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Nathan Moncharsh oral history interview OHP.3027
OHP.3027  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Conditions Governing Access note
  • Conditions Governing Use note
  • Existence and Location of Copies note
  • Preferred Citation note
  • Related Archival Materials note

  • Title: Nathan Moncharsh oral history interviews
    Identifier/Call Number: OHP.3027
    Contributing Institution: Tauber Holocaust Library
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 0.6 Linear feet comprising one sound disc, five videotapes with a total running time of 10:11, and one transcript of 72 pages
    Date: 1991 April 25
    Abstract: This collection comprises five oral history interviews with Nathan Moncharsh. The first interview comprises one sound disc and was conducted by the Holocaust Oral History Project on February 21, 1988; the second interview comprises one videotape and was conducted by the Holocaust Oral History Project on March 21, 1991; the third interview comprises one videotape with accompanying transcript and was conducted by the Holocaust Oral History Project on April 25, 1991; the fourth interview comprises two videotapes and was conducted by the Holocaust Oral History Project on May 14, 1991; the fifth interview comprises one videotape and was conducted by the Holocaust Oral History Project on July 11, 1991.
    Creator: Moncharsh, Nathan
    Creator: Ayres, Gene
    Creator: Grant, John
    Creator: Prozan, Sylvia
    Creator: Rotenberg, Irene
    Creator: Thompson, Karen

    Scope and Contents note

    This collection comprises five oral history interviews with Nathan Moncharsh. The first interview comprises one sound disc and was conducted by Irene Rotenberg on behalf of the Holocaust Oral History Project on February 21, 1988; the second interview comprises one videotape and was conducted by Gene Ayres and Sylvia Prozan on behalf of the Holocaust Oral History Project on March 21, 1991; the third interview comprises one videotape with accompanying transcript and was conducted by Gene Ayres and Sylvia Prozan on behalf of the Holocaust Oral History Project on April 25, 1991; the fourth interview comprises two videotapes and was conducted by Gene Ayres and Sylvia Prozan on behalf of the Holocaust Oral History Project on May 14, 1991; the fifth interview comprises one videotape and was conducted by Gene Ayres and Sylvia Prozan on behalf of the Holocaust Oral History Project on July 11, 1991. Nathan Moncharsh is a Holocaust survivor.
    The interviews describe Mr. Moncharsh's childhood in Chmielnik and Lodz, Poland; his experiences in Lodz ghetto beginning in December 1939; and the ways he and his family survived there. He describes many of the deportations, including liquidation of hospitals; the work he performed as a bricklayer building factories; the rations; observations of Chaim Rumkowski; and the continual influx of Jews from the west beginning in 1940. He discusses the deaths of family members from illness and starvation, his deportation on the final train from Lodz to Auschwitz in September 1944, and the transportation in cattle cars. He describes his experiences in Auschwitz, from the initial selection performed by Josef Mengele to the work he performed as a bricklayer as well as his responsibility for the soup pots. Mr. Moncharsh describes the changes in the camp that began in November 1944, the bombings, and the death march to Flossenburg in February 1945. He describes a subsequent death march to Dachau, liberation by the Americans in April 1945, and his health problems and malnourishment after liberation. He discusses his emigration to the United States in 1949 and his life in San Francisco after the war.

    Conditions Governing Access note

    There are no restrictions to access for this collection.

    Conditions Governing Use note

    There are no restrictions to use for this collection.

    Existence and Location of Copies note

    Master copies of the oral history interviews are located at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C.

    Preferred Citation note

    Nathan Moncharsh oral history interviews - OHP.3027, Tauber Holocaust Library, JFCS Holocaust Center, San Francisco, California

    Related Archival Materials note

    Nathan Moncharsh is the spouse of Rachel Moncharsh, also interviewed. See Nathan Moncharsh oral history interview - OHP.3027.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Auschwitz (Concentration camp).
    Dachau (Concentration camp).
    Flossenburg (Concentration camp).
    Mengele , Josef, 1911-1979
    Rumkowski, Mordechai Hayim
    Death marches -- Europe
    Holocaust survivors -- United States
    Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Personal narratives
    Jewish ghettos -- Lodz
    Lodz (Poland)
    United States -- Emigration and immigration
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration camps -- Liberation
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Deportations from Poland