Register of the George H. Kerr Papers

Prepared by Lisa Miller
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2003
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the George H. Kerr Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Prepared by:
Lisa Miller
Date Completed:
2003
Encoded by:
ByteManagers using OAC finding aid conversion service specifications
© 2003 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: George H. Kerr papers,
Date (inclusive): 1943-1951
Collection number: XX381
Creator: Kerr, George H., 1911-
Extent: 7 manuscript boxes (3.5 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Reports, notes, press summaries, clippings, and writings, relating to political and economic conditions in Formosa under Japanese rule, transfer of Formosa to China in 1945, Formosan rebellion against Chinese rule in 1947, American foreign policy regarding Formosa, and political and economic conditions in the Ryukyu Islands after World War II.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], George H. Kerr Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired.

Accruals

Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat  to find the full extent of the collection.

Biographical Note

1911 Nov. 7 Born
1935-1937 Student, Japan
1937-1940 English teacher, Taipei, Taiwan
1942-1943 Analyst and consultant on Formosa, U.S. Department of War
1944-1946 Director, Formosa Research Unit, Naval School of Military Government and Administration, U.S. Navy, Columbia University, New York
1946-1947 Foreign service staff officer and vice consul, U.S. Department of State, Taipei, Taiwan
1947-1949 Lecturer, University of Washington
1949-1950 Lecturer, Stanford University and University of California at Berkeley
1950-1955? Research Associate, Hoover Institution
1952 Published The Ryukyu Islands: A Preliminary Checklist of Reference Materials Arranged Alphabetically (with Higa Shuncho and others)
1953 Published Ryukyu Kingdom and Province Before 1945
1958 Published Okinawa: The History of an Island People
1959 Published Science Information Services in Japan, a Brief Survey
1961 Published Bibliography of the Ryukyus
1965 Published Formosa Betrayed
1974 Published Formosa: Licensed Revolution and the Home Rule Movement, 1895-1945
1986 Published The Taiwan Confrontation Crisis
1992 Aug. 27 Died, Honolulu, Hawaii

Scope and Content Note

The George H. Kerr Papers provide information about economic and political affairs in Taiwan in the 1930s and 1940s, Taiwan's transition from Japanese rule before and during World War II to postwar Chinese rule, Taiwanese rebellion against Chinese rule in 1947, and U.S. foreign policy toward Taiwan. Some information about economic and political conditions in Okinawa and the Ryukyu Islands after World War II is also included.
The series CHRONOLOGICAL FILE OF EVENTS IN TAIWAN covers the period during which Kerr served as U.S. vice consul at Taipei. It consists chiefly of translated local press reports, many of which were issued by the United States Information Service, Taipei, and handwritten chronologies of local events in Taiwan. Some of the chronologies are written in composition notebooks that span several months in a single notebook; these are filed under the first month listed in the notebook.
Most of the material in the SUBJECT FILE series was collected during Kerr's service as a Taiwan specialist with the U.S. military during World War II. Included are translations of selected chapters of Taiwan Jijō ( Conditions in Taiwan), 1939, and Taiwan Keizai Nempō ( Taiwan Economic Annual Report), 1943, prepared at the Military Government Translation Center of the Naval School of Military Government and Administration at Columbia University. Also included are outlines of a series of lectures that were directed toward U.S. civil affairs officers assigned to Taiwan. The dates provided in the container list for this series are limited because many of the documents do not bear dates, some have only a translation date, and others have only a publication date. The few photographs available depict Taiwan's geographic features.
The CLIPPINGS FILE series also relates primarily to Taiwan, with the vast bulk dated 1950. The articles were cut from English-language newspapers in the U.S., such as the San Francisco Chronicle, Chinese World (San Francisco), and the New York Times.
The UNIVERSITY SEMINAR FILE series relates to courses on East Asia at the Hoover Institution and the University of California in which Kerr served as instructor or co-instructor. The files are incomplete, consisting of miscellaneous course materials and a few student papers. Other student papers are interfiled in the SUBJECT FILE series.
In addition to material in the WRITINGS series, some notes and drafts that were probably written by Kerr are interfiled with other documents in the SUBJECT FILE series. In the series CHRONOLOGICAL FILE OF EVENTS IN TAIWAN, a few brief memoranda by Kerr are interfiled from January 1947, and syllabi in the UNIVERSITY SEMINAR FILE series were probably written by him.
Most of the papers in this collection are in English; a few are in Japanese. Folders consisting entirely of material in Japanese are indicated in the container list.
A major portion of Kerr's research collection is held by the East Asian Library at the University of California at Berkeley; additional Kerr papers are held at the 2-28 Memorial Museum Archives in Taiwan and the Okinawa Prefectural Archives.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

Subjects

United States. Dept. of State.
Okinawa-ken (Japan)
Ryukyu Islands.
Taiwan.
Taiwan--Economic conditions.
Taiwan--Foreign relations--United States.
Taiwan--History.
Taiwan--Politics and government.
United States--Foreign relations.
United States--Foreign relations--Taiwan.
Japan.
United States. Consulate (Taipei, Taiwan)

Occupations

Diplomats--United States.


Container List

Box 1

Writings, 1947-1948.

Scope and Content Note

Draft and notes, arranged chronologically by title
Box/Folder 1 : 1

Report on CNRRA and UNRRA operations, 1947 February.

Scope and Content Note

Notes
Box/Folder 1 : 2-4

Memoranda on the Taiwan crisis: Taipei and Nanking, 1947 March.

Scope and Content Note

Notes
Box/Folder 1 : 5

"Industry, 1945-1947," 1948.

Scope and Content Note

Draft. Typescript
box 1-2

Chronological File of Events in Taiwan, 1945-1947.

Scope and Content Note

Chronologies, clippings, drafts, memoranda, notes, pamphlets, translated press reports, arranged chronologically
Box/Folder 1 : 6

1945 December

 

1946

Box/Folder 1 : 7-8

January

Box/Folder 1 : 9-10

February

Box/Folder 2 : 1-2

March

Box/Folder 2 : 3

April

Box/Folder 2 : 4-5

May

Box/Folder 2 : 6

June

Box/Folder 2 : 7

July

Box/Folder 2 : 8

August

Box/Folder 2 : 9

October

Box/Folder 2 : 10-11

December

 

1947

Box/Folder 2 : 12

January

Box/Folder 2 : 13

February

Box/Folder 2 : 14

March

Box/Folder 2 : 15

April

Box/Folder 2 : 16

August

Box/Folder 2 : 17

October

box 3-7

Subject File, 1900-1950(bulk 1939-1946).

Scope and Content Note

Charts, clippings, laws, letters, lists, maps, notes, outlines, photographs, printed matter, reports, translations of publications, arranged alphabetically by subject
Box/Folder 3 : 1

Aborigines, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

In Japanese
 

Administration

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Associations, n.d.

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Glossary of terms, divisions, charts, 1946

 

Local

Box/Folder 3 : 4

Organizations, 1943-1946

Box/Folder 3 : 5

Representation, 1946

Box/Folder 3 : 6

Organization, 1946

Box/Folder 3 : 7

Personnel problems, classes, hierarchy, n.d.

Box/Folder 3 : 8

Police system (Japanese period), n.d.

Box/Folder 3 : 9

Administrative organs and gun administration (Japanese period), 1939-1941

 

Agriculture

Box/Folder 3 : 10-12

General, 1939-1940

 

Formosan Agricultural Review

Box/Folder 3 : 13

1940 November issue.

Scope and Content Note

In Japanese
Box/Folder 3 : 14

Contents of volumes 27 to 35, 1944

Box/Folder 3 : 15

Organization, farmers associations, etc., 1939-1944

Box/Folder 3 : 16

Policy, crop rotation, n.d.

Box/Folder 3 : 17

Related industries, raw materials, n.d.

Box/Folder 3 : 18

Rice, 1933-1940

Box/Folder 3 : 19-20

Sugar industry, 1938-1946

Box/Folder 3 : 21

Tea, 1939?

Box/Folder 3 : 22

Bibliographies, 1943-1944

Box/Folder 4 : 1-2

Bibliographies, 1943-1944 (Contd.)

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Commerce--Commodity prices and wages, Jijō, 1939?

 

Communications

Box/Folder 4 : 4-5

Japanese postal laws, 1940?

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Postal service, 1939

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Radio, 1940

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Conversion tables and terminology, 1944

 

Economics

Box/Folder 4 : 9-10

Banks and other enterprises (Formosa), 1940

Box/Folder 4 : 11

Cost of living, 1946-1947

 

Development

Box/Folder 4 : 12

General, 1949

Box/Folder 4 : 13

Report for British trade mission, 1946

Box/Folder 4 : 14

Mitsui interests in Formosa, 1941

Box/Folder 4 : 15

Monopolies, 1945-1946, from manuscript prepared by Japanese, retained by Chinese government for the year, 1946?

Box/Folder 4 : 16

Taiwan Keizai Nempo, 1943

Box/Folder 4 : 17

Trade and finance ( Taiwan Jijō), 1939?

Box/Folder 4 : 18

Education, 1939

Box/Folder 4 : 19

Factionalism, leadership problems, 1949

 

Finance

 

General

Box/Folder 4 : 20

General, 1940-1949

Box/Folder 5 : 1

Index to manuscript on finance, prepared by Japanese, retained by Chinese government, 1946

Box/Folder 5 : 2

Notes on finance, banking, Chinese actions (from conversation with Suzuki, et al.), 1946

Box/Folder 5 : 3

Banking, 1944

Box/Folder 5 : 4

Currency, 1944

Box/Folder 5 : 5

Fisheries, n.d.

 

Forestry

Box/Folder 5 : 6-7

General, 1939-1943?

Box/Folder 5 : 8

Camphor, n.d.

 

Formosa

Box/Folder 5 : 9

Bibliography project, 1950

Box/Folder 5 : 10

Development of Hainan Island, 1943-1949

 

Geography

Box/Folder 5 : 11

General, 1947-1948

Box/Folder 5 : 12

Coal field areas, North Formosa, 1936

Box/Folder 5 : 13

Kōtōsho (Botel Tobago), 1944-1945

Box/Folder 5 : 14

Maps, photographs, 1941

Box/Folder 5 : 15

Meteorology, weather, 1939-1946

Box/Folder 5 : 16

Place names, 1944

Box/Folder 5 : 17

Rivers, n.d.

Box/Folder 5 : 18

History to 1895, 1947-1949

 

Industry

Box/Folder 5 : 19-21

Associations, 1943

 

KMT [Kuomintang]

Box/Folder 5 : 22

Control, 1946-1947

Box/Folder 5 : 23

Government in industry, 1946

Box/Folder 5 : 24

Manufacturing, 1939?

Box/Folder 5 : 25

Paper, 1946

Box/Folder 5 : 26

Plants, 1945 takeover conditions, 1945

Box/Folder 5 : 27

Rehabilitation, 1946-1947

Box/Folder 5 : 28

Research, science, 1943?

Box/Folder 5 : 29

Under Japan, n.d.

Box/Folder 5 : 30

Investigation of marine product industry in the Pescadores, 1930

Box/Folder 5 : 31

Irrigation--Kanan system, 1932-1940

Box/Folder 5 : 32

Japan--Maene's memorandum regarding rehabilitation, 1949

Box/Folder 5 : 33

Japanese government organization, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

In Japanese
Box/Folder 6 : 1

Legal affairs--Japanese legislation, 1900-1944

Box/Folder 6 : 2

Marine industry, 1939?

Box/Folder 6 : 3

Military affairs--Japanese army, 1942

Box/Folder 6 : 4

New books, etc., 1950

Box/Folder 6 : 5

Notes for and from MIS memos, letters, 1943

Box/Folder 6 : 6

Okinawa, 1946-1949

Box/Folder 6 : 7

Okinawans in Taiwan, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

In Japanese
Box/Folder 6 : 8

Personnel of concerns, 1940

Box/Folder 6 : 9

Pescadores, 1946

Box/Folder 6 : 10

Place names and surnames, n.d.

Box/Folder 6 : 11

Population--Cities, 1940?

 

Ports and harbors

Box/Folder 6 : 12

Keelung, 1946

Box/Folder 6 : 13

Rehabilitation, 1945

Box/Folder 6 : 14

Postwar Japanese in Formosa, n.d.

Box/Folder 6 : 15

Propaganda and public information, 1945-1947

Box/Folder 6 : 16-17

Property survey--Japanese properties, 1944

Box/Folder 6 : 18-20

Public works, 1939

 

Resources

Box/Folder 6 : 21

Mining, coal, 1936

Box/Folder 6 : 22

Power development, n.d.

Box/Folder 6 : 23

Separatism, independence, resistance to outside control, n.d.

Box/Folder 6 : 24

Sino-Japanese war, transfer to Japan (Pescadores), n.d.

Box/Folder 7 : 1-2

Takeover report prepared for Chen Yin government, 1946

Box/Folder 7 : 3

Transport--Railways, 1938-1947?

Box/Folder 7 : 4

Treaties, agreements, etc., as legal basis of empire, n.d.

Box/Folder 7 : 5

Wei Tao-ming (Gov.) anti-American speech, 1947 Dec. 3

Box/Folder 7 : 6-8

Who's who, 1945-1948

box 7

Clippings, 1947-1951(bulk 1950).

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by subject
Box/Folder 7 : 9

American aid (other than military), 1950

 

China

Box/Folder 7 : 10

Chinese Communists and the U.N., 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 11

McCarthy, Kohlberg; China lobby, 1950

 

Formosa

 

American

Box/Folder 7 : 12

And other diplomatic, consular representation, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 13

Military aid and strategic estimates, 1949-1950

Box/Folder 7 : 14

And Britain, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 15

And Russia, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 16

And SCAP--Representation at Tokyo, etc., 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 17

And Tibet, Philippine Islands, Indo-China, n.d.

Box/Folder 7 : 18

As American domestic political issue, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 19

As refuge for mainland Chinese, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 20

Chiang Kai-shek--Activities, policies, history, rivals; Mme. Chiang, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 21

Communist China's preparations for military invasion; defense activities, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 22

Communist Chinese attitudes, demands, proclamations, 1949-1951

Box/Folder 7 : 23

Defections, subversion, retreats, spy hysteria, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 24

June 27 declaration and consequences, n.d.

 

KMT [Kuomintang]

Box/Folder 7 : 25

Actions, announcements, etc., having propaganda value, 1950

 

Government

Box/Folder 7 : 26

Activities, policies, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 27

Organization on Formosa, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 28

MacArthur, Douglas. "L'Affaire MacArthur," 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 29

Self-determination issue, nationalist sentiment, 1947-1950

Box/Folder 7 : 30

Sovereignty issue, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 31

"Third Force" idea, 1950

Box/Folder 7 : 32

Trade with mainland, 1948-1950

Box/Folder 7 : 33

U.N. issue and action, 1949-1950

Box/Folder 7 : 34

U.S. policy (after 1945), 1950 crisis and conflict, 1949-1950

Box/Folder 7 : 35

Leadership--Chiang-Li feud, other rivals, 1950

box 7

University Seminar File, 1949-1952.

Scope and Content Note

Book lists, enrollment cards, memoranda, printed matter, student papers, syllabi, arranged numerically by course number
Box/Folder 7 : 36

276, Nationalism, socialism, democracy in contemporary Far East, 1950?

Box/Folder 7 : 37

283, Dependent areas and world politics I: Island areas, 1950-1952

Box/Folder 7 : 38

284, Dependent areas and world politics II: Southeast Asia, 1950-1951

Box/Folder 7 : 39

S192, American and the expansion of the Japanese Empire, 1949-1950

Box/Folder 7 : 40

S193, Japan in Formosa, 1950