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Derek Freeman Papers
MSS 0522  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Publication Rights
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Creator: Freeman, Derek
    Title: Derek Freeman Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1940 - 2001
    Extent: 70.10 linear feet (171 archives boxes, 17 card file boxes, and 5 oversize folders)
    Abstract: Papers of Australian anthropologist Derek Freeman. The collection documents the research and publication career of a prominent Australian anthropologist; his correspondence with Australian, British and American colleagues; and, the scholarly debates that he sparked with his critical analysis of Margaret Mead's research in Samoa. Freeman was trained in the tradition of British social anthropology, but sought a synthesis of human biology and cultural anthropology throughout most of his career. The collection at present represents better this later turn in Freeman's thinking. Freeman performed three major field studies, two (1940-1943 and 1966-1968) in Western Samoa and one in an Iban village in Borneo (1949-1951). The collection contains only scant documentation of the Iban study, but contains all of Freeman's research materials and notes from his Samoan studies. In addition to manuscript drafts of Freeman's articles and books, the collection includes his comprehensive files of popular press and academic discussion of his books MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (1983) and THE FATEFUL HOAXING OF MARGARET MEAD (1999), and the documentary film, play, and papers this controversy sparked. The papers also contain abundant general topical notes, files from Freeman's documentation of the Daniel Nicholl's murder case, and photographs of people and places in Samoa.
    Repository: University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
    La Jolla, California 92093-0175
    Collection number: MSS 0522
    Language of Material: Collection materials in English

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Acquisition Information

    Not Available

    Preferred Citation

    Derek Freeman Papers, MSS 0522. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.

    Publication Rights

    Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

    Biography

    John Derek Freeman was born in Wellington, New Zealand, on August 16, 1916. He earned a B.A. (1939) from Victoria University, a M.Phil. (1948) from University of London, and a Ph.D. (1953) from Cambridge University. He was a professor at Australian National University, then emeritus professor and research fellow at the University's Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies.
    After completing the B.A., Freeman became a teacher of languages in Western Samoa in 1940. During his stay until 1943, he made frequent trips to Sa'anapu. His Master's thesis entitled THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF A SAMOAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY (1948) was based on his research at Sa'anapu.
    Between 1949-1951, Freeman did fieldwork among the Iban of Borneo, which led to his Ph.D. thesis, and later to a monograph entitled REPORT ON THE IBAN (1955).
    While teaching at University of Otago, then as an assistant professor (1955) and as a reader (1957) at Australian National University, Freeman wrote several Samoan papers. He won the Curl Prize for his essay "The Concept of the Kindred" (1960), based on his fieldwork on the Iban (Borneo).
    In the sixties, Freeman began to explore a synthesis of biology and cultural anthropology. His paper entitled "Social Anthropology and the Scientific Study of Human Behavior" (1965) exemplifies this period. Between 1966 and 1968, Freeman performed fieldwork in Sa'anapu for a second time. He collected a massive amount of material on political and kinship systems, emotional response, child-rearing, and social life, based on texts, interviews, psychological tests, and observation.
    Between 1968 and 1971, Freeman wrote several papers contrasting Margaret Mead's claims in COMING OF AGE IN SAMOA (1926) and his own observations, culminating in a book manuscript entitled "Culture and Human Nature in the Samoan Islands" (1971). In 1982, Freeman published MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (1983), a revised version of "Culture and Human Nature." The book was immediately controversial and popular in the media and academic circles, and enjoyed enough success to be republished by Penguin as MARGARET MEAD AND THE HERETIC (1996).
    The Mead-Freeman controversy revolved around Freeman's argument that certain statements by Margaret Mead on Samoa were factually inaccurate, hence the paradigmatic assumptions of cultural anthropology were flawed. The book garnered widespread attention because of the great stature of Mead in the public imagination, and her association with liberal ideology. Many American anthropologists defended Mead's reputation in the press. The debates inspired a documentary film by Frank Heimans entitled MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (1988) about Mead, and a play by David Williamson entitled HERETIC (1996) about Freeman.
    In 1992, Freeman did research in the Margaret Mead Papers at the Library of Congress in Washington D.C. This work led him to a detailed reconstruction of Mead's field stay in Samoa and her sources of information. The presentation of this, as well as his study of the Franz Boas Papers led to the publication of THE FATEFUL HOAXING OF MARGARET MEAD (1999).
    Freeman died in Canberra on July 6, 2001.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Accessions Processed in 2002
    The Derek Freeman Papers document Freeman's research and publication career, especially his fieldwork in Samoa and the publication and subsequent controversy associated with his book MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (1983). Materials include personal and professional correspondence, subject files, general notes, extensive research notes and field notebooks from Samoa, manuscript drafts of Freeman's writings, drafts of the writings of others, and miscellaneous materials. The Mead-Freeman Controversy materials include reviews, journal articles, newspaper and magazine articles, and Freeman's responses; documentation of Freeman's participation related projects; research materials on Mead; and notes. The collection contains little documentation of Freeman's Iban study.
    The collection has been arranged to separate as best as possible two major foci of Freeman's career: his Samoan studies and research on Margaret Mead. These, however, are very much intertwined, and separating the materials relating to the Mead-Freeman controversy creates an arbitrary chronological break around 1983. The researcher should be aware of connections between the two foci.
    The papers are arranged in eight series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) SUBJECT FILES, 3) SAMOA RESEARCH MATERIALS, 4) GENERAL NOTES, 5) WRITINGS BY FREEMAN, 6) WRITINGS BY OTHERS, 7) THE MEAD-FREEMAN CONTROVERSY, and 8) MISCELLANY.
    SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE
    The CORRESPONDENCE series contains Freeman's files of personal and professional correspondence, arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Noteworthy correspondents include Ireanus Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Konrad Lorenz, Margaret Mead, Karl Popper, and Samoan writer Albert Wendt. Freeman corresponded with many prominent anthropologists including Raymond Firth, Meyer Fortes, Robin Fox, Max Gluckman, Ashley Montagu, David Schneider, and Sherwood L. Washburn. He also corresponded with the following anthropologists specializing in the Pacific: Kenelm Burridge, Ronald Crocombe, Ward Goodenough, Gilbert Herdt, Roger Keesing, Peter Lawrence, Robert Levy, Douglas Oliver, H. D. Skinner, Sharon Tiffany, Donald Tuzin and Annette Weiner.
    SERIES 2: SUBJECT FILES
    The SUBJECT FILES, arranged alphabetically, contain Freeman's files for subjects of general interest. Materials include magazine and newspaper clippings, photocopies and handwritten notes.
    SERIES 3: SAMOAN RESEARCH MATERIALS
    The SAMOAN RESEARCH MATERIALS series is arranged in six subseries: A) Fieldnotes, B) Index to Samoa Notes, C) Samoa Notes, D) Historical Notes, E) Research Notes, F) Samoa Bibliography. The series contains all of Freeman's records of first-hand observation and research into Samoan life. The vast majority represent his two field trips, however, this series also contains Freeman's notes on his research into Samoan history.
    A) The Fieldnotes subseries contains typescript summaries from ring binders of his field observations from 1940 to 1943, as well as a bound notebook of genealogies in pencil. Also included are notepads with handwritten notes, arranged chronologically or by subject, from his 1966-1967 fieldwork in Sa'anapu.
    B) The Index to Samoa Notes subseries contains subject terms, arranged alphabetically, that reference dated entries in the Samoa Notes subseries.
    C) The Samoa Notes subseries contains loose leaf subject notes with cross-references on Freeman's Samoan observations, originally stored in plastic three-ring binders, and arranged alphabetically by subject.
    D) The Historical Notes contain Freeman's typed notes, arranged chronologically, on the history of Samoa based in part on his extensive research at the archives of the London Missionary Society.
    E) Research Notes subseries contains data records of various types, arranged alphabetically, ranging from Freeman's Samoan research to copies of primary sources, drawings, geneaology charts, and statistical data. Of note is Freeman's collection of personal handwritten letters in Samoan received from an informant in 1940-41.
    F) Samoa Bibliography contains an index card catalog of writings about Samoa.
    SERIES 4: GENERAL NOTES
    The GENERAL NOTES series, arranged alphabetically by notebook title, contains Freeman's notes and bibliographic references, originally organized in plastic three-ring binders, on various subjects of general and theoretical interest.
    SERIES 5: WRITINGS BY FREEMAN
    The WRITINGS BY FREEMAN series, arranged chronologically, contains Freeman's manuscripts and copies of published writings, e.g. articles, reviews, rejoinders, and letters to the editor. This series mainly comprises Freeman's pre-1983 writings. Included is final typescript draft of Freeman's master's thesis THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF A SAMOAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY (1948), Freeman's notes and drafts for his essay entitled THE CONCEPT OF THE KINDRED (1960), and the complete electronic draft of THE FATEFUL HOAXING OF MARGARET MEAD (1999) on 3.5 inch floppy diskette. Also of note are several folders relating to the publication of MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (1983), including notes for rough drafts of each chapter. Writings by Freeman directly related to the Mead-Freeman Controversy are located in SERIES 7.
    SERIES 6: WRITINGS BY OTHERS
    The WRITINGS BY OTHERS series contains manuscripts and annotated copies of published material by others. Freeman took a great interest in biomedical, epidemiological and cultural anthropology in Samoa. He also took an interest in the continuing work of his students who did research in Samoa. Several noteworthy documents in this series are an untitled draft of an autobiography by Albert Barunga, an aboriginal rights activist; a draft first chapter of MODERNISM'S HISTORY by Bernard Smith; and a draft fourth chapter of THE CULTURE CULT by Roger Sandall. The folders are arranged alphabetically by author.
    SERIES 7: MEAD-FREEMAN CONTROVERSY
    The MEAD-FREEMAN CONTROVERSY series contains writings and other materials pertaining specifically to the academic debates and publicity surrounding Freeman's 1983 book MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA. The book criticized Mead's claims about Samoan culture, and the research on which those claims stood. It encapsulated many major themes of Freeman's career, set off a vigorous debate among anthropologists, and was a long-standing object of fascination of the popular press. The series is arranged in seven subseries: A) Writings, B) MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (Film By Frank Heimans), C) HERETIC (Play By David Williamson), D) NOT EVEN WRONG (Book by Martin Orans), E) Margaret Mead Papers, F) Research Materials, G) Notes, and H) Miscellaneous Materials.
    A) Writings subseries arranges, in chronological order, reviews, journal articles, newspaper and magazine articles, and letters to the editor published in the press and scholarly journals, as well as Freeman's responses and rejoinders. It contains early versions of Freeman's critique of Mead in papers.
    A glance at the titles of newspaper accounts of the book gives a sense of the controversy: NEW SAMOA BOOK CHALLENGES MARGARET MEAD'S CONCLUSIONS (1/31/83 NEW YORK TIMES); HAVE THE SOUTH SEAS NATIVES FOOLED US ALL? (2/2/83 DAILY MAIL); DID TOP ANTHROPOLOGIST MISS THE BOAT ON SAMOA? (2/3/83 Associated Press); LE BON SAUVAGE EST AUSSI MECHANT QUE NOUS (4/1/83 ACTUEL).
    The response to Freeman's work in academia is well documented in the collection. Some notable materials are Freeman's annotated copies an April 1983 special issue of CANBERRA ANTHROPOLOGY and his response of over 100 pages in the following issue. Similarly, Freeman copied and annotated academic reviews and the articles published in a special section of the December 1983 issue of AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST. Two conferences were devoted to Freeman's book and the controversy. At the meeting of the American Anthropological Association that year, many papers on the controversy were presented, and a motion was passed which resolved that Freeman's work was "unscientific" and required the president of the AAA to write a letter to the editors of Science 83 to protest (see Lurie, "Formal Protest", March 1984) their recommendation (see "High on the Gift List," December 1983) of Freeman's book.
    B) The MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (Film By Frank Heimans) subseries, arranged chronologically, contains materials pertaining to the filming of this documentary which reviewed, and added to the Mead-Freeman controversy. Freeman was deeply involved in the interviewing and researching of this film and it includes the transcripts of interviews taped for the film and several drafts of the post-production script with Freeman's revisions.
    C) The HERETIC (Play By David Williamson) contains materials pertaining to the research, writing and production of Williamson's semibiographical play about Freeman and his criticism of Mead. Freeman assisted Williamson actively in his research, providing him with copies of his correspondence, drafts of papers, and access to his notes and files. The subseries contains drafts four and five of the script, with Freeman's suggestions for revision. It also contains Freeman's collection of reviews of the plays three major productions in Australia and New Zealand.
    D) NOT EVEN WRONG (Book by Martin Orans) contains Freeman's lengthy correspondence and exchange of writings with Martin Orans regarding Orans's book NOT EVEN WRONG (1996).
    E) The Margaret Mead Papers subseries contains photocopies from the Margaret Mead Papers, a collection held at the United States Library of Congress. Freeman has annotated many of these copies, especially Mead's Samoan notes.
    F) The Research Materials contains Freeman's folders of primary data, secondary source material, and subject files relating to his research into Margaret Mead's career. Of note are the transcripts of his interviews of Fa'apua'a Fa'amu (1988, 1993), an informant of Mead's who said she lied to her about her sexual behavior.
    G) The Notes subseries largely contains files of Freeman's notes on Margaret Mead.
    H) The Miscellaneous Materials subseries contains a commemorative poster of the cover of TIME magazine (week of February 14, 1983), a Christmas card entitled "Sob! So Sorry To Have Unmade The Mead Myth About Samoa" circulated by Freeman to critics of his book, and photocollages and caricatures depicting the major voices in the controversy created and humorously captioned by Freeman between 1983-1990.
    SERIES 8: MISCELLANY
    The MISCELLANY series contains special files of mixed document type created by Freeman for his reference, arranged alphabetically by title.
    The collection has been arranged to separate as best as possible two major foci of Freeman's career: Samoan studies and research on Margaret Mead. These, however, are very much intertwined, and separating the materials relating to the Mead-Freeman controversy creates a highly arbitrary chronological break around 1983.
    A researcher would be advised to be aware of connections between materials in the CONTROVERSY series and elsewhere. CORRESPONDENCE should be a very valuable place for researchers to investigate Freeman's ideas, since in his letters, Freeman was able to engage friends and colleagues on all of the issues that interested him.
    Accessions Processed in 2003
    The accessions processed in 2003 contain additional notebooks and fieldnotes from Freeman's first field study in Samoa; manuscript drafts for THE FATEFUL HOAXING OF MARGARET MEAD (1999); recent correspondence files; research files on Samoa; drafts of miscellaneous early writings; photographs of Samoan people and places; materials related to Freeman's tenure at Australian National University, and files on the Daniel Nicholls murder case that Freeman followed in the early 1960s.
    The papers are arranged in twelve series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) SAMOAN RESEARCH MATERIALS, 3) NOTES, 4) RESEARCH MATERIALS, 5) WRITINGS AND REVIEWS BY FREEMAN, 6) WRITINGS BY OTHERS, 7) THE DANIEL NICHOLLS CASE, 8) MAPS, 9) PHOTOGRAPHS, 10) AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, 11) MISCELLANY, and 12) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.
    SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE
    The CORRESPONDENCE series, arranged alphabetically, contains Freeman's files of recent personal and professional correspondence, many of which complement correspondents represented in the first accession.
    SERIES 2: SAMOAN RESEARCH MATERIALS
    The SAMOAN RESEARCH MATERIALS are arranged in three subseries: A) Notebooks and Fieldnotes, B) Children's Drawings, and C) Linguistic Materials. The series documents Freeman's early work in the region.
    A) The Notebooks and Fieldnotes subseries contains fieldnotes, daily notebooks, genealogies, and charts related to Freeman's visits. Of particular importance are the transcripts of interviews Freeman conducted with Margaret Mead's informants. The material is arranged alphabetically by title.
    B) The Children's Drawings subseries collects crayon drawings by Sa'anapu children ranging in age from 2 to 10. These drawings were annotated by Freeman following the children's descriptions of their work and contain lengthy notes and observations by Freeman.
    C) The Linguistic Materials subseries includes materials used by Freeman for learning and teaching the Samoan language, including word lists and punctuation guides.
    SERIES 3: NOTES
    The NOTES series is arranged in three subseries: A) Legal and Anthropological Terms, B) Bibliographic References, and C) General Notes. The series gathers notes written by Freeman, either as a part of preparing a draft of writing, field research, library research, or in the course of study. Notes specific to the preparation of Freeman's published work have been filed in the WRITINGS AND REVIEWS BY FREEMAN series.
    A) The Legal and Anthropological Terms subseries consists of a cardfile notecards created by Freeman for each term.
    B) The Bibliographic References subseries consists of general and subject-specific bibliographic citations written on index cards.
    C) The General Notes subseries, arranged alphabetically, contains miscellaneous notes taken by Freeman in the course of his research and writing, often related to topics about Samoa.
    SERIES 4: RESEARCH MATERIALS
    The RESEARCH MATERIALS series contains miscellaneous documents collected by Freeman during the course of his research. Unlike the SAMOAN RESEARCH MATERIALS, most of the materials in this series are secondary sources, often in Samoan, collected and sometimes annotated by Freeman.
    SERIES 5: WRITINGS AND REVIEWS BY FREEMAN
    The WRITINGS AND REVIEWS BY FREEMAN series gathers published and unpublished writings, including reviews of other scholars's work and contains two subseries: A) Writings and B) Reviews.
    A) The Writings subseries, aranged chronologically, contains drafts, notes, and correspondence related to Freeman's published and unpublished work. Included in the subseries are working drafts for the books MARGARET MEAD AND SAMOA (1983) and THE FATEFUL HOAXING OF MARGARET MEAD (1999).
    B) The Reviews subseries, arranged chronologically, contains book reviews written by Freeman on the books and films of others.
    SERIES 6: WRITINGS BY OTHERS
    The WRITINGS BY OTHERS series contains writings by other authors annotated by Freeman. Included in this series are two heavily annotated editions of Margaret Mead's COMING OF AGE IN SAMOA. The materials are arranged alphabetically by author.
    SERIES 7: DANIEL NICHOLLS CASE
    The DANIEL NICHOLLS CASE documents Freeman's involvement with the defense of Daniel Norris Nicholls, his appeals to the High Court of Australia, retrial and conviction, and his successful request for commutation of the death sentence. Included is a lengthy file of correspondence between Nicholls and Freeman from late 1961 to 1963.
    On September 21, 1961, Beverly Keys was attacked by an intruder in her home. She died early the next morning. Nicholls was arrested after he admitted to having a radio which was reported stolen on the night of the murder from a nearby house. He was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death. He was successful in his appeal for a new trial in 1962. He was retried, convicted, and sentenced to death again in 1963. This sentence was later commuted to life in prison.
    Freeman became involved in the defense almost by accident. He happened to watch the arraignment of Nicholls and offered his assistance as a psychologist. He interviewed Nicholls on several occasions, kept detailed notes, and prepared a report on the facts he ovserved as well as evidence used against Nicholls. Freeman collected articles from the CANBERRA TIMES and SYDNEY MORNING HERALD on the two trials. He also obtained copies of photographs used in those articles. Freeman collected and annotated court transcripts in his work on his report. He also collected and annotated transcripts of police interviews with Nicholls and other witnesses.
    As this is the second murder case in Canberra's history, the materials contained in this series are of great interest. Freeman's documentation of the case adds a dimension to one's understanding of the crime, trial, and events surrounding the case.
    SERIES 8: MAPS
    The MAPS series consists of maps prepared or collected by Freeman of Samoa and of his primary field site, Sa'anapu, a village on the island of Upolu in Western Samoa. The maps are arranged in alphabetically.
    SERIES 9: PHOTOGRAPHS
    The PHOTOGRAPHS series contains various photographs of Freeman, Samoa, and Sa'anapu. The "Tattersal Studio Photographs and Postcards" folder is a collection of images developed by a Samoan photographic studio consisting of stock and original images on postcard cardstock. The photographs are arranged in alphabetically by title.
    SERIES 10: AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
    The AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY series, arranged chronologically, gathers proposals and reports submitted by Freeman to the university and departmental reports issued by the Department of Anthropology. These materials document Freeman's field work and his academic activity within the university. Of particular interest is the 1994 report, which includes the finding aid for the Freeman Archives on the Iban held by the Tun Jugah Foundation.
    SERIES 11: MISCELLANY
    The MISCELLANY series contains materials of various types, kept by Freeman for amusement or interest. Several folders contain groups of graphics and images clipped or photocopies from publications, such as a collection of photocopies of woodcuts depicting Samoan village life. Of note in this series are complete copies of the APIA ADVERTISER dated April 26, 1967 and the WESTERN SAMOAN MAIL dated May 3, 1941. The materials have been arranged alphabetically by title.
    SERIES 12: ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES
    The ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES series contains the originals of brittle or high acid content documents that have been photocopied.
    Accession Processed in 2006
    The accession processed in 2006 contains materials relating to the principal areas of Freeman's research, Samoa, the South Pacific, and Margaret Mead. It includes correspondence, writings by others, and notes and researcch materials from Freeman's files. Also present are academic materials dating from the period of Freeman's doctoral work at Cambridge and teaching in New Zealand and Australia (1951-1957), and materials relating to subjects of general interest.
    The accession is arranged in seven series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) WRITINGS BY OTHERS, 3) NOTES, 4) SAMOAN RESEARCH, 5) ACADEMIC MATERIALS, 6) SUBJECT FILES, and 7) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS.
    SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE
    The CORRESPONDENCE series, arranged alphabetically, contains professional and personal correspondence from Freeman's files, including letters in Samoan from unidentified correspondents.
    SERIES 2: WRITINGS BY OTHERS
    The WRITINGS BY OTHERS series contains manuscripts, photocopies, and transcribed copies of published and unpublished work by others, including theses, journal articles, and several travel diaries from the Mitchell Library in New South Wales. The series is arranged alphabetically by author.
    SERIES 3: NOTES
    The NOTES series contains notebooks and loose notes from Freeman's files, most relating to the South Pacific or the Mead-Freeman controversy. The series is arranged alphabetically by subject.
    SERIES 4: SAMOAN RESEARCH
    The SAMOAN RESEARCH series includes notes, maps, copies of documents and other materials from Freeman's files relating to various aspects of his Samoan research.
    SERIES 5: ACADEMIC MATERIALS
    The ACADEMIC MATERIALS series contains examination questions, course requirements, assignments and similar materials dating from the period of Freeman's doctoral work at Cambridge University and teaching in New Zealand and Australia (1951-1957).
    SERIES 6: SUBJECT FILES
    The SUBJECT FILES series contain materials from Freeman's files on subjects of general interest. The series is arranged alphabetically by subject.
    SERIES 7: MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
    The MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS series contains items of unknown significance or tangential interest.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Freeman, Derek -- Archives
    Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978
    Ethnology -- Samoan Islands
    Ethnology -- Borneo
    Ethnology -- History
    Iban (Bornean people)
    Samoan Islands

    Contributors

    Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Irenäus, -- correspondent
    Lorenz, Konrad, 1903-1989 -- correspondent
    Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978, -- correspondent
    Popper, Karl Raimund, -- Sir, 1902-1994 -- correspondent
    Wendt, Albert, 1939- -- correspondent
    Firth, Raymond William, 1901- -- correpondent
    Fortes, Meyer, -- correspondent
    Fox, Robin, 1934- -- correspondent
    Montagu, Ashley, 1905- -- correspondent
    Schneider, David Murray, 1918- -- correspondent
    Washburn, S. L. -- (Sherwood Larned), 1911- -- correspondent
    Burridge, Kenelm, -- correspondent
    Crocombe, R. G., -- correspondent
    Goodenough, Ward Hunt, -- correspondent
    Herdt, Gilbert H., 1949- -- correspondent
    Keesing, Roger M., 1935- -- correspondent
    Lawrence, Peter, 1921- -- correspondent
    Levy, Robert I. -- (Robert Isaac), 1924- -- correspondent
    Oliver, Douglas L., -- correspondent
    Skinner, H. D. -- (Henry Devenish), 1886-1978, -- correspondent
    Tiffany, Sharon W., -- correspondent
    Tuzin, Donald F., -- correspondent
    Weiner, Annette, 1933- -- correspondent
    Freeman, Derek. -- Fateful hoaxing of Margaret Mead : a historical analysis of her Samoan research
    Freeman, Derek. -- Margaret Mead and Samoa : the making and unmaking of an anthropological myth