Serial issues and pamphlets, relating to Maoist guerrilla activities in Peru. Includes issues of and supplements to the newspaper
El Diario, and an interview with Abimael Guzmán Reynoso, leader of the organization. Also includes computer disc version of
trial records of Guzmán and other Sendero Luminoso leaders. In part, photocopy.
The self-proclaimed Maoist "Shining Path" (Sendero Luminoso or SL), a Peruvian guerrilla organization, was founded by Ayacucho
philosophy professor Abimael Guzmán Reynoso. Its full name, the Communist Party of Peru in the Shining Path of José Carlos
Mariátegui (Partido Comunista del Peru en el Sendero Luminoso de José Carlos Mariátegui), clearly ties the group to Mariátegui,
the founder of Peruvian communism in the 1920s, as well as to Mao Zedong. The connection to Mao is ironic given that China
was turning away from advocating armed revolution to promoting domestic economic growth under Deng Xiaoping. Nearly seventy
thousand people died in domestic conflicts in Peru between 1980 and 2000 (estimates are that at least ten thousand more deaths
may have occurred), according to a national truth commission report in 2003. The SL was responsible for the majority of the
deaths up to 1992, when Guzmán was captured by the government, though state forces and other insurgents also killed many.
At SL's peak of power, before Guzmán's capture, half of Peru lived in a state of emergency. Today a much-reduced SL remnant
has links to the narcotics trade.
1 manuscript box
(0.4 linear feet)
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Collection is open for research.