Register of the Ivo D. Duchacek Papers

Prepared by Blanka Pasternak
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2003
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Ivo D. Duchacek Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Prepared by:
Blanka Pasternak
Date Completed:
2000
Encoded by:
ByteManagers using OAC finding aid conversion service specifications
© 2003 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Ivo D. Duchacek papers,
Date (inclusive): 1939-1988
Collection number: 81063
Creator: Duchacek, Ivo D., 1913-
Extent: 25 manuscript boxes, 7 phonotape cassettes (10.8 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Radio broadcast recordings and transcripts, writings, diaries, dispatches, correspondence, and printed matter, relating to Czechoslovakia during World War II, wartime diplomacy, Soviet annexation of Ruthenia in 1945, the communist coup of 1948, and American broadcasting to Czechoslovakia.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: Czech, and English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.
Access to audiovisual materials requires at least two weeks advance notice. Audiovisual materials include sound recordings, video recordings, and motion picture film. Hoover staff will determine whether use copies of the materials requested can be made available. Some materials may not be accessible even with advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives Audiovisual Specialist for further information.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ivo D. Duchacek Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired.

Accruals

Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat   to find the full extent of the collection.

Alternative Form Available

Also available on microfilm (25 reels).

Biographical Note

1913 February 27 Born, Prostejov, Czechoslovakia
1936-1939 Correspondent for Lidove noviny in Paris
1939-1945 Diplomatic officer, Government in Exile, London
1940-1944 Broadcast weekly commentaries on BBC to German-occupied Czechoslovakia
1941-1945 Chef de cabinet to the deputy minister of foreign affairs, Hubert Ripka
1945 Returned to Czechoslovakia as a liaison officer with General Patton's third army
1945-1948 Chief-editor and co-founder (with Pavel Tigrid) of Obzory
  Leader of the Czechoslovak People's Party, Member of the Czechoslovak Parliament, and chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Assembly
1948 February Dismissed from the Czechoslovak People's Party, and after the Coup d'Etat emigrated to Great Britain, and later to the United States
1948-1953 Professor of political science, Yale University
1949-1954 Editor-in-chief, Czechoslovak Service, Voice of America, New York
1949 October 30 - 1988 Broadcast weekly political commentaries, known as "Zapisnik," on Voice of America, under the name of Martin Cermak
1951-1953 Research Consultant on the Yale Human Resources Project, sponsored by the U.S. Army
1954-1980 Professor of political science, The City College of the City University of New York
1955-1956 Broadcast commentaries on international politics on Radio Free Europe
1981-1984 Member, Executive Committee, Center for European Studies, the City University of New York
1984 spring Visiting scholar, Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, Berkeley
1988 March 1 Died, Kent, Connecticut

Scope and Content Note

The Ivo Duchacek papers were donated to the Hoover Institution Archives by Ivo Duchacek himself over a period of several years. The first installment, consisting of typewritten transcripts of his broadcasts on Voice of America and of cassettes of voice rehearsals of broadcasts, arrived in 1984. Duchacek's diaries covering the years 1939-1945 were accessioned in 1985, and additional radio broadcast transcripts were added to the collection in the years 1986 to 1988.
The bulk of the collection consists of Ivo Duchacek's speeches and writings and his radio broadcasts, mostly on Voice of America. For 39 years until his death, Duchacek delivered a weekly commentary over Voice of America, broadcast to Czechoslovakia under the pen name Martin Cermak. From 1949 to 1988, "The Sunday Notebook," as it was called, offered analyses of important world developments, evaluated American domestic and international policies, and in an informal and witty style interpreted life in the United States. At the same time, Duchacek's commentaries examined Czechoslovak history and conditions under Soviet domination, and with scathing criticism and sarcasm uncovered the true face of the Stalinist doctrine and practices (see his parody of the Slansky and Gottwald trials in the radio broadcasts file).
Of significant importance in the speeches and writings file are Duchacek's memoirs based on his political diaries kept throughout World War II, in which he exercised his intimite knowledge of the political scene and developments in Central Europe before and during the war (see, "In the Funnel of Two Tornadoes: The Nazi and Soviet Captures of the Heart of Europe. Political Diaries"). Equally important are his writings on the communist coup (see, "The Strategy of Communist Infiltration: Czechoslovakia, 1944-1948. The February Coup in Czechoslovakia") and the annexation of Ruthenia (see, "Soviet Annexation of Ruthenia: A Lesson in Soviet Browbeat Politics").
Also of great importance are documents in the government service file relating to the Soviet annexation of Ruthenia, and Duchacek's internal reports of discussions with foreign diplomats, agents, and journalists.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Radio broadcasting--Czechoslovakia.
World War, 1939-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--Czechoslovakia.
Czechoslovakia.
Czechoslovakia--History--Coup d'état, 1948.
Ruthenia.
World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history.
Voice of America (Organization)

Genres and Forms of Material

Phonotapes.


Series Description

box 1

Biographical File, 1939-1941.

Scope and Content Note

Identity papers, calling cards, list of names and addresses, arranged alphabetically by physical form
box 1

Diaries, 1939-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Political diaries kept since March 1939 throughout the war until May 1945, arranged chronologically
box 1

Correspondence, 1949-1952.

Scope and Content Note

Letters, notes, and telegrams, arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent
box 2-3

Speeches and Writings, 1939-1988.

Scope and Content Note

Articles, papers, reports, speeches, and writings, arranged chronologically by title
box 4-23

Radio Broadcasts, 1940-1988.

Scope and Content Note

Consists mostly of transcripts of broadcasts on the British Broadcasting Corporation, Radio Free Europe, Voice of America, and World Radio University, arranged alphabetically by broadcast station and therein chronologically
box 24

Government Service, 1939-1948.

Scope and Content Note

Dispatches from Moscow to London relating to Soviet annexation of Ruthenia, internal reports of discussions in Paris and London with foreign diplomats, agents, journalists, and speeches, arranged alphabetically by physical form, and therein chronologically
box 25

Subject File, 1939-1961.

Scope and Content Note

Articles, clippings, reports, speeches, writings, miscellany, clippings, and other printed matter, relating to various persons, organizations and countries, arranged alphabetically by subject
box 25

Photographs, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

1 print depicting Ivo Duchacek and other individuals
Cassette cabinet

Phonotape Cassettes, 1977-1983.

Scope and Content Note

7 cassettes of voice rehearsals done at home before actual broadcasting

Container List

Box 1

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE, 1939-1941

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Identity papers issued by the Czechoslovak National Committee, Paris, 1940

Box/Folder 1 : 2

Calling cards

Box/Folder 1 : 3

List of names and addresses

 

DIARIES, 1939-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Political diaries kept since March 1939 throughout the war until May 1945. Typescript (mostly in Czech, some in French and English)
Box/Folder 1 : 4

1939

Box/Folder 1 : 5-6

1940

Box/Folder 1 : 7-8

1941

Box/Folder 1 : 9-10

1942

Box/Folder 1 : 11-12

1943

Box/Folder 1 : 13-14

1944

Box/Folder 1 : 15

1945

 

CORRESPONDENCE, 1949-1952

Box/Folder 1 : 16

Dvornik, 1949

Box/Folder 1 : 17

Feierabend, Ladislav, 1940

Box/Folder 1 : 18

Firt, Julius, 1941

Box/Folder 1 : 19

Gottlieb, Hanus, 1941

Box/Folder 1 : 20

Heidrich, Arnost, 1949

Box/Folder 1 : 21

Lettrich, Jozef, 1949

Box/Folder 1 : 22

Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1949

Box/Folder 1 : 23

Nase Hlasy, 1958

Box/Folder 1 : 24

Pospisil, Leopold, 1951-1952

Box/Folder 1 : 25

Puhan, Alfred, 1950

Box/Folder 1 : 26

Rada Svobodneho Ceskoslovenska (Council of Free Czechoslovakia), 1949

Box/Folder 1 : 27

Speier, Hans, 1949

Box/Folder 1 : 28

United States. Department of State, 1949

Box 2

SPEECHES AND WRITINGS, 1939-1988

Box/Folder 2 : 1

"Americka pomoc Ceskoslovensku?" n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript (in Czech)
Box/Folder 2 : 2

"Analysis of the Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia," n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 3

"Dilemmas of the Doctrine of Liberation," n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
 

"In the Funnel of Two Tornadoes: The Nazi and Soviet Captures of the Heart of Europe. Political Diaries," n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript of unfinished and unpublished memoirs
Box/Folder 2 : 4-5

Part I - "The Fall of France: From Munich to Bordeaux"

Box/Folder 2 : 6

Part II - "The British Fort - 1940-1941"

Box/Folder 2 : 7

"The Lesson of Prague," n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 8

"The Purge ...... and After," n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 9

"The Present Situation in Czechoslovakia," report, International London Assembly, 1942.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 10

"Cardinal Verdier and Mgr. Sramek," 1942 December 21.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and printed copy (in English and Czech)
Box/Folder 2 : 11

"Thirty Years of Czechoslovakia," 1948 October 28.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 12

"Ruda armada zastrasila Evropu, New Yorkske Listy, 1949 August 23.

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy (in Czech)
Box/Folder 2 : 13-14

"The Strategy of Communist Infiltration: Czechoslovakia, 1944-1948. The February Coup in Czechoslovakia," World Politics, 1950 July.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 15

"Liberation of Central Europe Through Neutralization," The New York Times, 1955 May 15 (date written).

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 1

"The Bonapartist Unity of Eastern Europe," The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1955 October.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 2

"The Classic Maneuver," 1957.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Includes correspondence with the editor of the New Leader
Box/Folder 3 : 3

"A 'Loyal' Satellite: The Case of Czechoslovakia," The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1958 May.

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 3 : 4

"East Central Europe: Soviet Internal Affair?" 1958 October.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Includes some correspondence
Box/Folder 3 : 5

"Soviet Annexation of Ruthenia: A Lesson in Soviet Browbeat Politics," 1965 August?

Note

See also RADIO BROADCASTS/Radio Free Europe and Voice of America, and GOVERNMENT SERVICE/Dispatches

Scope and Content Note

Typescript.
Box/Folder 3 : 6

"National Constitutions: A Functional Approach," Comparative Politics, 1968 October.

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 3 : 7

"O zahranicne politickou orientaci CSR pred unorem," Svedectvi, 1973.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript (in Czech)
Box/Folder 3 : 8

"External and Internal Challenges to the Federal Bargain," paper, Seminar on Urbanization in Federal Systems, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1973 April 26.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and printed copy
Box/Folder 3 : 9

"Antagonistic Cooperation: Territorial and Ethnic Communities," Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 1977 Fall.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 10

"Federalist Responses to Ethnic Demands: An Overview," paper, the Second Paterson Conference on Federal Responses to Current Political Problems, 1978 January 29-February 2.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 11

"Jak Ruda armada mapovala stredni Evropu: Tesinsko a Podkarpatsko, 1980 September.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Includes some correspondence and reviews by V. Precan and J. W. Brugel
Box/Folder 3 : 12

"Consociations of Fatherlands: The Revival of Confederal Principles and Practices," conference paper, The Continuing Legacy of the Articles of Confederation, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1981 August 30-September 2.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 13

"Perforated Sovereignties: Comparative Subnational Politics and their International Dimension," paper, 8 th annual Political Science Conference, City University of New York, 1982 December 10.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 14

"Transborder Linkages: Quebec, Canada, and the United States," paper, Research Group on Canadian-American Relations, Harvard University, 1982 December 11-12.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 15

"Foreign Relations of Major Non-Capital Cities, New York and Montreal, Geneva and Strasbourg: Micro-Actors in International Politics," paper, annual meeting of the Study Group on Canadian-United States Relations, New York City, 1983 April 8-9.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 16

"Transborder Regional Linkages in the Era of Interdependence," paper, Borderlands Studies Section, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1983 April 27-30.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 17

"Transborder Regionalism and Microdiplomacy: A Comparative Study," paper, Seminar on Canadian-United States Relations, Harvard University, 1983 December 6.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 18

"Federalism: Constitutional and Majoritarian Mix in Systems of Institutionalized Territorial Segmentation," paper, annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, Illinois, 1983 September 1-4.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 19

"International Competence of Subnational Governments: Borderlands and Beyond," paper, conference on Comparative Borders, University of Texas, El Paso, 1984 March 20.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 20

"Transborder Overlaps Between Three Federal Systems: From Gulf of Mexico to the Arctic Ocean," paper, Association of Borderlands Scholars, San Diego, 1984 April 25-28.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box 4

RADIO BROADCASTS, 1940-1988.

Scope and Content Note

Consists mostly of typewritten transcripts. Includes some correspondence
Box/Folder 4 : 1

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), Czechoslovak Programme

 

Radio Free Europe, Czechoslovak Desk

Box/Folder 4 : 2-5

1955

Box/Folder 4 : 6-9

1963-1965.

Scope and Content Note

Includes Duchacek's writings on the annexation of Ruthenia
Box 5

Voice of America, Czechoslovak Service

Box/Folder 5 : 1

Correspondence, 1957-1975

 

Transcripts

Box/Folder 5 : 2-5

1949.

Scope and Content Note

Includes Duchacek's writings on the annexation of Ruthenia
Box/Folder 5 : 6-8

1950

Box/Folder 6 : 1-2

1950

Box/Folder 6 : 3-8

1951

Box/Folder 7 : 1-7

1952.

Scope and Content Note

Includes parody of trials of Slansky and Gottwald by Duchacek
Box/Folder 8 : 1

1952

Box/Folder 8 : 2-7

1953

Box/Folder 9 : 1-4

1954

Box/Folder 9 : 5-7

1955

Box/Folder 10 : 1-3

1956

Box/Folder 10 : 4-6

1957

Box/Folder 11 : 1-3

1958

Box/Folder 11 : 4-6

1959

Box/Folder 12 : 1-3

1960

Box/Folder 12 : 4-6

1961

Box/Folder 13 : 1-3

1962

Box/Folder 13 : 4-6

1963

Box/Folder 14 : 1-3

1964

Box/Folder 14 : 4-6

1965

Box/Folder 15 : 1-3

1966

Box/Folder 15 : 4-6

1967

Box/Folder 16 : 1-3

1968

Box/Folder 16 : 4-6

1969

Box/Folder 17 : 1-2

1970

Box/Folder 17 : 3-4

1971

Box/Folder 17 : 5-6

1972

Box/Folder 18 : 1-2

1973

Box/Folder 18 : 3-5

1974

Box/Folder 19 : 1-3

1975

Box/Folder 19 : 4-6

1976

Box/Folder 20 : 1-3

1977

Box/Folder 20 : 4-5

1978

Box/Folder 21 : 1-2

1979

Box/Folder 21 : 2-4

1980

Box/Folder 21 : 5-6

1981

Box/Folder 21 : 7-8

1982

Box/Folder 22 : 1

1983

Box/Folder 22 : 2-4

1984

Box/Folder 22 : 5-6

1985

Box/Folder 23 : 1-3

1986

Box/Folder 23 : 4-5

1987

Box/Folder 23 : 6

World Radio University (WRUL), Boston

Box 24

GOVERNMENT SERVICE, 1939-1948

Box/Folder 24 : 1-2

Dispatches from Moscow to London relating to the Soviet annexation of Ruthenia, 1944-1945.

Note

See also SPEECHES AND WRITINGS and RADIO BROADCASTS/Radio Free Europe and Voice of America
 

Reports (internal reports of discussions with foreign diplomats, agents, journalists, in Paris and London).

Scope and Content Note

Includes report on Slovak uprising and Benes's messages from London to the Protectorate
Box/Folder 24 : 3

1939-1941

Box/Folder 24 : 4

1942

Box/Folder 24 : 5

1943

Box/Folder 24 : 6-9

1944

Box/Folder 24 : 10

1945

Box/Folder 24 : 11

1947

Box/Folder 24 : 12

1948

Box/Folder 24 : 13

Speeches written for Hubert Ripka, 1943

Box 25

SUBJECT FILE, 1939-1961.

Scope and Content Note

Articles, clippings, reports, speeches, writings, miscellany, clippings, and other printed matter
Box/Folder 25 : 1

Czechoslovak-Polish Confederation (Proposed)

 

Czechoslovakia

 

Foreign relations

Box/Folder 25 : 2

Germany.

Scope and Content Note

Includes "Nove reseni nemecke otazky v CSR" by Hubert Ripka
Box/Folder 25 : 3

Soviet Union.

Scope and Content Note

Includes "Ceskoslovensko-sovetska smlouva" by Hubert Ripka
Box/Folder 25 : 4

Government in Exile, Great Britain.

Scope and Content Note

Includes "The Czechoslovak Government-in-Exile During World War II" by Vojtech Mastny
Box/Folder 25 : 5-6

Politics and government--1945-1992

Box/Folder 25 : 7-8

Czechoslovakia. Ministerstvo Zahranicnich Veci (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Box/Folder 25 : 9

Czechoslovakia. Statni Rada (National Council)

Box/Folder 25 : 10-11

Europe, Central.

Scope and Content Note

Includes printed copy of chapter of book by Stephen Denis Kertesz, The Fate of East Central Europe: Hopes and Failures of American Foreign Policy (written by Duchacek?)
Box/Folder 25 : 12

Heydrich, Reinhard

Box/Folder 25 : 13

Hurban, Vladimir Ladislav

Box/Folder 25 : 14

Ripka, Hubert.

Note

See also GOVERNMENT SERVICE/Speeches
 

Slansky, Rudolf--Trials, litigation, etc.

Box/Folder 25 : 15-16

Clippings

Box/Folder 25 : 17-24

Transcripts of edited broadcasts of court proceedings, 1952

Box/Folder 25 : 25

Slovakia.

Scope and Content Note

Includes report to Statni Rada by General Sergej Ingr about the Slovak uprising
Box/Folder 25 : 26

Slovakia. Slovenska narodni rada (Slovak National Council)

Box/Folder 25 : 27

Sramek, Jan

Box/Folder 25 : 28

World War, 1939-1945

Box/Folder 25 : 29

PHOTOGRAPHS, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

One print depicting Ivo Duchacek and other individuals
Cassette cabinet

PHONOTAPE CASSETTES, 1977-1983.

Scope and Content Note

7 cassettes of voice rehearsals done at home before actual broadcasting