, 1 oversize folder (circa 1,720 photographic prints, circa 480 negatives, circa 440 slides).
Repository: The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
Abstract: Collection consists primarily of snapshots of Eldridge Cleaver's career from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s. Earliest materials relate to his affiliation with the Black Panther Party. Also contains photographs taken during his exile abroad from 1968 to 1975. The majority of photographs was taken after Cleaver's 1975 return to the United States and relate primarily to his activities in conservative politics and the evangelical Christian movement.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English.
Physical Location: COLLECTION STORED, IN PART, OFF-SITE: Advance notice required for use.

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research, with the following exceptions: RESTRICTED NEGATIVES: Use of negatives only by permission of the appropriate curator. Inquiries concerning these materials should be directed, in writing, to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or reproduce must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the user. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html. 

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Eldridge Cleaver Photograph Collection, BANC PIC 1991.078--PIC, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternate forms of this collection.

Related Collections

Eldridge Cleaver Papers BANC MSS 91/231 c.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Cleaver, Eldridge, 1935--Pictorial works
Newton, Huey P.--Portraits
Carmichael, Stokely--Pictorial works
Allende Gossens, Salvador, 1908-1973--Pictorial works
Cleaver, Kathleen--Portraits
Colson, Charles W.--Pictorial works
Stapleton, Ruth Carter--Pictorial works
Axelrod, Beverly--Pictorial works
Black Panther Party--Pictorial works
African Americans--Photographs
Evangelists--California.--Photographs
Political activists--California--Photographs
Gay pride parades--California--San Francisco--Photographs
China--Pictorial works
Korea--Pictorial works
Vietnam (Democratic Republic)--Pictorial works

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Eldridge Cleaver Photograph Collection was transferred from the Eldridge Cleaver Papers, which were given to The Bancroft Library by Eldridge Cleaver in November 1990. Subsequent additions were received in later years.

Accruals

No additions are expected.

Arrangement

The collection has been divided and stored by medium: photographic prints, slides, and negatives. Images are arranged chronologically, followed by categories representing miscellaneous, often undated activities and themes (e.g. speaking engagements, press conferences, portraits, and family).

Processing Information

Processed by Chris McDonald.

Biographical Information

Leroy Eldridge Cleaver was born on August 3, 1935 in Wabbaseka, Arkansas. In 1956 his family moved to Los Angeles. During his youth he was convicted for various theft and drug offenses and spent time in reformatories and the California State Prison at Soledad. In 1958 he was convicted of assault and spent 8 years in the San Quentin and Folsom prisons. During this period of incarceration he became a member and minister of the Nation of Islam and a follower of Malcolm X. With the assistance of attorney and lover Beverly Axelrod, Cleaver had several of his prison writings published in the left-wing periodical Ramparts. The support which his writings earned him from the U.S. intellectual community was influential in gaining Cleaver's release from prison in 1965. In 1967, while living in the San Francisco Bay Area, Cleaver married Kathleen Neal, an activist in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. That same year he befriended Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, co-founders of the Black Panther Party, and soon became the Party's Minister of Information. The following year Cleaver published Soul On Ice -- a collection of essays named Book of the Year by the New York Times -- and ran as a candidate for the U.S. Presidency for the Peace and Freedom Party. Later that year Cleaver and fellow Black Panther Bobby Hutton were involved in a shootout with Oakland Police. Hutton was killed and Cleaver was charged with murder. While awaiting trial, Cleaver fled to Cuba. He would spend the next seven years in exile, living also in Algeria and Paris during that time. During his exile, Cleaver formed the International Section of the Black Panther Party in Algeria; met with political leaders in North Vietnam, North Korea and China; quickly became disillusioned with Marxist-Leninist beliefs; and eventually broke ties with the Black Panthers. During this time he and Kathleen had two children, Antonio Maceo and Joju. While in Paris, Cleaver experienced a spiritual transformation which led to his conversion to Christianity and conservative politics. In 1975 Cleaver negotiated with the F.B.I. for his return to the United States as a prisoner. In 1977, after his renunciation of his earlier political activity and his release from prison, he founded the Eldridge Cleaver Crusades, an evangelical Christian movement. Cleaver would later have affiliations with Sun Myung Moon's Collegiate Association of Research Principles and the Mormon Church. In the 1980s Cleaver ran two unsuccessful campaigns for U.S. Congress. He later became addicted to crack cocaine and was arrested on several drug-related charges. In 1987 Kathleen Cleaver divorced him. In the 1990s Cleaver kicked his addiction and worked as a diversity consultant for the University of La Verne in Southern California. Eldridge Cleaver died May 1, 1998.
[Biographical information abridged from that of the finding aid for the Eldridge Cleaver Papers, BANC MSS 91/231 c.]

Scope and Content of Collection

Collection consists primarily of snapshots of Eldridge Cleaver's career from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s. Earliest materials relate to his affiliation with the Black Panther Party and include snapshots, portraits and negatives of party leaders such as Alprentice "Bunchy" Carter, John Higgins, Stokley Carmichael and attorney Beverly Axelrod. Also contains photographs taken during his exile abroad from 1968 to 1975, including his stays in Cuba, Algeria and France; visits to China, North Korea and North Vietnam; and a meeting with Chilean President Salvador Allende. The majority of photographs was taken after his 1975 return to the United States and relate primarily to his activities in conservative politics and the Evangelical Christian movement, including speaking engagements at various California churches and universities. Approximately fifty snapshots of a San Francisco Gay Pride Parade, dated June 1977, are included. Also contains photographs of his wife Kathleen Cleaver and children Antonio Maceo and Joju, various friends, and such associates as Huey Newton, Charles Colson and Ruth Carter Stapleton.

Container List

 

Prints

Note

Please note: some prints taken during Cleaver's exile from 1968-1975 were printed a number of years after his return and bear laboratory date markings to that effect.
PIC Box 1

Black Panther Party 1966-1971

PIC Box 1

Black Panther Party: people, campaigns

PIC Box 1

Beverly Axelrod 1967

PIC Box 1

Eldridge Cleaver and Beverly Axelrod

PIC Box 1

Black Panther Party: Alprentice "Bunchy" Carter portrait 1969

PIC Box 1

Exile: Cuba and Algeria 1968-1969

PIC Box 1

Exile: Portraits of Black Panther Party International members in Algeria circa 1969-1972

PIC Box 1

Exile: U.S. People's Anti-Imperialist Delegation tour of North Korea, China and Vietnam 1970

Physical Description: [5 folders]
PIC Box 2

Exile: U.S. People's Anti-Imperialist Delegation tour of North Korea, China and Vietnam 1970

Physical Description: [3 folders]
PIC Box 2

Exile: Salvador Allende's visit to Algeria 1972 Dec.

PIC Box 2

Exile: Paris street scenes circa 1973-1975

PIC Box 2

Exile: Paris portraits 1974

PIC Box 2

Exile: Paris portraits; preparing to return to U.S. 1975

PIC Box 2

Meeting press upon return to U.S. 1975

PIC Box 2

Alameda County Jail 1976

PIC Box 2

Press conference after release from prison 1976 Aug. 13

PIC Box 2

Pamphlet: "Eldridge Cleaver at Exile's End" 1976

PIC Box 2

Church: "25 Years of Miracles" 1976

PIC Box 2

Church: Eldridge Cleaver baptism circa 1977

PIC Box 2

Church: Youth For Christ rally, San Diego 1977 Feb. 25

PIC Box 2

Church: speech at St. Stephen's, San Diego 1977 July

Physical Description: [3 folders]
PIC Box 2

Church: Melodyland Christian Center, Anaheim, with Rev. Ralph Wilkerson and Charles Colson 1977 Aug.

PIC Box 2

Church meetings 1977 Aug.

PIC Box 2

Church: Chico testimony 1977

PIC Box 2

Church: "Eldridge Cleaver Crusades" 1977

PIC Box 3

Church meetings [from disassembled album] circa late 1970s

PIC Box 3

Miscellaneous church meetings and speeches late 1970s - early 1980s

Physical Description: [5 folders]
PIC Box 3

Hope College speaking engagement 1977 Oct.

PIC Box 3

Speaking engagement: Prison Fellowship Banquet, Denver 1977 Oct. 15

PIC Box 3

Speaking engagement: Oahu Prison 1978 Feb.

PIC Box 3

Miscellaneous speaking engagements circa late 1970s

PIC Box 3

Speaking engagement: U.S. out of El Salvador 1981

PIC Box 3

Speaking engagement: San Jose circa 1981

PIC Box 3

Speaking engagement: San Jose State University 1982

PIC Box 3

Miscellaneous speaking engagements circa early 1980s

Physical Description: [2 folders]
PIC Box 4

Interview: "Meet the Press" 1976

PIC Box 4

Miscellaneous interviews 1970s-1980s

Physical Description: [2 folders]
PIC Box 4

Interview with KCBS and others at home 1982

PIC Box 4

4th of July Political Campaign late 1970s?

PIC Box 4

Clothing store circa 1975

PIC Box 4

Gay Pride Parade, San Francisco circa 1977

PIC Box 4

Eldridge Cleaver office? circa 1976

PIC Box 4

Eldridge Cleaver office "Going-Away Party" for staff member 1977

PIC Box 5

Family: children Joju and Maceo late 1960s - early 1970s

PIC Box 5

Family and friends 1960s - 1980s

Physical Description: [2 folders]
PIC Box 5

Huey Newton [unidentified event] 1970s

PIC Box 5

Eldridge Cleaver and Ruth Carter Stapleton

PIC Box 5

Eldridge Cleaver and Sen. Frank Church at Vanderbilt University 1977

PIC Box 5

Eldridge Cleaver with Charles Colson

PIC Box 5

Eldridge Cleaver with others, unidentified

PIC Box 5

Eldridge Cleaver portraits

Physical Description: [5 folders]
PIC Box 5

Eldridge Cleaver miscellaneous snapshots

AX Box

Proofs: Korea, Vietnam, China 1970

AX Box

Proofs: Algeria, including Allende visit (Dec. 1972) and family 1972 Dec., undated

AX Box

Proofs: France circa 1973 - 1975

AX Box

Eldridge Cleaver filling out papers at American Embassy in Paris to return to U.S. 1975 Nov. 17

AX Box

Enlarged snapshots: Eldridge Cleaver Crusade, clothing shop 1977, circa 1975

AX Box

Unidentified church events

Physical Description: [2 folders]
AX Box

Kathleen Cleaver at a protest and Black Panther Party rally

AX Box

Family

AX Box

Portraits, Paris 1975

AX Box

Proofs: portraits circa 1970s

AX Box

Portraits: Eldridge Cleaver speaking circa 1970s

AX Box

S.F. Examiner portraits 1984

AX Box

Unidentified construction site

B Folder

Eldridge Cleaver family

Scope and Content Note

[homemade poster found with items in AX box folder Eldridge Cleaver family]
 

Slides

PIC Box 6

Chico testimony 1977

PIC Box 6

Speech at St. Stephen's 1977 July

PIC Box 6

Gospel concert, Center of Hope Church, Oakland Calif. 1977 Aug.

PIC Box 6

Eldridge Cleaver at Christian Businessmen's Club 1977 Aug.

PIC Box 6

Eldridge Cleaver Crusade 1977 Aug.- Oct.

PIC Box 6

Melodyland with Charles Colson 1977 Sept.

PIC Box 6

Hope College visit with Charles Colson 1977

PIC Box 6

Unidentified speaking engagements

PIC Box 6

Campaigns?

Physical Description: [2 folders]
PIC Box 6

Eldridge Cleaver at unidentified events and at his office

Physical Description: [3 folders)
PIC Box 6

Los Altos home with family 1977 Aug.

 

Negatives

Note

Prints are available for many negatives. Roll numbers noted on negative sleeves are transcribed from original negative envelopes.
NEG Box 1

Black Panther Party: Stokely Carmichael and Eldridge Cleaver speaking at U.C. Berkeley

NEG Box 1

Exile: Asia (N. Korea, Vietnam, China) 1970

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 2

Exile: Asia (N. Korea, Vietnam, China) 1970

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 2

Exile: N. Korea: birthday party for Maceo Cleaver given by Madame Kim Il Sung 1970

NEG Box 2

Exile: Family in Algeria circa 1969-1973

NEG Box 2

Exile: Salvador Allende in Algeria 1972 Dec.

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 2

Exile: Paris circa 1973-1975

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 2

Church: Youth for Christ rally, San Diego 1977 Feb. 25

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 2

Church: Portland, Ore. 1977 April

NEG Box 2

Church: Mother's Day, San Francisco Christian Center 1977 May 9

NEG Box 2

Church: St. Stephen's, San Diego 1977 July

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 2

Church: Cleaver Crusades 1977

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 3

Church: Mt. Hermon

NEG Box 3

Church: San Francisco Christian School

NEG Box 3

Church: Paradise Baptist Church

NEG Box 3

Church: National Evangelical Convention San Francisco

NEG Box 3

Church: Cow Palace, San Francisco, meeting

NEG Box 3

Church: Vancouver B.C. and Seattle

NEG Box 3

Speaking engagement: Vanderbilt University 1977 Mar.

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 3

Speaking engagement: Prison Fellowship Banquet, Denver 1977 Oct. 15

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 3

Speaking engagement: Hope College, Mich. 1977 Oct.

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 3

Speaking engagement: U.S. out of El Salvador 1981

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 3

Yosemite vacation, miscellaneous speeches circa 1981

NEG Box 3

Speaking engagement: U.C. Davis

NEG Box 3

Speaking engagement: Father's Day

NEG Box 3

Unidentified speeches

NEG Box 3

Press conference on civil rights suit

NEG Box 3

Gay Pride Parade, San Francisco

Note

[prints available]
NEG Box 3

Kathleen Cleaver speaking

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 3

Family: Joju and Maceo

Note

[some prints available]
NEG Box 3

Eldridge Cleaver home, Los Altos, Calif.

NEG Box 3

Eldridge Cleaver and unidentified friends

NEG Box 3

Eldridge Cleaver and Ruth Carter Stapleton

Note

[prints available]
NEG Box 3

Unidentified events

NEG Box 3

Portraits

Note

[some prints available]