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Guide to the San José State University Japanese-American Internment Research Collection
MSS-2010-08-23  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Preferred Citation
  • Processing Information
  • Japanese-American Internment History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: San José State University Japanese-American Internment Research Collection
    Dates: 1935-2010
    Bulk Dates: 1942-2010
    Collection number: MSS-2010-08-23
    Creator: San Jose State College
    Collection Size: 1 box (0.5 linear feet)
    Repository: San José State University. Library.
    San José, California 95192-0028
    Abstract: The San José State University Japanese-American Internment Research Collection, 1935-2010 (bulk 1942-2010), documents the internment of Americans of Japanese descent from 1942-1945, the presence of Japanese-American students at San Jose State College in the late 1930s and early 1940s, and the awarding of honorary degrees to some of those students by San José State University in 2010. The records consist of brochures, correspondence, government reports, magazines, memorabilia, memos, newspaper clippings, photocopied articles, photos, and spreadsheets. This collection is arranged into three series: Series I. Japanese-American San Jose State College Students, 1935 - 1994, Series II. Japanese-American Internment, 1942-1996, and Series III. Nisei Diploma Project at SJSU, 2009-2010.
    Physical location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English, Japanese

    Access

    Collection is open for research. Photocopying of original newspapers is prohibited.

    Preferred Citation

    San José State University Japanese-American Internment Research Collection, MSS-2010-08-23, San José State University Library Special Collections & Archives.

    Processing Information

    Collection processed by Tom Hewitt. Finding aid EAD encoded by Tom Hewitt. Reviewed by Danelle Moon.

    Japanese-American Internment History

    On February 19, 1942 President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 providing broad powers for the War Department to create exclusion zones and to initiate an evacuation program for the Western Defense Command (WDC). Under the leadership of General John Dewitt of the WDC, the Civil Affairs Division (CAD) and the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) were created in order to provide for the transition of voluntary evacuees, enemy aliens and United States citizens alike, from exclusion areas to other parts of the country. The failure of the voluntary evacuation plan led President Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 9102, which established the civilian run War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA was mandated to institute enforced evacuations. Due to the recalcitrance of states on the interior of the country to accept the Japanese evacuees or to provide for their safety, the WRA also constructed internment centers in order to house the evacuees. Between 1942-1945 the WRA, the WCCA, the CAD and the Office of the Commanding General of the Western Defense Command segregated and housed approximately 110,000 Japanese-American men, women and children.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The San José State University Japanese-American Internment Research Collection, 1935-2010 (bulk 1942-2010), documents the internment of Americans of Japanese descent from 1942-1945, the presence of Japanese-American students at San Jose State College in the late 1930s and early 1940s, and the awarding of honorary degrees to some of those students by San José State University in 2010. The records consist of brochures, correspondence, government reports, magazines, memorabilia, memos, newspaper clippings, photocopied articles, photos, and spreadsheets. This collection is arranged into three series: Series I. Japanese-American San Jose State College Students, 1935 - 1994, Series II. Japanese-American Internment, 1942-1996, and Series III. Nisei Diploma Project at SJSU, 2009-2010.

    Arrangement

    This collection is arranged into three series: Series I. Japanese-American San Jose State College Students, 1935 - 1994, n.d. (1935-1942), Series II. Japanese-American Internment, 1942-1996, n.d (1993-1996), Series III. Nisei Diploma Project at SJSU (2009-2010).

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    San Jose State University -- History.
    Education, Higher -- California -- San Jose.
    Japanese Americans -- California -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945 -- Periodicals.
    Japanese Americans -- California -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945 -- Newspapers.
    Japanese Americans -- California -- San Jose -- Biography.

    Related Material

    Flaherty Collection: Japanese Internment Records, MSS-2006-02, San José State University Library Special Collections and Archives.
    Willard E. Schmidt Papers, MSS-2007-09-01, San José State University Library Special Collections and Archives.