Finding Aid to the Marcus A. Conant Papers, 1981-1993

Finding Aid written by Julia Bazar
Funding for processing this collection was provided by The National Historical Publications and Records Commission
UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, Archives and Special Collections
University of California, San Francisco
530 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94143-0840
Phone: (415) 476-8112
Fax: (415) 476-4653
Email: http://www.library.ucsf.edu/collres/archives/contactform.html
URL: http://www.library.ucsf.edu/collres/archives/
© 2007
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the Marcus A. Conant Papers, 1981-1993

Collection Number: MSS 98-39

UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, Archives and Special Collections
Finding Aid Written By:
Julia Bazar
Date Completed:
March 2007
© 2007 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Marcus A. Conant papers
Date (inclusive): 1981-1993
Collection Number: MSS 98-39
Creator : Conant, Marcus A.
Extent: Number of containers: 3 cartons and 1 box Linear feet: 4.25
Repository: The UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, Archives and Special Collections
University of California, San Francisco
530 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94143-0840
Phone: (415) 476-8112
Fax: (415) 476-4653
Email: http://www.library.ucsf.edu/collres/archives/contactform.html
URL: http://www.library.ucsf.edu/collres/archives/
Abstract: This collection contains correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, conference materials and other administrative and publicity materials relating to the UCSF Kaposi's Sarcoma (K-S) Clinic, the AIDS epidemic, and AIDS research as pursued by Dr. Marcus Conant. Materials from the K-S (later San Francisco AIDS) Foundation, and other organizations associated with Dr. Conant, are also included.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog: http://www.library.ucsf.edu/ .

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manager of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.
Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Marcus A. Conant Papers, MSS 98-39, The UCSF Library and Center for Knowledge Management, Archives and Special Collections, University of California, San Francisco.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternate forms of this collection.

Related Collections

MSS 94-18 John L. Ziegler Papers
MSS 97-03 Robert K. Bolan Papers
MSS 94-60 San Francisco AIDS Foundation Records

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Kaposi's sarcoma
AIDS (Disease)--Research
AIDS (Disease)--Government Policy--United States
AIDS (Disease)--San Francisco--History
AIDS (Disease)--Study and teaching--United States
Conant, Marcus A

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

This collection was donated by Marcus A. Conant, M.D. in 1998 in conjunction with the oral history done by Sally Smith Hughes as a part of the Regional Oral History Project (ROHO) Series: The AIDS Epidemic in San Francisco.

System of Arrangement

Arranged to the folder level.

Processing Information

Julia Bazar, November 2006

Biographical Information

Marcus A. Conant, M.D., professor of dermatology at the University of California, San Francisco, led San Francisco's first coordinated medical response to the AIDS epidemic. Conant also had a large private practice in San Francisco, and in April 1981 he documented two local cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) in young, apparently healthy, gay men. KS is a skin cancer which heretofore had been seen in the United States mainly in elderly men and in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy. This unusual presentation in association with other rare infections was being noted simultaneously by physicians in New York and Los Angeles.
Marcus A. Conant was born May 11, 1936, in Jacksonville, Florida to Marcus and Annie Long Conant. His father was in the army, and the family moved a great deal during his formative school years. When his father was sent to Europe, the rest of the family moved back to Jacksonville, Florida, where Marcus attended high school. He then attended Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, from his undergraduate training [1954-1957], through medical school [1957-1961], and internship [1961-1962].
During medical school Conant participated in an exchange program in London, for about nine months in 1960. His experience there prompted him to give up a commission at the National Institutes of Health and his intention to become an internist. He instead decided to specialize in dermatology.
After his mandatory military experience in Guam, Conant did his residency in dermatology at UCSF [1964-1967]. During his residency he became close to the head of the dermatology department, Frances Torrey. At the end of Conant's residency, Dr. Torrey announced her retirement and asked Conant to take over both the department and her private practice. Following in her steps, he taught at the university on a full-time basis, ran the inpatient service, and handled the hospitalized dermatologic consultations until 1981, when the AIDS epidemic began. By that time his position at UCSF provided the resources needed to respond to the AIDS epidemic.
His earlier work with genital herpes, sparked by volunteer work during his residency at the newly formed Haight-Ashbury Free Clinic, also gave him useful perspective. He had started a genital herpes clinic at UCSF and for 15 years watched the disease grow into an epidemic. His awareness that waiting for patients to come to "the ivory tower" was not going to work in this instance, prompted him to become socially active. He started what became the San Francisco AIDS Foundation, to address both the need to go into the community, which was still in denial, and the need to find non-government funding sources.
The Foundation, which was first called the Kaposi's Sarcoma Research and Education Foundation, was started in the spring of 1982, before AIDS became the accepted name for the disease.
Another of Conant's first steps was to arrange for the establishment of a clinic, which met once a week at UCSF. The Kaposi's Sarcoma [KS] Clinic, as it came to be called, saw its first patients on September 21, 1981, a date establishing it as the first AIDS clinic in the world. Paul Volberding soon joined Conant as co-director of the clinic for the remainder of its existence. The clinic, by intent, very quickly became a multidisciplinary clinic. The study group, which Conant organized to follow the clinic, was a magnet drawing those interested in the biomedical aspects of the epidemic, including university and private practice physicians, health department and blood bank officials, epidemiologists and basic scientists, patients, and an occasional journalist. The clinic and study group were the center around which San Francisco's earliest medical response to the epidemic was organized.
He also produced, along with James Groundwater and Alvin Friedman-Kien, with funding provided by Neutrogena Corporation and Barnes Hind Pharmaceuticals, the first brochure on AIDS (not yet called that). Ernst Jansen, his partner at that time, did the graphic design. The brochure was produced in December 1981 for distribution at the American Academy of Dermatology meeting held at the Moscone Center in San Francisco.
Conant led the group of university researchers who lobbied California Assembly Speaker Willie Brown to persuade the state legislature to allocate the first state funds for AIDS Research.
San Francisco General Hospital eventually took over as the center of AIDS treatment and research in the city and the K-S Clinic was closed. The San Francisco AIDS Foundation remains a major part of the "San Francisco Model."

Note

[Conant was interviewed by Sally Smith Hughes for the first volume of Regional Oral History Project's series, The AIDS Epidemic in San Francisco: The Medical Response, 1981-1984. She interviewed Conant in both 1992 and 1995. All quotes and most of the facts in this statement come from these interviews.]

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection documents the work of Marcus Conant, M.D., from the first recognition of a new disease, with the first cases of Kaposi's sarcoma being discovered in young, otherwise healthy, gay men in 1981, into the early 1990s. The collection contains correspondence, meeting announcements, newspapers clippings, invitations, photographs, speeches, memorial service announcements, certificates of recognition, press releases, publications, periodicals, newsletters, and meeting/conference materials. The bulk of the material covers the period from 1981-1993, while the last series also contains some materials extending into 1995.
The collection is divided into three series. Series I: "KS Notebook" - Chronological Files These materials were arranged chronologically from 1981-1993, and consist of the whole range of materials within the collection. Series II: AIDS/KS Subject Files - Organizations consists of subject files, all of which were headed AIDS or AIDS-KS on the original files and referred to as "AIDS Papers." These materials also cover the period from 1981-1993. They are arranged alphabetically by subject. Series III: Other Materials, contains the remaining materials transferred from Conant's office. These materials consist primarily of conference related materials; other items include annual and honorary dinner materials, research papers, publications, and magazine articles. These materials extend to 1995.

Container List

 

Series 1 K-S Notebook - Chronological Files 1981-1993

Physical Description: 150 Folders : Carton 1 Folders 1/1/-1/97 ; Carton 2 Folders 2/1-2/53

Scope and Content Note

This series contains correspondence, announcements, memorial service invitations, grant applications, newspaper clippings, fundraising flyers, photographs, speeches, and press releases, arranged by month from June 1981-December 1993. There was no file for February 1991. The series starts with a single, June 1981, paper on the appearance of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) among gay males and ends with a single letter from December 1993, thanking Conant for his service as Chair of the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD)'s Committee on HIV Diseases and hoping that he would remain involved with the AAD. The materials in between document Conant's work during the intervening period including medical research, lobbying, and community outreach activities, as well as conference attendance, travel, hosting of colleagues from around the nation and the world, and letters from friends and the public.
Carton 1, Folder 1-7

1981

Carton 1, Folder 1

June

Carton 1, Folder 2

July

Carton 1, Folder 3

August

Carton 1, Folder 4

September

Carton 1, Folder 5

October

Carton 1, Folder 6

November

Carton 1, Folder 7

December

Carton 1, Folder 8-19

1982

Carton 1, Folder 8

January

Carton 1, Folder 9

February

Carton 1, Folder 10

March

Carton 1, Folder 11

April

Carton 1, Folder 12

May

Carton 1, Folder 13

June

Carton 1, Folder 14

July

Carton 1, Folder 15

August

Carton 1, Folder 16

September

Carton 1, Folder 17

October

Carton 1, Folder 18

November

Carton 1, Folder 19

December

Carton 1, Folder 20-31

1983

Carton 1, Folder 20

January

Carton 1, Folder 21

February

Carton 1, Folder 22

March

Carton 1, Folder 23

April

Carton 1, Folder 24

May

Carton 1, Folder 25

June

Carton 1, Folder 26

July

Carton 1, Folder 27

August

Carton 1, Folder 28

September

Carton 1, Folder 29

October

Carton 1, Folder 30

November

Carton 1, Folder 31

December

Carton 1, Folder 32-43

1984

Carton 1, Folder 32

January

Carton 1, Folder 33

February

Carton 1, Folder 34

March

Carton 1, Folder 35

April

Carton 1, Folder 36

May

Carton 1, Folder 37

June

Carton 1, Folder 38

July

Carton 1, Folder 39

August

Carton 1, Folder 40

September

Carton 1, Folder 41

October

Carton 1, Folder 42

November

Carton 1, Folder 43

December

Carton 1, Folder 44-55

1985

Carton 1, Folder 44

January

Carton 1, Folder 45

February

Carton 1, Folder 46

March

Carton 1, Folder 47

April

Carton 1, Folder 48

May

Carton 1, Folder 49

June

Carton 1, Folder 50

July

Carton 1, Folder 51

August

Carton 1, Folder 52

September

Carton 1, Folder 53

October

Carton 1, Folder 54

November

Carton 1, Folder 55

December

Carton 1, Folder 56-67

1986

Carton 1, Folder 56

January

Carton 1, Folder 57

February

Carton 1, Folder 58

March

Carton 1, Folder 59

April

Carton 1, Folder 60

May

Carton 1, Folder 61

June

Carton 1, Folder 62

July

Carton 1, Folder 63

August

Carton 1, Folder 64

September

Carton 1, Folder 65

October

Carton 1, Folder 66

November

Carton 1, Folder 67

December

Carton 1, Folder 68-79

1987

Carton 1, Folder 68

January

Carton 1, Folder 69

February

Carton 1, Folder 70

March

Carton 1, Folder 71

April

Carton 1, Folder 72

May

Carton 1, Folder 73

June

Carton 1, Folder 74

July

Carton 1, Folder 75

August

Carton 1, Folder 76

September

Carton 1, Folder 77

October

Carton 1, Folder 78

November

Carton 1, Folder 79

December

Carton 1, Folder 80-91

1988

Carton 1, Folder 80

January

Carton 1, Folder 81

February

Carton 1, Folder 82

March

Carton 1, Folder 83

April

Carton 1, Folder 84

May

Carton 1, Folder 85

June

Carton 1, Folder 86

July

Carton 1, Folder 87

August

Carton 1, Folder 88

September

Carton 1, Folder 89

October

Carton 1, Folder 90

November

Carton 1, Folder 91

December

 

1989

Scope and Content Note

Carton 1 Folder 92 - Carton 2 Folder 6
Carton 1, Folder 92

January

Carton 1, Folder 93

February

Carton 1, Folder 94

March

Carton 1, Folder 95

April

Carton 1, Folder 96

May

Carton 1, Folder 97

June

Carton 2, Folder 1

July

Carton 2, Folder 2

August

Carton 2, Folder 3

September

Carton 2, Folder 4

October

Carton 2, Folder 5

November

Carton 2, Folder 6

December

Carton 2, Folder 7-18

1990

Carton 2, Folder 7

January

Carton 2, Folder 8

February

Carton 2, Folder 9

March

Carton 2, Folder 10

April

Carton 2, Folder 11

May

Carton 2, Folder 12

June

Carton 2, Folder 13

July

Carton 2, Folder 14

August

Carton 2, Folder 15

September

Carton 2, Folder 16

October

Carton 2, Folder 17

November

Carton 2, Folder 18

December

Carton 2, Folder 19-29

1991

Carton 2, Folder 19

January

Carton 2, Folder 20

March

Carton 2, Folder 21

April

Carton 2, Folder 22

May

Carton 2, Folder 23

June

Carton 2, Folder 24

July

Carton 2, Folder 25

August

Carton 2, Folder 26

September

Carton 2, Folder 27

October

Carton 2, Folder 28

November

Carton 2, Folder 29

December

Carton 2, Folder 30-41

1992

Carton 2, Folder 30

January

Carton 2, Folder 31

February

Carton 2, Folder 32

March

Carton 2, Folder 33

April

Carton 2, Folder 34

May

Carton 2, Folder 35

June

Carton 2, Folder 36

July

Carton 2, Folder 37

August

Carton 2, Folder 38

September

Carton 2, Folder 39

October

Carton 2, Folder 40

November

Carton 2, Folder 41

December

Carton 2, Folder 42-53

1993

Carton 2, Folder 42

January

Carton 2, Folder 43

February

Carton 2, Folder 44

March

Carton 2, Folder 45

April

Carton 2, Folder 46

May

Carton 2, Folder 47

June

Carton 2, Folder 48

July

Carton 2, Folder 49

August

Carton 2, Folder 50

September

Carton 2, Folder 51

October

Carton 2, Folder 52

November

Carton 2, Folder 53

December

 

Series 2 AIDS/KS Subject Files - Organizations 1964-1993. bulk 1981-1993

Physical Description: 46 Folders : Carton 2 Folders 2/54-2/73 ; Carton 3 Folders 3/1-3/26

Scope and Content Note

This series contains Conant's AIDS and/or AIDS-KS Subject files and is arranged alphabetically from "Articles in Newspapers" to "Ways and Means Committee." It includes materials on the controversy surrounding the closing of the bathhouses, the administration and funding of the AIDS Clinical Research Center, the KS (later San Francisco AIDS) Foundation, and various other research, funding, prevention, and legal materials. A few folders contain pre-AIDS articles dating from the 1960s or 1970s.
Carton 2, Folder 54

Articles in Newspapers 1982

Carton 2, Folder 55-56

Bathhouses

Carton 2, Folder 55

Newspaper Clippings 1984

Carton 2, Folder 56

Correspondence and other documents 1984-1986

Carton 2, Folder 57

Chiron Corporation 1984-1985

Carton 2, Folder 58

Clinical [Papers] 1981-1993

Carton 2, Folder 59-63

Clinical Research Center

Carton 2, Folder 59

Administration 1985-1986

Carton 2, Folder 60

Federal Grant 1984-1985

Carton 2, Folder 61

Grant 1985-1986

Carton 2, Folder 62

Site Visit 1985

Carton 2, Folder 63

State Grant Budgets 1984-1985

Carton 2, Folder 64

Computer Center 1984

Carton 2, Folder 65

Confidentiality 1984-1985, 1988

Carton 2, Folder 66

Dementia [AIDS-related] 1984-1989

Carton 2, Folder 67

DNCB (AIDS drug) - Scientific Research 1964-1986

Carton 2, Folder 68-69

Epidemiology

Carton 2, Folder 68

Volume 1 1982-1984

Carton 2, Folder 69

Volume 2 1972-1987

Carton 2, Folder 70

Federal Funding 1982-1984

 

Foundation [San Francisco AIDS]

Scope and Content Note

Carton 2 Folder 71 - Carton 3 Folder 3
Carton 2, Folder 71

Bylaws 1982

Carton 2, Folder 72

Current 1983-1987

Carton 2, Folder 73

Grant Requests for Research 1983-1984

Carton 3, Folder 1-2

Grants 1982-1984

Carton 3, Folder 3

Scientific Advisory Committee 1984-1985

Carton 3, Folder 4

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) 1984

Carton 3, Folder 5

Immunology 1982-1991

Carton 3, Folder 6

Infection Control 1986-1988

Carton 3, Folder 7

Information Clearing House [NAIC] 1988

Carton 3, Folder 8

Legal Issues 1987

Carton 3, Folder 9

McKusick Study (NIH Grant Study) 1983-1986

Carton 3, Folder 10

National Commission on AIDS 1989, undated

Carton 3, Folder 11

National Institute of Health 1983-1984

Carton 3, Folder 12

Needs Assessment 1983

Carton 3, Folder 13-14

News Articles Ending in December 1985 1983-1985

Carton 3, Folder 15

Oregon Meeting 1983-1984

Carton 3, Folder 16

Outcome 1989

Carton 3, Folder 17

Pneumocystis Sulfa Study 1985-1986

Carton 3, Folder 18

Press Lecture 1985-1986

Carton 3, Folder 19

Prevention and Follow-up Centers 1989

Carton 3, Folder 20

Prevention Media Project 1984

Carton 3, Folder 21

Rx 1983-1985

Carton 3, Folder 22

Symposium, SF May 22, 1983

Carton 3, Folder 23

Tax Initiative 1987, 1989

Carton 3, Folder 24

Virology 1983-1992

Carton 3, Folder 25

Vitamin C Therapy 1981-1984

Carton 3, Folder 26

Ways and Means Committee 1989

 

Series 3 Other Materials 1982-1995

Physical Description: 17 Folders : Cartons 3-4

Scope and Content Note

This series contains a variety of materials primarily from the 1990s, though also including some earlier materials. The majority of materials relate to various meetings and conferences, including several of the annual International AIDS Conferences, dermatology conferences, and a conference on the "Management of Emerging Fungal Infections in AIDS." Also included are copies of papers by Philip R. Lee, Lawrence Miike, and Donald P. Francis; various published materials including articles from general circulation magazines; Practice to Practice, a periodical for physicians published by Health Education Technologies; and a folder containing a wide-cross section of other materials from comic books to annual reports. Of special interest are the "Living with AIDS" pamphlets, in several editions including a German language edition.
Carton 3, Folder 27

Annual & Honorary Dinners/Events 1990-1993

Carton 3, Folder 28-29

Correspondence and Meeting Materials 1990-1995, undated

 

Conferences, etc.

Scope and Content Note

Carton 3 Folder 30 - Carton 4 Folder 3
Carton 3, Folder 30

International AIDS Conferences IV-X 1988-1994

Carton 3, Folder 31

Other International Conferences 1992-1993

Carton 3, Folder 32

First National Conference on Human Retroviruses and Related Infections 1993

Carton 3, Folder 33

Dermatology 1982-1990

Carton 3, Folder 34

Dermatology and AIDS 1991, undated

Carton 3, Folder 35

Management of Emerging Fungal Infections in AIDS - Symposium/Workshop 1993

Carton 4, Folder 1

Dermatology and Skin Cancers 1991-1993

Carton 4, Folder 2

Genital Herpes 1991-1995

Carton 4, Folder 3

Miscellaneous Conference/Workshop Materials 1989-1993

Carton 4, Folder 4

Papers by Lee, Miike, and Francis 1988-1992

Carton 4, Folder 5-8

Publications

Carton 4, Folder 5

Miscellaneous: including a Comic Book and Annual Reports 1988-1993

Carton 4, Folder 6

Living with AIDS - Brochure sets (3), English & German 1991-1992

Carton 4, Folder 7

Practice to Practice - Periodical (Health Education Technologies) 1994

Carton 4, Folder 8

Magazine Articles 1990-1994