The songs were produced by Elizabeth Mando (1903-1989) and Youell Mando (1898-1958) in America, but come from the City of
Mazri in the province of Tkhuma in the eastern Kurdistan Mountains located in northern Iraq (city and province are no longer
there). The Assyrian dialect is of the mountain tribes of this area. The collection was created and deposited in the Ethnomusicology
Archive by Henry Yonan of Burton, Michigan. The recording artists Elizabeth Mando and Youell Mando were the aunt and uncle
of Henry Yonan. These records document the dialect and language spoken by the Assyrian tribes in what is now Eastern Turkey
(at the time of World War I, about 1915). The songs were recorded in Flint, Michigan -- the artists, who came from the mountain
regions of Eastern Turkey, were displaced during WWI. After the war the Assyrian community never returned to the area. Some
of the songs are about WWI and the Russian advance into Turkey, such as "Welcome Russians" (example: record 080-side 1-song
125). "War Ballad" (example: record 009-sides 1 & 2-song 015) is a song about this era of WWI and the Assyrian calamity at
that time. Some songs repeat themselves because they were recorded at different times and on different records. The songs
are of 3 different types: old Assyrian, unique Assyrian, and translation of hymns. Some of the records are not songs at all
but are included to document the dialect and language (examples: record 103-side 2-song 187, record 145-side 2-song 262, and
records 152-156/songs 275-279). The index used is a 3 part number -- to the left is the first number which is a 3 digit record
number, then there is a 1 digit number (1 or 2) that says the side of the disc that the song is on, then there is the last
number which is a 3 digit song number (each song on each side of the discs was given a number, regardless of what the song
was or if it was a song repeated from another record -- songs that are split on both sides the disc are give one song number).
Example of index number: 118-2-216 (Record Number-Side of Record-Song Number). The songs were restored by Diamond Cut Productions,
Inc. in Hibernia, NJ using software DC6 in 2008.
156 Original Master Discs in 3 boxes ;
11 Archive Master CDs in 1 box ;
8 folders of Archive Master Documents in 1 box with complete images of all OMDs plus collection notes, images of songs in
Assyrian hymnal book, and other documentation assembled by collector.
Some materials in these collections may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) and/or by the copyright
or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. Additionally, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of
Ethnomusicology Archive gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks.
Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright
owners. The nature of historical archival collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be
difficult or even impossible to determine. Whenever possible, the Ethnomusicology Archive provides information about copyright
owners and other restrictions in the finding aids. The Ethnomusicology Archive provides such information as a service to aid
patrons in determining the appropriate use of an item, but that determination ultimately rests with the patron. The Ethnomusicology
Archive is eager to hear from any copyright owners who are not properly identified so that appropriate information may be
provided in the future.