Inventory of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East records

Finding aid prepared by Alex Park, Theresa Berger
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 2016


Title: International Military Tribunal for the Far East records
Date (inclusive): 1889-1948
Date (bulk): 1920-1948
Collection Number: 49016
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: In English, Japanese, and Chinese.
Physical Description: 115 manuscript boxes, 242 bound volumes (81.5 linear feet)
Abstract: Court exhibits, transcripts, summaries of proceedings, summations of counsel, judgments, photographs, and indices relating to the trial of Japanese military and government officials accused of war crimes during the Second World War.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: International Military Tribunal for the Far East

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], International Military Tribunal for the Far East records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1949.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Related Collection

International Military Tribunal proceedings, Hoover Institution Archives

Historical Note

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal or the Tokyo Trials, lasted from April 29,1946 to November 12, 1948. Established by special proclamation of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), U.S. General Douglas MacArthur, the IMTFE sought to try Japanese government officials and military leaders for the incitement and perpetration of World War II and war crimes throughout the conflict.
For over two years, eleven judges representing the Allied signatories of the Instrument of Surrender, as well as India and the Philippines, heard cases against twenty-eight defendants, including General Hideki Tojo. From November 4-12, 1948, the tribunal rendered judgments against twenty-five defendants (two defendants died during the trial and one was deemed incompetent to stand trial). Seven defendants were sentenced to death, sixteen to life imprisonment, one to twenty years' imprisonment, and one to seven years' imprisonment.
Similar to its German counterpart in Nuremberg, the charges, evidence, defense, and rulings of the trial mark the IMTFE as an important moment in the reshaping of modern international law in the post-World War II period.

Scope and Content Note

Exhibits, evidence, transcripts, indices of the record, and other documents relating to the trial of Japanese officials and military leaders accused of war crimes during the Second World War. Documents reflect significant contributions to international law within the contexts of crimes against humanity, wars of aggression, and other relevant subjects.

List of Indices in the Hoover Archives Reading Room

1. Dull and Umemura. The Tokyo Trials: A Functional Index (1957). 94 p.
2. Index of Rejected Prosecution Documents  (undated). 17 p. (2 copies)
4. Index of (defense) witnesses, 28 February 1947 - 10 February 1948 (undated). 117 p.
5. Index of (prosecution) witnesses, 17 June - 16 August 1946; 28 August - 29 November 1946 (undated). 13 p. (2 copies)
6. Index of motions, arguments, decisions, objections in open court (undated). 36 p.
7. Supreme Command for the Allied Powers. International Prosecution Section (IPS). Revised index to documents by defendants (at the Tokyo War Crime Trials). Also, numerical list of IPS documents introduced as court exhibits (1947). 55 p. and 32 p.
8. General Index of the Record of the Prosecution's Case (1947). 101 p.
9. General Index of the Record of the Defense Case (1947). 152 p.
10. Maxon, Yale Candee. Index to documents (by phase and subject) (1947). 20 p.
11. Maxon, Yale Candee. Index to documents not specifically linked to one or more of the defendants (1947). 17 p.
12. Index of Exhibits  (undated). 592 p.

Arrangement Statement

The collection, consisting of both loose documents and bound volumes, is arranged alphabetically by subject. To request bound volumes, please note the title of the volume and the volume number, if applicable.
Exhibits, Rejected Defense Documents, and Rejected Prosecution Documents contain corresponding indices that can be used to identify the documents found in these series. A link to a PDF version of each corresponding index can be found in a scope and content note at the beginning of these series.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

War crime trials--Japan.
Tokyo Trial, Tokyo, Japan, 1946-1948.
World War, 1939-1945--Japan.

Volumes on shelf

Analyses of Documentary Evidence, 1946-1948

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 15 bound volumes containing analyses and descriptions of documents presented by both counsels. Volume 1 includes a summary of the entire set of volumes as well as an explanation for missing document ranges. Not all documents included in this series were accepted by the court and presented during the trial. For items that were accepted as evidence, see the Exhibits series.
Volume 1

Documents 1-499, 1946, 1948 January 15

Volume 2

Documents 500-730, 1946

Volume 3

Documents 731-949, 1946

Volume 4

Documents 950-1149, 1946

Volume 5

Documents 1150-1375, 1946

Volume 6

Documents 1376-1575, 1946

Volume 7

Documents 1576-1829, 1946

Volume 8

Documents 1830-2194, 1946

Volume 9

Documents 2195-2475, 1946

Volume 10

Documents 2476-2701, 1946

Volume 11

Documents 2702-3004, 1946-1947

Volume 12

Documents 3005-3318, 1947

Volume 13

Documents 3500-3517, 1947

Volume 14

Documents 4001-4059, 1946

Volume 15

Documents 4060-4097, 1946-1948

Volume on shelf

Decisions of Conferences, 1947 June 16

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 1 bound volume containing a report by assistant prosecutor Joseph F. English titled "Decisions of Imperial Conferences, Liaison Conferences, Privy Council Meetings, Cabinet Meetings, Four Ministers' Conferences, Five Ministers' Conferences, Senior Statesmen's Meetings, Supreme War Plans Council, Joint Conferences and Miscellaneous Conferences, as Found in the Prosecution's Evidence." The report is a chronological account of various meetings between Japanese government and military officials. The first section of the report is an index organized by name and lists all meetings attended by an individual. The second section of the report describes the meetings themselves, as well as resolutions and policies discussed during the meetings.
 

Defense Documents, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains various documents presented by the defense. Includes complete opening statements on behalf of each defendant and for the defense team as a whole.
Box/Folder 114 : 5

"Comparative Study on Wang-Tao and Pa-Tao" (Defense Doc. 3054), undated

Box/Folder 114 : 6

Defense opening statements, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains opening statements from the defense council framing responses to arguments introduced by the prosecution, including Japanese aggression in various geographic regions.
Box/Folder 114 : 7, Box/Folder 115 : 1

Defense opening statements, by defendant name, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains opening statements on behalf of each defendant except Matsui Iwane and Oka Takazumi.
Box/Folder 115 : 2

Defense summation on personal responsibility (Defense Doc. 3037), undated

 

Exhibits, 1889-1947

Scope and Contents note

Contains telegrams, diaries, books, excerpts, maps, treaties, photographs, and other documents presented as evidence by both councils. Exhibits 1-2282 are documents from the prosecution; exhibits 2283-3915 are documents from the defense.
The exhibits are arranged numerically. Use the attached Index of Exhibits  for document titles. Missing exhibits are denoted with circles on the left-hand margin of the Index or are denoted in a scope and contents note at the appropriate box level in this guide.
Box 1

Exhibits 1-22, 1899-1947, undated

Box 2

Exhibits 23-52, 1919-1943

Box 3

Exhibits 53-63, 1932-1938, undated

Box 4

Exhibits 64-100, 1889, 1933-1947, undated

Box 5

Exhibits 102-129, 1946-1947

Box 6

Exhibits 130-163, 1897, 1931-1947, undated

Box 7

Exhibits 164-193, 1927-1947, undated

Box 8

Exhibits 194-236, 1932-1937

Box 9

Exhibits 237-271, 1932-1947, undated

Box 10

Exhibits 272-314, 1931, 1939, 1947, undated

Box 11

Exhibits 315-370, 1938-1947, undated

Box 12

Exhibits 371-415, 1934-1947, undated

Box 13

Exhibits 416-446, 1934-1947

Box 14

Exhibits 447-473, 1938-1947

Box 15

Exhibits 474-497, 1937-1939, 1947, undated

Box 16

Exhibits 498-548, 1939-1940

Scope and Contents note

Missing Exhibit 540.
Box 17

Exhibits 549-592, 1938-1941

Box 18

Exhibits 593-630, 1932-1947

Box 19

Exhibits 631-674, 1931, 1937, 1940-1947

Box 20

Exhibits 675-710, 1931-1945, undated

Box 21

Exhibits 711-743, 1931-1947

Scope and Contents note

Missing Exhibit 722.
Box 22

Exhibits 744-793, 1931-1947

Box 23

Exhibits 794-838, 1941-1947

Box 24

Exhibits 839-857, 1925-1941

Scope and Contents note

Missing Exhibits 843-848, 858.
Box 25

Exhibits 859-881, 1931-1942

Box 26

Exhibits 882-942, 1931-1947, undated

Box 27

Exhibits 943-1021, 1936-1941

Box 28

Exhibits 1022-1076, 1938-1941

Box 29

Exhibits 1077-1139, 1941, 1946

Box 30

Exhibits 1140-1209, 1940-1941, 1947

Box 31

Exhibits 1210-1251, 1931-1941, 1947, undated

Scope and Contents note

Missing Exhibit 1245-B, contains unlisted Exhibits 1245-L, 1245-M.
Box 32

Exhibits 1252-1274, 1941-1945, undated

Box 33

Exhibits 1275-1326, 1938-1945

Box 34

Exhibits 1327-1374, 1935-1945

Box 35

Exhibits 1375-1493, 1942-1945

Box 36

Exhibits 1494-1564, 1942, 1947, undated

Box 37

Exhibits 1565-1632, 1945-1946

Box 38

Exhibits 1633-1686, 1942-1946

Box 39

Exhibits 1687-1744, 1944-1946

Box 40

Exhibits 1745-1792, 1946, undated

Box 41

Exhibits 1793-1840, 1945-1946, undated

Box 42

Exhibits 1841-1909, 1944-1946

Box 43

Exhibits 1910-1965, 1942-1946

Box 44

Exhibits 1966-2016, 1942-1946, undated

Box 45

Exhibits 2017-2055, 1939-1945, undated

Box 46

Exhibits 2056-2112, 1942-1946

Box 47

Exhibits 2113-2174, 1942-1946

Box 48

Exhibits 2175-2209, 1925-1943, undated

Box 49

Exhibits 2210-2250, 1936-1946

Scope and Contents note

Missing Exhibit 2243.
Box 50

Exhibits 2251-2315, 1895-1925, 1932-1940

Box 51

Exhibits 2317-2344, 1915-1922, 1939-1947

Box 52

Exhibits 2347-2398, 1889-1946

Box 53

Exhibits 2399-2437, 1931-1937, 1946, undated

Box 54

Exhibits 2438-2472, 1912, 1930-1943, undated

Box 55

Exhibits 2473-2506, 1913, 1934-1937, undated

Box 56

Exhibits 2507-2547, 1928-1939, 1946

Box 57

Exhibits 2548-2592, 1938-1939, 1944-1946, undated

Box 58

Exhibits 2593-2647, 1860, 1936-1942

Box 59

Exhibits 2649-2694, 1931-1947

Box 60

Exhibits 2695-2729, 1911, 1926, 1933-1941, undated

Box 61

Exhibits 2730-2771C 1938-1946

Box 62

Exhibits 2772A-2832, 1931-1941

Box 63

Exhibits 2833-2907, 1931-1941, 1946, undated

Box 64

Exhibits 2908-2975A, 1941, 1945-1946

Box 65

Exhibits 2976-3011, 1923, 1940-1946

Box 66

Exhibits 3012A-3057, 1903, 1931-1946, undated

Box 67

Exhibits 3058-3103, 1941-1947, undated

Box 68

Exhibits 3104-3145, 1942-1945, undated

Box 69

Exhibits 3146-3189, 1932-1937, 1946, undated

Scope and Contents note

Missing Exhibit 3160.
Box 70

Exhibits 3190-3241, 1893, 1929-1938, 1943-1946

Box 71

Exhibits 3242-3301, 1934-1938, 1941

Box 72

Exhibits 3302-3339A 1939-1946

Box 73

Exhibits 3340-3346, 1938, 1946

Box 74

Exhibits 3347-3391, 1898, 1931-1946, undated

Box 75

Exhibits 3392-3439, 1931-1947

Scope and Contents note

Missing Exhibit 3440.
Box 76

Exhibits 3441-3479, 1927, 1931-1942, undated

Box 77

Exhibits 3480-3529, 1892, 1935-1947

Box 78

Exhibits 3530-3575, 1931-1947

Box 79

Exhibits 3576-3609A, 1898, 1933-1939, undated

Box 80

Exhibits 3610-3651, 1932-1941, 1947

Box 81

Exhibits 3652-3665, 1939-1942, undated

Box 82

Exhibits 3666-3709, 1919-1947

Box 83

Exhibits 3710-3714 (A28), undated

Box 84

Exhibits 3714 (A29)-3748, 1931-1942

Box 85

Exhibits 3749-3839, 1919-1920, 1937-1946

Box 86

Exhibits 3840-3893, 1933-1948, undated

Box 87

Exhibits 3894-3915, 1943-1945, undated

 

Judgments, Opinions, and Verdicts, 1948, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes official judgement of the tribunal, as well as individual and dissenting opinions from the justices.
Volumes on shelf

Judgments, 1948 November 4-12

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 6 bound volumes. Contains the full text and transcript of the tribunal judgment, organized by date.
Volume on shelf

Annexes, 1948 November

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 1 bound volume. Annex of documents and treaties cited directly or indirectly in the tribunal judgment.
Volume on shelf

Judgment of Henri Bernald [Bernard], 1948 November 12

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 1 bound volume. Dissenting opinion from Judge Henri Bernard, the French representative to the bench.
Volumes on shelf

Judgment of Justice Pal, undated

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 3 bound volumes. Dissenting opinion from Radhabinod Pal, the Indian representative to the bench.
Volume on shelf

Opinion of Justice Jaranilla, 1948 November 1

Scope and Contents notes

Comprised of 1 bound volume. Dissenting opinion from Delfin Jaranilla, the Filipino representative to the bench.
Volume on shelf

Opinion of Justice Röling, 1948 November 12

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 1 bound volume. Dissenting opinion from Bert Röling, the Dutch representative to the bench.
Volume on shelf

Separate Opinion of the President, 1948 November 1

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 1 bound volume. Dissenting opinion from William Webb, the Tribunal President and Australian representative to the bench.
Box/Folder 115 : 5

"Summary of the Final Judgment. International Military Tribunal for the Far East. Press Release. Summary No. 1," undated

Box/Folder 115 : 6

"Verdict Pronounced by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East on the 25 Japanese War Crimes Suspects on Nov 12, 1948 (Excerpt)," 1948 November 12

Volumes on shelf

Narrative Summary of the Records, 1946 June 14 - 1948 February 10

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 16 bound volumes organized by date. Contains a full summary of the trial proceedings, with an emphasis on the introduction of exhibits, witness testimonies, and cross-examinations. Events or documents referenced in this summary include a parenthetical citation noting their location in the full trial record (Proceedings).
 

1946

Volume 1

June 14-August 5

Volume 2

August 5-September 13

Volume 3

September 13-October 21

Volume 4

October 21-November 13

Volume 5

November 13-December 12

Volume 6

December 12-1947 January 15

 

1947

Volume 7

January 15-March 18

Volume 8

March 18-April 22

Volume 9

April 22-May 22

Volume 10

May 22-August 14

Volume 11

August 14-September 10

Volume 12

September 10-October 6

Volume 13

October 6-29

Volume 14

October 29-November 19

Volume 15

November 19-December 17

Volume 16

December 17-1948 February 10

 

Proceedings, 1946-1948, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains the full transcript and record of the trial proceedings. An abridged descriptive summary, with significant trial events such as documents introduced and motions made, can be found in the Narrative Summary of the Records. Documents in this series include cross-references to documents located in the Narrative Summary of the Records.
Box/Folder 87 : 11-12, Box 88

Proceedings and pleadings, 1946-1948, undated

Scope and Contents note

Includes a docket and chronology.
Box 89, Box/Folder 90 : 1-3

Proceedings in chambers, 1946 May 4 - 1948 April 30

Box/Folder 90 : 4

Proceedings in conference room, 1946 July 1-16

Volumes on shelf

Proceedings in courtroom, 1946 April 22 - 1948 November 12

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 166 bound volumes organized by date. To request materials, indicate the date or dates you would like to see, and the corresponding volumes will be retrieved. Please note, gaps exist in the date range which represent days that the tribunal did not meet.
Box/Folder 90 : 5

Unnumbered proceedings and pleadings, undated

 

Prosecution Documents, 1938, 1946, 1947

Scope and Contents note

Contains various documents presented by the prosecution.
Box/Folder 116 : 3

Prosecution documents 1685C, 2075, 2152, 1938, 1946

Box/Folder 116 : 4

Psychiatric examination of Okawa, Shumei, 1947 January 30, March 13

 

Rejected Defense Documents, 1896-1947, undated

Scope and Contents note

Documents are arranged numerically. See attached Index of Rejected Defense Documents  for document titles.
Box/Folder 90 : 6-11

Documents 54-70, 1935-1941, undated

Box 91

Documents 77-199, 1905, 1924-1943, undated

Box 92

Documents 202-262, 1898-1919, 1926-1945, undated

Box 93

Documents 267-426, 1896-1947, undated

Box 94

Documents 428-626, 1924-1947

Box 95

Documents 629-919, 1925-1947, undated

Box 96

Documents 953-1035, 1931-1947, undated

Box 97

Documents 1066-1213, 1932-1947, undated

Box 98

Documents 1223-1444, 1901, 1937-1945, undated

Box 99

Documents 1447-1660, 1935-1947, undated

Box 100

Documents 1664-1885, 1920-1946, undated

Box 101

Documents 1895-1961, 1929-1947, undated

Box 102

Documents 1964-2251, 1921-1946, undated

Box 103

Documents 2253-2525, 1931-1946, undated

Box 104

Documents 2528-2871, 1931-1947, undated

Box/Folder 105 : 1-27

Documents 2876-3088, 1932-1948, undated

Box/Folder 111 : 11-12, Boxes 112-113, Box/Folder 114 : 1-4

Duplicate rejected defense documents, 1898-1947, undated

 

Rejected Prosecution Documents, 1904-1947

Scope and Contents note

Documents arranged numerically. See attached Index of Rejected Prosecution Documents  for document titles.
Box/Folder 105 : 28-37

Documents 15-465, 1933-1941, undated

Box 106

Documents 472-1204F, 1926-1945, undated

Box 107

Documents 1217-1634, 1928-1946, undated

Box 108

Documents 1676-2534, 1931-1946, undated

Box 109

Documents 2542-3332, 1904, 1921-1947, undated

Box 110

Documents 3334-6910, 1934-1946, undated

Box/Folder 111 : 1-10

Documents 6911-9563 1941-1946, undated

Volumes on shelf

Summation for the Defense, circa 1948

Scope and Contents note

Contains the final review of the defense. Comprised of 24 bound volumes, organized by subject.
 

Volume 1

Scope and Contents note

Analyses of the trial within the scope of international law. Contains defense documents 3054, 2987, 3098, 3097 and 3094.
 

Volume 2

Scope and Contents note

Discusses Japanese foreign relations with Manchuria, China, Russia, Germany, and Italy. Contains defense documents 3071, 3034, 3099, and 3104.
 

Volume 3

Scope and Contents note

Summarizes the defense's case regarding Japanese military aggression. The bulk of this volume is comprised of a section titled "Japan Was Provoked into a War of Self-Defense." Contains defense documents 3095, 3100, 3102, and 3093.
 

Summations of defendants, circa 1948

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 19 bound volumes, organized by defendant's last name. Some volumes contain summations for multiple defendants.
 

Araki, Sadao

 

Dohihara [Doihara], Kenji

 

Hashimoto, Kingorō

 

Hata, Shunroku

 

Hiranuma, Kiichirō and Hoshino, Naoki

 

Hirota, Kōki

 

Itagaki, Seishirō

 

Kaya, Okinori

 

Kido, Kōichi

 

Kimura, Heitaro and Koiso, Kuniaki

 

Mutō, Akira and Minami, Jirō

 

Ōshima, Hiroshi

 

Satō, Kenryō; Matsui, Iwane; and Oka, Takazumi

 

Shigemitsu, Mamoru and Shimada, Shigetarō

 

Shiratori, Toshio

 

Suzuki, Teiichi and Umezu, Yoshijirō

 

Tōgō, Shigenori, 2 volumes

 

Tōjō, Hideki

 

POW [Prisoner of War] Summation, circa 1948

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 1 bound volume. Contains the defense's response to the prosecution's charges of Japanese military aggression and mistreatment of POWs. Includes excerpts from and references to witness testimonies.
 

Reply of Prosecution to Defense Summation, circa 1948

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 1 bound volume divided into 3 sections: the USSR, China, and other topics, including the defense team's case regarding provocation and self-defense within the context of international law.
Volumes on shelf

Summation of the Prosecution, circa 1948

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of 6 bound volumes. Contains sections titled "Japanese Aggression in Manchuria, Russia and against the Western Powers" and "Crimes Against Peace," as well as summaries of the prosecution's case against each defendant. Volume 1 includes a table of contents.
Box/Folder 115 : 7

Photographs, 1945 October

Scope and Contents note

Contains 4 prints depicting activities of the IMTFE in Japan, including photos of the trial and seated defendants.
Box/Folder 115 : 8

Miscellaneous, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains a number of unidentifiable loose documents, including possible excerpts from judges' opinions.