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Guide to the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions Collection, Series 12: Audio-Visual
Mss 18  
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SUB-SERIES 12.01:  AUDIOTAPES.

 

SUB-SUBSERIES 12.01.01:  TAPED PROGRAMS ca. 1961-1978

Box 1-63

Taped Programs, ca. 1961-1978

Additional Note

[numerical arrangement]. More or less chronological. Open reel (mostly public programs or at least programs that they thought they might want to distribute further, including radio broadcast. Includes multi-tape sets of masters, dubs, and duplicating masters. [In the binder titled 'Audio Tapes' there is a numerical list, subject list, numerical index, and alphabetical index (which can be used to see what programs a given individual participated in)]. Most of these tapes run a bit less than 30 minutes; there tends to be a mix of one or two tapes per number, and nearly 800 numbered programs, so an estimated 550-600 hours of tape in this subseries. Related transcripts or publications are listed in parentheses. Some tapes were cataloged by the Library Congress and their numbers are listed in parentheses. Programs that are in the CSDI Audio Archive are linked to their digital files.
Tape No. AS6258-6259/R7

1.  Democracy and the Emerging Nations. Jan. 8-29, 1962.

Additional Note

A synthesis of a three-week conference held by the Center. Includes opening remarks by Zelman Cowen of the University of Melbourne, Australia; a summary by Stanley K. Sheinbaum, economist on the Center staff, of the papers and points of view advanced during the meetings; and excerpts from the final meeting in which the findings of the Conference are evaluated. Among the questions raised: Is the present trend away from democracy in the emerging nations irreversible: Is the emphasis on industrial and technological development the cause of the breakdown in democratic institutions? 2 tapes. [Transcript 9:13]. [LC 92-789022]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS6260-6261/R7

2.  The Technological Order. Mar. 15, 1962.

Additional Note

In these excerpts from a Center conference, the discussion deals with the problems faced by emerging nations as they are affected by the promises implicit in technological advances. Participants include Ritchie Calder, Arthur Goldschmidt, Carl F. Stover, Vu Van Thai, and Robert Theobald. 2 tapes. [LC 92-789023]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS6262-6264/R7

3.  Britain vs. the Common Market. May 4, 1962.

Additional Note

Denis Healy, Labour Party M.P., offers arguments against the United Kingdom's entry into the European Common Market. With Anne Draper, Hal Draper, W. H. Ferry, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, William V. Shannon, and Stanley K. Sheinbaum. 3 tapes. [Transcript 16:26]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7478-7479/R7

4.  Britain in the Common Market. [May 4, 1962].

Additional Note

Andrew Schonfield, of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, rebuts arguments made by Labour Party M.P. Denis Healy, suggesting that such views rest on skeptical considerations and overlook the power and significance of the idea of the European Economic Community. With Harry S. Ashmore, William Gorman, Richard Lichtman, Tibor Scitovsky, and Stanley K. Sheinbaum. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:14]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7485/R7

5.  Malstructure in the Common Market. [ca. May 1962].

Additional Note

Stanley K. Sheinbaum joins economists Milton Friedman, of the University of Chicago, and Abba P. Lerner, of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, in a theoretical - and highly technical - discussion of the problem of the balance of payments for the Common Market countries. While Dr. Friedman takes a negative view of the situation, Professor Lerner believes the "malstructure" can be corrected. 1 tape. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7486-7487/R7

6.  Capitalism and Democracy. [Aug. 21, 1961].

Additional Note

Economist Stanley K. Sheinbaum argues that capitalism is not inherently democratic because economic decisions are not made democratically, and conversely that democracy does not improve the functioning of capitalism. Discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Eugene Burdick, Paul P. Harbrecht, Walter Millis, John Courtney Murray, Reinhold Niebuhr, Isidore I. Rabi, and George N. Shuster. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:11]. [LC 73-763081]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS6674-6675/R7

7.  Tangents of Technology. Mar. 16, 1962.

Additional Note

Aldous Huxley leads a discussion of the ecological effects of technology; a witty, urbane lament that the birds and the bees may be the tragic price we are paying for our conquest of nature. Participants include Ritchie Calder, Robert M. Hutchins, and Walter J. Ong. 2 tapes. [Transcript 18:9]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS6676-6677/R7

7R.  Where Have All the Cuckoos Gone? Mar. 16, 1962.

Additional Note

Aldous Huxley leads a discussion of the ecological effects of technology; a witty, urbane lament that the birds and the bees may be the tragic price we are paying for our conquest of nature. Participants include Ritchie Calder, Robert M. Hutchins, and Walter J. Ong. Original title: "Tangents of Technology." 2 tapes. [Transcript 18:10]. [LC 74-750894]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7489-7490/R7

8.  Religion in the Schools. July 1962.

Additional Note

John Cogley leads a Center staff discussion of the Supreme Court decision on prayers in public schools. Although Mr. Cogley agrees with the narrow findings of the majority decision, he feels the Court might have been wiser not to accept the case because it may provoke more problems than the decision solves. 2 tapes. [Transcript 8:5]. [LC 73-762713]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7491-7492/R7

9.  Ghana: A Case Study. [Jan. 25, 1962].

Additional Note

David Apter, of the University of California, Berkeley, a former director of the Peace Corps in Ghana, offers a provocative, detailed account of Ghana's struggle for independence and the problems it has faced since achieving freedom. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 2:3]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7493/R7

10.  The Warless World. [ca. 1962].

Additional Note

Walter Millis, military historian and journalist ( The Martial Spirit, Road to War, Arms and Men) is interviewed by CSDI staff member John Cogley on the implications of a warless world for a society that has never lived without the institution of war. 1 tape. [Transcript 25:10]. [LC 73-762723]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7494-7495/R7

11.  The Will of Zeus. [ca. Jan. 1962].

Additional Note

Stringfellow Barr, former President of St. John's College, discusses his book, The Will of Zeus, and relates the problems Greece faced at the height of her power and in her decline to those we face today in relation to the emerging nations. 2 tapes. [Transcript 3:14]. [LC 92-789026]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7496/R7

12.  Educational Bankruptcy. Jan. 16, 1962.

Additional Note

Stringfellow Barr talks with Stanley K. Sheinbaum about the decline and fall in American education. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:11]. [LC 92-789030]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7497-7498/R7

13.  India and Its Leaders: Two Interviews. [ca. Nov. 1964].

Additional Note

The Center's Hallock Hoffman interviews Ramnanohar Lohia, leader of the Socialist Party of India and editor of Mankind, about economic and political developments in India and in the world. Also, Scott Buchanan, former dean of St. John's College and consultant to the Center, reminisces with Stringfellow Barr about their experiences with Indian leaders, including Ramnanohar Lohia. 2 tapes. [Transcript 19:8]. [LC 92-789031]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7499-7500/R7

14.  The Eichmann Trial and the Rule of Law. [ca. 1961-1962].

Additional Note

Begins with a synopsis of political scientist Yosai Rogat's pamphlet on this subject, published by the Center in 1961, and continues with a discussion of Mr. Rogat's views by philosophers Abram Kaplan of the University of California, Los Angeles, and Herbert Fingarette of the University of California, Santa Barbara. 2 tapes. [Transcript 31:6]. [LC 92-789032]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7501-7502/R7

15.  Memoirs of the New Deal. Feb. 12, 1962.

Additional Note

Center Fellow Rexford G. Tugwell, early New Deal "Brain-Truster," ex-Governor of Puerto Rico, and former Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago, reminisces with Zelman Cowen, dean of the University of Melbourne Law School. Mr. Tugwell comments on changes that need to be made to meet the new complexities of the Presidency. 2 tapes. [Transcript 35:14]. [LC 73-762647]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7503-7504/R7

16.  The Political Animal. Nov. 21, 1961.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins, interviewed by Joseph P. Lyford, defines the democratic community as one whose members learn together to govern themselves. He discusses the possibilities of life and growth for such a community amid the massive complexities of twentieth century institutions. 2 tapes. [Publication No. 702]. [LC 73-763060]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7505-7506/R7

17.  On Revolution. [ca. 1963].

Additional Note

Philosopher Scott Buchanan discusses the nature and source of revolution. When we in the West speak of revolution, we most often mean the kind symbolized by the American and French upheavals. But these were very different from the politicized peasant revolutions going on in the 1960s. Mr. Buchanan's view of revolution is of a process of education in which the revolutionaries change and learn as their actions change a situation. 2 tapes. [Publication No. 703]. [LC 73-763061]. Category: DISSENT. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7507/R7

18.  Zuckerkandl. Oct. 2, 1962.

Additional Note

In this deadpan satire, Robert M. Hutchins and Joseph P. Lyford discuss the life and philosophy of the fictitious Dr. Alexander Zuckerkandl and his philosophy that the goal of life is to get through it without feeling, in the belief that true happiness can be achieved only by becoming unconscious of our conscious. 1 tape. [Transcript 18:7]. [ Center Diary: 18]. [LC 73-762693]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7508-7509/R7

19.  Robert M. Hutchins on Israel and Europe. [ca. 1962].

Additional Note

In an interview with Joseph Lyford, Hutchins talks about his trip to Israel, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, giving his impressions of the political and economic developments in these countries, particularly as they relate to democratic institutions, which then leads him into an examination of American traditions and practices. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:22]. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7510-7511/R7

20.  Psychological Aspects of Nuclear War. [1962].

Additional Note

Psychiatrist Judd Marmor, M.D. of UCLA discusses the CSDI pamphlet Community of Fear. In the face of the account of nuclear warfare presented in the pamphlet, he asks, what explains the failure of Americans to react with alarm to the continued arms race? 2 tapes. [Transcript 23:6]. [LC 92-789033]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7512-7513/R7

21.  Freedom from Myths. [ca. 1962].

Additional Note

Stanley K. Sheinbaum and William V. Shannon of the New York Post discuss the myths and clichés surrounding deficit spending vs. the balanced budget, tax reforms, and other U.S. economic policies. 2 tapes. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7514-7515/R7

22.  A Financier Looks at the Economy. [ca. 1962].

Additional Note

Richard Rosenthal, Chairman of the Board of Michigan Gas and Electric, presents his proposals on the subject of the American economy. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7516-7517/R7

23.  Is Wisdom Enough Today? Two Faces of Federalism. [ca. 1960].

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins and political economist Andrew Schonfield, of Chatham House, London, discuss the idea of reforming American legislative election procedures to make it possible to get the kind of "specialist" lawmakers a highly-technical society needs, without regard to their geographical origin, in light of the nation's evolution from a system of independent states to a single federal government. 2 tapes. [Transcript 18:3]. [LC 92-789034]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7518-7519/R7

24.  The Chosen People. Nov. 17, 1962.

Additional Note

In an address to an Israeli audience in Jerusalem, Robert M. Hutchins proposes that Americans are the "chosen people" of the modern world, based on the nation's original dedication to being a model of freedom and democracy for all the world. However, he warns that unless America continually rededicates itself to this cause, its ideals will degenerate into mere slogans. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:12]. [LC 92-789035]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7520-7521/R7

25.  On Education. Nov. 17, 1962.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins addresses his views on American education and educational institutions. He argues that the ideal education is not a specialized, utilitarian, or pre-professional one, but rather a curriculum calculated to develop the mind. The program opens with an excerpt from Hutchins's 1951 farewell address to the students of the University of Chicago. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:21]. [LC 73-762666]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7522-7523/R7

26.  South Africa's Racial Problems. Jan. 4, 1962.

Additional Note

The Center's Harvey Wheeler, co-author of Fail Safe, talks with South African journalist Edgar Hill about racial problems in that nation, suggesting that South Africa represents a microcosm of the issues the world must deal with in the matter of race. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:3]. [LC 92-789036]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7524/R7

27.  A Vision of the End. Oct. 17, 1962.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins analyzes the role of the administrator from his long years of experience. "The administrator who is determined to administer will find that the strain on his character is very great. He must have a vision of the end," he states, as well as the courage, fortitude, justice, prudence, and patience to pursue it through all kinds of shifts in the political weather. 1 tape. [Transcript 18:5]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7525-7526/R7

28.  Pension Funds and the Economy. Dec. 20, 1962.

Additional Note

Paul P. Harbrecht, of Georgetown University Law Center, discusses with Stanley K. Sheinbaum the startling problem of some $56 billion in American pension funds which do not belong to the corporations and unions that have set up the funds, or the employees or union members who will benefit from them, or to the banks that are entrusted with their management. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:18]. [LC 92-789037]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7527-7528/R7

29.  The Politics of Ecology. [ca. Nov. 30, 1962].

Additional Note

Aldous Huxley predicts that the most pressing problems facing democracy in the following ten years will be the population explosion, the arms race, and rising nationalism. He suggests that shifting our attention from bad politics to enlightened ecological understanding may help prevent war. This opening meeting of a symposium held at the Center on "Prospects for Democracy" is introduced by Robert M. Hutchins and includes discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 18:8]. [Publication No. 125]. [LC 73-762688]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7529-7530/R7

30.  New Nations and World Order. Jan. 2, 1963.

Additional Note

Abba Eban, a noted Israeli ambassador, discusses his views on the paradox between the scientific revolution and the rise in nationalism, since the globalization of knowledge was widely believed to herald the decline of the nation-state. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 13:5]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7531-7532/R7

31.  The Sources of Labor Power. Oct. 15, 1962.

Additional Note

Paul P. Harbrecht examines the five conditions necessary for labor to exercise power. Tracing the rise of labor union power from the time of the Wagner Act through the Taft-Hartley and Landrum-Griffin laws, Father Harbrecht concludes that the power of labor will continue to decline and that the union can survive as a power only by radically changing its character. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:19]. [LC 73-763070]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7533-7534/R7

32.  Technology and the Public Good. Mar. 7, 1963.

Additional Note

How can technology serve the public good? Who shall define the public good? And how shall value judgments of the public good be determined? In an effort to answer these questions for themselves, a group of West German scientists and philosophers from the Studiengruppe für Angewandte Radio und Strahlenchemie discuss with Center staff members how they attempt to establish political and sociological criteria for their scientific programs at the Studiengruppe. 2 tapes. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7535-7536/R7

33.  A View from Eucalyptus Hill. Jan. 10, 1963.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins answers questions about the work of the Center posed by delegates to the United Nations from thirty different countries who visited the Center during a tour of the United States. 2 tapes. [Transcript 18:4]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7537-7538/R7

34.  A Talk with Rico LeBrun: The Vision of the Artist. May 1963.

Additional Note

In a discussion with the Center's William D. Gorman, the artist, writer, and teacher Rico LeBrun examines the issue of technique as it challenges the artist's personal vision and his responsibility to his work and to himself. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:9]. [LC 92-789038]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7539-7540/R7

35.  "Pacem in Terris": The Pope's Encyclical. May 25, 1963.

Additional Note

John Cogley leads a Center discussion on the nature and possible impact of Pope John XXIII's encyclical of April 1963, known as "Pacem in Terris." May 25, 1963. [Transcript 8:3]. [LC 73-762679]. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7541-7542/R7

36.  Technology and the Fine Arts. Apr. 1, 1963.

Additional Note

William Gorman explores the views of André Malraux and his famous concept of a "museum without walls," in the light of the impact of technology upon the arts. Joining in the discussion are Harry S. Ashmore, Scott Buchanan, Clifton Fadiman, W. H. Ferry, and Robert M. Hutchins. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:11]. [LC 92-789039]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7543-7544/R7

37.  Labor Looks at Itself. Feb. 1963.

Additional Note

The Center's Paul Jacobs and W. H. Ferry participate in a self-critical examination of labor's role in American society held by a large group of delegates from the United Auto Workers. Among the questions under discussion are whether the decline of the labor movement is due to the spread of affluence and union success with social legislation; whether the political vitality of unionism disappeared with the expulsion of Communists from leadership positions; and whether automation will make unions an anachronism. 2 tapes. [Transcript 19:14]. [LC 73-763066 for 37R - same?]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7545-7546/R7

38.  German Catholics and Hitler's Wars. May 13, 1963.

Additional Note

Gordon Zahn of Loyola University asks why German Catholics did not resist Hitler's wars, and suggests that it is necessary for the religious community to recognize that divisiveness and dissent are among its most important functions. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7547-7548/R7

39.  The College: Expectations and Implications. May 1963.

Additional Note

The Center's W. H. Ferry discusses the conditions and potentialities of higher education in America, asking whether it will maintain its traditional role in society or whether social pressures will lead to the institution decaying from within. 2 tapes. [Transcript 14:9]. [LC 92-789040]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7549/R7

40.  The Economic Paradox. May 8, 1963.

Additional Note

W. H. Ferry analyzes the contradictions in American society in relation to its economic life. 1 tape. [Transcript 14:10]. [LC 92-789041]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7550-7551/R7

41.  Alienation and Freedom. June 5, 1963.

Additional Note

Philosopher Richard Lichtman presents a new interpretation of Marx that is at odds with that usually held in both the Soviet Union and the United States. He explains Marx's theory of man as a productive social being who loses himself through the corruption of social, class, and individual competition, which, Dr. Lichtman argues, places Marx in the tradition of rational humanism. 2 tapes. [LC 73-763064]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7552-7553/R7

42.  Government by Governance. Oct. 4, 1963.

Additional Note

Philip Selznick, of the University of California at Berkeley, discusses with the staff of the Center some of the difficulties with laws that are meant to control powerful private groups such as corporations and unions, but are too often muddled, contrived, and inconsistent. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:10]. [LC 92-789042]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7554/R7

43.  A Visit to the Dominican Republic. May 1963.

Additional Note

Harry S. Ashmore presents an informal discussion of his impressions of the Dominican Republic, contrasting the recently-elected president Juan Bosch with the previous Trujillo dictatorship. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:4]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7555-7556/R7

44.  Authoritarian and Democratic Technics. Jan. 21-22, 1963.

Additional Note

Author Lewis Mumford warns against the dehumanizing aspects of technological systems based on authoritarian principles, claiming that they are inimical to both true democracy and human life itself. His talk is followed with an extended commentary by Admiral Hyman G. Rickover of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. 2 tapes. [Transcript 26:2]. [LC 74-750896]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7557/R7

45.  Technology and Democracy. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Gerard Piel, publisher of Scientific American, posits that a blind adherence to the historical economy of scarcity prevents modern society from taking advantage of the new economy of abundance made possible by technological advancement, thereby creating an imbalance that threatens democratic institutions. 1 tape. [Transcript 27:8]. [LC 73-763077]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7558/R7

46.  Education: For What and For Whom? Jan. 21, 1963.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins is joined by Admiral Hyman Rickover and Barnard College president Rosemary Park in an analysis of the problems faced by educational institutions. 1 tape. [Transcript 17:13]. [LC 73-762665]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7559-7560/R7

47.  The Elite and the Electorate. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Senator J. William Fulbright discusses whether democracy "by the people" is still possible in this analysis of the functions of the Executive and the Legislature, particularly in the areas of foreign policy. Followed with commentaries by philosophers John Courtney Murray of Yale and Charles Frankel of Columbia. 2 tapes. [Transcript 15:21]. [LC 73-762708]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7561/R7

48.  Democracy, Planning and Participation. Jan. 21, 1963.

Additional Note

Former French Prime Minister Pierre Mendès-France speaks on the social and economic policies and practices of both France and the United States. 1 tape. [Transcript 24:13]. [LC 92-789043]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. A7488/R7 & AS7562/R7

49.  Concentrations of Private Power. Jan. 22, 1963.

Additional Note

Walter Reuther, president of the United Auto Workers, speaks on the growth of "private governments" as both industry and labor have increased in size, strength, and scope. The danger he sees in power being concentrated in a few large organizations is that decisions may be based on special interests rather than the public interest. [1 tape?] [Transcript 30:11]. [LC 73-763078]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7563/R7

50.  The Bill of Rights and the Economic Republic. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Adolf A. Berle, Jr., noted attorney, economic philosopher, and former Assistant Secretary of State, discusses corporate power and the American economy. He warns that unless the free enterprise system is regulated by the state, the market would be dominated by self-interest and regulated by the profit motive, jeopardizing the freedom of free enterprise. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:20]. [LC 73-763062]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7564/R7

51.  The Responsibilities of Television. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Newton N. Minow, former chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, suggests ways of improving the quality, variety, and coverage of American television. 1 tape. [Transcript 25:12]. [LC 73-762685]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7565/R7

52.  The Responsibilities of the Press. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

British journalist Lord Francis-Williams calls for greater self-examination, responsibility, and responsiveness on the part of the press so that it may fulfill its democratic purpose. 1 tape. [Transcript 15:16]. [LC 73-762683]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7566/R7

53.  The Role of Government in the Economy. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Economist Gunnar Myrdal, of the University of Stockholm, foresees increasing participation of the American government in the economy, especially where such involvement furthers the nation's foreign policy agenda. 1 tape. [Transcript 26:5]. [LC 76-742202]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7567/R7

54.  Government and Politics: Strengths and Weaknesses. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Senator Joseph S. Clark forecasts increasing involvement of the government in the nation's economy and discusses the Executive's role as well as possible reforms of the Legislature. He argues that big government is needed to cope with big populations and big problems. 1 tape. [Transcript 7:8]. [LC 73-763072]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7568/R7

55.  The Society of the Qualified Man. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Quintin Hogg, a.k.a. Viscount Hailsham, British Minister of Science, offers his views on politics and people, political parties, and democracy, suggesting that the valorization of the common man should give way to a focus on the "qualified man." With an introduction by Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas. 1 tape. [Transcript 16:17]. [LC 73-763084]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7569/R7

56.  The Prospects for Democracy around the World. Jan. 1963.

Additional Note

Adlai E. Stevenson, America's U.N. ambassador, talks on the prospects and challenges of democracy in the years to come, and suggests some of the reasons the U.S. has had difficulty exporting democracy to other parts of the world, closing the Tenth Anniversary Convocation of the Fund for the Republic. 1 tape. [Transcript 33:17]. [LC 73-762681]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7570-7571/R7

57.  What Can the Individual Do About Democracy? 1963.

Additional Note

Public opinion analyst Elmo Roper calls for hardheaded planning of our public and private resources, including family planning, and for an intellectual renaissance in which achievements of the mind will acquire a folk status equal to those of professional athletes. 2 tapes. [Transcript 31:7]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. A7572-7573/R7

58.  The Individual Citizen and Foreign Policy. Spring 1963.

Additional Note

Robert J. Manning, Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs, says that Americans must re-dedicate themselves to the proposition that the largest part of our power as the world's richest nation lies in our capacity to apply that power where it will do most for freedom. 2 tapes. [Transcript 23:2]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7574-7575/R7

59.  Communication in a Democracy. Spring 1963.

Additional Note

Journalist Frank McCulloch warns that, due to the growing magnitude and complexity of local, national, and international problems, the task of communication on the part of the professional journalist and of absorption and understanding on the part of the citizen may well be insurmountable, thus weakening one of the main underpinnings of democracy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 23:16]. [LC 73-763086]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7576-7577/R7

60.  America: Liberal or Conservative? Spring 1963.

Additional Note

The Center's John Cogley observes that the unwillingness of the American people to decide in any final way whether they are liberal or conservative is, in fact, the basis of our strength and stability and the reason why our national character has always been non-ideological, inconsistent, paradoxical, and ambiguous. 2 tapes. [Transcript 7:13]. [LC 73-762649]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. A7578-7579/R7

61.  The Bill of Rights: Guarantor of Dissent. Spring 1963.

Additional Note

Harry S. Ashmore argues that the real genius of the American system lies in the first ten Amendments to the Constitution, which he calls articles of faith that affirm the dignity of man, require the toleration of dissent, and protect our right to seek justice. 2 tapes. [Transcript 2:7]. [LC 73-762707]. Category: DEMOCRACY. Category: DISSENT. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS/FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7580-7581/R7

62.  Prospects for Democracy. Spring 1963.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins takes questions from the audience at a lecture series, leading him into diverse topics such as peace, law, education, juvenile delinquency, and Lysistrata. 2 tapes. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7582-7583/R7

63.  No Time for Heroes. Aug. 1, 1963.

Additional Note

John Cogley leads a discussion with painter Howard Warshaw, city planner Edgardo Contini, and journalist James Finn on the question of where the individual may look for enlightenment and a standard of values in the absence of a recognizable elite, which in the past has served as a model for the citizen to either imitate or reject. 2 tapes. [Transcript 8:2 has title: How People Form Values - same?]. [LC 92-789045]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7584-7585/R7

64.  Buy Less And Enjoy! 1963

Additional Note

Economist Walter A. Weisskopf, of Roosevelt University, proposes a "science of well-being" that will serve as the antithesis of the consumerist psychology promoted on Madison Avenue. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [LC 92-789046]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7586/R7

65.  Civil Rights in Israel. Jan. 3, 1963.

Additional Note

Viscount Edwin Samuel, of Hebrew University, offers an account of the contributions of Turkish and British customs to the development of civil rights in Israel, arguing that Israelis, despite enjoying one of the freest and most democratic societies in the world, do not have freedom from religion. 1 tape. [Transcript 31:14]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7587-7588/R7

66.  Who Will Blow the Trumpet? Aug. 20, 1963.

Additional Note

Civil rights activist Grace Lee Boggs explains some of the resentment African Americans feel toward whites who participate in the civil rights movement to satisfy their own emotional needs. But, she observes, the movement offers whites the opportunity to create a spiritual movement of their own. 2 tapes. [Transcript 4:4]. [LC 73-762655]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7589/R7

67.  Black and White in America. Feb. 6, 1963.

Additional Note

Sociologist Philip Rieff argues that almost all sociological analysis of African Americans is a construction of white liberals who fail to take into account the idea that political changes are dependent upon cultural changes. With Harry Ashmore, William Gorman and Richard Lichtman. 1 tape. [Transcript 30:17]. [LC 73-762653]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7590/R7

68.  The Negro as an American. Sept. 23, 1963.

Additional Note

Robert C. Weaver, head of the Federal Housing and Home Finance Agency, speaks on the difficulty of combating the attitude that his responsibilities as a government administrator are somehow in conflict with his responsibilities as an African American - an attitude he encounters in both blacks and whites. 1 tape. [Publication No. 128]. [LC 73-762652]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7591-7592/R7

69.  A Walk on the West Side. Oct. 3, 1963.

Additional Note

The Center's Joseph P. Lyford reports on his study of the plight of the African American community in New York City's West Side neighborhood, covering issues of housing, education, unemployment, the widespread sense of disillusionment, and the weaknesses of such organizations as CORE, the Urban League, and the NAACP. 2 tapes. [Publication No. 128]. [LC 73-762660]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7593-7594/R7

70.  The Jury: Safeguard or Anachronism? July 1963.

Additional Note

Harry Kalven, Jr., of the University of Chicago Law School, reports to members of the Center on the results of a study of the jury system, and discusses the validity of the Jacksonian faith in the native intelligence of the average man. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:12]. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7595/R7

71.  Culture in Broadcasting: Do We Really Want It? Aug. 28, 1963.

Additional Note

In conversation with Harry S. Ashmore, Zelman Cowen, of the University of Melbourne Law School, observes that so-called wastelands in the mass media appear even where non-commercial broadcasting is government sponsored, and questions whether it is proper to spend public money to satisfy the tastes of a culturally sophisticated minority. 1 tape. [LC 92-789047]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7596-7597/R7

72.  The Literary Illiterates. Oct. 2, 1963.

Additional Note

The Center's Harry Ashmore and W. H. Ferry interview veteran publisher Alfred A. Knopf, who contrasts the contemporary literary scene with the more felicitous era of his younger days, when he served as editor and publisher to such luminaries as Willa Cather and Joseph Conrad. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:1]. [LC 92-789048]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7598/R7

73.  O, My America! Nov. 15, 1963.

Additional Note

Noted author Upton Sinclair upholds his reputation as "one of the first great muckrakers" with two anecdotes from his life as a voice of social protest: he reminisces about his 1902 meeting with a millionaire publisher and describes a 1963 encounter with an automated monster. 1 tape. [LC 73-762645]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7599/R7

74.  The Children of Chafetz Chaim. Nov. 1961.

Additional Note

A group of Center staff members attend a musical program presented by the children of the Chafetz Chaim Kibbutz in Israel. Sponsored by the Israeli government and Hebrew University. 1 tape. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7600/R7

75.  No Lamb for Slaughter. Sept. 26, 1963.

Additional Note

The Center's Frank K. Kelly discusses a broad range of topics with millionaire industrialist Edward Lamb, a director of the Fund for the Republic, including his battles with the Federal Communications Commission, his autobiography No Lamb for Slaughter, his views on trade with Communist China, and the state of educational television. 1 tape. [Transcript 22:5]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7601/R7

76.  The Nurture of Human Life. Nov. 21, 1963.

Additional Note

Actor Herschel Bernardi reads a popular speech that Robert M. Hutchins delivered in 1960 to mark the centennial of social worker Jane Addams, calling on the world community to come together to promote the nurturance of human life throughout the globe. 1 tape. [Transcript 17:20]. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7602-7603/R7

77.  A Negro Looks at the Fourteenth Amendment. Nov. 21, 1963.

Additional Note

NAACP attorney Loren Miller discusses Supreme Court cases involving reapportionment, school segregation, and sit-in demonstrations, in an attempt to answer concerns that the idea behind affirmative action is at odds with the demand for equality inherent in the Fourteenth Amendment. With Harry S. Ashmore, Edwin E. Dunaway, W. H. Ferry, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Harry Kalven, Jr., Richard Lichtman, Joseph Tussman, and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 25:6]. [LC 92-789049]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7604-7605/R7

78.  The Bleak Outlook: Jobs and Machines. Dec. 11, 1963.

Additional Note

A conversation on the evolving relationship between technology and the human worker, with Gerard Piel, Robert Theobald, and Ralph Helstein. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:7]. [Publication No. 706]. [LC 73-762705]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7606-7607/R7

79.  The Garner Case - I. July 9, 1963.

Additional Note

Harry Kalven, Jr., of the University of Chicago Law School, presides over a staff meeting at the Center focused on Garner v. Louisiana, in which the Supreme Court reversed the conviction of sit-in demonstrators for disturbing the peace. The case, Professor Kalven asserts, illustrates both the limitations and resources of the law in dealing with the civil rights movement. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:9]. [LC 92-789055]. Category: DISSENT. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7608-7609/R7

80.  The Garner Case - II. Jan. 29, 1964.

Additional Note

Harry Kalven, Jr. provides an analysis of the four different opinions written by the Supreme Court justices in Garner v. Louisiana, offering some observations on the ironies and shortcomings in those opinions and looking for insight on how the Court may act on vital race-related cases in the future. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:10]. [LC 92-789055]. Category: DISSENT. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7610-7611/R7

81.  The Garner Case - III. Jan. 23, 1964.

Additional Note

Harry Kalven, Jr. explores the notion that sit-in demonstrations are protected under the First Amendment as a form of free speech. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:11]. [LC 92-789055]. Category: DISSENT. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7612-7613/R7

82.  Affirmative Discrimination - I: Schools and Housing. July 16, 1963.

Additional Note

Edwin E. Dunaway, a former Arkansas Supreme Court Justice, leads a Center discussion on the question of whether African Americans should get special treatment in matters of housing and education in order to compensate them for generations of deprivation. 2 tapes. [Transcript 13:3]. [LC 92-789056]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7614-7615/R7

83.  Affirmative Discrimination - II: Jobs. Aug. 17, 1963.

Additional Note

Former Arkansas Supreme Court Justice Edwin E. Dunaway returns to lead a second Center discussion, focusing on the issue of jobs, and asks whether preferential treatment for African Americans, while well-intentioned, is nonetheless a form of racism. 2 tapes. [Transcript 13:4]. [LC 92-789057]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7616-7617/R7

84.  Quotas for Negroes: Insult or Compensation? Aug. 9, 1963.

Additional Note

Harry Kalven, Jr., of the University of Chicago Law School, clashes with the Center's W. H. Ferry in this heated discussion on the topic of Affirmative Action. Also featuring commentary from Harry S. Ashmore, Robert M. Hutchins, Richard Lichtman, Chaim Perelman, and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:13]. [LC 92-789062]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7618-7619/R7

85.  The First Amendment: Government of the Mind - I. July 24, 1963.

Additional Note

Philosopher Joseph Tussman, of the University of California at Berkeley, details a provocative proposition that, since the government already assumes responsibility for protecting the body of the citizen, perhaps it should also assume a similar responsibility for the moral and intellectual development of the mind. The Center staff members are joined by pioneer educator Alexander Meiklejohn for these discussions. 2 tapes. [Transcript 35:16]. [LC 92-789065]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS.
Tape No. AS7620-7621/R7

86.  The First Amendment: Government of the Mind - II. July 25, 1963.

Additional Note

Professor Joseph Tussman continues the dialogue on his controversial proposition with the Center's staff. 2 tapes. [Transcript 36:1]. [LC 92-789065]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS.
Tape No. AS7622-7623/R7

87.  The First Amendment: Government of the Mind - III. July 26, 1963.

Additional Note

Joseph Tussman leads further discussion of his proposal. 2 tapes. [Transcript 36:2]. [LC 92-789065]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS.
Tape No. AS7624-7625/R7

88.  The First Amendment: Government of the Mind - IV. July 29, 1963.

Additional Note

Joseph Tussman concludes the discussion of his ideas with Alexander Meiklejohn and the Center staff. 2 tapes. [Transcript 36:3]. [LC 92-789065]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS.
Tape No. AS7626-7627/R7

89.  The First Amendment: Libel and Slander. July 31, 1963.

Additional Note

Harry Kalven, Jr. leads a discussion that examines the legal reasoning that determines when the law may compromise the principle of free speech in order to protect the individual from injury, and when the law "privileges" free speech, despite personal injury, in order not to infringe upon the right to speak. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:7]. [LC 92-789219]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7628-7629/R7

90.  An "Establishment" of Religion. July 25, 1963.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins leads a staff discussion on the Supreme Court's controversial decision banning religious exercises in public schools. With Scott M. Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, William Gorman, Richard Lichtman, Purcell Weaver, and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:14]. [LC 73-762712]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. A7630/R7

91.  States' Abilities, Not States' Rights. Dec. 7, 1963.

Additional Note

Former Florida governor LeRoy Collins suggests ways in which the powers of both federal and state government can be preserved to their mutual benefit. 10th CSDI Anniversary Convocation, L.A. 1 tape. [Transcript 8:9]. [Publication No. 130]. [LC 73-763080]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. A7631/R7

92.  The Marble-Cake of Government. Dec. 8, 1963.

Additional Note

Former Minnesota governor Orville Freeman sheds light on three commonly-held myths: that much of federal spending from taxes is at the expense of states and municipalities, that local government is inherently more democratic, and that federal action stifles local initiative. 10th CSDI Anniversary Convocation, L.A. 1 tape. [Transcript 15:19]. [LC 93-842016]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7632-7633/R7

93.  The Legislator's Eighteen-Hour Day. Dec. 7, 1963.

Additional Note

Senator Hubert H. Humphrey speaks out on the difficulties and frustrations facing the overburdened legislator and makes several specific proposals to improve the operations of the U.S. Congress, so that it may reassert its former influence. 10th CSDI Anniversary Convocation, L.A. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:11]. [Publication No. 130]. [LC 73-763079]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7634-7635/R7

94.  The Myth of the "Pure" Administrator. Dec. 8, 1963.

Additional Note

Vice-Admiral Hyman G. Rickover of the United States Navy suggests that we cannot solve the problems of bureaucracy until we thoroughly analyze the characteristics of bureaucracy that are antithetical to democratic procedures, through his scholarly examination of the history of bureaucracy and the differing traditions of the civil service in the United States and in Western European countries. 10th CSDI Anniversary Convocation, L.A. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:16]. [LC 92-789213]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7636/R7

95.  Bureaucracy Is Not Muddling Through. Dec. 8, 1963.

Additional Note

Newton Minow, former FCC chairman, argues that the failure to adapt our institutions to ever more rapid change forces the government bureaucracy to defend the status quo long after technological advances have demanded a new approach. 10th CSDI Anniversary Convocation, L.A. 1 tape. [Transcript 25:11]. [LC 92-789214]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: THE MEDIA. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7637/R7

96.  Racial Equality, Criminal Proceedings, and the Courts. Dec. 7, 1963.

Additional Note

Judge Thurgood Marshall discusses the role of the federal courts in helping to realize democracy's twin goals of liberty under the law and equality before it. 10th CSDI Anniversary Convocation, L.A. 1 tape. [Transcript 23:8]. [Publication No. 130]. [LC 73-762720]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7638-7639/R7

97.  First Things First - I. Aug. 18, 1963.

Additional Note

Walter Reuther, head of the United Auto Workers and vice-president of the AFL-CIO, explores the moral and social dimensions of America's economic policies, particularly in relation to unemployment, as well as its foreign policy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:12 - continuity only]. [LC 93-842017]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7640/R7

98.  First Things First - II. Aug. 18, 1963.

Additional Note

Upton Sinclair offers his comments on Walter Reuther's talk, followed by a Q&A session between Mr. Reuther and the audience. 1 tape. [LC 93-842017]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7641-7642/R7

99.  The Culture Gap in Capitalism. Jan. 2, 1964.

Additional Note

Economist Robert Heilbroner suggests that capitalism has produced a class society in America and weakened our moral drive for an examination of the consequences of privilege in such a society. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:1]. [LC 76-742203]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7643-7644/R7

100.  New Utopias: Looking Backward or Brave New World? Aug. 27, 1964.

Additional Note

The Center's Michael Harrington and W. H. Ferry are joined by Frank Keegan, of Georgetown University, for a discussion about utopias and their opposites. 2 tapes. [Transcript 14:14]. [LC 75-750457]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7645/R7

101.  A Socialist Knight at the Center. Aug. 25, 1964.

Additional Note

W. H. Ferry interviews Sir Jock Campbell, discussing how he reconciles his socialist political views with his role as chairman of the largest industrial interest in British Guiana. 1 tape. [Transcript 6:3]. [LC 93-842018]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7646-7647/R7

102.  Peace through Strife. May 25, 1964.

Additional Note

Arthur I. Waskow, of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, D.C., discusses his belief that intensified competition between the major powers of the world in the economic and political spheres could reduce the reliance on military power as an indicator of national strength. 2 tapes. [LC 93-842019]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7648-7649/R7

103.  The Anti-Poverty War. Feb. 18, 1964.

Additional Note

The Center's Michael Harrington talks about the interrelationship between poverty and other social ills which impact the poor simultaneously. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:23]. [LC 73-762699]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7650/R7

104.  Is There a New South? Apr. 4, 1964.

Additional Note

John Griffin moderates this discussion with five native Southerners, produced by Florida State University. Featuring Harry S. Ashmore, Harold C. Fleming, Ralph McGill, John Popham, and Claude Sitton. 1 tape. [Transcript 2:16]. [LC 92-789182]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7651-7652/R7

105.  And What about Noodle? Mar. 27, 1964.

Additional Note

The Center's John Wilkinson posits that, in a society where quantity matters more than quality and automation is rapidly making people subservient to their computers, we may soon need to establish sanctuaries for humans as we do for endangered animals. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [LC 75-750020]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7653-7654/R7

106.  Can There Be a Dialogue Between Christians and Marxists? Mar. 31, 1964.

Additional Note

Jan Milic Lochman, of the Comenius Faculty in Prague, suggests than real communication is possible between Christians and Marxists if both groups can stop thinking in purely ideological terms, especially when such terms no longer apply. With W. H. Ferry, Richard Lichtman, Milton Mayer, Philip Rieff, and Stanley Sheinbaum. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:19]. [LC 93-842046]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7655-7656/R7

107.  Peace Requires Peacemakers. May 25, 1964.

Additional Note

Journalist William Bross Lloyd, Jr. suggests that a policy of mediation and conciliation offers possibilities for perpetual peace. Followed by discussion with Harry Ashmore, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Richard Lichtman, Walter Millis, Philip Rieff, and Arthur Waskow. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:18]. [LC 92-789185]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7657/R7 & AS7659/R7

108.  A View from Rome - I: The Vatican Council. Jan. 20, 1964.

Additional Note

The Center's John Cogley reports on the 1963 session of the Ecumenical Council, which he attended. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [LC 93-842047]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7658/R7 & AS7660/R7

108A.  A View From Rome - II: The Vatican Council. Jan. 21, 1965.

Additional Note

John Cogley describes the 1964 session of the Ecumenical Council, which he attended. 2 tapes. [Transcript 8:6]. [LC 93-842047]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7661-7662/R7

109.  A View From Rome - III: The Decline of Romanita. Aug. 26, 1964.

Additional Note

In conversation with Michael Harrington, John Cogley explains the reasons for the declining power of Roman-based conservatism in the Catholic Church, and gives a forecast of possible developments. 2 tapes. [Transcript 8:7]. [LC 93-842047]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7663-7664/R7

110.  A View of the Economy: From a Free-Marketer. Sept. 17, 1964.

Additional Note

Economist Armen Alchian, of the University of California Los Angeles, discusses the economy in this interview by the Center's Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 1:10]. [LC 73-762700]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7665-7666/R7

111.  A View of the Economy: From a Democratic Socialist. Sept. 17, 1964.

Additional Note

Anthony Crosland, British Minister of Education, talks with the Center's Harvey Wheeler about the economy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 10:17]. [LC 73-762700]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7667-7668/R7

112.  A View of the Economy: From a Marxist. Aug. 19, 1964.

Additional Note

Paul M. Sweezy, editor and publisher of Monthly Review and author of The Theory of Capitalist Development, speaks on economic issues with the Center's Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:6]. [LC 73-762700]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7669-7670/R7

113.  A Look at the Yugoslavian Economy. June 1964.

Additional Note

Fred Warner Neal, of Claremont Graduate School, leads a Center staff discussion on Yugoslavia, where the economy is a mix of capitalism and socialism - a nation enjoying a rapid rise in its standard of living as well as high production levels. With Scott Buchanan, Anthony Crosland, W. H. Ferry, Paul Jacobs, Richard Lichtman, Linus Pauling, Stanley Sheinbaum, and Paul M. Sweezy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 26:9]. [LC 92-789183]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7671/R7

114.  Science: For Truth or Good? - I. Nov. 27, 1963.

Additional Note

The Center's Scott Buchanan interviews Helmut Krauch of the Heidelberg Institute, who is the head of a group of German scientists seeking a policy to direct all scientific research to the service of human welfare, in the wake of the Nazi's misuse of scientific research. While sympathetic to the goal, Professor Buchanan is wary of the implications for freedom and truth. 1 tape. [Transcript 22:4]. [LC 93-842048]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7672/R7

115.  Science: For Truth or Good? - II. Oct. 1963.

Additional Note

Nobel Prize winner Linus Pauling debates Helmut Krauch on his views of the proper goals of scientific research. Recounting the unconscious creative process by which he came to make a scientific discovery of his own, Dr. Pauling insists that the scientist must be left free to follow his curiosity. 1 tape. [Transcript 27:5 - continuity only]. [LC 93-842048]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7673/R7

116.  Anyone for 1984? Apr. 23, 1964.

Additional Note

A discussion of Jacques Ellul's study of the dangers that lurk in an expanding technological culture, led by the Center's John Wilkinson, who translated Ellul's The Technological Society from French to English. Professor Ellul held that the inhuman demands of technology are outracing the imagination of man as the pressure toward conformity and standardization steadily increases. 1 tape. [LC 75-750021]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7674/R7

117.  Forty Million Words. Sept. 20, 1964.

Additional Note

Warren E. Preece, editor of Encyclopaedia Britannica, discusses some of the problems involved in editing a book that no one can ever hope to read in full, in this interview with the Center's Frank K. Kelly. Mr. Preece observes that the function of an encyclopedia is to order knowledge, and to do so with accuracy, intelligence, and readability. 1 tape. [Transcript 29:20]. [LC 93-842049]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7675/R7

118.  Beyond the Smoke-Filled Rooms. Sept. 14, 1964.

Additional Note

Rexford G. Tugwell, in an interview with the Center's Frank K. Kelly, examines the sort of political judgment exhibited by Lyndon Johnson in 1964 and Franklin Roosevelt in 1932, when they chose not to educate the people about the issues, even though they seemed to face an assured electoral victory, comparing it to his own experiences as governor of Puerto Rico. 1 tape. [LC 73-762650]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7676/R7

119.  The Kibbutz Revisited. Fall 1964.

Additional Note

The Center's Scott Buchanan speaks with Viscount Edwin Samuel, of Hebrew University, about the relevance of the kibbutz experience in Israel to the social and political development of other new nations. 1 tape. [Transcript 5:11]. [LC 92-789154]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7677-7678/R7

120.  Linus and Ava Helen Pauling. Sept. 18, 1964.

Additional Note

In this informal talk, Dr. and Mrs. Pauling recall their courtship and the work they have done together that led to a Nobel Peace Prize. Slightly Autobiographical Series. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:4]. [LC 76-742204]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7679/R7

121.  Africa Soviet Style. Nov. 23, 1964.

Additional Note

Yaw Turkson, Ambassador from Ghana, explains that the Soviet model is better suited to African nations for bridging the gap between their political ideals and the social and economic realities, for even though many leaders of African nations are oriented toward democratic institutions, they nevertheless rely on one-party systems and the suppression of civil liberties. 1 tape. [Transcript 35:15]. [LC 73-763068]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7680-7681/R7

122.  Res Publica (The Public Thing). July 1964.

Additional Note

Scott Buchanan suggests that Americans are not yet fulfilling the role of "public citizens" that the Constitution envisioned for them due to a misreading of the First Amendment. Rather than seeing it as merely proscribing the areas in which government may not infringe upon the rights of the citizen, he argues that it should be read as prescribing what the government must do to encourage citizens to exercise the freedoms guaranteed under the Amendment. 2 tapes. [Transcript 5:12]. [LC 73-762716]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7682-7683/R7

123.  Freedom of the Press - I. May 12, 1964.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins leads a discussion among the Center staff on the Supreme Court ruling in Sullivan v. New York Times, which upheld the citizen's right to criticize public officials unless malice can be proven. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:15]. [LC 73-762752]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7684-7685/R7

124.  Freedom of the Press - II. July 27, 1964.

Additional Note

Harry Kalven, Jr. hails the Supreme Court ruling in Sullivan v. New York Times as a major triumph for First Amendment rights. With Harry Ashmore, Scott Buchanan, William Gorman, Robert M. Hutchins, Richard Lichtman, Lil Sasseen, Joseph Tussman, and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:8]. [LC 73-762752]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7686-7687/R7

125.  Reapportioning the States. May 1, 1964.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins leads a Center staff discussion on the landmark Supreme Court decision in Gray v. Sanders, which stirred a good deal of controversy due to the vast political changes it portended, especially since similar cases had previously been rejected from consideration because they were believed to be politically motivated. 2 tapes. [Transcript 18:1]. [LC 73-762719]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7688/R7

126.  The Supreme Court as History. Dec. 1964.

Additional Note

Alexander Meiklejohn describes an experiment in adult education based upon readings of Supreme Court decisions. With Scott Buchanan, Harry Kalven, Milton Mayer, and Joseph Tussman. 1 tape. [Transcript 24:12]. [LC 73-762709]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7689-7690/R7

127.  Has the Court Usurped the Powers of Congress? Jan. 21, 1965.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins, in an interview conducted by Harvey Wheeler, discusses the controversial question of judicial review, in which the Court decides upon the constitutionality of acts by the legislative and executive branches, which he considers a relatively recent development. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:16]. [LC 73-762726]. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7691-7692/R7

128.  The Negro Revolution in 1965. Oct. 26, 1964.

Additional Note

Civil rights activist Bayard Rustin discusses the goals and tactics of the Black protest movement in the wake of the 1963 March on Washington, which he organized. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 31:12]. [LC 77-765393]. Category: DISSENT. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7693-7694/R7

129.  The Ethics of Compensatory Justice. Nov. 23, 1964.

Additional Note

The Center's Richard Lichtman makes the case for affirmative action in employment, housing, and education. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:13]. [LC 73-762746]. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7695/R7

130.  Beauty for Ashes. [ca. Nov-Dec. 1964].

Additional Note

A series of excerpted speeches tells the story of the Committee of Concern, an inter-faith and inter-racial organization of native Mississippians, formed in September 1964 in response to a series of over thirty church burnings that summer. The Committee sought to aid in the rebuilding of the burned-out churches, as well as to promote peaceful communication between the races. Narrated by Trevor Thomas. 1 tape. [LC 93-842050]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: RELIGION.
 

131.  Winds of Change.

Additional Note

Reissued as tape # 307. See other entry.
Tape No. AS7696/R7

132.  Gains in Mississippi. Nov. 10, 1964.

Additional Note

Daniel Biettel, of the Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, outlines the new gains he sees for law and order in Mississippi, in this interview with the Center's Trevor Thomas. 1 tape. [LC 93-842052]. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7697-7698/R7

133.  Have Slums, Will Travel. Dec. 17, 1964.

Additional Note

Louis E. Lomax, author of The Negro Revolt, proposes a radical education program that would remove children from the home, in the manner of the Israeli kibbutz, in order to relieve the scarring effects of the slum environment on children and to provide an experience of full racial integration. With Harry S. Ashmore, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Gene Hoffman, Paul Johnson, Richard Lichtman, Trevor Thomas, Rexford G. Tugwell, and Robert Woetzel. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:21]. [LC 73-762664]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7699-7700/R7

134.  A General Looks at War and Peace. Nov. 17, 1964.

Additional Note

Air Force General Henry C. Huglin contends that U.S. superiority in nuclear weapons has saved the world from atomic holocaust. In the following discussion, Scott Buchanan, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Irving Laucks, Richard Lichtman, Stanley Sheinbaum, Rexford Tugwell, and Robert Woetzel offer dissenting opinions. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:9]. [LC 73-762680]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. A7701-7702/R7

135.  The Edge of Violence. [ca. 1964].

Additional Note

Harry S. Ashmore, chairman of the executive committee of the Center's board of directors, tells Frank K. Kelly how it was to grow up on "the edge of violence" in the South and what led to his winning the Pulitzer Prize when he was a newspaper editor. 2 tapes. [Transcript 2:12]. [LC 76-742205]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7703-7704/R7

136.  Slightly Autobiographical: John Cogley. Jan. 20, 1964.

Additional Note

Frank K. Kelly interviews Chicago native John Cogley, a staff director of the Center's Study of Religious Institutions and the Study of the American Character, as well as religion editor for the New York Times. Cogley reflects on his days as a worker in Dorothy Day's settlement house, and as a magazine editor and politician, displaying his characteristic wit and wisdom. 2 tapes. [Transcript 8:4]. [LC 92-788391]. Category: RELIGION. Category: THE MEDIA. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7705-7706/R7

137.  Slightly Autobiographical: W. H. Ferry. [ca. 1964].

Additional Note

The Center's vice-president speaks about his roles as bird-watcher, pianist, teacher, and polemicist, examining his years working with Sidney Hillman and Robert M. Hutchins, in this interview conducted by Frank K. Kelly. 2 tapes. [Transcript 15:1 indicates Sept. 27, 1966 ?]. [LC 92-789020]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7707/R7

138.  Slightly Autobiographical: Hallock B. Hoffman. [ca. 1964].

Additional Note

Staff director of the Center's Study of the Political Process, Hoffman describes his life as a broadcasting commentator, president of Pacifica Radio, active member of the peace movement, and father of seven children. Questions by the Center's Frank K. Kelly. 1 tape. [Transcript 17:5 indicates 28 Sept. 1966 ?]. [LC 92-788392]. Category: THE MEDIA. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7708-7709/R7

139.  Slightly Autobiographical: Robert M. Hutchins. [ca. 1964].

Additional Note

The Center's Frank K. Kelly tries to probe for the man behind the controversial public image of Robert M. Hutchins, whose belief that Americans were confused about the purpose of higher education led him to initiate a radical new curriculum while serving as president of the University of Chicago. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:23]. [ Center Magazine: Nov. 1968]. [LC 76-742206]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7710-7711/R7

140.  Slightly Autobiographical: Frank K. Kelly. [ca. 1964].

Additional Note

In this interview conducted by John Cogley, the Center's vice-president in charge of public relations, Frank K. Kelly, discusses his years as a presidential speechwriter, war correspondent, and professor at Boston University. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:14 lists Sept 28, 1966 ?]. [LC 92-788395]. Category: THE MEDIA. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7712-77713/R7

141.  Is Curly Jewish? Aug. 25, 1965.

Additional Note

Paul Jacobs, the Center's staff director of the Study of the Trade Union, speaks with Frank K. Kelly about his autobiography Is Curly Jewish? and the rebellion against middle-class society that characterized him since his teenage years in New York. 2 tapes. [Transcript 19:13]. [LC 92-788396]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7714-7715/R7

142.  Thunder and Lightning over the Liberal Arts. Mar. 26, 1965.

Additional Note

Center consultant Scott Buchanan reminisces about the "thunder-and-lightning battles of ideas" over the liberal arts as they were waged during the 1930s, particularly at St. John's College, and as they were later reflected in the philosophy of the Peace Corps. Interview conducted by Frank K. Kelly. 2 tapes. [Transcript 5:14, has diff. title ?]. [LC 76-742207]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7716-7717/R7

143.  Slightly Autobiographical: Elisabeth Mann Borgese. Mar. 22, 1965.

Additional Note

Frank K. Kelly interviews the author and playwright, who discusses her experiments in testing the intelligence and learning capacity of animals, as well as reminiscing about her famous father, Thomas Mann. 2 tapes. [Transcript 4:9]. [LC 76-742208]. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7718-7719/R7

144.  Slightly Autobiographical: Lord Ritchie-Calder. May 5, 1966.

Additional Note

In this interview with Frank K. Kelly, the British peer, a Center consultant, focuses on his early years as a journalist and science writer, and particularly on his experiences as director of political and psychological warfare for Great Britain during World War II. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:19]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7720-7721/R7

145.  Slightly Autobiographical: Michael Harrington. Aug. 1965.

Additional Note

Associated with the Fund for the Republic since 1954, Mr. Harrington examines the early influences that led him to his many contributions to revolutionary thought in America, in this conversation with John Cogley. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:21]. [LC 92-788399]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7722-7723/R7

146.  A Love Affair with Learning. Aug. 24, 1964.

Additional Note

Center associate William Gorman discusses his early experiences as part of an Irish immigrant family in New England, and how his lifelong love of learning has gained him a reputation as a gifted musician, critic, raconteur, and teacher. Questions by Frank K. Kelly. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:10]. [LC 74-750897]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS6368/R7

147.  Slightly Autobiographical: Raghavan Iyer. Aug. 25, 1968.

Additional Note

In this interview conducted by Frank K. Kelly, disciple of Ghandi, Rhodes scholar, and Oxford don Raghavan Iyer relates the influences on a young Indian boy that led to the philosophy he holds as an adult. 2 tapes. [Transcript 19:10]. [LC 76-742209]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: EDUCATION. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7724-7725/R7

150.  PIT I - I: An Anatomy of Peace. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

The possibility of peace in the nuclear age is the topic in excerpts from speeches by Robert Buron, Abba Eban, Hubert Humphrey, Robert M. Hutchins, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Linus Pauling, Adlai Stevenson, Kenzo Takayanagi, U Thant, and Paul Tillich. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:11]. [Publication No. 804]. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 73-762714]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7726-7727/R7

151.  PIT I - II: The Semantics of Coexistence. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

The terms "peace," "neutrality," and "intervention" have different meanings for different societies, as is dramatized in this discussion concerning the unification of Germany. The international panel is chaired by Belgium's Paul-Henri Spaak, and includes Robert Buron of France, the U.S.S.R.'s N. N. Inozemtsev, George F. Kennan of the U.S., Adam Schaff of Poland, and Gemany's Carlo Schmid. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:12]. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [Publication No. 136?]. [LC 73-762724]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7728-7729/R7

152.  PIT I - III: Ideology and Intervention. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

The old criteria about ideological differences are no longer useful, as many have been blurred by technological advances. The advent of the nuclear age makes necessary an even more rapid accommodation between different systems. Participants in the discussion include Steve Allen, Abba Eban, Jerome Frank, J. William Fulbright, Eugene McCarthy, George McGovern, Fred Warner Neal, Claiborne Pell, George Shuster, Carl F. Stover, Arnold J. Toynbee, and Yevgenyi Zhukov. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:13]. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [Publication No. 136?]. [LC 73-763055]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7730-7731/R7

153.  PIT I - IV: Peacekeeping under the Rule of Law. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

The basis for an orderly world community rests upon the rule of law, and the hard questions revolve around the issue of national sovereignty. A panel discussion featuring Lord Caradon, J. William Fulbright, Philip C. Jessup, Luis Quintanilla, Kenzo Takayanagi, Earl Warren, and Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:14]. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [Publication No. 137?]. [LC 73-762715]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7732-7733/R7

154.  PIT I - V: The Rich and the Poor. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

A discussion of the need for economic aid to new nations without condescension or political strings attached, with introductory remarks by Linus Pauling. The panel, chaired by Barbara Ward, includes S. O. Adebo, Robert Buron, Alberto Lleras Camargo, Mikhail Dmitrievich Millionshchikov, Abdul Monem Rifa'i, and Vida Tomic. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:15]. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [Publication No. 137]. [LC 73-762703]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7734-7735/R7

155.  PIT I - VI: A World Community - and U.S. Foreign Policy. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

The topic of the world community is addressed in these excerpts from three round-table discussions. Participants include Abram J. Chayes, Grenville Clark, John Cogley, Norman Cousins, Hudson Hoagland, H. Stuart Hughes, Herman Kahn, Marya Mannes, Walter Millis, Hans J. Morgenthau, James G. Patton, R. Paul Ramsey, Bayard Rustin, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, and Harold E. Stassen. 2 tapes. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [Publication No. 138?]. [LC 73-762751]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7736-7737/R7

156.  PIT I - VII: The Haves and the Have-Nots. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

The responsibilities of nations that give foreign aid and those that receive it are discussed in these excerpts from a variety of panels. Participants include Steve Allen, Eugene Burdick, Grenville Clark, James Farmer, Jerome Frank, H. Stuart Hughes, Henry R. Luce, Eugene McCarthy, James G. Patton, Claiborne Pell, Gerard Piel, Elmo Roper, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, George Shuster, Carl F. Stover, and Paul Tillich. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:16]. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [Publication No. 138?]. [LC 73-762695]. Category INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7738/R7

157.  PIT I - Convocation Opens at the UN General Assembly. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

United States Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey addresses the participants in the Center's International Convocation on Pacem in Terris. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788400]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7739/R7

158.  PIT I - Convocation Opens at the UN General Assembly. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Introductory remarks by Adlai Stevenson, America's U.N. delegate, and Alex Quason-Sackey of Ghana, president of the United Nations General Assembly. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788400]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7740/R7

159.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Nature of the Problem. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins addresses the convocation in his role as president of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, followed by Bishop George Guilfoyle's reading of a message from Pope Paul VI. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788385]. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7741/R7

160.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Nature of the Problem. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Introductory remarks by Paul Tillich, Professor of Theology at the University of Chicago. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788385]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7742/R7

161.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Nature of the Problem. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Introductory remarks by Nobel laureate Linus Pauling. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788385]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7743/R7

162.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Nature of the Problem. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Introductory remarks by Paul-Henri Spaak, Vice-Premier and Foreign Minister of Belgium. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788385]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7744/R7

163.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Nature of the Problem. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Introductory remarks by the Soviet Union's N. N. Inozemtsev, deputy chief editor of Pravda. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788385]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7745/R7

164.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: A European Settlement. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Remarks by the former U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R., George F. Kennan, and Carlo Schmid, Vice-President of the Bundestag of the Federal Republic of Germany. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788401]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7746/R7

165.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: A European Settlement. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Remarks by Adam Schaff, member of the Central Committee of Poland's communist party. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788401]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7747/R7

166.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: A European Settlement. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

George F. Kennan is joined by Robert Buron, chairman of France's National Committee on Productivity. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788401]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7748/R7

167.  PIT I - Roundtable I: Implications for U.S. Policies. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

A discussion of the implications of Pacem in Terris for American policies, featuring James Farmer, Walter Millis, Elmo Roper, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, and Paul Tillich. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788383]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7749/R7

168.  PIT I - Roundtable I: Implications for U.S. Policies. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Further discussion of the implications of Pacem in Terris for American policies, featuring H. Stuart Hughes, Herman Kahn, Walter Millis, James G. Patton, William Fitts Ryan, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, and Dagmar Wilson. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788383]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7750/R7

169.  PIT I - Roundtable I: Implications for U.S. Policies. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Continued discussion of the implications of Pacem in Terris for American policies, featuring James Farmer, H. Stuart Hughes, Herman Kahn, James G. Patton, Elmo Roper, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, Paul Tillich, and Dagmar Wilson. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788383]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7751/R7

170.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Institutional Structure. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Remarks by Chief Justice Earl Warren of the U.S. Supreme Court and Judge Philip C. Jessup of the International Court of Justice. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788402]. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7752/R7

171.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Institutional Structure. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Remarks by Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, a judge at the International Court of Justice, and Mexican Ambassador Luis Quintanilla. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788402]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7753/R7

172.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Institutional Structure. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

An address by Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, governor of Maharashtra, India. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788402]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7754/R7

173.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Institutional Structure. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

An address by Pietro Nenni, Deputy Prime Minister of Italy. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788402]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7755/R7

174.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Non-Nuclear Powers. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Remarks by Chief S. O. Adebo, Nigeria's representative to the U.N.; Robert Buron of France; former President of Colombia Alberto Lleras Camargo; and British economist Barbara Ward. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788403]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7756/R7

175.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: The Non-Nuclear Powers. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Mikhail Dmitrievich Millionshchikov, vice-president of the Soviet Union's Academy of Sciences, Jordan's U.N. delegate Abdul Monem Rifa'i, and Vida Tomic of the Federal Assembly of Yugoslavia's Committee for Foreign Affairs join S. O. Adebo, Robert Buron, Alberto Lleras Camargo, and Barbara Ward for further discussion of this topic. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788403]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7757/R7

176.  PIT I - Roundtable II: Implications for US Policies. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

A second discussion of the implications of Pacem in Terris for American policies, featuring Hudson Hoagland, Marya Mannes, Hans J. Morgenthau, R. Paul Ramsey, and Harold E. Stassen. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788410]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7758/R7

177.  PIT I - Roundtable II: Implications for US Policies. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

A continuation of the second discussion of the implications of Pacem in Terris for American policies, featuring Abram J. Chayes, John Cogley, Marya Mannes, R. Paul Ramsey, Bayard Rustin, and Harold E. Stassen. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788410]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7759/R7

178.  PIT I - Roundtable II: Implications for US Policies. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Concluding the second discussion of the implications of Pacem in Terris for American policies, featuring Hudson Hoagland, Marya Mannes, Hans J. Morgenthau, and Harold E. Stassen. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788410]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7760/R7

179.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: Mutual Interest and Mutual Trust. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Remarks by Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Abba Eban; J. William Fulbright, chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee; and Yevgenyi Zhukov, director of the Institute of History at the U.S.S.R.'s Academy of Sciences. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788411]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
 

180.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: Mutual Interest and Mutual Trust. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

Remarks by J. William Fulbright, joined by British historian Arnold J. Toynbee, and the U.K.'s Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Lord Caradon, [Feb. 1965]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7761/R7

181.  PIT I - Requirements for Peace: Mutual Interest and Mutual Trust. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

An address by U.N. Secretary General U Thant, with an introduction by Leslie Paffrath, secretary-general of the convocation and president of the Johnson Foundation. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788411]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7762/R7

182.  PIT I - Roundtable III: Summary of Convocation. [Feb. 1965].

Additional Note

A discussion of the Center's first International Convocation on Pacem in Terris, chaired by Henry R. Luce, and featuring Steve Allen, Eugene Burdick, Grenville Clark, Jerome Frank, Claiborne Pell, and Gerard Piel. 1 tape. [Talks and discussions from PIT I are in CSDI publication Pacem in Terris/Peace on Earth]. [LC 92-788412]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7763-7764/R7

183.  Education for Freedom. Oct. 6, 1965.

Additional Note

The first two chapters of a book on how best to educate in a free society, recorded by pioneer educator Alexander Meiklejohn shortly before his death. With commentary by his lifelong friend and colleague, the Center's Scott Buchanan. Original title: What Is a Free Society? 2 tapes. [Transcript 24:11]. [LC 73-762663]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7765/R7

184.  Alexander Meiklejohn: Celebration of a Life. Dec. 6, 1965.

Additional Note

Philosopher and educator Scott Buchanan delivers his memorial address in honor of his friend and colleague Alexander Meiklejohn (1872-1964), with further eulogizing by Harry Kalven, Jr., Milton Mayer, and Joseph Tussman. 1 tape. [Transcript 24:10]. [LC 92-789015]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7766/R7

185.  Witness. Mar. 15, 1965.

Additional Note

A portrait is presented of the Catholic activist Dorothy Day, noted anarchist and editor of The Catholic Worker, through excerpts of talks by John Cogley, W. H. Ferry, Michael Harrington, Ammon Hennacy, Frank K. Kelly, and Robert Woetzel, as well as by Dorothy Day herself. 1 tape. [Transcript 11:16]. [LC 92-789016]. Category: RELIGION. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7767/R7

186.  Merchants of Phony Issues. Feb. 27, 1964.

Additional Note

Thomas Braden, of the California State Board of Education, speaks out on the prevailing climate of fear among educators that allows "merchants of phony issues" to obscure what he sees as the real battle between ideas and ideologies. 1 tape. [Transcript 4:13]. [LC 92-789017]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7768-7769/R7

187.  The Crisis of Identity in a Workless World. Mar. 1965

Additional Note

UCLA psychiatrist Judd Marmor examines the problem of psychological dislocation among people whose jobs have been lost to automation, and projects the issues into a future where "cybernation" will make it possible to achieve the same level of productivity with only a small fraction of the human labor force needed today. Dr. Marmor speculates on what will happen to those persons who once found their identity in their work. 2 tapes. [Transcript 23:5]. [LC 75-750443]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7770/R7

188.  You've Got to be Taught to Hate. Mar. 17, 1965.

Additional Note

Psychiatrist Judd Marmor, of the University of California Los Angeles, discusses his belief that racial prejudice will be unlearned only when the perceptions people have hitherto held of one another are changed through their personal experiences, and so such experiences may need to be imposed upon people by laws such as the Civil Rights Act. Followed by discussion with W. H. Ferry, Roderic Gorney, and Paul Jacobs. 1 tape. [Transcript 23:7]. [LC 73-762701]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7771/R7

189.  Toward a Neuter Gender. Mar. 18, 1965.

Additional Note

The Center's Elisabeth Mann Borgese discusses the issues raised in her book The Ascent of Woman, suggesting that, historically, women have fared better in collective societies than in individualistic ones. She projects a science-fiction world in which women who are beyond child-bearing years become men and play a creative role in society, then debates the implications of this idea with psychiatrist Ralph Greenson. 1 tape. [LC 75-750456]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7772/R7

190.  The Third Generation. Mar. 11, 1965.

Additional Note

A conversation between John Cogley and Michael Harrington, reflecting on the pervasive changes that have occurred in all areas of life since Marx, Freud, and the technological revolution. They determine that humanity has the philosophic understanding to accommodate these changes, but neither the agencies nor the imagination to implement that understanding. 1 tape. [Transcript 16:22]. [LC 75-750457]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7773-7774/R7

191.  Schooling vs. Education: Rx for Junior Colleges. Aug. 1965.

Additional Note

W. H. Ferry asserts that modern education must prepare students for a world both warless and relatively workless, although they continue with business as usual. He offers his prescription to junior colleges to bridge the gap between mere schooling and real education. With James D. Finn and Robert M. Hutchins. 2 tapes. [Transcript 15:3]. [LC 92-789018]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7775/R7

192.  The Perils of Loving. Mar. 18, 1965.

Additional Note

Psychiatrist Ralph Greenson, of the University of California Los Angeles, suggests that the rarity of intense friendships in our time may be rooted in our fears of homosexuality, in our mobility, and in what he terms "the perils of loving" - the sense that it is more important to maintain one's group identity than to risk love - in this discussion with the Center's Richard Lichtman. 1 tape. [Transcript 16:13]. [LC 75-750458]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7776/R7 & AS7778/R7

193.  The Role of Social Criticism - I. June 18, 1965.

Additional Note

Jules Feiffer, Paul Jacobs, and Edward P. Morgan discuss the responsibility of the social critic in America in these excerpts from a two-day conference at the Center. Original title: "Don't Make Waves." 2 tapes. [Transcript 14:6]. [LC 75-750451]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7777/R7 & AS7779/R7

193A.  The Role of Social Criticism - II. June 19, 1965.

Additional Note

Jules Feiffer, Paul Jacobs, and Edward P. Morgan defend their views in this discussion session with Center fellows and guests. Original title: "Don't Make Waves." 2 tapes. [Transcript 14:7]. [LC 75-750451]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7780-7781/R7

194.  After "Pacem in Terris" - I. Juned 28-29, 1965.

Additional Note

The Center's Hallock Hoffman presents excerpts from a post-event conference held to address some of the issues raised in the first International Convocation on Pacem in Terris, featuring S. O. Adebo, Patrick Armstrong, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Ralph Bunche, Michael Comay, N. N. Inozemtsev, C. V. Narasimhan, Fred Neal, Linus Pauling, Luis Quintanilla, E. R. Richardson, Paul-Henri Spaak, and Muhammad Zafrulla Khan. 2 tapes. [Transcript 1:7]. [LC 93-842053]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7782/R7

195.  After "Pacem in Terris" - II. June 28-29, 1965.

Additional Note

The Center's Hallock Hoffman presents further excerpts from the post-event conference held to address some of the issues raised in the first International Convocation on Pacem in Terris, featuring S. O. Abedo, Ralph Bunche, Michael Comay, Robert M. Hutchins, Fred Neal, and Luis Quintanilla. 1 tape. [Transcript 1:8]. [LC 93-842053]. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7783/R7

196.  A Fish Story for Peace. Mar. 25, 1965.

Additional Note

Darwin's theory of the survival of the fittest has produced newer theories, among them that survival may depend upon the ability of a species to live in cooperation. Elisabeth Mann Borgese examines the ways in which animals are superior to humans, both in their technology and in the ways they ritualize conflict to avoid bloodshed. 1 tape. [Transcript 4:6-7]. [LC 75-750455]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7784-7785/R7

197.  Capitalism, Socialism, and Communism. Aug. 30, 1965.

Additional Note

Michael Harrington attempts a redefinition of the terms capitalism,' socialism,' and communism,' since these words have served political ends for so long that the theories on which these systems are based have been taken as descriptions of the facts. He also provides an historic account of the origins of some of the resulting distortions. Followed by discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Lord Ritchie-Calder, and Rexford G. Tugwell. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:20]. [LC 73-763063]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7786-7787/R7

198.  Oakland: A City in Trouble. Jan. 19, 1965.

Additional Note

John C. Houlihan, mayor of Oakland, California and a Center consultant, discusses the difficulties and possibilities involved in urban renewal, using his own city as an example. With John Cogley, Philip Rieff, and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:8]. [LC 93-842054]. Category: URBAN / RURAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7788-7789/R7

199.  After Automation - What? Sept. 1, 1965.

Additional Note

Physicist Amos de Shalit, of the Weismann Insitute in Israel, insists that technology is so rapidly outpacing man that the most to be hoped for now is coexistence with the computer. Followed by discussion. Original title: "Man and Machines." 2 tapes. [Transcript 12:4]. [LC 73-762682]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7790/R7

200.  What Kind of World? May 11, 1965.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads his weekly newspaper editorials. Includes: (1) Introduction: What Kind of World?; (2) The Bankruptcy of American Foreign Policy; (3) The Great Society - Great for What?; (4) Should the Government Finance Election Campaigns?; (5) A New Look at the First Amendment; (6) The Ombudsman and the Bureaucracy; and (7) The Art of the Possible. Each is three to four minutes long. 1 tape. [LC 92-789157]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7791/R7

201, 202, 203.  What Kind of World? [ca. Jan. 1967?].

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads his weekly newspaper editorials. Includes: (1) Free Press; (2) Education for Self-Preservation; (3) Microminiaturization; (4) After Watts, What?; (5) The City; (6) Instantaneous Communications; (7) Conscription; (8) The Status Quo Syndrome; (9) Why a Constitutional Convention?; (10) How I Became a Con Man; (11) The Submarine Syndrome; and (12) Education is Not a Children's Disease. Each is around three minutes long. 1 tape. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7792/R7

204.  What Kind of World? Feb. 9, 1970.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads two of his weekly newspaper editorials that deal with issues surrounding the United States Supreme Court. Each is around four minutes long. 1 tape. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7793/R7

205.  What Kind of World? Feb. 1970.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads his weekly newspaper editorials. Includes discussion of: (1) image building in the Nixon administration; (2) the evolution of popular music; (3) the California environmentalist movement; (4) campaign finance reform; and (5) manipulation of the press by the Nixon White House. Each is three to four minutes long. 1 tape. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7794/R7

206.  What Kind of World? Feb. 1970

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads his weekly newspaper editorials. Includes discussion of: (1) FCC chairman Dean Birch; (2) President Nixon's television appearances; (3) the problem of "ethnicity" in the civil rights movement; (4) the high suicide rate among college students; and (5) the enmity between Vice President Spiro Agnew and the mass media. Each is three to four minutes long. 1 tape. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7795/R7

207.  What Kind of World? Mar. 3, 1970.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads one of his weekly newspaper editorials, dealing with efforts by the Nixon administration to undermine the process of racial desegregation. The program is about five minutes long. 1 tape. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7796/R7

208.  What Kind of World? Mar. 1970.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads two of his weekly newspaper editorials. Discussion includes: (1) the trial of the Chicago Seven; and (2) the riots in Isla Vista by students of the University of California Santa Barbara. Each is about four minutes long. 1 tape. Category: DISSENT. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7797/R7

209.  What Kind of World? Mar. 18, 1970.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins reads one of his weekly newspaper editorials, dealing with U.S. involvement in Laos, its relation to the Vietnam War, and it effects on the Laotian people. The program is about five minutes long. 1 tape. Category: HUTCHINS. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS6776-6777/R7

210.  Library Conversation. Apr. 17, 1967.

Additional Note

Raghavan Iyer leads a discussion with Herbert W. Schneider and Scott Buchanan on the four main branches of philosophy dealing with the concept of enlightenment, the European, Scottish, American, and Asian, and their relevance to freedom in a political context. 2 tapes. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS7798-7799/R7

226.  War and Revolution Today. Sept. 23, 1965.

Additional Note

Walter Millis, a noted war historian, argues against two long-held tenets: first, that revolution is a popular uprising against unbearable tyranny; and, second, that war is a conflict of organized armies in which victory is resolved through conquest of one by the other. He asks for new definitions to fit contemporary facts. Discussion with Jon Alexander, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Harrop A. Freeman, Robert M. Hutchins, Raghavan Iyer, Vukan Kuic, Irving Laucks, Richard Lichtman, Donald McDonald, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, Rexford G. Tugwell, John Wilkinson, and Robert Woetzel. 2 tapes. [Transcript 25:9]. [Publication No. 141]. Category: DISSENT. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7800-7801/R7

227.  A Look at the U.S. Press from Abroad. June 21, 1965.

Additional Note

In this panel discussion, fifteen foreign journalists discuss their experiences working for American newspapers, and give their assessment of the U.S. press. They conclude that American newspapers are more honest but more ignorant than those abroad, and are unconsciously more corrupt because they tell Americans what they want to hear rather than what they ought to know. 2 tapes. [Publication No. 144]. [LC 74-760401]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7802-7803/R7

228.  The Arts in a Democratic Society: I. Oct. 4, 1965.

Additional Note

In excerpts from a two-day preliminary conference, the discussion centers on government support of the arts, dealing with questions about policy, purpose, selectivity, and the basic issue of how freedom of expression can be protected under a system of bureaucratic procedures. The panel, led by Gifford Phillips, includes Harry S. Ashmore, Dan Burhans, Kirk Douglas, Harrop A. Freeman, Hallock Hoffman, John Houseman, Walter Hopps, Robert M. Hutchins, Abbot Kaplan, Frank K. Kelly, Ernie Kreiling, Vukan Kuic, Irving Laucks, Thomas W. Leavitt, Richard Lichtman, Lawrence Lipton, Donald McDonald, Edward Reed, Howard Richards, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, Roger Stevens, Jan Stussy, Henri Temianka, Harvey Wheeler, John Wilkinson, Harold Willens, and Robert Woetzel. 2 tapes. [Transcript 2:4]. [Publication No. 142]. [LC 73-762678]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS7804-7805/R7

229.  The Arts in a Democratic Society: II. Oct. 1965.

Additional Note

A continuation of the discussion on government support of the arts, led by Roger L. Stevens. The panel includes Harry S. Ashmore, Dan Burhans, Kirk Douglas, Harrop A. Freeman, Hallock Hoffman, Walter Hopps, John Houseman, Robert M. Hutchins, Abbot Kaplan, Frank K. Kelly, Ernie Kreiling, Vukan Kuic, Irving Laucks, Thomas W. Leavitt, Richard Lichtman, Lawrence Lipton, Donald McDonald, Gifford Phillips, Edward Reed, Howard Richards, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, Jan Stussy, Henri Temianka, Harvey Wheeler, John Wilkinson, Harold Willens, and Robert Woetzel. 2 tapes. [Transcript 2:5]. [Publication No. 142]. [LC 73-762678]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS7806-7807/R7

230.  China Policy. Sept. 29, 1965.

Additional Note

Franz Schurmann, of the University of California Center for Chinese Studies, explores some of the myths and misconceptions on which the official policies of the United States and China have rested, which he fears may have perilous consequences for the world. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:2]. [LC 73-762658]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7808-7809/R7

231.  Economic Planning in France. Aug. 26, 1964.

Additional Note

Stanley K. Sheinbaum discusses the economic planning commissions in France, which have no power under law to set goals or allocate resources, but have nevertheless managed to achieve a steady rate of economic growth. Followed by discussion with Mortimer Andron, Anthony Crosland, W. H. Ferry, Michael Harrington, Robert M. Hutchins, Harry Kalven, Jr., Paul M. Sweezy, and Rexford G. Tugwell. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:13]. [LC 92-789184]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7810-7811/R7

232.  Masscomm as Guru (Masscomm as Teacher). Oct. 27, 1965.

Additional Note

The Center's W. H. Ferry maintains that crimes against intelligence and good-will are being committed by the media of mass communication, which he terms "masscomm." He argues that the chief function of the mass media in all its forms ought to be to educate, but instead it fails to take itself or its responsibilities seriously. 2 tapes. [Transcript 14:15]. [Publication No. 144]. [LC 92-789186]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7812/R7

233.  The Green Revolutions. Oct. 13, 1965.

Additional Note

Czech economist Pavel Eisler argues that the nature of peasant revolutions must be understood if United States policy on foreign aid is to succeed, in this talk with the Center's Harvey Wheeler. Professor Eisler also discusses the differences between Soviet and Chinese economic developments and explains why the developing nations prefer the Chinese model. With Vukan Kuic, Lord Ritchie-Calder, and Rexford G. Tugwell. 1 tape. [Transcript 13:8]. [LC 75-750444]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7813-7814/R7

234.  A Socialist Looks at Affluence. Oct. 1965.

Additional Note

Pavel Eisler, Czechoslovakian economist, argues that the line between capitalism and socialism is not becoming blurred, as the conventional wisdom would have it, but rather the vast differences in property relationships will ultimately drive the two systems farther apart. The Center's Harvey Wheeler questions Professor Eisler on his assertions. 2 tapes. [Transcript 13:11]. [LC 73-763085]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7815-7816/R7

235.  Libermanism and Socialism. Oct. 11, 1965.

Additional Note

Economist Pavel Eisler gives an account of recent developments in the system of planning and management in his home country of Czechoslovakia, as well as in socialist countries more generally, and seeks to correct certain misconceptions held in the United States regarding the meaning of recent changes seen in socialist countries, such as the economic policy known as Libermanism. Followed by discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Hallock Hoffman, Irving Laucks, Richard Lichtman, and Stanley Sheinbaum. 2 tapes. [Transcript 13:9]. [LC 73-763057]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7817-7818/R7

236.  A Look at the Czech Economy. Oct. 12, 1965.

Additional Note

Economist Pavel Eisler says that, in spite of the rigidity of central planning, his nation of Czechoslovakia has achieved a high rate of economic growth, rising living standards, and a reduction in regional inequalities; however, he also describes the major shortcomings that still remain to be corrected. Followed by discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Hallock Hoffman, Vukan Kuic, Richard Lichtman, Leon Sager, and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 13:10]. [LC 92-789156]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7819-7820/R7

237.  Civilization, Industrial Society, and Love. June 1965.

Additional Note

John Nef, chairman of the Center for Human Understanding, observes that the concept of "civilization" developed in the mid-eighteenth century in response to the early industrial revolution, but the time has come to create a better concept of civilization based on faith, wisdom, and love. 2 tapes. [Transcript 26:11]. [LC 73-762692]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7821-7822/R7

238.  Ethiopians: Peace Corps in Reverse. Dec. 6, 1965.

Additional Note

Three representatives from Ethiopia, an anthropologist, a lawyer, and a linguist, explain the widely-held view in Africa that the requirements of industrial development demand authoritarian measures in newly-developing countries, and that this is not regarded as a choice between democracy and socialism, but rather as the necessary suspension of certain democratic procedures during a "war" - the war against poverty and ignorance. 2 tapes. [Transcript 13:15]. [LC 93-842055]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7823/R7

239.  Technology and the Unions. Jan. 23, 1964.

Additional Note

Ralph Helstein, president of the United Packinghouse Workers of America, argues that no group will be more affected by the consequences of unemployment due to automation than trade unions, yet they have shown little imagination in coping with the problem. 1 tape. [Transcript available]. [LC 73-763076]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7824/R7

240.  The Public Happiness. Mar. 16, 1965.

Additional Note

The Center's Harry S. Ashmore examines the performance of President Lyndon B. Johnson in domestic matters, concluding that America has reached the end of a revolutionary epoch, for the vast majority of Americans now live in the center of a narrow horizon bounded almost exclusively by concerns for their own well-being. He suggests that Johnson is probably the last President to have been conditioned by the values of a vanishing America, and this accounts for his unpopularity. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:2]. [LC 73-762657]. Category: THE PRESIDENCY / PRESIDENTIAL POWERS. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7825/R7

241.  The Enduring Exception. Mar. 1965.

Additional Note

Harry S. Ashmore observes that the normal tendency of the intellectual to complicate propositions that are both fundamental and simple is nowhere more sharply demonstrated than in the issue of race. 1 tape. [Transcript 2:14]. [LC 73-762704]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7826-7827/R7

242.  Living without Guilt. 1959.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins gives his original satirical talk on the fictitious philosopher Dr. Alexander Zuckerkandl, delivered at Brandeis University in 1959. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:19]. [LC 73-762962]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7828-7829/R7

243.  What's Wrong with the University? May 1966.

Additional Note

In this synthesis of the Convocation on the University in America, sixteen scholars, administrators, specialists, and students attempt to address the three main questions under discussion: What's wrong with the university? What should it ideally be? And how can the ideal be achieved? 2 tapes. [ Center Diary: 14]. [LC 73-762674]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7830-7831/R7

244.  The Students and the University. May 1966.

Additional Note

A discussion of the role, the demands, and the needs of students in the modern university, with Stringfellow Barr, Clark Kerr Rosemary Park, Linus Pauling, Isidore I. Rabi, and four student representatives. University in America Convocation. 2 tapes. [Publication 149]. [LC 73-762676]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7832/R7

245.  The Issues: Problems Facing the University. May 1966.

Additional Note

Opening remarks at the Center's convocation on "The University in America," by Robert M. Hutchins. Introduction by Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas. 1 tape. [Publication 149]. [LC 73-762675]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS7833/R7

246.  The University and the Human Condition. May 1966.

Additional Note

Journalist and author Walter Lippmann talks about what he sees as a spiritual and intellectual vacuum in modern society, which only the community of scholars can fill. With remarks by Robert M. Hutchins and J. Douglas Brown. University in America Convocation. 1 tape. [LC 73-762668]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7834-7835/R7

247.  Toward a More Perfect University. May 1966.

Additional Note

Clark Kerr, president of the University of California, suggests that the crisis in the university is primarily in the humanities and social sciences and at the undergraduate level. With remarks by J. Douglas Brown and Rosemary Park. University in America Convocation. 2 tapes. [Publication 149]. [LC 73-762687]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7836-7837/R7

248.  The Idea of Community in the University. May 1966.

Additional Note

Rosemary Park, president of Barnard College, says that universities today over-teach, over-work, and over-examine their students, but the resulting chaos could prove to be a creative instability if administrators would pattern themselves after Socrates. With remarks by Jacob Bronowski, Scott Buchanan, and W. H. Ferry. University in America Convocation. 2 tapes. [Publication 149]. [LC 73-762673]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7838/R7

249.  The Future of the University Ideal. May 1966.

Additional Note

Sir Eric Ashby, of Cambridge University, gives his account of the true purpose of the university, and says that the desire to be "modern" is not necessarily a virtue. With remarks by Robert M. Hutchins. University in America Convocation. 1 tape. [Publication 149]. [LC 73-762669]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7839-7840/R7

250.  The University and the Requirements of Democracy. May 10, 1966.

Additional Note

Senator J. William Fulbright expounds on his belief that assuring the survival of the human race will require the attention of both scholars and politicians, though not necessarily working in collaboration, for he fears that if the relationship between the two becomes too intimate, then the university can end up as more a place of business than a place of learning. With an introduction by Harry S. Ashmore. University in America Convocation. 2 tapes. [ Center Diary: 12]. [LC 73-762671]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7841/R7

251.  The University as the Beloved Republic. May 10, 1966.

Additional Note

Jacques Barzun, of Columbia University, sees modern universities as less a company of scholars and more a Babylon of self-seeking individuals doing "gilded" research. University in America Convocation. 1 tape. [Publication 149]. [LC 73-762672]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7842/R7

252.  Commitment and the Human Condition. May 1966.

Additional Note

A discussion of people's fundamental commitment to each other, in the light of an incident in which a murder was committed, witnessed by thirty people who did nothing to stop it. Seeing this as a brutal demonstration of the pathology of an alienated society are panelists Richard Dallek, Fred Goldstein, Ralph R. Greenson, and Richard Lichtman. 1 tape. [Transcript 22:11]. [LC 73-762696]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7843-7844/R7

253.  Is History Out of Control? Nov. 1966.

Additional Note

Psychiatrist Jerome Frank, of Johns Hopkins University, notes that, historically, more people have died during wars from famine and disease than from weapons, but recent technological developments have finally reversed that trend. He argues that the human race, though the most adaptable of all animal species, appears unable to change swiftly enough to adapt to this new phase of our culture, which clearly requires a world without war. Followed by discussion with Robert M. Hutchins. 2 tapes. [Transcript 15:17]. [LC 75-750450]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7845/R7

254.  Technology and the Ageless Unconscious. Dec. 23, 1965.

Additional Note

After a talk given by Los Angeles psychiatrist Martin Grotjahn, in which he asserted that man's salvation in our technological age lies in learning to use the machine as an extension of himself rather than as a symbol of repressed narcissism, Dr. Grotjahn discusses his thesis with Jacob Bronowski, Roderic Gorney, and Trevor Thomas. 1 tape. [Transcript 16:14]. [LC 73-763074]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7846-7847/R7

255.  "La Mula No Nació Arisca." Oct. 1965.

Additional Note

Excerpts from a Center conference that make the case that the deprivation and exploitation suffered by the Mexican-American community are far more serious than for most other minority groups. Featuring Steve Allen, Y. Arturo Cabrera, Bert Corona, W. H. Ferry, Ernesto Galarza, Ralph Guzman, Daniel Luevano, Paul O'Rourke, and Seniel Ostrow. Mexican-American Conference I. 2 tapes. [Transcript 25:1-2]. [LC 73-762648]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7848-7849/R7

256.  Who Is the Enemy? [Oct. 1965].

Additional Note

Excerpts from a Center conference that focus on identifying the primary enemy' of the Mexican-American community, whether it is the schools, the Church, or the people themselves. Featuring Bert Acosta, Steve Allen, Y. Arturo Cabrera, Bert Corona, W. H. Ferry, Ernesto Galarza, Richard Lichtman, Daniel Luevano, Dionicio Morales, Grace Olivarez, and Armando Rodriguez. Mexican-American Conference II. 2 tapes. [Transcript 25:3-4]. [ Center Diary: 18]. [LC 73-762648]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7850-7851/R7

257.  The Cactus Curtain. Oct. 1965.

Additional Note

Labor organizer Ernesto Galarza, author of Merchants of Labor: The Mexican Bracero Story, outlines a program to correct the deep inequities in the U.S. culture with respect to the Mexican-American community. Mexican-American Conference III. 2 tapes. [Transcript 25:5]. [ Center Diary: 14]. [LC 73-762648]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7852/R7

258.  The Lucid Interval. Aug. 18, 1966.

Additional Note

In this discussion moderated by John R. Seeley, Joan Baez, Hallock Hoffman, Raghavan Iyer, and Ira Sandperl speak of their dedication to the principle of non-violence and how Gandhi influenced their lives. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:7]. [ Center Diary: 15]. [LC 75-750452]. Category: DISSENT. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7853-7855/R7

259.  Consulting the Romans. ca. Aug-Sept. 1966.

Additional Note

The Center's Stringfellow Barr draws a parallel between America today and the ancient Roman Empire, which relied on force and money to achieve its ends. Followed by discussion with Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Harrop A. Freeman, William Gorman, Gerald H. Gottlieb, Henry C. Huglin, Raghavan Iyer, Frank K. Kelly, Irving Laucks, Richard Lichtman, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. 3 tapes. [Transcript 3: 8-10]. [Publication No. 150]. [LC 73-763056]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7856/R7

260.  Blacklist: A Failure in Political Imagination. Nov. 1966.

Additional Note

In this interviewed conducted by radio personality Dale Minor, screenwriter Millard Lampell and entertainer-commentator John Henry Faulk, both of whom had been blacklisted, argue that the practice continues in the 1960s in a more insidious, subtle, and dangerous form than its 1950s predecessor. 1 tape. [Transcript 22:6]. [LC 73-762764]. Category: DISSENT. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS6686/R7

261.  Buddhism and Communism. Oct. 27, 1966.

Additional Note

Raghavan Iyer, of the University of California Santa Barbara, gives his analysis of the tensions between Buddhism and Communism, which he sees as underlying much of the political conflicts in Asia, and outlines what the two systems have in common, what differences can be resolved or accommodated, and where the two can never meet. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 19:9]. [LC 73-763069]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7857-7858/R7

262.  Experiment in Self-Help. Jan. 1967.

Additional Note

Robert Bailey and Lou Smith, organizers of Operation Bootstrap, a successful volunteer self-help movement in the black area of Los Angeles, discuss with the Center's Hallock Hoffman the problems they encountered from teachers and students alike when setting up their program to train African-Americans for skilled and semi-skilled professions. Operation Bootstrap I. 2 tapes. [Transcript 26:13 says Nov. 8, 1966 ?]. [ Center Diary: 16]. [LC 92-789198]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7859/R7

263.  Self-Concepts - Myth and Mirror. Feb. 1967.

Additional Note

A delegation from Operation Bootstrap, the volunteer self-help movement based in the black area of Los Angeles, discusses with Center staff the perceptions, both true and false, that blacks and whites have about the African-American community. Featuring E. N. Easley, Russ Ellis, John R. Seeley, Ernie Smith, Lou Smith, and Palmer Van Grundy. Operation Bootstrap II. 1 tape. [Transcript 26:14 says Jan. 15, 1967 ?]. [LC 92-789198]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7860-7861/R7

264.  The U.S. Constitution or Self-Determination for Negroes? Feb. 1967.

Additional Note

Excerpts of a discussion on whether the Constitution needs to be revised to better protect minority groups, or whether African-Americans must choose to fight for independent nationhood. Featuring Robert Bailey, Dennis Dunn, E. N. Easley, Russ Ellis, Ed Engberg, W. H. Ferry, Robert Hall, Robert Hibbard, Gene Hoffman, Frank K. Kelly, Clarence Price, Lyn Schiflett, John R. Seeley, Ernie Smith, Lou Smith, Rexford G. Tugwell, Palmer Van Grundy, and Cleveland Wallace. Operation Bootstrap III. 2 tapes. [Transcript 26:15 says Jan. 15, 1967 ?]. [LC 92-789198]. Category: DISSENT. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7862/R7

265.  The Evil of Banality. Oct. 1966.

Additional Note

The Center's W. H. Ferry, in an interview conducted by Studs Terkel, suggests that the low level of American cultural tastes as reflected in the mass media should be taken as a warning sign, since the culture of the early Nazi years in Germany was also marked by a similar banality. 1 tape. [Transcript 14:11]. [LC 93-842056]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7863.1-7863.2/R7

266.  Technology: Toxic or Tonic? Mar. 1967.

Additional Note

W. H. Ferry fears the potentially dehumanizing effects of our rapidly-advancing technology, and raises the slogan "Men First, Machines Second" to argue that technology needs to be controlled to ensure that it produces beneficial rather than destructive results. 2 tapes. [Transcript 15:4]. [LC 93-842057]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS6624/R7

267.  Fewer Beliefs, More Belief. Sept. 1966.

Additional Note

In these excerpts from a press conference, James A. Pike explains why he resigned his post as the Episcopal Bishop of California to join the staff of the Center. 1 tape. [Transcript 27:9 says Aug. 3 ?]. [ Center Diary: 14]. [LC 92-789199]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7864-7865/R7

268.  A Look at the Chinese Economy [China without Poverty]. June 17, 1966.

Additional Note

Franz Schurmann, of the University of California's Center for Chinese Studies, and James O'Connor, of San Jose State College, discuss with the Center's Harvey Wheeler the political innovations of the Mao government, especially in regard to economic development, setting it in the context of the chaos and poverty that existed in China when the Communists came to power. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:3]. [LC 74-750898]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7866/R7

269.  The Ombudsman. May 13, 1966.

Additional Note

Political scientist Stanley V. Anderson, of the University of California Santa Barbara, discusses with Robert M. Hutchins, Scott Buchanan, and Hallock Hoffman the nature and history of the Ombudsman, an official charged with investigating citizen grievances against the abuses of large bureaucracies, and whether such an official is needed in the United States government. 1 tape. [Transcript 2:1]. [ Center Diary: 14]. [LC 73-763058]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS7867/R7

270.  The Politics of Race. Apr. 1966.

Additional Note

Lord Caradon, the United Kingdom's delegate to the United Nations, leads a discussion of the dangers the entire world faces as a result of the incendiary politics of race in Africa. 1 tape. [Transcript 6:9]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7868-7869/R7

271.  Universal National Service: An Alternative to the Draft. Sept. 1965.

Additional Note

Harris Wofford, former associate director of the Peace Corps, and Frances McAllister, of the Friends Committee on National Legislation, join the Center staff for two separate discussions of the pros and cons of this controversial proposal. A series of extended excerpts from the panels, featuring Stringfellow Barr, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, William Gorman, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Raghavan Iyer, Linus Pauling, and John R. Seeley. 2 tapes. [ Center Diary: 15]. [LC 74-750900]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7870-7871/R7

272.  Today's Crisis in Religion. Nov. 7, 1966.

Additional Note

An address by Bishop James A. Pike, in which he argues that religion, dogma, and doctrine must accommodate new scientific data; and that, rather than abandoning religion, people should use these new insights to make religion more relevant to "man's struggle to open himself up to love." 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:10]. [LC 73-762677]. Category: RELIGION. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7872-7873/R7

273.  The White-Collar City. Apr. 25, 1966.

Additional Note

Author Jean Gottmann revisits the thesis of his book Megalopolis, and wonders whether the fact that production centers are being dispersed to all parts of the country will lead urban centers to become strictly white-collar cities. With Robert M. Hutchins, Robert Koenig, Richard Lichtman, James A. Pike, and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:12]. [ Center Diary: 14]. [LC 73-763065]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7874/R7

274.  The Arts in a Democratic Society - III. Apr. 14, 1966.

Additional Note

The soundtrack of a panel discussion filmed by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation for a documentary on the "cultural explosion" in the United States. Art collector and museum trustee Gifford Philips leads this examination of the effects of an affluent technological society upon the quality of its art. Featuring Center staff members Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Hallock Hoffman, Richard Lichtman, Edward Reed, and Harvey Wheeler. 1 tape. [Transcript 2:6]. [ Center Diary: 15]. [LC 73-762678]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS7875-7876/R7

275.  Sense and Sensibilities. Oct. 25, 1966.

Additional Note

Howard Radest, executive director of the American Ethical Union, argues that people seek to avoid dealing with their emotions through irrational behaviors, noting trendy fads such as LSD, wife-swapping, and "playing it cool," rather than by seeking true involvement and engagement in idealistic ventures. Followed by discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Scott Buchanan, Arthur Butler, William Gorman, Prynce Hopkins, Frank K. Kelly, and John R. Seeley. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:10]. [ Center Diary: 16]. [LC 75-750454]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. A7877-7878/R7

276.  A Buddhist Monk's View of Vietnam. June 7, 1966.

Additional Note

Buddhist monk and poet Thich Nhat Hanh offers his plea for an end to the war in Vietnam, in these excerpts from a meeting with the Center staff. Includes selections of his poetry, read by Marsha Hunt. 2 tapes. [Transcript 35:5]. [LC 93-842058]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7879-7880/R7

277.  A Soldier's View of the War. Mar. 21, 1966.

Additional Note

An early 1966 report from a young U.S. Marine after ten months' service in Vietnam. Lt. Charles Preuss offers his insights into the mood, views, and commitment of soldiers fighting in Vietnam, and takes questions from the Center staff. 2 tapes. [LC 93-842059]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7881/R7

278.  A Talk with Ho Chi Minh. Jan. 1967.

Additional Note

Harry S. Ashmore reports on his visit to North Vietnam to invite the country's president, Ho Chi Minh, to the second Center conference on Pacem in Terris, offering his impressions of the man, his people, and the war. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:3]. [LC 73-762767]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7882-7883/R7

279.  A Strategy of Disruption. Nov. 17, 1966.

Additional Note

Richard Cloward, of Columbia University, examines ways in which the poor - especially the minority, ghettoized poor - can find a degree of political and economic power in a racist United States. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 7:12]. [ Center Diary: 16]. [LC 73-762702]. Category: DISSENT. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7884-7885/R7

280.  The Civilization of the Dialogue. Mar. 18, 1966.

Additional Note

The Center's John Wilkinson outlines his version of the requirements for the development and continuation of the dialogue, which he sees as the one true hope for democracy. With remarks by Stringfellow Barr, W. H. Ferry, and Robert M. Hutchins. 2 tapes. [ Center Diary: 12]. [LC 76-765725]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7886/R7

281.  Apartheid: The Coming of World War III. July 1967.

Additional Note

Two Episcopal bishops, C. Edward Crowther and James A. Pike, both fellows of the Center, discuss recent capital investments in South Africa, and how these investments, coupled with the policy of apartheid, may be preparing the way for the next world war. 1 tape. [ Center Magazine: Jan. 1968]. [LC 78-764936]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7887-7888/R7

282.  Double-Dealing in Peace. Sept. 1967.

Additional Note

In an interview with the Center's John L. Perry, Miami News editor William C. Baggs joins Harry Ashmore in charging that President Lyndon Johnson cancelled a State Department peace overture to North Vietnam at a crucial moment, thus prolonging the war. 2 tapes. [ Center Magazine: Oct-Nov. 1967]. [LC 75-764950]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS6625-6626/R7

283.  The Hippies: Forecast or Fad? Sept. 29, 1967.

Additional Note

A discussion on the burgeoning youth culture movement of the late 1960s with psychiatrist William F. Kiely, of the University of Southern California School of Medicine, and Center fellows Harry S. Ashmore, Hallock Hoffman, and John R. Seeley. 2 tapes. [ Center Magazine: Jan. 1968]. [LC 74-764844]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7889-7890/R7

283R.  The Youth Culture. Sept. 29, 1967.

Additional Note

A discussion on the burgeoning youth culture movement of the late 1960s with psychiatrist William F. Kiely, of the University of Southern California School of Medicine, and Center fellows Harry S. Ashmore, Hallock Hoffman, and John R. Seeley. Original title: "The Hippies: Forecast or Fad?" 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:17]. [LC 72-761693]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7891-7892/R7

284.  A View from inside Cuba. Aug. 16, 1967.

Additional Note

Saul Landau, co-author of The New Radical, reports on his four-week visit to Cuba, where he found that, despite the U.S. embargo and the resultant privation, Cubans are making impressive strides in advancing their revolution. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:7]. [LC 71-765338]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7893-7894/R7

285.  Farewell to Integration. Oct. 4, 1967.

Additional Note

The Center's W. H. Ferry makes a controversial statement bidding farewell to the idea of racial integration, urging whites to help blacks make their segregated communities and institutions self-governing and in accord with black aspirations. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 14:12]. [ Center Magazine: Mar. 1968]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7895-7896/R7

286.  How the United States Can Get Out of Vietnam. Oct. 16, 1967.

Additional Note

Former CBS News correspondent David Schoenbrun argues that rising dissent at home and abroad over U.S. policy in Vietnam requires the government to seek an end to the war, and offers his own proposals for a course of action. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:1; also earlier version in Apr. - see 31:17 ?]. [LC 70-764729]. Category: DISSENT. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7897-7898/R7

287.  Toward a World Civilization. Nov. 1966.

Additional Note

Philosopher Huston Smith of MIT talks with Robert M. Hutchins, Raghavan Iyer, and John R. Seeley about being on the threshold of a genuine world civilization, and asks what the three enduring cultures can teach us about coping with the most basic conflicts of human existence: the natural, the social, and the psychological. 2 tapes. [ Center Diary: 17]. [LC 76-764760]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7899/R7

288.  A Second Look at the American Dilemma. Apr. 7, 1967.

Additional Note

Swedish economist Gunnar Myrdal returns to the Center to revisit his landmark 1944 study An American Dilemma, which made predictions about race relations that events of the 1960s seemed to confirm. 1 tape. [Transcript 26:6]. [ Center Magazine: Oct.-Nov. 1967]. [LC 79-764742]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7900-7901/R7

289.  A Look at the Israeli Economy. Aug. 2, 1966.

Additional Note

Israeli economic planner Yitzhak Ben-Aron observes that the more democratic a modern industrialized government is, the more likely it is to intervene in the private lives of its people in order to maintain some measure of social equity, especially when the economy is planned as is the case in Israel. He discusses with the Center staff the means by which Israel attempts to reconcile its economic planning policies with the requirements of democracy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 3:18]. [LC 70-764949]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7902-7903/R7

290.  Black Power and White Inertia. Dec. 1, 1967.

Additional Note

The Center's Harry S. Ashmore offers his rebuttal of the views expressed by W.H. Ferry on the subject of racial integration, claiming that the demand for segregation and separate communities, even when put forward by blacks, is racist. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 2:8]. [ Center Magazine: Jan. 1968]. [LC 70-764816]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7904-7905/R7

291.  The Dollar's Link with Gold. Jan. 13, 1968.

Additional Note

Economist Stanley K. Sheinbaum speaks to other members of the Center staff, presenting his view that, despite a crisis in the U.S. balance of payments, the dollar remains basically sound. Followed by a question-and-answer session. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:12]. [LC 78-764790]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7906-7907/R7

292.  Street Scene: Detroit. Dec. 4, 1967.

Additional Note

Albert B. Cleage, Jr. and Frank E. Joyce, advocates for the Black Power movement, offer an explanation of the meaning of Black Power, as well as an incisive description of the breakdown of the traditional political functions of a city, which they witnessed in Detroit during riots which occurred a few months earlier. 2 tapes. [Transcript 7:11]. [ Center Magazine: Mar. 1968]. [LC 72-764794]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: URBAN AND RURAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7908/R7

293.  Report on the State of Mankind. Mar. 20, 1968.

Additional Note

John Cogley discusses with Frank K. Kelly the practical possibilities and possible dangers of a proposal Mr. Kelly made that the Secretary General of the United Nations make an annual report to the world on the State of Mankind, an idea that had gained the endorsement of several world leaders. 1 tape. [LC 92-789120]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7909/R7

294.  Time Out of Joint. May 24, 1968.

Additional Note

Joseph P. Lyford speaks with John Cogley about the social turmoil of the day, offering a self-searching appraisal as a liberal who acknowledges the failures of liberalism but cannot go the route of the radicals. 1 tape. [Transcript 22:24]. [ Center Magazine: Sept. 1968]. [LC 76-764815]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7910/R7

295.  A Moral Equivalent for Riots. May 14, 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's Harvey Wheeler reports on a study he conducted which indicates that minority groups have traditionally entered the mainstream of American society through violence, despite Americans' persistent view of themselves as a peace-loving and rational people. 1 tape. [LC 76-764961]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7911/R7

296.  Cities for Warm Bodies. Sept. 11, 1967.

Additional Note

City planner Victor Gruen challenges the Center Fellows to do some fresh thinking about urban issues, while trying to strike a balance between the nostalgic effort to tie city planning to the past and the futuristic projections of planners bemused by technology. 1 tape. [Transcript 16:15]. [LC 70-764745]. Category: URBAN / RURAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7912/R7

297.  Too Much and Too Little: An Indictment of the Press. Mar. 13, 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's Donald McDonald analyzes both the reasons for and the consequences of the failure of the press to report public affairs adequately, which leaves the American people either misinformed or uninformed about the crucial issues facing them. 1 tape. [Transcript 23:17]. [LC 77-765298]. Category: FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS / FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS7913-7914/R7

298.  Organizing the Poor: Somebody Down Here Likes Me. Feb. 23, 1967.

Additional Note

Jack T. Conway, of the AFL-CIO, gives an account of how old-time trade union techniques provide a new development in organizing the poor in ghetto communities. Followed by discussion with Stringfellow Barr, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Gerald H. Gottlieb, Hallock Hoffman, Donald McDonald, Paul Schrade, John R. Seeley, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, Rexford G. Tugwell, Harvey Wheeler, and Harold Willens. 2 tapes. [Transcript 9:12]. [ Center Diary: 18]. [LC 75-765059]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7915-7916/R7

299.  "Yesterday I Could Not Sleep Because Yesterday I Wrote My Name..." Sept. 30, 1968.

Additional Note

Ivan Illich, director of the Centro Intercultural de Documentación in Cuernavaca, Mexico, talks with the Center's John Cogley about his contention that of the three great systems in modern Latin America - the church, the military, and the school - only the school successfully masquerades as a progressive force. However, Monsignor Illich argues, far from liberating the people, the school reinforces and widens the gap between rich and poor, and requires revolutionary reforms in the name of true education. 2 tapes. [Transcript 19:7]. [LC 78-764774]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7917-7918/R7

300.  The Surplus Man? Feb. 16, 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas interviews residents of Santa Clara County, California, on the effects of changes in the aerospace industry that have cost them their jobs, including unemployed engineers, middle management executives, educators, and a psychologist-counselor. 2 tapes. [LC 92-789216]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7919/R7

301.  The Other Edge of the Sword. Mar. 3, 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas narrates a program that examines whether the aerospace industry could be used to solve social problems when there are not enough defense contracts to go around, focusing on specific proposals made by California governor Edmund G. Brown. Featuring extended quotes from California Deputy Director of Finance Jack Halpin, and the response from various aerospace industry executives. 1 tape. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7920-7921/R7

302.  The Science Business. ca. 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas interviews Robert M. Ward, president of Ultek Corp., a supplier of products and services to the scientific research industry, about the effects of technological change on scientists whose expertise becomes obsolete. 2 tapes. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7922-7923/R7

303.  Systems Science and Social Innovation. Feb. 16, 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas interviews economist Robert K. Arnold, of the Stanford Research Institute, about new uses for the immense systems that produce military hardware, the technological revolution, and consumer demands. Dr. Arnold argues that the main problem with technological development is man's inertia in coping with change, coupled with what he terms "regional isolationism." 2 tapes. [LC 92-789200]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. A7924/R7

304.  The Brooklyn Yard. Feb. 8, 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas reports on the scheduled closing of the Brooklyn Navy Yard, the largest shipyard in the country, as part of a program of military cutbacks, and the differences in the economic impact of such closures as seen at the national and local levels. He asks whether these facilities can be put to non-military uses, as has been tried in other countries, to keep the workers from losing their jobs. 1 tape. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7925/R7

305.  The Myth of China's Economic Isolation. Jan. 26, 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas interviews two representatives of the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce's World Trade Association, Jack Gomperts and Howard Stephenson, on their controversial "Report of the Committee to Explore Trade with the People's Republic of China." 1 tape. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7926/R7

306.  Beauty for Ashes. Nov. 10, 1964.

Additional Note

A series of excerpted speeches tells the story of the Committee of Concern, an inter-faith and inter-racial organization of native Mississippians, formed in September 1964 in response to a series of over thirty church burnings that summer. The Committee sought to aid in the rebuilding of the burned-out churches, as well as to promote peaceful communication between the races. Narrated by Trevor Thomas. 1 tape. [LC 93-842050]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7927-7928/R7

307.  Winds of Change. Nov. 12, 1964.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas presents a documentary on race relations in Mississippi during 1964, assembled from interviews with residents of the state. The program suggests that, despite the widely-reported violence, there are some signs that the people of Mississippi may avoid the problems caused by resisting inevitable changes in society. 2 tapes. [LC 92-789215]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7929/R7

308.  A Harvest of Thorns. Oct. 25, 1965.

Additional Note

A program of readings and music dealing with the many faces of war, featuring selections from the works of Stephen Crane, e. e. cummings, Euripides, Genghis Khan, Horace, Lao-tzu, Richard Lovelace, Thomas Merton, Wilfred Owen, William Shakespeare, Mark Twain, and Yorifumi Yaguchi. 1 tape. [ Center Diary: 13]. [LC 73-762749]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7930.1-7930.2/R7

309.  The Fire This Time: What Happened in Watts? Aug. 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas presents a documentary of the five-day uprising in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles during the summer of 1965, which heralded the beginning of a new era of black protest, using excerpts of eyewitness reports, news broadcasts, speeches, and official statements made at the time. 2 tapes. [LC 73-762656]. Category: DISSENT. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS7931/R7

310.  The Inanimate Slaves. Jan. 3, 1966.

Additional Note

Quoting philosophers and social critics from Aristotle and Francis Bacon to Lord Byron and Samuel Gompers, this program examines the explosive rise of the machine in Western industrial society and its impact on philosophy, poetry, politics, war, work, life, and death. Produced by Trevor Thomas. The Machine Image I. 1 tape. [LC 73-762763]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7932/R7

311.  The Machine Universe. Jan. 3, 1966.

Additional Note

The machine was responsible for an enormous transformation in the way human beings viewed themselves and the universe. Descartes, Galileo, and Newton helped to overturn the old order, ushering in the age of machines. Here, in the words of philosophers and poets, is a description of how the machine has changed human life. Produced by Trevor Thomas. The Machine Image II. 1 tape. [LC 73-762763]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7933/R7

312.  Working Man. Jan. 3, 1966.

Additional Note

In the famous race between folk hero John Henry and the steam drill, the man won but died of exhaustion. Such has been the plight of human beings in their competition with the machine: temporary victories that must yield eventually to the ultimate superiority of the machine. Yet some have tried not to compete with machines but rather to enter into a partnership with them. This program explores the confrontation between man and machine. Produced by Trevor Thomas. The Machine Image III. 1 tape. [LC 73-762763]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7934/R7

313.  The New Breed. Jan. 3, 1966.

Additional Note

Rather than displacing millions of working men and women, automation has actually created more jobs than it has abolished. Ultimately, the age-old tug-of-war between humanity and the machine is a draw - technology is booming and living conditions are improving with equal speed. This program presents a comprehensive study of the economic, social, and political effects of automation. Produced by Trevor Thomas. The Machine Image IV. 1 tape. [LC 73-762763]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7935/R7

314.  The War Machine. Jan. 3, 1966.

Additional Note

Technological innovations have historically been applied, as they are today, first to the uses of war, and only second to those of peace. This program traces the history of the machine in warfare. Produced by Trevor Thomas. The Machine Image V. 1 tape. [LC 73-762763]. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7936/R7

315.  City of the Sun. Dec. 9, 1965.

Additional Note

The great revolution of history freed men from the yoke of religion or tyranny so they could be enslaved by the yoke of work. That is one of the unorthodox views in this program on the machine's influence on our lives. Included are excerpts from the writings of Thoreau, Jefferson, and Freud. Produced by Trevor Thomas. The Machine Image VI. 1 tape. [LC 73-762763]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7937-7938/R7

316.  Participatory Democracy: A Young Man's Politics. Dec. 1, 1965.

Additional Note

Paul Potter, former president of Students for a Democratic Society, joins the Center's Harvey Wheeler to compare the politics of the 1930s with the student movement of the 1960s, from the vantage points of two different generations. 2 tapes. [LC 93-842060]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7939-7940/R7

317.  Models for the Future. Dec. 21, 1965.

Additional Note

Austrian futurist Robert Jungk describes his high hopes for harmonious environments that will be good to live in because the technological apparatus will be fitted to man and nature, and not the other way around, as is now the case. Produced by Trevor Thomas. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:2]. [LC 76-742211]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7941-7942/R7

318.  The Hidden Remnant. Dec. 21, 1965.

Additional Note

Gerald Sykes, of Columbia University, observes that in every civilization there has existed a group of individuals who have refused to be discouraged or defeated by the overwhelming problems of their time, and speculates that this so-called "remnant" may be able to rescue the most technically-advanced society in the world from dehumanization. Produced by Trevor Thomas. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:7]. [ Center Diary: 16]. [LC 73-762690]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7943/R7

319.  The Broken Image - I: The Great Machine. [Dec. 1965].

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas interviews Floyd Matson, author of The Broken Image, who argues that the mechanistic view of the world once held by the physical sciences is still wrongly applied by the majority of social scientists to their own disciplines. 1 tape. [LC 73-762691]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7944/R7

320.  The Broken Image - II: Humanization, from Physics to Politics. Dec. 1965.

Additional Note

The Center's Trevor Thomas and Floyd Matson, author of The Broken Image, discuss some of the contemporary concepts built on the base of Newtonian physics, the gradual shift away from the mechanical universe concept, and how behaviorists deal with the problem of values. 1 tape. [LC 73-762691]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7945/R7

321.  The Broken Image - III: Making It Whole. Dec. 1965.

Additional Note

Trevor Thomas interviews Floyd Matson, author of The Broken Image, who argues the case for "soft" existentialism as against the behaviorist mainstream of the social sciences, concluding that "the jig is not up" for man in society. 1 tape. [LC 73-762691]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7946-7947/R7

400.  PIT II - I: Prerequisites to Peace. May 1967.

Additional Note

A synthesis of the Pacem in Terris II convocation held in Geneva, Switzerland, focusing on the necessary conditions for world peace. Speakers include: Edward Brooke, James Farmer, J. William Fulbright, Paul G. Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Martin Luther King, Jr., Martin Niemöller, Linus Pauling, and U Thant. The Center's Harry S. Ashmore narrates. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:17]. [Talks from PIT II are included in CSDI publication Beyond Coexistence: The Requirements of Peace]. [LC 72-761369]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7948-7949/R7

401.  PIT II - II: A World View of Vietnam. May 1967.

Additional Note

A wide-ranging discussion about the war in Vietnam among an international group of scholars, politicians, and journalists, dealing with the war's origins, its effect on the rest of the world, and how best to bring it to an end. Especially noteworthy are the warnings given by both Asians and Europeans that America's misunderstanding of Asian peoples is leading to tragic mistakes. Featuring Harry S. Ashmore, Jean Chauvel, Joseph Clark, M. J. Desai, Marian Dobrosielski, John Kenneth Galbraith, Roger Garaudy, Josef L. Hromádka, Masamichi Inoki, Thanat Khoman, Martin Luther King, Jr., Sir Thaddeus McCarthy, Linus Pauling, Claiborne Pell, André Phillip, James Roosevelt, Moune Souvanna-Phouma, Sonn Voensai, and Nugroho Wisnumurti. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:18]. [Talks from PIT II are included in CSDI publication Beyond Coexistence: The Requirements of Peace]. [LC 72-761370]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7950-7951/R7

402.  PIT II - III: Confrontation: East-West Germany. May 1967.

Additional Note

A discussion between representatives of East Germany and West Germany about the disputes on borders and unification which keep them alienated. Featuring Hubert Beuve-Méry, Geoffrey de Freitas, Gerald Götting, Karol Małcużyński, Martin Niemöller, Sven Olof Palme, and Wilhelm Wolfgang Schütz. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:19]. [Talks from PIT II are included in CSDI publication Beyond Coexistence: The Requirements of Peace]. [LC 74-765423]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7952-7953/R7

403.  PIT II - IV: Development is the Name for Peace. May 1967.

Additional Note

A discussion of the need for the wealthier nations to increase economic aid to the developing world, out of enlightened self-interest, if for no other reason. Speakers include: S. O. Adebo, Ronald Barnes, Jean de Broglie, Hélder Câmara, J. William Fulbright, Paul G. Hoffman, Sushila Nayar, Martin Niemöller, André Philip, E. R. Richardson, E. F. Schumacher, Doudou Thiam, and Arsène Usher Assouan. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:20]. [Talks from PIT II are included in CSDI publication Beyond Coexistence: The Requirements of Peace]. [LC 70-765060]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7954/R7

404.  PIT II - VI: On China. May 1967.

Additional Note

Historian Paul T. K. Lin, of McGill University, gives a presentation in which he forcefully argues the Chinese point of view, as the People's Republic of China declined to send a representative to the Pacem in Terris II convocation. 1 tape. [Transcript 27:22]. [Talks from PIT II are included in CSDI publication Beyond Coexistence: The Requirements of Peace]. [LC 76-764807]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7955-7956/R7

405.  PIT II - V: Beyond Coexistence. May 1967.

Additional Note

An international panel discusses the requirements of peace that go beyond a Cold War existence, searching for a more noble aim for human life than mere survival. Featuring Vladimir Bakarić, Jean de Broglie, Silviu Brucan, Marian Dobrosielski, J. William Fulbright, Johan Galtung, Roger Garaudy, Hudson Hoagland, Ahmed Houman, Robert M. Hutchins, Pumla E. Kisosonkole, Sushila Nayar, Sven Olof Palme, Galo Plaza Lasso, Luis Quintanilla, Norman St. John-Stevas, and Romesh Thapar. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:21]. [Talks from PIT II are included in CSDI publication Beyond Coexistence: The Requirements of Peace]. [LC 72-761371]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7957-7958/R7

406.  PIT II - VII: Pacem Postscriptis. Mar. 5, 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's Elisabeth Mann Borgese offers a succinct analysis of the convocation proceedings and their implications for future developments. 2 tapes. [Transcript 27:23]. [Talks from PIT II are included in CSDI publication Beyond Coexistence: The Requirements of Peace]. [LC 72-761372]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7959-7960/R7

407.  The Minor Majority. Aug. 1967.

Additional Note

In this discussion from a Center conference, both college students and Center fellows question the ends to which the youth of America can or should put their newfound political power. Featuring Jeffrey Alexander, Frank Bardacke, John Blood, Ewart F. Brown, Kristin G. Cleage, Jeffrey Elman, W. H. Ferry, Michael Goldfield, Michael Higgins, Hallock Hoffman, Devereaux Kennedy, Sheila Langdon, Michael Lerner, Bruce Levine, Peter Lyman, Robert Pardun, Frederick Richman, Stephen Saltonstall, Daniel Sisson, and Stanley Wise. Students and Society I. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:1]. [Publication No. 152]. [LC 70-764938]. Category: DISSENT. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7961-7962/R7

408.  Campus Unrest - What Is It About? Aug. 1967.

Additional Note

College students and Center fellows discuss the growing attitude that universities are instruments of the ruling classes used to train the ablest young people to carry on a system which the young people regard as immoral and destructive of human dignity, and whether the university can be changed without first destroying the institution itself. Featuring Jeffrey Alexander, Frank Bardacke, John Blood, Ewart F. Brown, Jeffrey Elman, Michael Goldfield, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Devereaux Kennedy, Michael Lerner, Bruce Levine, Peter Lyman, Mary Quinn, Frederick Richman, Stephen Saltonstall, David Seeley, Daniel Sisson, and Stanley Wise. Students and Society II. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:2]. [Publication No. 152]. [LC 75-764942]. Category: DISSENT. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7963-7964/R7

409.  Cop Out, Opt Out, or Knock Out. Aug. 1967.

Additional Note

In this discussion, college students debate the notion of effecting political change through mass campaigns of non-cooperation or outright disruption aimed at crippling society, but when pressed are unable to articulate their vision of the more just and humane society to follow should they succeed. Featuring Ewart F. Brown, Michael Goldfield, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, and Frederick Richman. Students and Society III. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:3]. [Publication No. 152]. [LC 76-764937]. Category: DISSENT. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7965-7966/R7

410.  Escalation in Alienation. Aug. 25, 1967.

Additional Note

On the final day of the conference, several Center fellows join the debate to either offer the college students their sympathy and support or to express their disappointment and dismay. Featuring Jeffrey Alexander, Frank Bardacke, Stringfellow Barr, John Blood, Ewart F. Brown, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Michael Goldfield, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Devereaux Kennedy, Sheila Langdon, Michael Lerner, Bruce Levine, Richard Lichtman, James A. Pike, Frederick Richman, John Seeley, Rexford G. Tugwell, Harvey Wheeler, John Wilkinson, and Stanley Wise. Students and Society IV. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:4]. [Publication No. 152]. [LC 73-764939]. Category: DISSENT. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7967-7968/R7

411.  The Psychopathology of Murder: On Capital Punishment - I. July 28, 1967.

Additional Note

In this panel discussion, conference participants consider the cultural components of murder, and debate whether the death penalty actually encourages some murderers. Killers who desire death themselves may view the death penalty as a "contract" with the state, although evidence suggests that most capital crimes are committed without concern for the consequences. With Steve Allen, Harry Elmer Barnes, Donald Cressy, Fred Dickson, Gerald Gottlieb, William Graves, Robert M. Hutchins, James Avery Joyce, Frank K. Kelly, Joseph Lohman, E. V. Walter, L. J. West, and Isadore Ziferstein. The Realities of Capital Punishment I. 2 tapes. [Transcript 6:4]. [LC 72-761373]. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7969-7970/R7

412.  Behind the Walls: Ritual and Death: On Capital Punishment - II. July 29, 1967.

Additional Note

In this discussion, prison professionals who have prepared and carried out executions talk about the death penalty and the spiritual ordeal of executions, dispelling the popular conception of wardens and executioners as impersonal and faceless entities. With Steve Allen, Harry Elmer Barnes, Donald Cressy, Fred Dickson, Gerald Gottlieb, William Graves, Robert M. Hutchins, James Avery Joyce, Frank K. Kelly, Joseph Lohman, E. V. Walter, L. J. West, and Isadore Ziferstein. The Realities of Capital Punishment II. 2 tapes. [Transcript 6:5]. [LC 72-761375]. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7971-7972/R7

413.  Capital Punishment: Is It Torture? On Capital Punishment - III. July 29, 1967.

Additional Note

This discussion traces the rationale for and methods of execution through history and relates them to the justice system today, asking questions such as: What is the nature of punishment, and when does it become torture? If punishment is intended to reform the criminal, how can one justify the death penalty? Is not the protracted waiting on Death Row itself a form of torture? With Steve Allen, Harry Elmer Barnes, Donald Cressy, Fred Dickson, Gerald Gottlieb, William Graves, Robert M. Hutchins, James Avery Joyce, Frank K. Kelly, Joseph Lohman, E. V. Walter, L. J. West, and Isadore Ziferstein. The Realities of Capital Punishment III. 2 tapes. [Transcript 6:6]. [LC71-761376]. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7973-7974/R7

414.  Who Pays for the Death Penalty? On Capital Punishment - IV. July 29, 1967.

Additional Note

A panel discussion on the basic underlying human taste for justice and revenge, as applied to our current legal system and our morality about killing, which leads to a description of a model society in which the concept of justifiable homicide does not exist. With Steve Allen, Harry Elmer Barnes, Donald Cressy, Fred Dickson, Gerald Gottlieb, William Graves, Robert M. Hutchins, James Avery Joyce, Frank K. Kelly, Joseph Lohman, E. V. Walter, L. J. West, and Isadore Ziferstein. The Realities of Capital Punishment IV. 2 tapes. [Transcript 6:7]. [LC 72-761377]. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS7975-7976/R7

415.  Technology and Politics. Dec. 1965.

Additional Note

An examination of whether the concept of politics as found in Machiavelli and Hobbes has become obsolete in the face of the modern proposition that technology is now the engine of society, a development that has left politics emptied of its rational purpose and practical significance. Featuring Pierre Auger, J. P. Corbett, Constantinos A. Doxiadis, W. H. Ferry, Dennis Gabor, Martin Grotjahn, Robert M. Hutchins, Robert Jungk, Richard Lichtman, Herbert Marcuse, Emmanuel G. Mesthene, Hasan Ozbekhan, Frederick L. Polak, Lord Ritchie-Calder, Theodore Roszak, and Nathan Rotenstreich. Technological Society I. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:8]. [LC 75-764804]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7977-7978/R7

416.  Technology: The Empty Cornucopia. Dec. 1965.

Additional Note

Noting that no significant utopian fiction has been produced in nearly a generation, the panelists conclude that the modern technological cornucopia has dulled thinking about the perfect society. They speculate on what may be the "new vision" and ask whether a society without such vision can truly prosper. Featuring Pierre Auger, C. West Churchman, René Dubos, W. H. Ferry, Dennis Gabor, Richard Lichtman, Herbert Marcuse, Emmanuel G. Mesthene, Frederick L. Polak, Philip Rieff, Lord Ritchie-Calder, Nathan Rotenstreich, and John Wilkinson. Technological Society II. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:9]. [LC 74-764773]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7979-7980/R7

417.  Technology, History and the Future. Dec. 22, 1965.

Additional Note

In this lighthearted session, the panelists indulge in speculations about where our technology-obsessed culture is heading, and whether happiness will be part of the equation. Featuring Pierre Auger, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Myron T. Bloy, Jr., Jacob Bronowski, Louis E. Davis, René Dubos, W. H. Ferry, Dennis Gabor, Martin Grotjahn, Raghavan Iyer, Richard Lichtman, Herbert Marcuse, Hasan Ozbekhan, Frederick L. Polak, Philip Rieff, and John Wilkinson. Technological Society III. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:10]. [LC 73-764789]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7981-7982/R7

418.  Technology and the Ethics of Glut. Dec. 22, 1965.

Additional Note

A discussion in which the panelists clarify the real complexities behind the assertion than mankind can and should control its production of both population and technology, but little agreement is found beyond that. Featuring Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Jacob Bronowski, Jürgen Habermas, Raghavan Iyer, Robert Jungk, Vucan Kuic, Chaim Perelman, Philip Rieff, Lord Ritchie-Calder, and Nathan Rotenstreich. Technological Society IV. 2 tapes. [Transcript 34:11]. [LC 71-764775]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7983-7984/R7

419.  Technology - Limits and Horizons. Dec. 23, 1965.

Additional Note

A panel discussion of six "necessary revolutions" proposed by Robert M. Hutchins to put mankind back in control of technology, which, for all intents and purposes, has become autonomous. Also featuring Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Jabob Bronowski, Scott Buchanan, W. H. Ferry, Dennis Gabor, Robert Jungk, Chaim Perelman, Philip Rieff, Theodore Roszak, Nathan Rotenstriech, Gerald Sykes, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. Technological Society V. 2 tapes. [Transcript 35:1]. [LC 70-764840]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7985-7986/R7

420.  Technology and Value. Dec. 20, 1965.

Additional Note

In this discussion, the participants examine the way technology supplies our needs and wants, but also creates new ones previous generations had never thought about, and how this process rapidly alters personal and cultural values, creates "generation gaps," and shakes eternal verities. Featuring Harry S. Ashmore, Pierre Auger, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Myron T. Bloy, Jr., Constantinos A. Doxiadis, Martin Grotjahn, Robert M. Hutchins, Raghavan Iyer, Richard Lichtman, Marshall McLuhan, Hasan Ozbekhan, Chaim Perelman, Frederick L. Polak, Henryk Skolimowski, Gerald Sykes, and John Wilkinson. Technological Society VI. 2 tapes. [Transcript 35:2]. [LC 71-764838]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7987-7988/R7

421.  Technology and Philosophy. Dec. 20, 1965.

Additional Note

A panel discussion based on the assertion that there has been a rupture in the Aristotelian concept of a rational connection between means and ends, precipitated by the pace and proliferation of the modern technological order. Featuring Pierre Auger, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Scott Buchanan, J. P. Corbett, René Dubos, Dennis Gabor, Raghavan Iyer, Richard Lichtman, Marshall McLuhan, Emmanuel G. Mesthene, Chaim Perelman, Theodore Roszak, Nathan Rotenstriech, Gerald Sykes, and John Wilkinson. Technological Society VII. 2 tapes. [Transcript 35:3]. [LC 75-764839]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7989/R7

422.  Technology Roundup. Dec. 1965.

Additional Note

An informal conversation reviewing the week-long conference on technology, with J. P. Corbett, Herbert Marcuse, Nathan Rotenstreich, Gerald Sykes, and Harvey Wheeler. Technological Society VIII. 1 tape. [Transcript 35:4]. [LC 72-761694]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS7990/R7

423.  The View from Squaresville. Sept. 1967.

Additional Note

The Center's Harry S. Ashmore contends that, to his eyes, the countercultural youth movement of the 1960s does not seem all that different from his own rebellious generation of the 1930s, with the possible exception of the Vietnam War, which presents society with a new moral issue. 1 tape. [Transcript 2:15]. [LC 73-764746]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS7991/R7

424.  The Generation Gap: The Gulf in 1980. Feb. 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's John Cogley argues that the social upheavals of the 1960s are merely the opening phase of a true cultural revolution in America, and asks how well will the members of the youth movement deal with the "generation gap" between themselves and the generation that will follow. Conference on the Requisites of Leadership. 1 tape. [Transcript 8:1]. [LC 76-764744]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS7992.1-7992.2/R7

425.  The Youth Revolt / Alienation and the University. Oct. 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's John R. Seeley offers his analysis of the "revolt" of the young, which he sees as more a "claim" they make for what has long been repressed: the good, the right, and the brotherhood of man. Followed by excerpts from two speeches he delivered at university campuses, in which he stresses the irony of an alienated society which regards as alienated only those who are not: the dissenter, the radical, and the hippie. 2 tapes. [Transcript 32:4]. [LC 70-764756]. Category: DISSENT. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS7993/R7

426.  I Wonder Who's Bugging You Now. Jan. 28, 1966.

Additional Note

Alan F. Westin, of Columbia University, reports that, with the advent of modern electronics, the old physical barriers that protected one's privacy are gone, and mental barriers are under assault as well - a situation which he believes warrants the recognition of privacy as a constitutional right. With an introduction by Robert M. Hutchins. 1 tape. [LC 72-761378]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS7994/R7

427.  Surveillance and the Future of Privacy. Feb. 1, 1966.

Additional Note

Alan F. Westin, of Columbia University, describes the techniques available for countering the electronic intrusion into one's privacy, and outlines the changes in the law he sees as necessary to insure a future for privacy in the United States. Followed by discussion. 1 tape. [LC 72-761379]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS6684-7685/R7

428.  History and the Hippies. May 1, 1967.

Additional Note

Historian Arnold J. Toynbee speaks with Scott Buchanan, Raghavan Iyer, and John R. Seeley about the unlearned lessons of history, the futility of patriotism, and his admiration for the hippie movement. 2 tapes. [ Center Magazine: Oct-Nov. 1967]. [LC 78-764731]. Category: DISSENT. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7995/R7

429.  The Bishop Is Expelled. May 1967.

Additional Note

Episcopal bishop C. Edward Crowther testifies before the United Nations, giving a personal account of his experiences as a white man living and working in South Africa under apartheid, and the events that led to his expulsion as bishop of Kimberley and Kuruman and subsequent deportation. 1 tape. [Transcript 11:1]. [LC 70-764954]. Category: DISSENT. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS7996-7997/R7

430.  Return to the Neighborhood. Feb. 15, 1968.

Additional Note

Milton Kotler, of the Institute of Policy Studies in Washington, D.C., argues that a neighborhood is a political entity, defined by the ability of its occupants to exert effective control over their own affairs. Though few such neighborhoods continue to exist, Mr. Kotler argues that new ones can be created through "community corporations," which return a sense of identity and political participation to the neighborhood. Followed by discussion by William Gorman and Harvey Wheeler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:3]. [ Center Magazine: May 1968]. [LC 70-765052]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS7998-7999/R7

431.  The Landing Party. Feb. 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's Joseph P. Lyford reports on a trip he made up the Volga River in the Soviet Union, during which groups of Americans and Russians met regularly to talk together, thereby undercutting the Cold War mindset of mutual suspicion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 22:23]. [ Center Magazine: Jan. 1968]. [LC 79-764793]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8000/R7

432.  PEP (Patriotic Effort Pays). Sept. 26, 1966.

Additional Note

W. H. Ferry delivers a satirical attack on the Vietnam War by lampooning ultra-patriotic rhetoric, claiming that, instead of protesting the use of napalm, Americans ought to feel proud that U.S. know-how has given us a better burn for our buck. 1 tape. [Transcript 14:16]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8001/R7

433.  Farewell, Hell! Mar. 5, 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's John L. Perry argues that white Americans have only just begun to accept racial desegregation and have not yet even begun to experience real integration, offering this deeply personal account as a rebuttal to W. H. Ferry's "Farewell to Integration" (Program # 285). 1 tape. [Transcript 27:6]. [ Center Magazine: Mar. 1968]. [LC 71-764803]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS8002.1-8002.2/R7

434.  Reading, Writing and Race. Feb. 1, 1968.

Additional Note

In this panel discussion, the participants examine the question of how to make the public schools in the ghetto function better for children in helping them to focus on their potential rather than their limitations, taking into account current educational theories and practices. Featuring Harry S. Ashmore, Kenneth Bancroft Clark, Robert M. Hutchins, Robert F. Kennedy, Oscar Lewis, and Neil V. Sullivan. 1 tape. [Transcript 7:9]. [ Center Magazine: Nov. 1968]. [LC 72-764936]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS8003/R7

435.  "I Shall Die But That Is All I Shall Do for Death." May 1967.

Additional Note

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., James Farmer, and Bishop C. Edward Crowther each deliver a brief speech at the Center's Pacem in Terris II convocation in Geneva, Switzerland, calling for an end to genocide both at home and abroad. 1 tape. [Transcript 21:19]. [LC 72-761380]. Category: DISSENT. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS8004/R7

436.  Ready for Anything. Apr. 1968.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins attacks the entrenched vocational bias of American education and seriously questions its ability to deal with the rapid changes of modern technological society, suggesting a better solution would be to provide all children with a well-rounded liberal education. Followed by discussion with Harry L. Selden, Cheryl Smith, and Henry C. Wallich. Project Public Information I. 1 tape. [Transcript 30:1]. [LC 75-764792]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS8005-8006/R7

437.  Ignorance is Not Not Knowing but Knowing What Isn't So. Apr. 1968.

Additional Note

A discussion of economics as an academic discipline, both before and after the "Keynesian revolution," and an examination of which aspects of economics can be effectively taught in public schools. Featuring Walter Adams, Gerald Gottlieb, Frank K. Kelly, Bernard Rosenberg, Henry L. Selden, Cheryl Smith, Stephen Spender, Lorie Tarshis, and Henry C. Wallich. Project Public Information II. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:2]. [LC 71-764791]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8007/R7

438.  Public Education as a Business Enterprise. Apr. 1968.

Additional Note

In this panel discussion, the participants debate the proposition that private corporations may replace, or at least supplement, public schools. Featuring W. H. Ferry, George W. Haas, Kenneth Hansen, Joseph Michalak, Joseph M. Russin, William J. Sanders, John R. Seeley, Harry L. Selden, Lorie Tarshis, and Henry C. Wallich. Project Public Information III. 1 tape. [Transcript 30:3]. [LC 76-765820]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS8008-8009/R7

439.  Religion and the Humanities. Apr. 1968.

Additional Note

Thomas F. O'Dea, of the University of California Santa Barbara, argues that religion and the humanities have come to be overshadowed by science and industry, and focuses on three conditions he sees as endemic in modern society: partialness, foreshortening, and truncation. Followed with commentary by Harvey Gallagher Cox and David A. Hubbard. Project Public Information IV. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:4]. [LC 71-765145]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS8010-8011/R7

440.  Art, Adrenaline, and the Enjoyment of Living. Apr. 1968.

Additional Note

Norman Cousins, author and editor, claims that man, unaccustomed to greatly expanded leisure time, is being literally bored to death, but sees education as a means for people to achieve a keener appreciation for art and life, thus providing more creative options for occupying idle hours. Poet Stephen Spender offers a rebuttal. Project Public Information V. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:5]. [LC 76-764953]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS8012/R7

441.  Beyond the Murk of Masskultur. Apr. 1968.

Additional Note

Sociologist Bernard Rosenberg argues that television destroys our aesthetic discrimination, thereby dulling our capacity to either create or respond to art, and distracts us from confronting our human condition. Norman Cousins, editor and author, disagrees, seeing cause for optimism in the growth of educational television. Project Public Information VI. 1 tape. [Transcript 30:6]. [LC 78-765006]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS8013-8014/R7

442.  The Politics of Democracy. Apr. 1968.

Additional Note

Political scientist David Fellman, of the University of Wisconsin, argues that the survival of democracy in the U.S. depends upon a consensus as to constitutional ways to power, a consensus he sees as being in danger of collapse. Followed by discussion with Walter Adams, J. Herbert Altschull, W. H. Ferry, Robert M. Hutchins, Thomas F. O'Dea, and John R. Seeley. Project Public Information VII. 2 tapes. [Transcript 30:7]. [LC 72-761381]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS8015/R7

443.  Lessons Not Yet Learned (Law of the Sea). Mar. 1, 1968.

Additional Note

Botanist Barry Commoner, of Washington University, contends that the failures of technology have an adverse effect upon the earth's biosphere, and the remedy will come only through a revision of the basic attitudes of Western science and applied technology. 1 tape. [Transcript 8:11]. [LC 77-765168]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS8016/R7

444.  A Conversation with Herbert Marcuse. Apr. 22, 1968.

Additional Note

The Center's Harvey Wheeler interviews philosopher Herbert Marcuse on the many varieties of humanism, such as Christian, Renaissance, Existential, and Marxist. 1 tape. [Transcript 23:3]. [ Center Magazine: July 1968]. [LC 76-764758]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS8017-8018/R7

445.  The Ocean as Common Heritage. Jan. 5, 1968.

Additional Note

Excerpts from a panel discussion that demonstrates how politics, technology, and national self-interest prevents competing governments from establishing a policy toward the wealth of the deep ocean floor that serves the common good, despite the general acceptance of the idea that the oceans are a common heritage of all humanity. Featuring Harry S. Ashmore, Stringfellow Barr, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Francis T. Christy, Jr., W. H. Ferry, William D. Gorman, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Max Jakobson, Isaac Kaplan, Endalkachew Makonnen, Lord Ritchie-Calder, José Maria Ruda, Glenn E. Schweitzer, Bohdan Tomorowicz, Senjin Tsuruoka, and Harvey Wheeler. Republic of the Seas I. 2 tapes. [Transcript 11:17]. [LC 72-761383]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8019-8020/R7

446.  Of Missiles and Mollusks. Feb. 1968.

Additional Note

A discussion of the complexities of ensuring that the ocean floor is used for peaceful purposes rather than to house underwater missile silos or other weapons systems. Featuring Juraj Andrssy, Harry S. Ashmore, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Gerald Gottlieb, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Isaac Kaplan, Endalkachew Makonnen, Fred Warner Neal, Raymond Nelson, Lord Ritchie-Calder, José Maria Ruda, Glenn E. Schweitzer, Bohdan Tomorowicz, Rexford G. Tugwell, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. Republic of the Seas II. 2 tapes. [Transcript 12:1]. [LC 72-761384]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8021-8022/R7

447.  The Coming Struggle for Deep Sea Territory. Jan. 1968.

Additional Note

Wolfgang Friedmann, of Columbia University, reveals that national, economic, and military claims are being staked in the last and greatest frontier on earth, the deep seas, but there still remains a chance that new forms and methods of international cooperation may be found in the process. Followed by discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Harrop A. Freeman, Hallock Hoffman, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. Republic of the Seas III. 2 tapes. [Transcript 12:2]. [LC 72-761385]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8023/R7

448.  Sweet and Sour Guaranteed Incomes. July 18, 1968.

Additional Note

Don Devereux, who was instrumental in setting up a self-help program for migrant workers in New Mexico, addresses W. H. Ferry's idea of a Guaranteed Annual Income, asking whether such a policy would stifle the strivings of minority groups for identity, self-help, and self-determination. 1 tape. [Transcript 12:5]. [LC 77-764948]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8024/R7

449.  Wall to Wall Turnips: The Village Revitalized. July 18, 1968.

Additional Note

Dallas Smythe, organizer of cooperatives in Canada during the Great Depression, and Don Devereux, who was instrumental in setting up a similar self-help program for migrant workers in New Mexico, discuss the proliferation of self-help cooperative and collective movements in America, through which the poor and disfranchised are given a voice in their own affairs. 1 tape. [Transcript 12:6]. [LC 78-765057]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8025/R7

450.  Limits of Dissent. Nov. 1968.

Additional Note

Five Center fellows attempt to answer the question: If actions such as sit-ins and mass demonstrations are protected by the First Amendment, then what are the acceptable limits of dissent in the United States? With Harry S. Ashmore, Harrop A. Freeman, Robert M. Hutchins, James A. Pike, and Rexford G. Tugwell. 1 tape. [Transcript 2:18]. [ Center Magazine: Nov. 1968]. [LC 71-764759]. Category: DISSENT.
Tape No. AS8026/R7

451.  Reading and Writing Blocks: A Symptom of Alienation. Oct. 3, 1968.

Additional Note

Psychoanalyst Joost Meerloo, having long studied the process of brainwashing and persuasion, turns his attention from the techniques used to induce communication to an investigation of what inhibits it, here discussing some causes of reading and writing blocks. 1 tape. [Transcript 24:9]. [LC 76-764945]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS8027-8028/R7

452.  "Solitary, Singing in the West." Jan. 17, 1969.

Additional Note

A sound portrait created to celebrate the birthday of Center president Robert Maynard Hutchins, narrated by Paul Newman. 2 tapes. [Transcript 18:2]. [LC 72-764944]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS8029-8030/R7

453.  ABM: Yes or No? Nov. 1968.

Additional Note

Excerpts from a two-day symposium on the controversial anti-ballistic missile defense system. Participants include Harry S. Ashmore, A. A. Berle, Jr., Donald Brennan, Leon W. Johnson, George McGovern, Isidore I. Rabi, Harvey Wheeler, and Jerome B. Wiesner. 2 tapes. [LC 73-765727]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8031-8032/R7

454.  The Final Words of Thomas Merton. Oct. 1968.

Additional Note

A talk at the Center by Father Merton, a Trappist monk at the Abbey of Gethsemani in Kentucky, on several topics, given shortly before his accidental death while attending a conference in Bangkok. 2 tapes. [Transcript 24:14 for 454R ?]. [LC 72-764743]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS8033-8034/R7

455.  Czechoslovakia: The Art of the Impossible. Dec. 1968.

Additional Note

Author and educator Milton Mayer discusses the "Good Soldier Schweik" technique of unarmed resistance used by the Czechs to undermine and frustrate the Russian invasion of their country in the summer of 1968. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 23:9]. [LC 70-764843]. Category: DISSENT. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8035-8036/R7

456.  Scientists: On Top or on Tap? Mar. 1, 1969.

Additional Note

Harvey Wheeler argues that the social impact of the modern world's intense scientific activity, as well as the rapidity with which the military-industrial complex seizes upon their discoveries, necessitates the "constitutionalization of science," which would put science under democratic control to ensure it works for the benefit of mankind. The Center's Neil Jacoby moderates a panel discussion in which Mr. Wheeler is joined by Helmut Krauch, Norman Peterson, and Lord Ritchie-Calder. 2 tapes. [LC 76-764795]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS8037/R7

457.  Creative Non-Violence. Nov. 1968.

Additional Note

Agricultural workers' union organizer Cesar Chavez speaks informally with the Center staff about his views on matters ranging from the future problems of automated picking to the diminishing sense of community brought about by union successes. 1 tape. [Transcript 7:2]. [LC 72-764952]. Category: DISSENT. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8038/R7

458.  A Proposal for a Black College. Jan. 16, 1969.

Additional Note

W. H. Ferry submits a controversial proposal for a two-year college for African-American students, designed to make up for deficiencies in Black Studies curricula. Followed by discussion with John C. Barnes, Stringfellow Barr, Harrop A. Freeman, Robert M. Hutchins, Paul Jacobs, and Neil Jacoby. 1 tape. [Transcript 15:2]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS8039/R7

459.  "The Rich Pay a Fine, the Poor Go to Jail": A Sociology of the Law. June 1968.

Additional Note

A discussion of possible remedies for the problem of disparities in the legal system in its dealings with lawbreakers of differing economic status. Participants include Warren E. Burger, Sam Dash, Brownlee Hayden, Hallock Hoffman, Walter Schaefer, and Gresham Sykes. 1 tape. [Transcript 6:2]. [LC 72-761386]. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8040-8041/R7

460.  The Adversary System. June 1968.

Additional Note

United States Supreme Court Chief Justice Warren E. Burger suggests that both the alternate European system and the more highly-professionalized British adversary system function better than the adversary system in American courts. Participating in the discussion are Harry S. Ashmore, C. Edward Crowther, Sam Dash, William Gorman, Gerald Gottlieb, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Gresham M. Sykes, and Rexford G. Tugwell. 2 tapes. [Transcript 6:1]. [LC 72-761387]. Category: LAW AND ORDER.
Tape No. AS8042/R7

461.  Ideas in the Marketplace. Feb. 14, 1969.

Additional Note

Attorney Morris L. Ernst talks about censorship and the need to enlarge the channels for truthful dissemination of news and ideas, in this conversation with the Center's Hallock Hoffman. 1 tape. [Transcript 13:14]. [LC 72-761388]. Category: THE MEDIA.
Tape No. AS8043-8044/R7

462.  You Must Go Home Again. Apr. 3, 1969.

Additional Note

Norris Hart, a young black teacher who moved from a small town in Texas to Los Angeles and then decided to return to his rural roots, argues that the supposedly liberal urban community is not necessarily hospitable to blacks, and that the rural town may well turn out to be the place where the next social revolution will be launched. The Center's John Cogley conducts the interview. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:25.]. [LC 73-764817]. Category: PEACE AND WAR. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8045-8046/R7

463.  Rural Development: Rich Land for Poor. Sept. 1968.

Additional Note

Slater King, a black activist and real estate broker, presents his idea to create a land trust, privately organized as a non-profit entity, as a means of encouraging poor blacks and whites to leave overpopulated urban areas to become farmers, and to help even the odds of those who are struggling to hold onto their land. Gar Alperovitz, Robert Choate, Don Devereux, Eleanor Eaton, and Robert Swann join Center fellows in the discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 21:20]. [LC 71-765058]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8047/R7

464.  The Role of the Jury in Political Crimes. Nov. 1968.

Additional Note

Harrop A. Freeman, of Cornell University, argues that in certain kinds of criminal trials in the federal courts, the jury need not be bound by the judge's instructions as to the law, particularly in cases involving war resisters. Followed by discussion with William Gorman, Robert M. Hutchins, James A. Pike, John R. Seeley, and John Wilkinson. 1 tape. [Transcript 15:18]. [LC 72-761389]. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8048/R7

465.  The Wild-Goose Chase for Reality. Dec. 1968.

Additional Note

Artist Howard Warshaw discusses with the Center's John Cogley the roles of art and the artist in a democratic society, expounding on his view that the basic quality necessary to genuine art is for the artist to come to grips with the chaotic world and find an order in it, a process he refers to as a "wild-goose chase for reality." 1 tape. [LC 79-764951]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM.
Tape No. AS8049/R7

466.  The Earth Killers. Feb. 24, 1969.

Additional Note

A discussion between Lord Ritchie-Calder and John Cogley on the devastating impact on the world of science run amok, and the need to bring science under public control before nuclear weapons, disease, pollution, or overpopulation cause irreparable damage to the earth. 1 tape. [Transcript 30:18]. [LC 75-765170]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS8050/R7

467.  To Hell with Posterity. Feb. 26, 1969.

Additional Note

Lord Ritchie-Calder makes a case for the need to apply social responsibility to scientific discovery, rather than allowing unchecked science and technology to increase urban congestion, environmental pollution, and nuclear proliferation, thus making the earth a hell for future generations. 1 tape. [Transcript 30:20]. [LC 70-765169]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS8051/R7

468.  The Struggle is the Message. Feb. 6, 1969.

Additional Note

Sociologist Irving Louis Horowitz analyzes the use of violence by anti-war demonstrators, civil rights protesters, student radicals, and the police. He points out that the more organized an event, the less likely it will degenerate into violence, although it is a delicate balance. Discussion follows with W. H. Ferry, Denis Goulet, Hallock Hoffman, Robert M. Hutchins, Irving Laucks, Peter Marin, John Seeley, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. 1 tape. [Transcript 17:6]. [LC 74-764757]. Category: DISSENT. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8052-8053/R7

469.  The Youth Class. Feb. 7, 1969.

Additional Note

Sociologist Irving Louis Horowitz entertains the notion that the young people of the "university-knowledge-factory environment" may well constitute a new social class, in light of the fact that going to college may soon be as routine as going to high school. Followed by discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Stringfellow Barr, John Cogley, W. H. Ferry, Robert M. Hutchins, Peter Marin, Fred Warner Neal, Lord Ritchie-Calder, Rexford G. Tugwell, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. 2 tapes. [Transcript 17:7]. [LC 70-764761]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS8054/R7

470.  Whatever Happened to the United Nations? Apr. 21, 1969.

Additional Note

Center fellows Stringfellow Barr, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Hallock Hoffman, and Donald McDonald conduct an examination of the health of the United Nations as an institution, which, while ailing as an effective instrument of peace, is holding its own in international social and economic spheres, and even seems to have the potential to evolve into a world government. 1 tape. [transcript has diff. title - 4:10 ?]. [LC 72-761391]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8055/R7

471.  The Choice: Save Our Constitution or Save Our Environment. Apr. 15, 1969.

Additional Note

W. H. Ferry reads the text of his remarks before the Senate Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Affairs, in which he issues a desperate plea to put a halt to the destruction of the ecological balance before we reach the point of no return. 1 tape. [Transcript 14:8]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS8056-8057/R7

472.  A Vision of Athens. Mar. 26, 1969.

Additional Note

Robert M. Hutchins addresses the Westside Community Center in Los Angeles on his hope that America may yet become a learning society,' in spite of the degeneration of the university into a training-school-conglomerate, recent large-scale shifts in the education-seeking constituency, and revolutions in technology, communications, and urban life. Followed by a question-and-answer session with the audience. 2 tapes. [LC 70-765055]. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS8058/R7

473.  Scott Buchanan, Teacher. ca. 1967-1968?

Additional Note

Through reminiscences of his life as a Socratic teacher, Scott Milross Buchanan explains his view of teaching and the teacher's role in the learning process. He also discusses the program he developed at St. John's College in Annapolis, Maryland, which was conceived as a step in the restoration of the American liberal arts college after its virtual destruction by the elective system. 1 tape. [Transcript 5:13]. [LC 73-764947]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS8059/R7

474.  Tragedy and Politics. ca. 1964-1968?

Additional Note

In a series of excerpts, Scott Buchanan discusses the tension between education and political action and the essentially democratic and liberating nature of the Socratic dialectic, drawing on ancient Greek notions of the interrelatedness of tragic and comic outlooks. 1 tape. [Transcript 5:15]. [LC 70-764946]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS8060-8061/R7

475.  There Used to Be Negroes. May 1, 1969.

Additional Note

Milton Mayer, writer and lecturer, evaluates the long-overdue Youth Revolution in America, suggesting that it will only be a lasting one if conducted with intelligence, an adherence to the guidelines of education for human freedom, and the acceptance of all races and cultures, in this address to the students at the University of California Santa Barbara. 2 tapes. [Transcript 23:12]. [LC 79-764805]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS8062/R7

476.  How to Read a Platonic Dialogue. Dec. 11, 1969.

Additional Note

Scott Buchanan delivers his last formal lecture before his death to the students of St. John's College in Santa Fe, New Mexico, in which he remarks, "Anybody recognizing that a Platonic dialogue is a drama first and a comedy second could never make Plato into a fascist." 1 tape. [Transcript 5:10]. [LC 77-764842]. Category: EDUCATION.
Tape No. AS8063-8064/R7

477.  How Much Is Enough? Nov. 1, 1968.

Additional Note

Charles G. Bolte, of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, poses questions to a Center staff meeting regarding the control of strategic weapons, in light of the fact that the major powers have the capacity to destroy the world several times over. 2 tapes. [Transcript 4:5]. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8065-8066/R7

478.  The Family in Crisis. Mar. 2, 1969.

Additional Note

Canadian social worker Stewart Sutton joins with Center fellows for a discussion of the history, literature, and quality of family life, which leads to speculation about whether the family as an institution is disintegrating or only in a state of transition. 2 tapes. [LC 70-765726]. Category: THE FAMILY.
Tape No. AS8067/R7

479.  Considerations for the 21st Century. Jan. 1969.

Additional Note

Harry S. Ashmore summarizes the Conference on China Policy, a three-day affair in which Japanese leaders and United States legislators considered the steps necessary to overcome 19th-century foreign policy myths for a rapprochement with China. With commentary by Masumi Ezaki. 1 tape. [Transcript 7:3]. [LC 78-764837]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. A8068/R7 & A8070/R7

480.  "A Simple Human Preference for Life": An Argument for the Recognition of Red China. Jan. 24, 1969.

Additional Note

A discussion of the complex issues involved in revising foreign policy approaches to Communist China. Conference on China Policy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 7:4]. [LC 78-764837?]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8069/R7 & AS8071/R7

480R.  The Myth of the China Menace. Jan. 24, 1969.

Additional Note

Harvard's Edwin O. Reischauer, a former Ambassador to Japan, discusses the thorny questions concerning Taiwan and the Two-China Policy advocated by the United States, urging a reappraisal of our Asian policies. Followed by comments from Arthur Goldberg, Fred Warner Neal, and Stanley K. Sheinbaum. Conference on China Policy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 7:5]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8072-8073/R7

481.  "A Simple Human Preference for Life": An Argument for the Recognition of Red China. Jan. 1969.

Additional Note

A discussion of the complex issues involved in revising foreign policy approaches to Communist China in both the rest of Asia and in the West, including the problem of overcoming the public's ingrained distrust of China, the issue of Taiwan's status, and the United States' military presence in the Pacific. Conference on China Policy. 2 tapes. [Transcript 7:6]. [LC 78-764837]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8074/R7

482.  "Suppose They Gave a War and No One Came?" Jan. 1969.

Additional Note

William O. Douglas, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, issues a plea that the nations of the world break with their bankrupt political policies and seek innovative paths to peace under law. With comments by Senators J. William Fulbright and Mark Hatfield, as well as members of the Japanese Parliament. Conference on China Policy. 1 tape. [Transcript 7:7]. [LC 78-764837]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8075/R7

483.  A Privileged Place. Apr. 25, 1969.

Additional Note

Ivan Illich, Director of the Centro Intercultural de Documentación in Cuernavaca, Mexico, speaks with Donald McDonald and Denis Goulet about the role of the Catholic Church in Latin America, how it functions and how it should function, with an emphasis on the need for Christians to be politically active individually without the Church itself becoming mired in politics. 1 tape. [Transcript 19:6]. [LC 77-764956]. Category: RELIGION.
Tape No. AS8076-8077/R7

484.  Electoral Reform: What Happens When Everyone Loses? Dec. 19, 1968.

Additional Note

A discussion of proposed reforms to the system of national elections in the wake of the 1968 presidential election, when it seemed that the results would turn on the Electoral College rather than a clear victory in the popular vote. Featuring Harry S. Ashmore, Blair Clark, Walter De Vrie, Charles Guggenheim, Herbert Kaplow, Frank Mankiewicz, Steve Mitchell, Joe Napolitan, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Eli Siegel, and Ann Wexler. 2 tapes. [Transcript 2:13]. [LC 78-764959]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS8078/R7

485.  Where Have All the Liberals Gone? June 13, 1969.

Additional Note

The Center's Harry S. Ashmore outlines his view of the difficulties of operating politically from a liberal position. He believes the liberal assumes change, welcomes change, and even attempts to promote change, but is rarely identified with a political movement for long and functions best in the role of a critic. Followed by discussion. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:5]. [LC 72-764960]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS8079-8080/R7

486.  The Pregnant Ghetto. May 28, 1969.

Additional Note

Richard Allen, head of the Economic Resources Corporation, outlines his plans to put life into depressed urban areas by bringing in industry, jobs, and low-cost housing, drawing upon his own experience living in a ghetto neighborhood. Leon Sager and Jay Jackson join Center fellows for the discussion. 2 tapes. [LC 70-764957]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8081-8082/R7

487.  The Captive Child. Aug. 1, 1969.

Additional Note

Peter Marin, director of the experimental Pacific High School in Palo Alto, CA, argues that, in order to meet their needs, adolescents must sometimes be released from the bonds of childhood and accepted in and by an adult community, requiring adults to rethink their ideas about childhood and schooling. 2 tapes. [Transcript 23:4]. [LC 73-765053]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8083/R7

488.  A Matter of Genes. July 1, 1969.

Additional Note

Educational psychologist Arthur Jensen, of the University of California at Berkeley, discusses his controversial theory that "genetic factors are strongly implicated in the average black-white intelligence difference" in this interview with the Center's Donald McDonald. 1 tape. [Transcript 20:5]. [LC 76-765078]. Category: RACE AND ETHNICITY.
Tape No. AS8084/R7

489.  Population Control Begins at Home. Oct. 30, 1969.

Additional Note

Biologist Paul R. Ehrlich, of Stanford University, offers a plan that he sees as a realistic solution to the progressive destruction of life on earth due to overpopulation, a problem compounded by the Western world's avaricious consumption of non-renewable resources. 1 tape. [Transcript 13:6-7]. [LC 72-764786]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8085/R7

490D.  Militarism: Method or Madness? Oct. 31, 1969.

Additional Note

Retired Air Force Brigadier General Henry C. Huglin and politically-active industrialist Harold Willens disagree on whether the military-industrial complex represents a safeguard or a threat to democracy. Whereas General Huglin maintains that the United States must be strong in order to counter the political gangsters who blackmail the world with threats of ultimate holocaust, Mr. Willens argues that if defense monies were used to cure the ills of the world by providing food, housing, and education to the needy, peace would be assured. 1 tape. [Transcript 17:10]. [LC 78-764802]. Category: DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM. Category: PEACE AND WAR.
Tape No. AS8086/R7

491D.  The Transitional Family. Jan. 14, 1969.

Additional Note

The Center's Eulah Laucks, believing that the dislocation of the family in a runaway technological society is a certainty and that its sphere of influence and design will be considerably altered, speculates on the possible forms the family of the future may take. 1 tape. [Transcript 22:8]. [LC 75-764784]. Category: THE FAMILY.
Tape No. AS8087/R7

492.  Parliament: Government by Discussion. Jan. 16, 1970.

Additional Note

An examination of the parliamentary system of government in Britain and how it has used debate and discussion to control the executive, protect the liberties of the citizen against the arbitrary use of power, both mold and reflect public opinion, and provide a means by which power can pass peacefully from one social class to another. Featuring Robert M. Hutchins, Richard McKeon, Lord Ritchie-Calder, Norman St. John-Stevas, and John Wilkinson. 1 tape. [Transcript 33:14]. [LC 74-764958]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS8088-8089/R7

493.  Progress Means Pollution. Jan. 28, 1970.

Additional Note

Frank Potter, of the Environmental Clearing House in Washington, D.C., discusses possible political, legislative, and judicial solutions to the problem of pollution, which he believes is the price of an industrial society. With Harry S. Ashmore, Richard Bellman, Paul R. Ehrlich, Robert M. Hutchins, Gordon Orians, Rexford G. Tugwell, and John Wilkinson. 2 tapes. [Transcript 29:19]. [LC 72-761392]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: URBAN AND RURAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8090/R7

494.  Dissent in Action. Feb. 19, 1970.

Additional Note

Former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark talks with the Center's Donald McDonald about the necessity for advancing social justice as well as legal justice, and states that while the individual's right to dissent must be tolerated, if the individual, in doing what he thinks is right, is in violation of the law, then he must be prepared to pay the price of the law. 1 tape. [Transcript 7:10]. [LC 76-764787]. Category: DISSENT. Category: LAW AND ORDER. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8091/R7

495.  Stumbling Blocks to Social Planning. Nov. 5, 1969.

Additional Note

Ecologist Kenneth E. F. Watt, of the University of California at Davis, discusses defects in institutional planning in the United States, which include the assumption that further development is always a good thing, the lack of objective analyses of all the consequences of development options, and the refusal to consider natural limits on technological development. 1 tape. [LC 70-764788]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.
Tape No. AS8092-8093/R7

496.  China: Economic Development in a Human Context. Feb. 26, 1970.

Additional Note

Economist John G. Gurley, of Stanford University, argues that economic development in Communist China must be understood as an attempt to achieve socialism by building up the entire country simultaneously, down to the poorest peasant, in order to promote a sense of the equal worth of all persons in the society. Followed by discussion. 2 tapes. [Transcript 16:16]. [LC 73-764955]. Category: INTERNATIONAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8094/R7

497D.  How to Make a University Out of a Multiversity. Nov. 18, 1969.

Additional Note

In this excerpt from an address given to a University of California Santa Barbara convocation on the structure and purposes of a university, Robert M. Hutchins outlines his concept of the university as a center of independent thought and criticism. [Transcript 17:17 for 497, not 497D ?]. [LC 79-764943]. Category: EDUCATION. Category: HUTCHINS.
Tape No. AS8095-8096/R7

498.  The Business of Business. Sept. 18, 1969.

Additional Note

Neil H. Jacoby, of the University of California Los Angeles, advances the argument that the business of business is profit, and only competition will force corporations to fulfill more enlightened social responsibilities. Followed by discussion with Harry S. Ashmore, Michael Hathaway, Robert M. Hutchins, Frank K. Kelly, Richard Parker, Stanley K. Sheinbaum, Rexford G. Tugwell, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. With an introduction by A. A. Berle, Jr. 2 tapes. [Transcript 19:16]. [LC 73-764762]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8097/R7

499.  The Earth Savers. Oct. 10, 1969.

Additional Note

A discussion among Center associates and fellows on the idea that ecology has become the all-embracing issue for radicals, conservatives, and politicians of all persuasions, although the volume of words spoken is never matched by money to actually save the environment. Featuring Harry S. Ashmore, Richard Bellman, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Paul R. Ehrlich, Robert M. Hutchins, Karl H. Pribram, and Harvey Wheeler. 1 tape. [Transcript 3:17]. [LC 79-765171]. Category: GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS.
Tape No. AS8098/R7

500.  Survival or Extinction: A Final Choice. Apr. 25, 1970.

Additional Note

Actor Eddie Albert, a dedicated conservationist, describes the tragic effects of pollution that he has witnessed, and underscores humanity's last chance for turning the danger signals into opportunities for survival. 1 tape. [Transcript 1:9]. [LC 70-765340]. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: URBAN AND RURAL ISSUES.
Tape No. AS8099-8100/R7

501.  The Ethics of Medicine. Aug. 19, 1969.

Additional Note

In this discussion from a Center conference, the panelists debate the question of whether a new ethics is needed to deal with an increasingly technology-oriented, specialization-based medicine, which has eroded the traditional doctor-patient relationship and aggravated social problems of alienation. Participants include: Harry S. Ashmore, Marjorie Grene, Robert M. Hutchins, Neil Jacoby, Patrick Kelly, Michael Kitzmiller, Karl H. Pribram, Kurt Reinhardt, Nathan Rotenstreich, Michael Scriven, Robert L. Sinsheimer, Kenneth Tollett, Harvey Wheeler, and John Wilkinson. Biological Revolution I. 2 tapes. [Transcript 4:1]. [LC 75-765339]. Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Category: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES. Category: HEALTH AND MEDICAL ISSUES.
 

Part B