Inventory of the Tibor Flórián papers

Finding aid prepared by Martina Podsklanova
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
© 2010

Title: Tibor Flórián papers
Date (inclusive): 1926-1996
Collection Number: 2006C18
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: Hungarian
Physical Description: 109 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box (56.35 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, transcripts and sound recordings of radio broadcasts, poems and other writings, memoranda, reports, printed matter, and memorabilia relating to Radio Free Europe broadcasts to Hungary, the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Hungarian émigré affairs, Hungarian-language publishing in the United States, and international freedom for writers issues.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Flórián, Tibor, 1908-


Boxes 97-109 are closed; remainder of collection is open for research. Collection stored off site; a minimum of two days notice is required for use. Boxes may be requested through Stanford's online catalog at  
Use copies of some sound recordings in this collection are available for immediate access. To listen to other sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Tibor Flórián papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2006.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Related Materials

Eckhardt (Tibor) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Gábor (Áron) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Hungarian subject collection, Hoover Institution Archives
Pásztor (László) papers, Hoover Institution Archives
RFE/RL broadcast records, Hoover Institution Archives
RFE/RL corporate records, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical Note

1908 April 12 Born, Selmecbánya, Austro-Hungary (present-day Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia)
1927 Graduated, Roman Catholic Lyceum, Cluj (in Hungarian: Kolozsvár), Romania
1934 Graduated, University of Cluj, law degree
1934-1945 Active member of Hungarian literary circles in Cluj; probably resided and worked for most of this time in Gherla (in Hungarian: Szamosújvár), Romania
1935 Author, Felhők fölött, felhők alatt, a book of poetry
1936 Author, Vázlatok, a book of poetry
1945 Immigrated to Germany
1945-1949 Resided in the town of Cham
1945-1954 Married to Áva Felföldy
1945-1949 Literary editor of the émigré weekly Hungaria; at some point an employee of the American Red Cross; a member of émigré organizations and a contributor to émigré periodicals, from this time on and throughout his life
1946 Author, Kőtáblák öszetörtek, a book of poetry
1948 Author, Mélység fölött, a book of poetry
1949 Immigrated to the United States
1949-1986 Resided in New Jersey and Connecticut
1950-1974 Announcer and later Editor, Radio Free Europe, New York City, N.Y.
1954-1974? Board Member of Kossuth Publishing Co. (Kossuth Kiadó), New York City and Cleveland, Ohio
1955 Married Sophie Weress
1955-1986? Board Member, mostly Treasurer, of American Branch of International P.E.N.: Writers in Exile, New York City
1960?-1986 Member and Board Member of Arpad Academy (Árpád Akadémia), Cleveland
1966?-1986? Member and Board Member of American Transylvanian Federation (Amerikai Erdélyi Szövetség), New York City
1975 Author, Keserű gyökéren, a book of poetry
1986 March 2 Died, Punta Gorda, Florida

Scope and Content of Collection

The Tibor Flórián papers document Hungarian-American cultural and political activities, including responses to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and activities on behalf of the Hungarian community in Transylvania, as well as Hungarian-language publishing in the United States, and international freedom for writers issues. Materials include correspondence with Hungarian émigrés, especially writers and journalists, mostly in the United States, South America, Germany and Australia; transcripts, sound recordings, and other materials of the Radio Free Europe Hungarian service; and Flórián's poetry, essays, and other writings.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Radio Free Europe.
Radio broadcasting--Hungary.
Hungary--History--Revolution, 1956.
Hungarians--United States.
Hungarian literature.
Kossuth Publishing Company.
PEN (Organization)
Civil rights.

Boxes 1-12

Alphabetical file, circa 1942-1990

Scope and Contents note

Contains mostly correspondence with other writers and with editors of Hungarian periodicals, writings and related materials. Arranged alphabetically and then chronologically.
Box 1

Ágoston, Ede, correspondence, writings and related materials, 1973-1976

Box 1

Almási, Gyula, correspondence, artwork, Flórián's writings, 1971-1973, undated

Box 1

Amerikai Magyar Kiadó and Ferenc Mérő, correspondence and clippings, 1964-1970, undated

Box 1

Balogh, Dezső de A., autobiographical sketch, undated

Box 1

Balogh, Lajos and others, 1948-1954, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence, poems, financial documents, a photograph signed "Jóska"; most materials are related to József Nyírő.
Box 1

Bán, Oszkár, correspondence and writings, 1967-1977, undated

Box 1

Béky, Zoltán, Bishop, correspondence and clippings, 1973-1976, undated

Box 1

Bereczky, Emma, correspondence, 1954-1963, undated

Box 2

Berzy, József, Magyar Ház, Toronto, Canada, correspondence, 1977-1983, undated

Box 2

Borbándi, Gyula, correspondence, 1966-1976, undated

Box 2

Bretan, Nicolae, 1971-1983

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence with Judit Bretan Le Bovit, Radio Free Europe scripts and similar materials.
Box 2

"Budapesti piarista évfordulója (400.) a kolozsvári Alma Maternak," 1979

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence and Flórián's writings.
Box 2

Carter, Hodding, III, 1977-1978

Scope and Contents note

Contains Flórián's letter to President Jimmy Carter protesting the return of St. Stephen's crown to Hungary and Hodding Carter's response to the letter.
Box 2

Chomos, Sándor, The Eighth Tribe - A Nyolcadik Törzs, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1979-1981, undated

Box 2

Csegezi, József, correspondence and writings, 1958

Box 2

Csóka, Jenő, correspondence, 1982

Box 2

Danó, Sándor, correspondence, 1964-1965, undated

Box 2

Dékány, László, New Yorki Napló, correspondence, 1976

Box 2

Detroiti Ujság and Antal Koósa, correspondence and related materials, 1968-1985

Box 2

Dobolyi, Árpád, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1981-1982, undated

Box 2

Enczi, Endre, Irodalmi Ujság, correspondence, 1967-1970

Box 2

Fáy, István, correspondence and articles, 1980-1985, undated

Box 2

Fényes, Mária de Csokaly, Californiai Magyarság, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1971-1986

Box 2

Gábor, Áron, corrrespondence, clippings and related materials, 1968-1969, undated

Box 3

Gombos, Zoltán, Liberty Publishing Co., correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1966-1975, undated

Box 3

Grósz, József, correspondence, 1968-1969

Box 3

Gyallay, Domokos, correspondence, Radio Free Europe scripts and related materials, 1963-1970, undated

Box 3

Gyimesi, Gyula, correspondence, 1983-1985

Box 3

Haraszti, Endre, correspondence, 1979-1984

Box 3

Harsona Lap- és Könyvkiadó Vállalat, Croydon, England, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1965-1983, undated

Box 3

Határ, Győző, correspondence, promotional materials, and Flórián's speech, 1970-1978

Box 3

Heckenast, Noémi, correspondence and writings, 1976-1979

Box 3

Horváth, Sándor, writings, 1961, undated

Box 3

Hungarian Society of Boston, 1977, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains correspondence, Flórián's speech, biographical notes, and related materials.
Box 3

Igady-Kiss, Alexander T., correspondence, 1963-1964

Box 3

Ilia, Mihály, correspondence, 1983-1984

Box 3

Illyés, Elemér, correspondence, clippings and related materials, 1975-1978, undated

Box 3

International Broadcasters Association, correspondence and newsletters, 1977-1990

Box 3

Itt-Ott, correspondence, 1971-1978

Box 3

Izráeli Kurír, György Rezes and Margalit Gondos, correspondence, articles and related documents, 1976-1978, undated

Box 3

József Attila Irodalmi Kör, correspondence and related materials, 1985, undated

Box 3

Kanadai Magyar Ujság, correspondence, 1958-1976

Box 4

Kanadai Magyarság, correspondence, 1970-1972

Box 4

Karola, Béla, correspondence and an interview, undated

Box 4

Kemenes Géfin, László correspondence, 1978-1979, undated

Box 4

Képes Magyar Világhíradó, correspondence, 1963-1977, undated

Box 4

Kerecsendi Kiss, László, correspondence, 1960-1964

Box 4

Kisjókai, Erzsébet, correspondence, writings and related materials, 1958-1981, undated

Box 4

Kiss, Margit, correspondence and writings, 1971-1972, undated

Box 4

Klamár, Gyula, Bécsi Magyar Híradó, correspondence, clippings and Flórián's writings, 1968-1978, undated

Box 4

Kocsis, Gábor, correspondence and presentation materials 1973, undated

Box 4

Kostya, Sándor, Magyar Ház, Toronto, Canada, correspondence, 1980-1982

Box 4

Kótay, Zoltán, Kárpát Publishing Co., correspondence, 1963-1976

Box 4

Kovács, Imre, correspondence, also with PEN, and writings, 1977, undated

Box 4

Kriterion, Bucharest, Romania, correspondence, promotional materials and financial documents, 1972-1975, undated

Box 5

Kutasi Kovács, Lajos, correspondence, writings and related materials, 1953-1964, undated

Box 5

Lévay de Tar, Pálma, correspondence and writings, 1983-1986, undated

Box 5

Lux, András, correspondence and writings, 1985

Box 5

Magyar Élet, correspondence and related materials, 1967-1984, undated

Box 5

Magyar Kulturális Szövetség and Nyugati Magyar Írók, 1949

Scope and Contents note

Contains announcements, mostly on behalf of Cardinal József Mindszenty, and related materials.
Box 5

Magyar Nők, Munich, Germany, correspondence, 1955-1964, undated

Box 5

Márai, Sándor, correspondence, broadcast scripts, articles, 1953-1986, undated

Box 5

Mécs, László, print proofs of a book in Hungarian and English, undated

Box 6

Méder, Zoltán, typescript entitled "Elveszett évek," undated

Box 6

Megyery, Ella de, correspondence, 1959-1961

Box 6

Méray, Tibor, Irodalmi Ujság, correspondence, 1972-1985

Box 6

Miklóssi, István, Corvin Publishing Co., correspondence, 1983-1985

Box 6

Mindszenty, József, Cardinal, émigré campaigns against his arrest, writings about him in typescript and published, related materials, circa 1949-1975

Box 6

Molnár, Ferenc, play in manuscript, undated

Box 7

Mózsi, Ferenc, correspondence and writings, 1975-1984, undated

Box 7

Murányi, Zsóka, correspondence and writings, 1964, undated

Box 7

Nemes Nagy, Ágnes, correspondence and poetry, circa 1968

Box 7

Nyírő, József, correspondence and related documents: also Lajos Balogh, Ilona Nyírő, and others, 1942-1953, 1964-1980, undated

Box 7

Ohlbaum, Sándor, correspondence, 1964-1975

Box 7

Orbán, Árpád, correspondence, 1964

Box 8

Orbán, Blanka and Ference, Új Világ, 1975-1985

Box 8

Ősze, András, correspondence, articles and related materials, 1969-1986

Box 8

Padányi-Gulyás, Jenő, correspondence and writings, 1958, 1977

Box 8

Pálinkás, László, correspondence, 1960

Box 8

Perthi Magyar Hírek, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1978-1984

Box 8

Publishing of Flórián's poetry books, circa 1972-1977

Scope and Contents note

Contains book orders, correspondence, and related materials.
Box 9

Rákóczi Foundation, correspondence and promotional materials, 1984-1985

Box 9

Reményi, József, correspondence, 1947-1954

Box 9

Reményik, Sándor, circa 1952-1968

Scope and Contents note

Contains writings about him and related materials.
Box 9

Rozanich, István and Júlia, correspondence, 1960-1985

Box 10

Rudnay, Endre, correspondence, 1955-1962

Box 10

San Franciscói Magyar Híradó, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1978, undated

Box 10

Solymosi, Zoltán, Kanadai Magyar Írók Szövetsége, correspondence, 1983-1985

Box 10

Solymossy, Olivér, novel in manuscript, entitled "Miért," undated

Box 10

Somogyi Ferenc, correspondence, 1976-1985

Box 10

St.-Ivanyi, Alexander (Sándor), correspondence, 1962-1973

Box 10

Stankovich, Viktor, correspondence and related materials, 1969

Box 10

Stirling, György, correspondence with Flórián and others, and related materials, 1976-1985, undated

Box 11

Szabó, László, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1981-1984, undated

Box 11

Szász, Béla, correspondence and related materials, 1951-1964, undated

Box 11

Szász, Lóránt, correspondence, 1974-1977, undated

Box 11

Szathmáry, Lajos, presentation materials, 1970, undated

Box 11

Szebedinszky, Jenő, Magyarság, correspondence, 1953-1979

Box 11

Szilárd, Marcell, correspondence, 1952

Box 11

Sztojka, László, typescripts, 1973, undated

Box 11

Tábory, Maxim, correspondence and writings, 1978-1985, undated

Box 11

Thiery, Ákos and Ilona, correspondence and writings, 1974-1985, undated

Box 11

Torjai-Szabó, István, correspondence and writings, 1952-1969, undated

Box 11

Tóth, Imre, correspondence and materials on Hungarian cultural activities in Turkey, 1969-1982, undated

Box 12

Tũz, Tamás, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1969-1982, undated

Box 12

Új Európa, correspondence and Flórián's writings, 1969-1981, undated

Box 12

Várhely, Emery, correspondence, also with András Zsigmond, and writings, 1982-1984

Box 12

Varró, Dezső, correspondence and writings, 1973, undated

Box 12

Varsányi, Gyula, correspondence, 1977-1978

Box 12

Vass, Ferenc, correspondence, 1975-1978, undated

Box 12

Vígh, Ildikó, correspondence, 1982-1985

Box 12

Voice of America, broadcast typescripts, 1951, undated

Box 12

Washingtoni krónika, correspondence, 1983-1984

Box 12

Wass, Albert, 1949, undated

Scope and Contents note

Contains print proofs of a book and an attached letter signed "Gábor."
Box 12

Zilahy, Lajos articles, correspondence and related materials, 1962-1963

Boxes 12-40

Chronological correspondence file, circa 1938-1996

Scope and Contents note

May contain correspondence from persons or organizations represented in the alphabetical file and additional materials attached to the letters.

Other correspondents in this file


Aldobolyi Nagy Miklós


Almássy-Balogh, Dezső


Alt, Áva


Bagossy, László


Balogh, Ferenc


Bányász, Ferenc


Baráth, Anna


Betegh, Ernő


Betegh, Péter


Biró, Béla L.


Bodás, János Pál


Borshy Kerekes, György


Botond, István


Buza, John Geo


Csíky, Ágnes Mária


Czövek, István


Dombrády, Dóra


Domokos, Pál Péter


Domokos Sándor


Duska, László


Endes, László


Erdős, Lajos


Erdélyi, József


Erős, András


Ferdinandy, Mihály


Faludy, György


Farkas, Ervin


Fáy, Ferenc


Feketéné Korény, Livia


Gácsér, Imre


Gereben, István B.


Gondos, Margalit


Gyimesi, Károly


Györgyey, Klára


Hegyi, Zoltán


Héjjás, Tibor


Hellebrandt, Elena Maria de


Hoffer, Leopold


Holusa, Bert A.


Horváth, Elek


Juhász, Joseph J.


Kabdebó, Tamás


Kádás, Imre


Kállay, Miklós


Kardos, Béla


Kedves, András


Kiss, Márton Kerecsendi


Könnyũ, László


Koncz, Anton


Korponay, Miklós


Kossányi, József


Láczay, Ervin


Lantos, Ferenc


Lehoczky, Gergely


Litvay, Julia de


Makk, Imre


Makkai, ádám


Máté, Imre


Medveczky, Margit


Mikes, Imre


Molnár, Gyula


Molnár, Imre Székely


Nádas, Gyula


Nádas, János


Nagy, Csaba


Nagy, László


Negyesy, Irén


Nehéz, Ferenc


Palotay, István


Papp, Gábor


Papp, Remig A.


Perjesi, Peter


Petry, Béla A.


Pogány, András H.


Romhányi, Árpád


Saáry, Áva


Sátory, Richárd


Simon, Zoltán


Sisa, István


Somody, István


Somody, Pál


Szász, József


Szeleczky, Zita


Szent Miklosy, Balint


Szentendrey, Gyula


Szeplaki, Joseph


Szerdahelyi, László


Szilágyi, Oliver


Szurcsik, Joseph


Teleki, Béla


Tomek, Vince


Udvari, Mária


Vajay, Szabolcs de


Varga, László


Varró, József


Vatai, László


Veréb, László


Viharos, Viktor


Vladár, Pál


Zolcsák, István


Zsuffka, Viktor

Box 12

1938-1946 and probably 1940s

Box 13


Boxes 13-14


Box 14

Probably 1950s

Boxes 14-15


Boxes 15-16


Box 16


Boxes 16-17


Box 17


Box 18

1958-1962 and probably 1960s

Box 19


Box 20

1968-1972 and probably 1970s

Box 21


Box 22


Boxes 23-24


Boxes 24-25


Boxes 25-26


Boxes 26-27


Box 27

Probably 1980s

Boxes 28-29


Boxes 29-30


Boxes 30-32


Boxes 32-34


Boxes 34-36


Boxes 36-38


Box 38


Boxes 38-39

Condolence letters and related materials, 1986

Box 39

Correspondence addressed to Sophie Flórián, 1990-1996

Box 40

Correspondence fragments and undated

Boxes 40-48

Hungarian cultural and political activities file, circa 1948-1986

Scope and Contents note

Covers mainly activities of those organizations which Flórián belonged to or had contacts with, mainly in the United States: the American Transylvanian Federation (Amerikai Erdélyi Szövetség), Arpad Academy (Árpád Akadémia), Magyar Piarista Diákszövetség (Hungarian Piarist Alumni Association), Magyar Szabadságharcos Szövetség (Hungarian Freedom Fighters Federation) and others, and contains correspondence, promotional materials and related matter, arranged generally in original order.
Boxes 49-51

Kossuth Kiadó (Kossuth Publishing Co.) documents, circa 1951-1974

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, internal documents, and other materials related to the publishing of Hungarian-language publications, arranged generally in original order.
Boxes 51-56

Radio Free Europe materials, circa 1951-1973

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, transcripts of programs, promotional materials and related matter, arranged generally in original order.
Boxes 56-63

International PEN, Writers in Exile, American Branch records, circa 1958-1986

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, internal documents, and promotional materials, arranged generally in original order.
Boxes 63-66

Personal file, circa 1927-1986

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, photographs, resumes, legal, financial, and related documents, arranged generally in original order.
Boxes 66-69

Family file, circa 1945-1986

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, writings, photographs, legal, financial, and related materials, arranged generally in original order.
Box 66


Boxes 66-68

Correspondence and poems of Flórián's mother, Aranka / Zlatica Szénássy and other materials about her

Box 68

Correspondence, legal, financial and similar materials refering to Flórián's relatives and his property holdings in Czechoslovakia

Box 69

Correspondence with Flórián's children and similar related materials

Boxes 70-92

Writings by and about Flórián, circa 1927-1986

Scope and Contents note

Poetry, prose writings, presentation and lecture materials, essays, published articles, translations of Flórián's poetry and of miscellaneous other writings, musical scores, and notes, as well as related correspondence and other materials, arranged generally in original order.
Box 70

Presentations, essays, poetry, prose writings, published articles, handwritten notes, translations, musical scores, related correspondence and other related materials

Box 71

An article entitled "Reményik Sándor üzen," essays, published articles, Christmas-related essays, correspondence with Dezső Abraham and related Flórián's writings, "Mattyaszovsky Zsolnay Miklós ügy" folder with articles and related materials, literary criticism writings, handwritten notes, poetry, presentations and related materials, translations

Box 72

Essays, published articles, presentations, prose, and other writings

Box 73


Box 74

Poetry, prose, essays, published articles, and other writings

Box 75

Essays, other writings, newspaper clippings

Box 76

Translations, poetry, attached correspondence, handwritten notes

Box 77

Translations, Radio Free Europe scripts, other writings, attached correspondence, published writings and other printed matter

Box 78

Poetry, prose writings, by or about Flórián, newspaper clippings

Box 79

Newspaper clippings, other published matter, including obituaries

Box 80

Poetry, essays and prose, mostly in manuscript

Box 81

A manuscript of an interview with Flórián, newspaper clippings

Box 82

Typescripts of his books of poetry, Kőtáblák öszetörtek and Keserũ gyökéren; other poetry, presentations literary criticism on Flórián's works, prose, translations, articles published and in manuscript and related correspondence

Box 83

Translations, literary criticism on Flórián's works; presentations - on József Mindszenty and other; miscellaneous other writings, newspaper clippings, leaflets

Box 84

Prose writings, translations, resumes, and related materials

Box 85

Prose writings and related materials, leaflets

Box 86

Prose and other writings by or about Flórián; Keserũ gyökéren, a book of poetry in typescript and related published materials

Box 87

Miscellaneous writings, leaflets of cultural meetings

Box 88

Presentations, translations; poetry, also by Aranka Szénássy, related writings; typescript of poetry collections Keserũ gyökéren and Keletről jöttem, prose, miscellaneous other writings, related correspondence

Box 89

Print proofs of Keserũ gyökéren, a poetry book; short prose and poetry, including Aranka Szénássy's writings; miscellaneous other writings

Box 90

Published writings by or about Flórián, leaflets, and related correspondence

Box 91

Poems dedicated to Flórián; presentations in connection to Szabad Magyar Ujságírók Szövetsége, related correspondence and other materials; writings by and about Flórián

Box 92

Writings by Flórián, mostly published

Boxes 92-96


Boxes 92-93

Unidentified photographs, writings or fragments by different authors, ephemera, handwritten notes; promotional materials and similar printed matter

Boxes 94-96

Newspaper clippings, mostly from Hungarian-American periodicals

Boxes 97-109

Sound recordings



Scope and Contents note

Labels, when present, indicate materials for Radio Free Europe programs (especially the Musical Messages) and folk music recordings. Includes 188 sound reels, arranged generally in original order.
Box 98

A song and speech, undated


Use copy reference number: 2006c18_a_0003368

Scope and Contents note

The first recording on the tape is a woman singing with piano accompaniment. The second and third recordings are a man speaking dramatically.
Box 98

Fairy tales performed as folk songs, undated

Conditions Governing Access note

Use copy reference number: 2006c18_a_0003369

Scope and Contents note

A folk singer narrates and sings renditions of Rumpelstiltskin, the Three Bears, and Cinderella. In English.
Boxes 97-109

The rest of the sound recordings are not yet described

Box 110

Oversize materials, circa 1926-1978


Honorary diplomas and plaques

Scope and Contents note

Associatio Alumnorum Scholarum Piarum Hungariae, Zrínyi Miklós Literary Circle, Árpád Academy, Magyar Kongresszus, Two Thousand Men of Achievement, International PEN, American Biographical Institute, and others.

Group photograph of a school sports team, 1926


Reproduction of a photograph of Cardinal József Mindszenty


Poems by Flórián, A Single Spark and Rigófészek, illustrated by Barbara Shenkman


Hand-drawn map of Hungary entitled "Collectivization in Hungary: 7/1954"


Newspaper articles on the Hungarian 1956 revolution in American press


Promotional materials