Finding Aid for the Documents concerning the Investigation Dispute between Bishop Bernardino de Cardenas and the Jesuits of Paraguay, 1664-1665
Cataloged by Pablo Sierra; finding aid with assistance from Kelley Bachli in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT); machine-readable finding aid created by Caroline Cubé.
UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections© 2011
Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
Title: Documents concerning the Investigation Dispute between Bishop Bernardino de Cardenas and the Jesuits of Paraguay
Date (inclusive): 1664-1665
Collection number: 170/461
Creator: Romero, Antonio
Extent: 130 leaves : paper ; 315 mm xn 220 mm, bound to 325 mm x 230 mm
Abstract: Book of testimonies compiled by the "oidor" (judge) of the Buenos Aires Audiencia, Don Pedro de Rojas y Luna, in his investigation of the 1644 conflict between the Jesuits of Paraguay and the Bishop Bernardino de Cardenas.
Language: Finding aid is written in English.
Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.
COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Open for research. Advance notice required for access. Contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.
Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.
Phillipps Manuscript 16172, 17405.
Cataloged by Pablo Sierra; finding aid with assistance from Kelley Bachli in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT).
[Identification of item], Documents concerning the Investigation Dispute between Bishop Bernardino de Cardenas and the Jesuits of Paraguay (Collection Number 170/461). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.
Despite Don Pedro de Rojas y Luna's notorious achievements as an efficient colonial administrator in Spanish South America, relatively little is known about the central figure in this manuscript before his arrival to Buenos Aires. Considered a highly qualified individual for the demanding post of "oidor", Rojas already had ample experience as an administrator in the kingdom of Naples. In "Historia de la Conquista del Paraguay, Rio de la Plata y Tucuman," the historian Pedro Lozano highlight Rojas' inclusion as one of the original members of the Buenos Aires Audiencia (established in 1663). As oidor of the Audiencia, Don Pedro de Rojas y Luna was commissioned by the Crown to investigate the 1659 uprising of the indigenous people of Arecaya. In compliance with a royal decree dated August 25, 1662, Rojas was to prosecute and imprison Governor Alonso Sarmiento de Sotomayor y Figueroa, accused of excessive violence in his repression of the revolt. Rojas was succesful in this endeavor, as Sarmiento spent two years in jail before being pardoned for his actions. The 1665 manuscript in question was prepared during Rojas y Luna's stay in Paraguay, although its relation to Sarmiento's actions are not at all clear since the dispute between Bishop Cardenas and the Jesuits took place in 1644, nearly twenty years before. Don Pedro Rojas y Luna died in the port city of Buenos Aires in 1667, two years after the completion of the manuscript.
The manuscript is organized chronologically, the earliest documents date from October 1664 but include copies of letters written in 1661. The bulk of the investigation was carried out during the first half of 1665, therafter one finds increasing gaps in the collection of testimonies. While the initial testimonies and exhortations produced lengthy and extremely detailed transcripts, towards the end of the manuscript these accounts become significantly shorter. The investigation was carried out nearly twenty years after the fact, and had already been preceded by the efforts of other officials (most notably Don Andres Garavito de Leon).
Text in Spanish.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Bound Manuscripts Collection (Collection 170) . Available at the Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.