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Finding aid to Peoples Temple ephemera and publications, 1959-1979, MS 4124
MS 4124  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Related Collection(s)
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • System of Arrangement
  • Processing Information
  • History of Peoples Temple
  • Scope and Contents

  • Title: Peoples Temple ephemera and publications
    Date (inclusive): 1959-1979
    Date (bulk): 1973-1978
    Collection Identifier: MS 4124
    Extent: 1 box, 1 oversize box (2.0 linear feet)
    Repository: California Historical Society
    678 Mission Street
    San Francisco, CA 94105
    415-357-1848
    URL: http://www.californiahistoricalsociety.org/
    Location of Materials: Collection is stored onsite.
    Language of Materials: Collection materials are in English.
    Abstract: The bulk of the collection consists of printed materials generated by Peoples Temple pertaining to their activities in the United States and in Jonestown, the agricultural project started by Jim Jones in Guyana. Includes promotional materials such as periodicals, flyers, brochures, newletters, fundraising materials and issues of Peoples Forum, the Peoples Temple newspaper.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Director of the Library and Archives, North Baker Research Library, California Historical Society, 678 Mission Street, San Francisco, CA 94105. Consent is given on behalf of the California Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Peoples Temple ephemera and publications, MS 4124, California Historical Society

    Related Collection(s)

    Manuscript Collections:
    Peoples Temple records, 1922-1984, MS 3800
    Federal Bureau of Investigation collection of Peoples Temple papers from Jonestown, Guyana, 1931-1978, MS 3801
    Moore family papers, 1968-1988, MS 3802
    John R. Hall research materials on Peoples Temple, 1954-2003, MS 3803
    Ross E. Case collection pertaining to Peoples Temple, 1961-1984, MS 4062
    Margaret T. Singer materials on Peoples Temple, 1956-1998, MS 4123
    Newspaper clippings on Peoples Temple: photocopies, 1953-1978, MS 4125
    Peoples Temple miscellany, 1951-2011, MS 4126
    Photography Collections:
    Photographs from Peoples Temple miscellany, 1966-1978, MSP 4126
    Photographs from Peoples Temple records, 1941-1983, MSP 3800
    Photographs of Peoples Temple in the United States and Guyana, 1967-1978, PC 010

    Acquisition Information

    Materials in Peoples Temple ephemera and publications have been acquired at different times from various sources. Many of the materials in the collection were donated to the California Historical Society by surviving members of Peoples Temple and their families. Other materials were received from members of the general public.

    Accruals

    Future additions are expected.

    System of Arrangement

    Peoples Temple ephemera and publications is arranged into 4 series: Series 1: Press releases; Series 2: Fundraising materials; Series 3: Brochures, flyers and mailings; Series 4: Periodicals.
    The arrangement of the collection was imposed by California Historical Society staff.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Denice Stephenson in 2006. Re-processed by Frances Wratten Kaplan in 2011.

    History of Peoples Temple

    Peoples Temple began as a church founded by Jim and Marceline Jones and a small group of parishioners in Indianapolis in 1955. As pastor, Jim Jones preached to a racially-integrated congregation during Pentecostal-based services that included healings and sermons on integration and class conflicts. Peoples Temple conducted food drives; opened a "free restaurant" that served thousands of meals to the city's poor in the early 1960s; operated nursing homes; and hosted weekly television and radio programs featuring their integrated choir. The church became well known in the Indianapolis press for the members' integration activities and for their assertions of their pastor's gifts as a healer. The church became affiliated with the Disciples of Christ denomination in 1960.
    In the summer of 1965, the Jones family and approximately one hundred Peoples Temple members relocated to Redwood Valley, a rural community eight miles north of Ukiah in Mendocino County. Peoples Temple conducted church services and meetings in rented and borrowed spaces until 1969 when they finished building their own church with a swimming pool, an animal shelter, gardens, and a community kitchen. By this time, the church's membership had grown to three hundred.
    In 1970, Jim Jones began to preach in cities throughout California. Recruiting drives in African American communities in San Francisco and Los Angeles increased Peoples Temple membership to over twenty-five hundred by 1973. Some members lived in communal housing and worked full time for Peoples Temple. Others contributed significant portions of their income and property to the church. The church's operations included real estate management; home care facilities for seniors and youths; publishing and bookkeeping services; mail order services; and maintenance of a fleet of buses to transport members to services throughout the state and across the country. Tens of thousands of people, including politicians and members of other congregations, attended Peoples Temple services between 1970 and 1977.
    The leadership of Peoples Temple voted to establish an agricultural and rural development mission in Guyana, South America in the fall of 1973. Over the next two years, members traveled to Guyana to scout a location for the mission; establish a residence in Georgetown, the capital of Guyana; clear the land; and begin construction at the site. The building plans for the community which became known as Jonestown included farm buildings, a large communal kitchen, medical facilities, schools, dormitory-style housing, small cabins, a day care center and a large open-air pavilion that became the community's central meeting place.
    By 1976, Peoples Temple had moved its headquarters from Redwood Valley to San Francisco and had become involved in citywide electoral politics. They published their own newspaper, Peoples Forum; staged rallies and events for local and national political figures; and were vocal in their support of causes such as freedom of the press, affirmative action, and gay rights. In the fall of 1976, recently elected Mayor George Moscone appointed Jim Jones to the San Francisco Housing Authority. Jones served as its chairman until he left for Guyana the following year.
    In 1977, former members and relatives organized a group called the Concerned Relatives to protest Jones's treatment of church members. Child custody issues and living conditions in Jonestown were at the center of the conflict between Peoples Temple and the Concerned Relatives. Both sides filed lawsuits, sought public support through the media, and appealed to government officials for protection. Media coverage of Peoples Temple practices and political activities led the government to investigate the church's financial and social welfare programs. Peoples Temple began to close many of their businesses, sell their properties, and relocate hundreds of their members to Guyana.
    In response to issues raised by the media and former members, California Congressman Leo Ryan scheduled a trip to Jonestown in November 1978. By this time, more than a thousand Peoples Temple members were living in Guyana. His staff, members of Concerned Relatives, Embassy officials, and journalists accompanied Ryan on an overnight visit to Jonestown. As the congressional party left for the airstrip at Port Kaituma, sixteen disaffected Jonestown residents accompanied Ryan. As the group boarded two small airplanes at the airstrip, Peoples Temple members drove up on tractors and began shooting. They killed Ryan, three journalists, and a Peoples Temple member. That same day, November 18, 1978, more than nine hundred people died, most by cyanide poisoning, in Jonestown; four other members died in Georgetown.
    More than eighty Peoples Temple members survived the deaths in Guyana: people who lived through the airstrip shootings; Jonestown residents who left the community before and during the poisonings; and members who were in Georgetown and on boats. Hundreds of Peoples Temple members had remained in the U.S., many of them in California.

    Scope and Contents

    The bulk of the collection consists of printed materials generated by Peoples Temple pertaining to its activities in the United States and in Jonestown, the agricultural project started by Jim Jones in Guyana. During its existence, Peoples Temple was a prolific publisher of promotional and fundraising materials aimed at increasing the profile of the church, recruiting members, and raising money to support its programs. Between 1975 and 1978 investigative reports by journalists and accusations made by a group known as Concerned Relatives caused the church to generate materials defending itself and Jim Jones against various allegations.
    Series 1, Press releases, consists of press releases, newsletters, testimonials, and open letters to newspaper editors publicizing the work of Peoples Temple and defending Jim Jones and Peoples Temple against criticism from the media, in particular a series of critical articles in New West magazine by reporters Marshall Kilduff and Phil Tracy. This series includes news articles and editorials about Peoples Temple from the Fresno Bee, Indianapolis Recorder, San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco Examiner, and Sun Reporter. Also includes materials produced by Concerned Relatives in their efforts to gain public support for a government investigation into Jim Jones and Jonestown.
    Series 2, Fundraising materials, includes samples of organizational stationary used for promotional campaigns, gift tags for use in the sale of items made in Jonestown, and printed invitations and programs for a Peoples Temple benefit dinner in San Francisco scheduled for December 2, 1978. The bulk of the material in this series consists of direct mail appeals sent out by Peoples Temple to promote church services, increase membership, and raise funds for the church.
    Series 3, Brochures, flyers and mailings, consists of materials advertising church services and promoting Peoples Temple as a community church. Includes flyers for healing services and community events; calendars and programs of church services; a 1977 Peoples Temple Agricultural progress report about Jonestown; a booklet written by Jim Jones as “Father Divine”; and a catalog of Peoples Temple assets auctioned on Wednesday, March 14, 1979. The auction was held after the deaths in Guyana and was organized by Robert Fabian, the court-appointed receiver responsible for the dissolution of Peoples Temple after the events of November 1978.
    Series 4, Periodicals, includes issues of Peoples Forum, the Peoples Temple newspaper, The Temple Reporter, a newsletter, and The Living Word, a booklet and magazine of Peoples Temple Christian Church that included articles, photos, testimonials, and a schedule of monthly events.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Concerned Relatives and Citizens Committee.
    Jones, Jim, 1931-1978.
    Peoples Temple Agricultural Mission.
    Peoples Temple.
    Jonestown Mass Suicide, Jonestown, Guyana, 1978.