Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Register of the Peng Shu-tse and Zhen Bilan Papers
No online items No online items       Request items ↗
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (123.81 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content Note
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Peng Shu-tse and Zhen Bilan papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1924-1987
    Collection number: 92034
    Creator: Peng, Shu-tse, 1895-
    Extent: 5 manuscript boxes (2 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: Speeches and writings, correspondence, theses, and resolutions, relating to the early communist movement in China, and to Trotskyist activities in China and elsewhere. Includes memoirs, other writings, and correspondence of Zhen Bilan, the companion of Peng Shu-tse, relating to the same topics and also to the condition of women in Chinese society.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: English, and Chinese.

    Administrative Information


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Peng Shu-tse papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1992.


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    Peng Shu-tse [P'eng Shu-chih] and Ch'en Pi-lan [Zhen Bilan]

    1895 Peng born, Hunan Province, China
    1902 Ch'en born, Hupei Province, China
    1920 Peng joined Chinese Communist Party
    1921-1924 Peng student at University of Toilers of the East, Moscow
    1922 Ch'en joined Chinese Communist Party
    1924-1925 Ch'en student at University of Toilers of the East, Moscow
    1925 Peng and Ch'en established household
    1925-1927 Peng member of national Political Bureau of Chinese Communist Party and editor of Hsiang-tao chou-pao and Hsin ch'ing-nien. Ch'en member of Shanghai Region Political Bureau of Chinese Communist Party and secretary of Shanghai Region Women's Commission
    1929 Peng and Ch'en charter members of Chinese Left Opposition. Expelled from Chinese Communist Party
    1931 Peng and Ch'en charter members of Communist League of China
    1932-1937 Peng imprisoned in Nanking
    1948 Peng and Ch'en moved to Hong Kong. Charter members of Revolutionary Communist Party of China
    1950 Peng and Ch'en moved to Vietnam
    1951 Peng and Ch'en moved to France. Continued as leaders of exiled Chinese section of Fourth International. Peng for many years member of International Executive Committee of Fourth International
    1975 Peng and Ch'en moved to United States
    1983 Peng died
    1987 Ch'en died

    Scope and Content Note

    The papers of the veteran Chinese Trotskyist leader Peng Shu-tse [P'eng Shu-chih] include also those of his lifelong companion Ch'en Pi-lan [Zhen Bilan]. They date overwhelmingly from the post-1949 period, during which Peng, Ch'en and other Chinese Trotskyists were in exile. Many of their writings deal, however, with their early political activity, and with their participation in the early years of the Chinese Communist Party and especially in the revolutionary events of 1925-1927. The book-length memoirs of Ch'en Pi-lan are particularly notable. They, and others of her writings, are concerned not only with the Chinese revolutionary movement in general, but also with the Chinese women's movement in particular.
    Material from the post-1949 period is also of value in documenting activities of the Fourth International and of its exiled Chinese section, and of Trotskyist analysis of the Maoist regime in China, the Chinese commune system, and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. More than half of the material in the collection is in English, but a sizable proportion of it is in Chinese.
    The papers were formerly housed in New York City in the Library of Social History, an affiliate of the Socialist Workers Party of the United States. Together with other holdings of the Library of Social History, they were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives from the Anchor Foundation in 1992.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.
    Zhen, Bilan, 1902-1987.
    Fourth International.