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Overview of the Sendero Luminoso Publications, 1987-2006
2008C95  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
Serial issues and pamphlets, relating to Maoist guerrilla activities in Peru. Includes issues of and supplements to the newspaper El Diario, and an interview with Abimael Guzmán Reynoso, leader of the organization. Also includes computer disc version of trial records of Guzmán and other Sendero Luminoso leaders. In part, photocopy.
Background
The self-proclaimed Maoist "Shining Path" (Sendero Luminoso or SL), a Peruvian guerrilla organization, was founded by Ayacucho philosophy professor Abimael Guzmán Reynoso. Its full name, the Communist Party of Peru in the Shining Path of José Carlos Mariátegui (Partido Comunista del Peru en el Sendero Luminoso de José Carlos Mariátegui), clearly ties the group to Mariátegui, the founder of Peruvian communism in the 1920s, as well as to Mao Zedong. The connection to Mao is ironic given that China was turning away from advocating armed revolution to promoting domestic economic growth under Deng Xiaoping. Nearly seventy thousand people died in domestic conflicts in Peru between 1980 and 2000 (estimates are that at least ten thousand more deaths may have occurred), according to a national truth commission report in 2003. The SL was responsible for the majority of the deaths up to 1992, when Guzmán was captured by the government, though state forces and other insurgents also killed many. At SL's peak of power, before Guzmán's capture, half of Peru lived in a state of emergency. Today a much-reduced SL remnant has links to the narcotics trade.
Extent
1 manuscript box (0.4 linear feet)
Restrictions
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
Availability
Collection is open for research.