Finding Aid for the Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection. 2011.058.r

Finding aid prepared by Rand Boyd
Frank Mt. Pleasant Library of Special Collections and Archives, Leatherby Libraries
Chapman University
One University Drive
Orange, CA, 92866
(714) 532 - 7711

Title: Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection
Identifier/Call Number: 2011.058.r
Contributing Institution: Frank Mt. Pleasant Library of Special Collections and Archives, Leatherby Libraries
Language of Material: Chinese
Storage Unit: 7
Storage Unit: 6
Physical Description: 0.25 Linear feet (13 posters)
Date: 1930s
Abstract: 14 Japanese propaganda posters from the 1930s and the Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
Location note: Leatherby Libraries
Language of Materials note: The materials in this collection are in Chinese with one poster in Japanese. A translation of the posters is available and was made by Tanya Cao M.L.S., M.A.B..

Conditions Governing Use note

There are no restrictions on the use of this material except where previously copyrighted material is concerned. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all permissions.

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research.

Biographical/Historical note

The Japanese invasion of Manchuria was a military incursion in 1931 that was predicated on the staged Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931. Manchuria was invaded by the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan, beginning on September 19, 1931, immediately following the Mukden Incident. The Japanese established a puppet state, called Manchukoku, and their occupation lasted until the end of World War II.

Scope and Contents note

14 posters, the first 13 are full-color Japanese propaganda posters that were intended for use during the Japanese occupation of Manchuria. Written in Chinese, they all stress nationalist sentiment amongst the Manchurian population and the benign presence of the Japanese army. The 14th is a Japanese propaganda poster intended for the Japanese citizenry and, in Japanese, it reminds them that the struggle continues.

Preferred Citation note

[identify item], Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection (2011.58.r), Frank Mt. Pleasant Library of Special Collections and Archives, Chapman University, CA.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

The provenance of this collection is unknown except for a Chinese-language stamp on one poster showing prior ownership by Col. David D. Barrett USA (ret.) (1892-1977). This is the most likely source of the donation. Barrett served in China throughout the 1930s and the Second World War. Upon retiring from the army in 1949, he became an academic and taught at the Univesity of Colorado. It is thought that it was during this period that he might have come in contact with Chapman College.

Arrangement note

This collection is arranged by series: Series I, Manchukuo, Series II, Japanese.
Japanese Manchukuo Propaganda Poster Collection, 1930s

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Barrett, David D., Col., (David Dean), 1892-1977
Manchurai (China)--History--1931-1945.
Propaganda--History--20th century.


Posters, Manchukuo 1930s

Language of Material: Chinese
Physical Description: (17 posters)

Scope and Contents note

This series contains 17 Chinese-language propaganda posters created by the occupying Japanese government to promote Manchurian nationalism.
1. Please see how amiable and approachable the Japanese Army is. 2. All citizens should be obedient, work hard to build new paradise 3. Absolutely trust the Japanese Amy. Down with the Communist Amy! 4. New Deal: Provisional Government of the Republic of China 5. Build East Asia new order 6. Celebrating the establishment of Republic of China Joint Committee on Government 7. All people want North/South unification 8. & 9. Celebrating the fall of Hankou! 10. Harmony between Japanese, Chinese, and Manchu, peace on Earth 11. [Japanese Poster] 12. Build the new order; ring the peace bell 13. New Republic government 14. Leap forward to new China, all things forever bright on heaven and Earth 15. [with David D. Barrett’s personal stamp on the back] Countrymen, let’s unite under the five-colored national flag! 16. Rise, countrymen! Build our bright East China to block the evil communist red from spreading! 17. Look at the communist atrocity! [in small letters] The just Japanese Amy liberates people from atrocity and eradicates the evil and selfish Communist Amy and the ruthless Communist Party. 18 [no slogan] printed by Tokyo Kyodo Printing Co., Ltd。

Poster, Japanese

Language of Material: Japanese
Physical Description: (1 poster)

Scope and Contents note

Poster #11 is a Japanese propaganda poster designed for the Japanese people: (in Japanese) Be prepared. Don’t be negligent just because you won -- The Army Ministry of Japan (aka Ministry of War of Japan).