Finding Aid for the Edward Williams Morley Family Papers 1828-1922

Processed by Ann Underleak.
Caltech Archives
Archives
California Institute of Technology
1200 East California Blvd.
Mail Code 015A-74
Pasadena, CA 91125
Phone: (626) 395-2704
Fax: (626) 793-8756
Email: archives@caltech.edu
URL: http://archives.caltech.edu/
©2007
California Institute of Technology. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Edward Williams Morley Family Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1828-1922
Collection number: 10023-MS
Creator: Morley, Edward Williams 1838-1923
Extent: 4.5 linear feet
Repository: California Institute of Technology. Caltech Archives
Pasadena, California 91125
Abstract: Letters primarily to the nineteenth-century American chemist Edward Williams Morley, and letters to and from other members of his family including his parents and siblings, also including an important collection of Civil War letters, in addition to miscellaneous historical documents, form the collection titled the Edward Williams Morley Family Papers in the Archives of the California Institute of Technology. Edward Morley is best known for his collaboration with Albert A. Michelson on the ether-drift experiment (the Michelson-Morley experiment). Morley also conducted important experiments on atomic weights and other constants of nature.
Physical location: Archives, California Institute of Technology.
Language of Material:
Languages represented in the collection:
English GermanFrench

Access

The collection is open for research. Researchers must apply in writing for access.

Publication Rights

Copyright may not have been assigned to the California Institute of Technology Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Caltech Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the California Institute of Technology Archives as the owner of the physical items and, unless explicitly stated otherwise, is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Edward Williams Morley Family Papers, 10023-MS, Caltech Archives, California Institute of Technology.

Acquisition Information

The Edward Williams Morley Family Papers were donated to the Caltech Archives by Mr. and Mrs. William K. Morley of Altadena, California, in 1977. William K. Morley is the grand-nephew of Edward Williams Morley.

Processing History

Processed by Ann Underleak, 1977. Updated Charlotte E. Erwin, May 2007.
In 2007 a new finding aid was created for the Morley family papers. The papers themselves were not rearranged. One file containing letters of Florence Morley to her husband, Frank J. Morley, Edward Morley's nephew, was returned to the donor, William K. Morley, in October 1977. Several small pieces of apparatus that accompanied the Morley Family Papers have been moved to the Caltech Archives' Science and Technology Artifacts Collection. These items are: 2 spring balances; 1 balance with glass dishes; 2 boxed of sets of brass weights; and an additional boxed set of weights and a balance. A copy of the biography, Edward Williams Morley: his Influence on Science in America, by Howard R. Williams (1957), inscribed to Frank J. Morley, has been transferred to the Archives landmark books collection.

Biography

Edward Williams Morley was born on 29 January 1838 in Newark, New Jersey, the eldest child of Sardis Brewster Morley, a Congregational minister, and Anna Clarissa Treat. Morley attended Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts (B.A., 1860), and entered Andover Theological Seminary in 1861. He continued his theological course concurrently with his studies in chemistry and physics, receiving a master's degree from Williams in 1863 and his license as a Congregational minister in 1864. His first teaching position was at South Berkshire Academy in New Marlboro, Massachusetts, where he became acquainted with Isabella (Belle) Ashley Birdsall; the two were married in December 1868. During the Civil War, Edward Morley served with a relief agency, the U.S. Sanitary Commission, in Fort Monroe, Virginia, assisting convalescent soldiers. His two younger brothers, Frank and John, both fought with the Union army. In 1868 Edward accepted a call to the ministry in Twinsburg, Ohio, but it soon became evident that he preferred teaching to preaching. He assumed teaching duties at nearby Western Reserve College, and when the college moved to Cleveland in 1882, Morley was named to the chair of chemistry and natural history. He also held a professorship in chemistry and toxicology at the Cleveland Medical School. Morley retired to West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1906 where he lived until his death in 1923. He and his wife had no children.
Morley's scientific work was experimental in character and was marked by his concern with precise and accurate measurement. He analyzed the oxygen content of the atmosphere to within .0025 percent ( Dictionary of Scientific Biography , 1980) and measured the atomic weight of oxygen. His result challenged the hypothesis of William Prout (1815) that all atomic weights were multiples of the atomic weight of hydrogen, which would represent unity. Morley is best remembered today for his collaboration with physicist Albert A. Michelson, then of the Case School of Applied Science in Cleveland, beginning in 1887, on the ether-drift experiment. It was then posited that light consisted of waves, and light waves, like waves in water, had to move through a medium that occupied all space; this was called the ether. By means of ultra-precise measurement using an interferometer, Michelson and Morley attempted to measure the relative motion of the Earth to the surrounding ether. Their experiment found no detectable stationary ether through which the Earth moved. Although in practice a negative outcome, their finding had important consequences for the understanding of light and ultimately for recognizing the speed of light as a universal constant. (Michelson won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1907, for his important investigations with optical instruments.)
Morley was elected president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1895, and to the National Academy of Sciences in 1897. He became president of the American Chemical Society in 1899-1900.

Scope and Content

The Edward Williams Morley Family Papers consist of correspondence and a small number of miscellaneous papers of members of the Morley family from 1828 to 1922. Although there are few holograph letters from the chemist Edward Williams Morley himself (see box 6, folder 15), the family correspondence provides an extensive record of an upper-class, educated New England family of prominent clerics and educators in nineteenth-century America. It also contains an important collection of Civil War letters, including those written to Edward in the army, and those written by his brothers, especially the correspondence of Frank Gibson Morley and his parents, and additionally the letters of their father, Sardis Brewster Morley, who served as an army chaplain.
The Morley collection was originally arranged without series designation, and the revision of 2007 has imposed a series and subseries structure on an existing arrangement with almost no disruption of the original sequence of files. There are now five series, the first four of which are almost exclusively correspondence files. The first of these, arranged in two subseries, contain the correspondence and papers of Sardis Brewster Morley (1804-1889), father of Edward, who graduated from Williams College in 1829, from the Yale Theological Seminary (now Divinity School) in 1833, and became a Congregational minister. Most of these letters are from Sardis's friends from Williams College, and many concern theological questions. Among the Sardis Brewster Morley letters in this subseries are some notebooks on Morley family history and chronology (box 1, folders 16-17). The second subseries is correspondence between Sardis Brewster Morley and Anna Clarissa Treat; they were married in 1834. The correspondence covers their years of courtship, 1830-1834, includes Civil War letters, and extends to 1880.
The second series comprises letters to and from Edward Williams Morley himself. The first subseries is letters to Edward from his parents, brothers, and sister beginning in August 1859 during his school years, in particular at Andover Theological Seminary. The letters continue through the Civil War period while Edward was in the army and doing relief work at Fort Monroe, Virginia. Included here are letters from Edward's father (box 3, folders 21-24), one of which, dated April 17, 1865, is of special interest for its description of his and other Union soldiers' reaction to Lincoln's assassination. The next three sections, subseries 2-4, comprise letters to Edward and his wife, Belle, from Edward's various family members following Edward's marriage in December of 1868 and at the beginning of his teaching at Western Reserve. The first group is from Edward's parents. The next (subseries 3) is from Edward's sister Lizzie Morley. Lizzie attended Mt. Holyoke Female Seminary, one of the first institutions of higher learning for women in America, and her letters from there convey a sense life and attitudes among the women of her social and intellectual class. Lizzie later moved to Lexington, Massachusetts, to attend Dio (Dioclesian) Lewis's school for young ladies which was "based on hygienic principles." Lewis was both a temperance lecturer and a pioneer in physical education for women. (Edward had been offered a position in Lewis's school: see box 6, folder 14). The next group of letters, subseries 4, is from Edward's brothers. Notable here are the letters from Frank Gibson Morley, who had run away from home to enlist in the Union army and consequently had the most extensive experience of combat within the Morley family. Frank's letters continue up to the year before his death in 1875. (See also Frank's letters to his parents, series 3.) The remaining brother, John Henry Morley, also served in the Civil War (box 5, folders 36-37), after which he became a minister and moved to Iowa and subsequently to Minnesota, where he became superintendent of the Minneapolis Congregational Home Missionary Society. His letters to Edward continue until 1904. The next group of letters, subseries 5, contains the letters of Belle Birdsall Morley to her husband, Edward, between the years 1867 and 1874. Finally, subseries 6 contains miscellaneous papers and letters which include three autograph letters of Edward Williams Morley himself.
Series 3, as noted, contains the correspondence of Frank Gibson Morley and his parents during the Civil War and afterwards. Series 4 dates from an earlier time, beginning in 1828, and contains letters and papers concerning the Treat family, the family of Edward Williams Morley's mother, Anna Clarissa. Finally, series 5 contains the scientific reprints and a few miscellaneous papers of Edward Williams Morley, including published papers relating to the Michelson-Morley experiment. Some photos of Morley's scientific apparatus are included here. Of special interest are four rare examples of sound wave tracings made by Morley's colleague and collaborator at Case School of Applied Science, Dayton C. Miller. These are in the form of one positive film tracing of Miller's voice, and three negative photographic prints of Miller's voice and the sounds of two musical instruments, a flute and a bell. The tracings were made on the apparatus called a phonodeik (alternate spelling, phonodiek) invented by Miller. The tracings were evidently given to Morley by Dayton Miller and preserved among his papers.
The collection is organized into the following series:
  • Series 1. Sardis Brewster Morley (1804-1889) Letters and Papers
  • Series 2. Edward Williams Morley Letters and Papers
  • Series 3. Frank Gibson Morley Correspondence with Parents
  • Series 4. Treat Family Letters and Papers (Edward Morley's mother's family)
  • Series 5. Edward Williams Morley Reprints and Miscellaneous Papers

Related Material

Related materials in the Caltech Archives are: Science and Technology Artifacts Collection; and Historical File on Edward Williams Morley.
The Library of Congress holds the collection titled Papers of Edward Williams Morley, call number MMC-3310, 1.2 linear feet of personal correspondence and photographs deposited by the Morley biographer, Howard R. Williams, in the 1950s.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

California Institute of Technology
Morley family
Albert Abraham Michelson, 1852-1931
Dayton Clarence Miller, 1866-1941
Acoustics
Atomic weights
Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
Sound analyzers
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Occupations

Chemists--History--19th century
Chemists--United States
Physicists--United States


Container List

 

Series 1. Sardis Brewster Morley (1804-1889) Letters and Papers

 

Subseries 1. Letters to Sardis Brewster Morley (father of Edward Williams Morley)

Box 1, Folder 1

Beckwith, B. B. 1829 Feb

Box 1, Folder 2

Beckwith, B. B. 1830

Note

Includes one letter from Beckwith to Anna Clarissa Treat.
Box 1, Folder 3

Beckwith, B. B. 1831

Box 1, Folder 4

Beckwith, B. B. 1832

Box 1, Folder 5

Beckwith, B. B. 1833

Box 1, Folder 6

Beckwith, B. B. 1834, 1841

Box 1, Folder 7

Bidwell, W. H. 1832 Jan 26, 1833-1834

Box 1, Folder 8

Brown, James F. 1829-1830

Box 1, Folder 9

Bulkley, Hiram 1829-1830

Box 1, Folder 10

Calhoun, S. H. 1830-1831

Box 1, Folder 11

Kellogg, Giles B. 1829

Box 1, Folder 12

Kellogg, Giles B. 1830

Box 1, Folder 13

Kellogg, Giles B. 1831

Note

Includes one letter from E. Kellogg.
Box 1, Folder 14

Warner, S. 1830-1831

Box 1, Folder 15

Miscellaneous letters to Sardis B. Morley

Scope and Content Note

  • Benedict, W. U. 1859
  • Lane, James P. 1875
  • Root, Marvin 1832
  • Stanley, S. M. 1858
  • Welles, Henry 1864
Box 1, Folder 16

Sardis B. Morley, miscellaneous papers on Morley family ca. 1860s, 1887, 1919, undated

Note

Includes 2 letters to Edward W. Morley from J. Hatten Carpenter concerning Morley family genealogy (1919).
Box 1, Folder 17

Sardis B. Morley, miscellaneous personal papers 1865-1885, 1889

Note

Contains notebook on family activities begun in 1865 and miscellaneous papers, mainly bills and notes from 1889.
 

Subseries 2. Correspondence of Sardis B. Morley and Anna Clarissa Treat (later Mrs. Morley)

Box 1, Folder 18

Letters 1830 Mar

Box 1, Folder 19

Letters 1830 Apr

Box 1, Folder 20

Letters 1830 May

Box 1, Folder 21

Letters 1830 Jun

Box 1, Folder 22

Letters 1830 Sep

Box 1, Folder 23

Letters 1830 Dec

Box 1, Folder 24

Letters 1831 Jan

Box 1, Folder 25

Letters 1831 Feb

Box 1, Folder 26

Letters 1831 Mar

Box 1, Folder 27

Letters 1831 Apr

Box 1, Folder 28

Letters 1831 May

Box 1, Folder 29

Letters 1831 Jun

Box 1, Folder 30

Letters 1831 Jul

Box 1, Folder 31

Letters 1831 Aug

Box 1, Folder 32

Letters 1831 Oct

Box 1, Folder 33

Letters 1831 Nov

Box 1, Folder 34

Letters 1831 Dec

Box 1, Folder 35

Letters 1832 Jan

Box 1, Folder 36

Letters 1832 Feb

Box 1, Folder 37

Letters 1832 Mar

Box 1, Folder 38

Letters 1832 May

Box 1, Folder 39

Letters 1832 Jun

Box 1, Folder 40

Letters 1832 Jul

Box 1, Folder 41

Letters 1832 Aug

Box 1, Folder 42

Letters 1832 Oct

Box 1, Folder 43

Letters 1832 Nov

Box 1, Folder 44

Letters 1832 Dec

Box 1, Folder 45

Letters 1833 Jan

Box 1, Folder 46

Letters 1833 Feb

Box 1, Folder 47

Letters 1833 Mar

Box 1, Folder 48

Letters 1833 Apr

Box 1, Folder 49

Letters 1833 May

Box 1, Folder 50

Letters 1833 Jun

Box 1, Folder 51

Letters 1833 Jul

Box 1, Folder 52

Letters 1833 Aug

Box 1, Folder 53

Letters 1833 Sep

Box 1, Folder 54

Letters 1833 Dec

Box 2, Folder 1

Letters 1834 Jan

Box 2, Folder 2

Letters 1834 Feb

Box 2, Folder 3

Letters 1834 Mar

Box 2, Folder 4

Letters 1834 May

Box 2, Folder 5

Letters 1834 Jun

Box 2, Folder 6

Letters 1834 Jul

Box 2, Folder 7

Letters 1834 Nov

Box 2, Folder 8

Letters 1835 Mar

Box 2, Folder 9

Letters 1835 May

Box 2, Folder 10

Letters 1835 Jun

Box 2, Folder 11

Letters 1836 Mar

Box 2, Folder 12

Letters 1836 Jun

Box 2, Folder 13

Letters 1836 Jul

Box 2, Folder 14

Letters 1836 Aug [?]

Box 2, Folder 15

Letters (1) 1837 Apr

Box 2, Folder 16

Letters (2) 1837 Apr

Box 2, Folder 17

Letters 1838 Apr

Box 2, Folder 18

Letters 1839 Sep

Box 2, Folder 19

Letters 1854 Jul

Box 2, Folder 20

Letters 1855 Jul

Box 2, Folder 21

Letters 1855 Oct

Box 2, Folder 22

Letters 1856 Oct

Box 2, Folder 23

Letters 1857 Apr, Jun

Note

Includes letters from children.
Box 2, Folder 24

Letters 1857 Aug

Box 2, Folder 25

Letters 1858 Jan

Box 2, Folder 26

Letters 1858 Feb

Note

Includes letters from children.
Box 2, Folder 27

Letters 1858 Mar

Box 2, Folder 28

Letters 1858 Apr

Box 2, Folder 29

Letters 1859 Mar-Apr

Box 2, Folder 30

Letters 1865 Mar

Box 2, Folder 31

Letters 1865 Apr

Box 2, Folder 32

Letters 1865 May

Box 2, Folder 33

Letters 1865 Jun

Box 2, Folder 34

Letters 1866 Apr

Box 2, Folder 35

Letters 1866 May

Box 2, Folder 36

Letters 1866 Jun

Box 2, Folder 37

Letters 1866 Aug

Box 2, Folder 38

Letters 1866 Sep

Box 2, Folder 39

Letters 1866 Oct

Box 2, Folder 40

Letters 1866 Nov

Box 2, Folder 41

Letters 1867 Apr

Box 2, Folder 42

Letters 1867 May

Box 2, Folder 43

Letters 1869 Nov-Dec

Box 2, Folder 44

Letters 1871 Oct

Box 2, Folder 45

Letters 1873 Sep

Box 2, Folder 46

Letters 1874 Sep

Box 2, Folder 47

Letters 1875 Oct

Box 2, Folder 48

Letters 1878 Sep

Box 2, Folder 49

Letters 1878 Oct

Box 2, Folder 50

Letters 1878 Nov

Box 2, Folder 51

Letters 1878 Dec

Box 2, Folder 52

Letters 1879 Sep

Box 2, Folder 53

Letters 1880 Oct

Box 2, Folder 54

Letters (1) undated

Box 2, Folder 55

Letters (2) undated

Note

One letter from Lizzie Morley to Sardis B. Morley.
 

Series 2. Edward Williams Morley Letters and Papers

 

Subseries 1. Letters to Edward Williams Morley from his family

Box 3, Folder 1

Letters to Edward at Attleboro 1859 Aug

Box 3, Folder 2

Letters to Edward at Andover 1861 Sep

Box 3, Folder 3

Letters to Edward at Andover 1861 Oct

Box 3, Folder 4

Letters to Edward at Andover 1861 Nov

Box 3, Folder 5

Letters to Edward at Andover 1861 Dec

Box 3, Folder 6

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Jan

Box 3, Folder 7

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Feb

Box 3, Folder 8

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Mar

Box 3, Folder 9

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 May

Box 3, Folder 10

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Jun

Box 3, Folder 11

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Jul

Box 3, Folder 12

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Sep

Box 3, Folder 13

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Oct

Box 3, Folder 14

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Nov

Box 3, Folder 15

Letters to Edward at Andover 1862 Dec

Box 3, Folder 16

Letters to Edward and Lizzie at Andover 1864 Jan

Box 3, Folder 17

Letters to Edward and Lizzie at Andover 1864 Feb

Box 3, Folder 18

Letters to Edward at Fort Monroe 1864 Oct

Box 3, Folder 19

Letters to Edward at Fort Monroe 1864 Nov

Box 3, Folder 20

Letters to Edward at Fort Monroe 1864 Dec

Box 3, Folder 21

Letters to Edward in army 1865 Mar

Box 3, Folder 22

Letters to Edward in army 1865 Apr

Box 3, Folder 23

Letters to Edward in army 1865 May

Box 3, Folder 24

Letters to Edward in army 1865 Jun

Box 3, Folder 25

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1866 May

Box 3, Folder 26

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1866 Jul

Box 3, Folder 27

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1866 Sep

Box 3, Folder 28

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1866 Oct

Box 3, Folder 29

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1866 Nov

Box 3, Folder 30

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1866 Dec

Box 3, Folder 31

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Jan

Box 3, Folder 32

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Feb

Box 3, Folder 33

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Mar

Box 3, Folder 34

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 May

Box 3, Folder 35

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Jun

Box 3, Folder 36

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Jul

Box 3, Folder 37

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Sep

Box 3, Folder 38

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Oct

Box 3, Folder 39

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Nov

Box 3, Folder 40

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1867 Dec

Box 3, Folder 41

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1868 Jan

Box 3, Folder 42

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1868 Feb

Box 3, Folder 43

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1868 Mar

Box 3, Folder 44

Letters to Edward at South Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, MA 1868 Apr

Box 4, Folder 1

Letters to Edward at Twinsburg, Ohio, from parents 1868 Sep

Box 4, Folder 2

Letters to Edward at Twinsburg, Ohio, from parents 1868 Oct

Box 4, Folder 3

Letters to Edward at Twinsburg, Ohio, from parents 1868 Nov

 

Subseries 2. Letters to Edward and Belle Morley (wife) at Western Reserve from parents

Box 4, Folder 4

Letters 1869 Jan

Box 4, Folder 5

Letters 1869 Feb

Box 4, Folder 6

Letters 1869 Mar

Box 4, Folder 7

Letters 1869 Apr

Box 4, Folder 8

Letters 1869 May

Box 4, Folder 9

Letters 1869 Jun

Box 4, Folder 10

Letters 1869 Sep

Box 4, Folder 11

Letters 1869 Oct

Box 4, Folder 12

Letters 1869 Nov

Box 4, Folder 13

Letters 1869 Dec

Box 4, Folder 14

Letters 1870 Jan

Box 4, Folder 15

Letters 1870 Feb

Box 4, Folder 16

Letters 1870 Mar

Box 4, Folder 17

Letters 1870 Apr

Box 4, Folder 18

Letters 1870 May

Box 4, Folder 19

Letters 1870 Jun

Box 4, Folder 20

Letters 1870 Aug

Box 4, Folder 21

Letters 1870 Sep

Box 4, Folder 22

Letters 1870 Oct

Box 4, Folder 23

Letters 1870 Nov

Box 4, Folder 24

Letters 1870 Dec

Box 4, Folder 25

Letters 1871 Jan

Box 4, Folder 26

Letters 1871 Feb

Box 4, Folder 27

Letters 1871 Mar

Box 4, Folder 28

Letters 1871 Apr

Box 4, Folder 29

Letters 1871 May

Box 4, Folder 30

Letters 1871 Jun

Box 4, Folder 31

Letters 1871 Aug

Box 4, Folder 32

Letters 1871 Sep

Box 4, Folder 33

Letters 1871 Oct

Box 4, Folder 34

Letters 1871 Nov

Box 4, Folder 35

Letters 1871 Dec

Box 4, Folder 36

Letters 1872 Jan

Box 4, Folder 37

Letters 1872 Feb

Box 4, Folder 38

Letters 1872 Mar

Box 4, Folder 39

Letters 1872 Apr

Box 4, Folder 40

Letters 1872 May

Box 4, Folder 41

Letters 1872 Jun

Box 4, Folder 42

Letters 1872 Jul

Box 4, Folder 43

Letters 1872 Aug

Box 4, Folder 44

Letters 1872 Sep

Box 4, Folder 45

Letters 1872 Oct

Box 4, Folder 46

Letters 1872 Nov

Box 4, Folder 47

Letters 1872 Dec

Box 4, Folder 48

Letters 1873, May-Jun, Sep

Box 4, Folder 49

Letters 1874 Jan-Jun

Box 4, Folder 50

Letters 1874 Sep-Dec

Box 4, Folder 51

Letters 1883 Feb-Apr

Note

Sardis B. Morley and Lizzie Morley to Edward and Belle
Box 4, Folder 52

Letters 1883 May-Jun

Box 4, Folder 53

Letters 1883 Oct-Nov

Box 4, Folder 54

Letters 1883 Dec

 

Subseries 3. Letters to Edward and Belle Morley from his sister Lizzie Morley

Box 5, Folder 1

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1861 Oct-Dec

Box 5, Folder 2

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Jan

Box 5, Folder 3

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Feb

Box 5, Folder 4

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Mar

Box 5, Folder 5

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 May

Box 5, Folder 6

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Jun

Box 5, Folder 7

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Jul

Box 5, Folder 8

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Sep

Box 5, Folder 9

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Oct

Box 5, Folder 10

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Nov

Box 5, Folder 11

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1862 Dec

Box 5, Folder 12

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1863 Jan

Box 5, Folder 13

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1863 Feb

Box 5, Folder 14

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1863 Mar

Box 5, Folder 15

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1863 May

Box 5, Folder 16

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1863 Jun

Box 5, Folder 17

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Mt. Holyoke 1863 Jul

Box 5, Folder 18

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Lexington 1866 Apr-May

Box 5, Folder 19

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Lexington 1866 Jun-Jul

Box 5, Folder 20

Letters to Edward from Lizzie at Lexington 1866 Sep-Nov

Box 5, Folder 21

Letters to Edward and Belle from Lizzie at Pittsfield 1869

Box 5, Folder 22

Letters to Edward and Belle from Lizzie at Pittsfield 1870

Box 5, Folder 23

Letters to Edward and Belle from Lizzie at Pittsfield 1874

 

Subseries 4. Letters to Edward and Belle Morley from his brothers Frank Gibson Morley and John Henry Morley

Box 5, Folder 24

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1864 Apr, 1865 May-Jun

Note

In army.
Box 5, Folder 25

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1865 Sep, Nov-Dec

Box 5, Folder 26

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1866 Jan-Sep

Box 5, Folder 27

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1867 Jan-Mar

Box 5, Folder 28

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1867 May-Dec

Box 5, Folder 29

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1868 Jan-May

Box 5, Folder 30

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1869

Note

Includes one letter to Belle.
Box 5, Folder 31

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1870-1871

Box 5, Folder 32

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1872

Box 5, Folder 33

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1873

Box 5, Folder 34

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley 1874

Box 5, Folder 35

Letters to Edward from Frank Gibson Morley undated

Note

Includes one letter to Belle.
Box 5, Folder 36

Letters to Edward in army from John Henry Morley 1864 Aug

Note

Includes note from Sardis B. Morley.
Box 5, Folder 37

Letters to Edward in army from John Henry Morley 1865 Apr

Box 5, Folder 38

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Magnolia, Iowa 1866 Dec

Box 5, Folder 39

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Magnolia, Iowa 1867 Jan-Jun

Box 5, Folder 40

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Magnolia, Iowa 1867 Jul-Dec

Box 5, Folder 41

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Magnolia, Iowa 1868

Box 5, Folder 42

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Magnolia, Iowa 1869 Jan-May

Box 5, Folder 43

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Sioux City, Iowa 1869 Jun-Dec

Box 5, Folder 44

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Sioux City, Iowa 1870

Box 5, Folder 45

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Sioux City, Iowa 1871

Note

Includes one letter from Edith Morley to Belle.
Box 5, Folder 46

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Sioux City, Iowa 1872

Note

Includes one letter from Edith Morley to Belle.
Box 5, Folder 47

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Sioux City, Iowa 1873

Box 5, Folder 48

Letters to Edward from John Henry Morley at Sioux City, Iowa 1874

Box 5, Folder 49

Letters to Edward and Belle from John and Edith at Minneapolis, Minnesota 1895-1896

Box 5, Folder 50

Letters to Edward and Belle from John and Edith at Minneapolis, Minnesota 1898-1904

 

Subseries 5. Letters to Edward Morley from Isabella Elizabeth Ashley Birdsall (Belle, later Mrs. Morley)

Box 6, Folder 1

Letters 1867 Aug-Dec

Box 6, Folder 2

Letters 1868 Mar-Jun

Box 6, Folder 3

Letters 1868 Jul-Sep

Box 6, Folder 4

Letters 1868 Oct-Dec

Box 6, Folder 5

Letters 1869 Jul-Aug

Box 6, Folder 6

Letters 1870

Box 6, Folder 7

Letters 1871 Jan-Mar

Box 6, Folder 8

Letters 1871 Jul-Aug

Box 6, Folder 9

Letters 1871, undated

Box 6, Folder 10

Letters 1872 Jul-Aug

Box 6, Folder 11

Letters 1873 Jul-Aug

Box 6, Folder 12

Letters 1874 Jul-Aug

 

Subseries 6. Edward Williams Morley, miscellaneous correspondence and papers

Box 6, Folder 13

Letters to Edward from Aunt A. T. P. Treat and Uncle S. B. Treat 1861-1862, 1864, 1868-1869

Box 6, Folder 14

Letters to Edward from Dio Lewis Oct 1866

Box 6, Folder 15

Edward Morley holographs: Letter to Belle; letter to his father Sardis B. Morley; statement regarding his father's house in Pittsfield, Massachusetts Aug 1869, undated

Box 6, Folder 16

Honors: Paper given at American Philosophical Society; honorary degree, University of Pittsburgh; appointment as representative of American Chemical Society--Director of Industrial Preparedness, State of Connecticut 1910, 1914, 1916

Box 6, Folder 17

Honors: White House reception 1912

Box 6, Folder 18

Honors: Willard Gibbs Medal, American Chemical Society 1917

Box 6, Folder 19

Williams College material 1910, 1922

Note

Includes partial chronology of Morley's life.
Box 6, Folder 20

Letters to Edward and Belle from Frank and Clara Morley (John Henry Morley's children) 1896-1906

Note

Includes one letter from John Henry Morley.
Box 6, Folder 21

Miscellaneous letters to Edward and Belle Morley 1905, 1922

 

Series 3. Frank Gibson Morley Correspondence with Parents

Box 6, Folder 22

Letters 1856, 1858

Box 6, Folder 23

Letters 1864 Jan-Feb

Box 6, Folder 24

Letters 1864 Mar-May

Note

Includes letter to John Henry Morley.
Box 6, Folder 25

Letters 1864 Jun-Jul

Box 6, Folder 26

Letters 1864 Aug-Sep

Note

Includes one letter from John Henry Morley to parents.
Box 6, Folder 27

Letters 1864 Oct-Nov

Note

Includes one letter to Lizzie Morley.
Box 6, Folder 28

Letters 1864 Dec

Box 6, Folder 29

Letters 1865 Jan-Feb

Note

Includes one letter to John or Edward [?] Morley.
Box 6, Folder 30

Letters 1865, Mar, May-Jun

Box 6, Folder 31

Civil War letters undated

Box 6, Folder 32

Letters 1865 Sep-Dec

Box 6, Folder 33

Letters 1866 Jan-Jul

Box 6, Folder 34

Letters 1866 Sep-Dec

Box 6, Folder 35

Letters 1867 Jan-Mar

Box 6, Folder 36

Letters 1869

Box 6, Folder 37

Letters 1871

Box 6, Folder 38

Letters 1872 Jan-Jun

Box 6, Folder 39

Letters 1872 Jul-Dec

Box 6, Folder 40

Letters 1873

Box 6, Folder 41

Letters 1874

Box 6, Folder 42

Letters 1875

 

Series 4. Treat Family Letters and Papers (Edward Morley's mother's family)

Box 7, Folder 1

Two letters of Selah Treat, Anna Clarissa Treat to Morley's father; from Niagara Falls with message from Clarissa to her children attached 1856 Dec, undated

Box 7, Folder 2

Miscellaneous letters to A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1828, 1830 [?], 1854, 1868

Box 7, Folder 3

Letters from S. B. Treat (Clarissa's brother) to Sardis B. and A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1834, 1856-1857

Box 7, Folder 4

Letters from S. B. Treat (Clarissa's brother) to Sardis B. and A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1858

Box 7, Folder 5

Letters from S. B. Treat (Clarissa's brother) to Sardis B. and A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1859

Box 7, Folder 6

Letters from S. B. Treat (Clarissa's brother) to Sardis B. and A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1860

Box 7, Folder 7

Letters from S. B. Treat (Clarissa's brother) to Sardis B. and A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1861

Box 7, Folder 8

Letters from S. B. Treat (Clarissa's brother) to Sardis B. and A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1862

Box 7, Folder 9

Letters from S. B. Treat (Clarissa's brother) to Sardis B. and A. Clarissa Treat Morley 1863, undated

Box 7, Folder 10

Compositions by Anna Clarissa Treat: "The Character of Man," "Religion the only Source of True Fortitude and Dignity of Character," "On the Disadvantages of Novel Reading," "A Description of Monte-Video." "Rules of the North Sabbath School" Hartford, 1829 (printed) 1828, undated

Box 7, Folder 11

Compositions on religious subjects by Anna Clarissa Treat undated

 

Series 5. Edward Williams Morley Reprints and Miscellaneous Papers

Box 7, Folder 12

[Empty folder] undated

Box 7, Folder 13

Address delivered before the class of 1874-1875 of Cleveland Medical College undated

Box 7, Folder 14

"Measurements of Möller's Diatomaceen-Probe-Platten," Monthly Microscopical Journal, vol. 14 1876

Box 7, Folder 15

"On the Probable Error of Micrometric Measurements," American Quarterly Microscopic Journal 1879 Jan

Box 7, Folder 16

"Remarks on Tables for the Reduction to Zero of the Measured Volumes of Gases," Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. 29 (Boston meeting) 1880 Aug

Box 7, Folder 17

"Method for Accurate and Rapid Analyses of Air," American Chemical Journal, vol. 3 1881-1882

Box 7, Folder 18

"The Amount of Moisture which Sulphuric Acid Leaves in a Gas," American Journal of Science, vol. 30 1885

Box 7, Folder 19

"On the Amount of Moisture Remaining in a Gas after Drying by Phosphorus Pentoxide," American Journal of Science, vol. 34 1887

Box 7, Folder 20

"Über die Menge von Feuchtigkeit, welche nach dem Trocknen mit Phosphorpentoxyd in einen Gase zurückbleibt," Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie, vol. 27 1888

Box 7, Folder 21

"On the Relative Motion of the Earth and of the Luminiferous Ether," The Sidereal Messenger, vol. 6 (with Albert A. Michaelson [sic: Albert A. Michelson]) 1887 Nov

Box 7, Folder 22

"On the Relative Motion of the Earth and Luminiferous Ether," American Journal of Science, vol. 34 (with Albert A. Michelson) 1887 Nov

Box 7, Folder 23

"On the Method for Making the Wave Length of Sodium Light the Actual and Practical Standard of Length," Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies (with Albert A. Michelson) 1888 (read 1887)

Box 7, Folder 24

"On the Determination of the Atomic Weight of Oxygen," American Chemical Journal, vol. 10 1888

Box 7, Folder 25

"The Wave Length of Light as a Practicable and a Feasible Standard of Length," The Sidereal Messenger, vol. 8 (with A. A. Michaelson [sic: Albert A. Michelson]) 1889

Box 7, Folder 26

"On the Feasibility of Establishing a Light-Wave as the Ultimate Standard of Length," American Journal of Science, vol. 38 (with Albert A. Michelson) 1889

Box 7, Folder 27

"Carbon an Impurity in Hydrogen Affecting Determinations of its Atomic Weight," American Chemical Journal, vol. 12 1890

Box 7, Folder 28

"Synthesis of Weighed Quantities of Water from Weighed Quantities of Oxygen and Hydrogen Gases," Proceeedings of American Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. 40 1891

Box 7, Folder 29

"The Volumetric Composition of Water," American Journal of Science, vol. 41 1891

Box 7, Folder 30

"Jean Servais Stas," Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 14 1892

Box 7, Folder 31

"Über das Verhältnis des Atomgewichtes von Wasserstoff und Sauerstoff," Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie, vol. 17 1895

Box 7, Folder 32

"Value of the Atomic Weight of Oxygen," Western Reserve University Bulletin 1895 Apr

Box 7, Folder 33

"A Completed Chapter in the History of the Atomic Theory," address as retiring president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Proceedings of AAAS, vol. 45 1896

Box 7, Folder 34

"Über die Dichten von Sauerstoff und Wasserstoff und über das Verhältnis ihrer Atomgewichte, 1. Teil: Über die Dichte von Sauerstoff," Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie, vol. 20 1896

Box 7, Folder 35

"2. Teil: Über die Dichte von Wasserstoff" 1896

Box 7, Folder 36

"3. Teil: Über die volumetrische Zusammensetzung des Wassers;" "4. Teil: Synthese des Wassers aus gewogenen Mengen Wasserstoff und Sauerstoff" 1896

Box 7, Folder 37

"The Velocity of Light in the Magnetic Field," Physical Review, vol. 7 (with Henry T. Eddy and Dayton C. Miller) 1898

Box 7, Folder 38

"Memoir of William Augustus Rogers, 1832-1898" read before the National Academy of Sciences 1899 Nov

Box 7, Folder 39

"Are Further Experiments Needed for Determining the Atomic Weight of Oxygen?" Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 22 1900

Box 7, Folder 40

"A New Gauge for the Measurement of Small Pressures," American Journal of Science, vol. 13 (with Charles F. Brush) 1902

Box 7, Folder 41

"Note on the Amount of Moisture Remaining in a Gas after Drying with Phosphorus Pentoxide," Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 26 1904

Box 7, Folder 42

"Alcohometric Tables, for Each Integral Percentage by Weight, and for Each Degree of the Hydrogen Thermometer from 15 o to 22 o," Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 26 1904

Box 7, Folder 43

"Über den Dampfdruck des Quecksilbers bei gewöhnlichen Temperaturen," Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie, vol. 49 1904

Box 7, Folder 44

"On the Theory of Experiments to detect Aberrations of the Second Degree," Philosophical Magazine (with Dayton C. Miller) 1905 May

Box 7, Folder 45

"Report of an Experiment to detect the FitzGerald-Lorentz Effect," Philosophical Magazine (with Dayton C. Miller) 1905 May

Box 7, Folder 46

"Report on an Experiment to detect the FitzGerald-Lorentz Effect," Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, vol. 41 (with Dayton C. Miller) 1905

Box 7, Folder 47

"Note sur la quantité d'humidité laissée dans un gaz par son passage sur l'anhydride phosphorique," Journal de Chimie Physique, vol. 3 1905

Box 7, Folder 48

"On the Densities of Oxygen and Hydrogen and on the Ratio of their Atomic Weights," Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, 980 1895

Note

Inscribed with name and address of Clara Edith Morley, Denton, Texas; also with name of William K. Morley.
Box 8, Folder 1

Obituaries of Frank G. Morley 1875 Aug

Box 8, Folder 2

Photographs, including laboratory apparatus of Edward Williams Morley undated

Box 8, Folder 3

Sound wave trace made by phonodeik apparatus: Words spoken by D. C. Miller, "Edward Morley" 1909 May 18

Physical Description: Film strip, positive polarity, 55 inches long by 3.75 inches wide.

Note

Stamped: Case School of Applied Science, Cleveland, Ohio.
Box 8, Folder 4

Sound wave trace made by phonodeik apparatus: Words spoken by D. C. Miller, "Lord Rayleigh" 1909 May 18

Physical Description: Photographic print on paper, negative polarity, 40 inches long by 4.75 inches wide.

Note

Stamped: Case School of Applied Science, Cleveland, Ohio.
Box 8, Folder 5

Sound wave trace made by phonodeik apparatus: "Flute" undated

Physical Description: Photographic print on paper, negative polarity, 33.5 inches long by 3.5 inches wide.

Note

Stamped: Case School of Applied Science, Cleveland, Ohio.
Box 8, Folder 6

Sound wave trace made by phonodeik apparatus: "Case School of Applied Science Photograph by D. C. Miller of Sound from a Bell" undated

Physical Description: Photographic print on paper, negative polarity,29.75 inches long by 3.85 inches wide.

Note

Stamped: Case School of Applied Science, Cleveland, Ohio.