Contains personal and business papers of George Hearst and his wife, Phoebe Apperson Hearst. A small portion of the collection
relates to Mr. Hearst, a rancher, mining tycoon, and politican. His papers include correspondence, illustrated mining notes
and reports, bills of sale, and other material related to mines and ranches primarily in the West and Mexico. The bulk of
the collection concerns the philanthropic, charitable and social activities of Phoebe Apperson Hearst, regent of the University
of California (1897-1919) and a major benefactress of the University and other institutions. Her papers include family and
personal correspondence, mining and property files, material related to her work as regent, and files on philanthropy, charity,
collecting, and household management.
George Hearst, born 1820 in Franklin County, Missouri, had little formal education but educated himself in geology and prospecting.
His talent for scoping out the "layof the land" paid off in some of the most important mining claims in the United States.
The Comstock Lode in Nevada, the Homestake gold mine in South Dakota and the Anaconda copper mine in Montana would become
three of the largest mining discoveries in American history. As a rancher and prospector Hearst continually acquired large
portions of land throughout the United States, especially in California and the West. In 1863 Hearst married Phoebe Apperson,
a teacher from his home state. Moving to San Francisco, Phoebe gave birth to their only child, William Randolph Hearst, in
1863. George purchased the 48,000 acre Piedras Blancas Ranch at San Simeon in 1865, adding the adjoining Santa Rosa and San
Simeon ranches later. During his lifetime the ranches were used as a family retreat. In 1873 Phoebe took her young son William
on a grand tour of Europe where the two spent more than a year visiting castles, museums, and various cultural centers. This
trip would prove to be a pivotal inspiration for William's later endeavor constructing Hearst Castle at San Simeon.
Number of containers: 85 boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 3 oversize folders, 6 volumes, 4 card file boxes
Linear feet: 37
173 digital objects
Materials in this collection may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction
of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions,
privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond
that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be
commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Collection is open for research. Microfilm of the collection is to be used by researchers to protect the originals. A few
items not microfilmed are noted in the container list.