Guide to the George E.Crothers Papers

Stanford University Libraries Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Stanford, California
October 2010
Copyright © 2011 The Board of Trustees of Stanford University. All rights reserved.

Note

This encoded finding aid is compliant with Stanford EAD Best Practice Guidelines, Version 1.0.


Overview

Call Number: SC0130
Creator: Crothers, George E. (George Edward), 1870-1957.
Title: George E. Crothers papers
Dates: 1905-1957
Physical Description: 16.5 Linear feet
Summary: Correspondence (1905-1957), speeches, articles, legal documents, photographs, newsclippings and scrapbooks. Major subjects include Stanford University, Republican Party activities (1909-1930), California State Normal Schools, United States monetary policy and U.S. relations with the Republic of China (1920-1940). Correspondents include persons prominent in educational and political affairs in the U.S. as well as many leading California lawyers and educators. Also includes correspondence between Crothers and his brother T. G. Crothers relating to Stanford Board of Trustees matters and University legal problems, minutes of the Board (April 1905, May-June 1907), a typescript description of the founding grant and an anonymous diary (1895-1902).
Language(s): The materials are in English.
Repository: Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Stanford University Libraries
557 Escondido Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6064
Email: speccollref@stanford.edu
Phone: (650) 725-1022
URL: http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/spc/spc.html

Administrative Information

Provenance

Gift of George Crothers to the Stanford Library, 1962; transferred to University Archives, 1975.

Information about Access

This collection is open to researchers with permission of the Stanford University Archives.

Ownership & Copyright

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, California 94304-6064. Consent is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, heir(s) or assigns. See: http://library.stanford.edu/depts/spc/pubserv/permissions.html.
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Cite As

George E. Crothers Papers (SC0130). Department of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

Biographical/Historical Sketch

Judge and member of the Stanford Board of Trustees (1902-1912). He served as attorney to Jane Lathrop Stanford and was part donor of two graduate dormitories at Stanford University.
1870 Born (May 27), Wapello, Iowa; son of John and Margaret Jane (Fair) Crothers.
1883 Family moved to San Jose, California. Crothers attends San Jose HighSchool.
1895 Received A.B., Stanford University (in "Pioneer Class").
1896 Received A.M. (in law), Stanford University. Admitted to California Bar.
1897 Formed partnership With brother in San Francisco law practice.
1898 Retained by Mrs. Jane Stanford to write amendment to California State Constitution for purpose of reducing tax burden on University.
1899 Began serving as attorney in Fair Trust case (to 1902). Became president, General Alumni Association of Stanford University. Elected to membership, Golden Gate Commandery # 16, Masonic order. Received Order of Red Cross, Masonic order.
1900 Received Order of Temple, Masonic order.
1902 Became first alumnus to serve on Stanford Univ. Board of Trustees.
1904 Formulated By-Laws & Rules of Order for board of trustees. Devised articles of faculty organization adopted by board of trustees, March 31, 1904
1905 Acted as attorney for board of trustees on death of Jane Stanford. Recomnended establishment of Jewel Fund for acquisition of library books for Stanford University. As chairman, committee on medical education, brought about association of Cooper Medical College with Stanford University.
1909 Became chairman, independent Republican movement, San Francisco. Represented Theodore Roosevelt in urging California Governor & legislators not to undertake land legislation against Orientals.
1911 Married Elizabeth Mills (March 23). Became chairman, Board of Trustees, San Francisco State Normal School. (to 1921)
1912 Became chairman, Republican County Committee (to 1913).
1913 Appointed judge of Superior Court of San Francisco.
1915 Elected to succeed himself on bench by highest vote ever accorded by San Francisco Bar Association.
1916 Resigned as chairman of Republican County Committee.
1919 Served as presiding judge of Superior Court.
1920 Wife, Elizabeth, died (August 18).
1921 Returned to active practice of law.
1924 Made a summer tour of Europe.
1932 Published article, "Outline of History of Founding of Stanford University".
1933 Delivered speech, "Educational Ideals of Jane Lathrop Stanford"
1946 Announced he would help to finance building of graduate dormitory for law students to be called "Crothers Hall"•
1948 Completion and dedication of Crothers Hall.
1951 Two new wings added to Crothers Hall.
1953 Announced he would help to finance building of graduate dormitory for engineering students to be dedicated to his mother, Margaret Jane Fair Crothers, and to be called "Crothers Memorial Hall".
1955 Completion and dedication of Crothers Memorial Hall.
1957 Died, May 16.
Memberships: California Historical Society, American Law Institute, American Political Science Association, Schoolmaster's Club of California, Stanford Faculty Club, Commercial Club, Commonwealth Club, Marin Country Club, Pacific Union Club, University Club of San Francisco, Monterey Peninsula Country Club, American Historical Association, Sigma Nu, Phi Delta Phi, Burlingame Country Club, San Francisco Opera Guild, American Geographic Society.
Honorary trustee, San Francisco Boys Club.
Director, Western States Life Insurance Company.
Life trustee, Leland Stanford Junior Kindergarten Trust.
For further reference see Container # 13 for biographical data concerning George Crothers.

Description of the Collection

The Crothers Papers contain George Crothers' correspondence dated from 1905-1957. The bulk of the outgoing correspondence was written between 1930 and 1955. The collection also includes manuscript and typescript copies of Crothers' speeches, articles, legal documents, photographs, newsclippings and scrapbooks and memoranda, as well as printed matter collected by Crothers.
Of primary interest are Crothers' writings on his alma mater, Stanford University, which he served as attorney for Jane Stanford, as member of the university 's Board of Trustees, and as part-donor of two graduate dormitories. The collection also includes materials concerning United States relations with the Republic of China, c. 1920-1940; Republican party activities, c. 1909-1930; California State Normal Schools; and United States economic affairs and monetary policy, c. 1920-40.
Correspondents include persons prominent in educational and political affairs in the United States, as well as a large number of leading California lawyers and educators. Also includes correspondence between Crothers and his brother T. G. Crothers relating to Stanford Board of Trustees matters and University legal problems, minutes of the Board (April 1905, May-June 1907), a typescript description of the founding grant and an anonymous diary (1895-1902).A partial list of the correspondents is included in the Register.

Access Terms

Abbott, Nathan.
Boynton, Albert E.
Burk, Frederic, 1862-1924.
Carpenter, Thomas P.
Chandler, Harry.
Considine, John W.
Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933.
Cowley, W. H. (William Harold), 1899-
Crothers, George E. (George Edward), 1870-1957.
Cubberley, Ellwood Patterson, 1868-1941.
Cutler, Leland W. (Leland Whitman), 1885-1959.
Dailey, M. E.
Davis, Horace, 1831-1916.
Dern, George T.
Dinkelspiel, Lloyd W.
Downs, Winfield Scott, 1895-
Dunn, Francis.
Edwards, Paul C. (Paul Carroll), 1882-1962.
Eells, Walter C.
Elliott, O. L. (Orrin Leslie), 1860-1940.
Eurich, Alvin C. (Alvin Christian), 1902-1987.
French, Will J. (Will John), b. 1871
Fuller, W. Palmer.
Gerberding, Elizabeth.
Gunst, Morgan.
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
Hopkins, Timothy.
Howe, Louis M. (Louis McHenry), 1871-1936.
Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948.
Hassett, William D., 1880-1965.
Hayes, J. O.
James, William, 1842-1910.
Johnson, Hiram, 1866-1945.
Jones, Herbert C. (Herbert Coffin), 1881-1970.
Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931
Keesling, Francis V. (Francis Valentine), 1877-1963.
Kefauver, Grayson N.
Kirkwood, Marion.
Lane, Arthur Bliss.
Lane, Franklin K.
Leib, Samuel F. 1848-1924.
Lillick, Ira.
Lurie, Louis R.
MacArthur, Walter.
Morell, George, 1786-1845.
Neylan, John Francis.
Norman, R. S.
Older, Fremont, Mrs., 1875-1968
Osborne, George.
Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912.
Republican Party (U.S.)
Robinson, Edgar Eugene, 1887-
Rogers, Frederick Rand, 1894-
Roseberry, L. H.
Shortridge, Samuel Morgan, b. 1861.
Simpson, Sidney Post, 1898-1949.
Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968.
Spaeth, Carl B.
Spreckels, Rudolph.
Sproul, Robert Gordon.
Stanford University--Administration.
Stanford University--Crothers Hall..
Stanford University--Crothers Memorial Hall..
Stanford University. Board of Trustees.
Stanford, Jane Lathrop, 1828-1905.
Stanford, Thomas Welton, 1832-1918.
Stephens, William D.
Sterling, J. E. Wallace, (John Ewart Wallace), 1906-1985
Stone, Harlan Fiske, 1872-1946.
Swain, Robert E. (Robert Eccles), 1875-1961.
Terman, Frederick Emmons, 1900-1982
Tresidder, Donald Bertrand, 1894-1948
Warren, Earl, 1891-1974.
White, Andrew D.
Wilbur, Curtis D.
Wilbur, Ray L., (Ray Lyman), 1875-1949
Articles.
China --Foreign Relations --United States.
Judges.
Lawyers.
Monetary policy --United States.
News Clippings.
Photoprints
Scrapbooks
Speeches.
United States --Foreign relations --China.
United States --Foreign Relations.

Material removed from the collection

Five framed items were labelled and shelved with the picture collection in the Department of Special Collections:
  1. Photograph or Painting of Jane L. Stanford
  2. Photograph or Painting of George Crothers
  3. Photograph or Painting of Thomas G. Crothers
  4. Printed note to Crothers from student residents of Crothers Hall, Nov. 17, 1951
  5. Letter from Herbert Hoover, copies of which can be found in the Crothers Papers (in "Related correspondence," filed under "Hoover")
These five items were removed in 1962 at the time the collection was first arranged.
In May 1966 Ralph Hansen removed all the Trustee Minutes from the collection (formerly in boxes 17 and 18). These Minutes were added to the group of Trustee Minutes in the University Archives (#1011). Rather than renumber the rest of the boxes in the collection, a note simply was made that Boxes 17 and 18 no longer existed. (For an exact list of the Minutes transferred, see the original 1962 Register filed in the "Crothers" correspondence file in the general files of University Archives.)

Collection Contents

 

Series I Correspondence

Scope and Content Note

Boxes 1-4. Outgoing correspondence. Yellow tabs; in 95 folders. Letters of George Crothers; arranged chronologically, April, 1905- April, 1957.
Boxes 5-8. Incoming correspondence. Blue tabs; in 95 folders. Letters to George Crothers; arranged alphabetically by author of item and chronologically under each signer.
Box 8. Related correspondence. Red tabs; in 12 folders. Letters neither sent by Crothers nor sent to him. Filed alphabetically by author of item.
Box 9. Form letters. White tabs; in 13 folders. Mimeographed, dittoed or printed letters received by Crothers although not directed to Crothers alone. Filed alphabetically by author of item or by title of company, etc.
Boxes 9-12. Multiple copies of outgoing correspondence. Yellow tabs marked "copies"; in 73 folders. These letters are merely duplicates of letters found in Containers #l-4
Box 12. Multiple copies of incoming correspondence. Blue tabs marked "copies"; in 15 folders. These letters are merely duplicates of letters found in Containers #5-8
Box 12. Multiple copies of related correspondence. Red tabs marked "copies"; in 4 folders. These letters are merely duplicates of letters in folders with red tabs found in Container #8.
Box 1

Correspondence, out-going. 1905 Apr - 1923 Dec

Box 2

Correspondence, out-going. 1924 Jan - 1939 Dec

Box 3

Correspondence, out-going. 1940 Feb - 1947 Dec

Box 4

Correspondence, out-going. 1948 Jan - 1957 Apr

Box 5

Correspondence, in-coming. A - G

Box 6

Correspondence, in-coming. H - M

Box 7

Correspondence, in-coming. N - Sterling

Box 8

Correspondence, in-coming. Stillman - Z.

Box 8

Correspondence, related. A - Y

Box 9

Correspondence, in-coming (form letters) A - Y

Box 9

Correspondence, multiple copies of out-going. 1905-30

Box 10

Correspondence, multiple copies of out- going. 1931-44

Box 11

Correspondence, multiple copies of out-going. 1945-50

Box 12

Correspondence, multiple copies of out-going. 1951-56

Box 12

Correspondence, multiple copies of in-coming. A - Y

Box 12

Correspondence, multiple copies of related. A - W

 

Series II Biographical Data

Scope and Content Note

White tabs; in 16 folders. Manuscript and typescript material containing biographical data concerning Nathan Abbott, Elizabeth Mills Crothers, George Crothers, William Filmer, Timothy Hopkins, Jane and Leland Stanford, Leland Stanford, Jr. and Ray Lyman Wilbur. Arranged in alphabetical order under the subject personality.
Box 13

Biographical data; Abbott - Willbur.

 

Series III Speeches

Scope and Content Note

Green tabs; in 68 folders. Manuscript, typescript, and, in a few cases, printed versions of speeches composed by George Crothers, Herbert Hoover, Jane Stanford and others. The speeches are filed first alphabetically by the name of the author-speaker and then chronologically by date of speech. The bulk of the section contains copies of Crothers' speeches between 1907 and 1951. Many speeches concern the founding of Stanford University and the school's early years. See also published addresses included in section entitled "printed matter."
Box 13

Speeches: Branner - Crothers to 1910

Box 14

Speeches: Crothers 1911-46

Box 15

Speeches: Crothers - Stanford, Jane 1948 - undated

 

Series IV Articles

Scope and Content Note

Red tabs; in 20 folders. Manuscript and typescript copies of articles by Crothers and others. Filed alphabetically by author and then chronologically by year of the article. Eight folders contain various drafts, copies and outlines of an article by Crothers on the legal history surrounding the early years of Stanford University.
Box 16

Articles: Crothers - Smith

 

Series V Stanford University Board of Trustees. Transactions.

Scope and Content Note

Blue tabs; in 28 folders. Manuscript and typescript versions of memoranda, committee reports, lists of degrees, etc., pertinent to the work of the Stanford Board of Trustees during the years from 1903 to 1912. Arranged alphabetically by the subject of the material. A large bulk of the section deals with data collected by Crothers and compiled in 1908 as a study of entrance requirements in colleges and universities throughout the United States.
Box 19

Stanford Board of Trustees transactions.

Scope and Content Note

Subjects covered: Alumni - Stanford, Jane.
 

Series VI Memoranda regarding Stanford University.

Scope and Content Note

Orange tabs; in 52 folders. Manuscript and typescript versions of memoranda written by Crothers and others concerning Stanford University. Arranged alphabetically by subject. Contains reminiscenses concerning campus life, notes on religion at Stanford, and financial data and notes on Crothers and Crothers Memorial Halls.
Box 20

Stanford University, memoranda re.

Scope and Content Note

Subjects covered: Administration - Founding Grant.
Box 21

Stanford University, memoranda re.

Scope and Content Note

Subjects covered: Harrison, Benjamin - Tuition.
 

Series VII General Memoranda.

Scope and Content Note

Green tabs; in 15 folders. Manuscript or typescript versions of memoranda written by or collected by George Crothers. Arranged alphabetically by subject. Folder #11 contains office memoranda. Folders #12-#15 contain fragmentary memoranda.
Box 21

General memoranda.

Scope and Content Note

Subjects covered: Education - US political affairs.
 

Series VIII Organizational Data.

Scope and Content Note

Yellow tabs; in 13 folders. Manuscript and typescript material re. organizations to which Crothers belonged. Arranged alphabetically by type of data (e.g., legislation, minutes).
Box 22

Organization data

 

Series IX Legal Material.

Scope and Content Note

White tabs; in 16 folders. Manuscript and typescript data of a strictly legal nature. Arranged alphabetically by type of document (e.g., case studies, leases). Most of the documents in this section concern Stanford University. Included is a photostatic copy of Jane Stanford's will.
Box 22

legal material

 

Series X Extracts.

Scope and Content Note

Orange tabs; in 21 folders. Manuscript and typescript excerpts from various books, documents, speeches, etc., written by Crothers and others. Arranged alphabetically by type of data (e.g., books) from which excerpts are drawn.
Box 23

Extracts

 

Series XI Miscellaneous Data.

Scope and Content Note

Green tabs; in 18 folders. Material of a miscellaneous nature. Includes bills, receipts, certificates, etc.
Box 23

Miscellaneous data

 

Series XII Plans & Designs.

Scope and Content Note

Yellow tabs; in 13 folders. Various architectural plans and artistic designs. Filed alphabetically by type of data. The bulk of the section contains designs for Crothers Hall and Crothers Hemorial Hall at Stanford University.
Box 24

Architectural plans and designs.

 

Series XIII Photographs.

Scope and Content Note

Red tabs; in 21 folders. First 8 folders contain photographic portraits and snapshots with one person as subject. Filed alphabetically by name of subject. Folders #9-12 contain photographs of large groups or snapshots at memorable occasions. Filed chronologically by date of photo. Folders #13-19 contain general photographs and pictures of landscapes and buildings. Filed alphabetically by subject of photograph. In the last section much of the material concerns Crothers Hall and Crothers Memorial Hall. Folder #20 contains miscellaneous negatives.
Box 24

Personal photographs

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by subject: Crothers - Stanford.
Box 25

Group photographs; general photographs; negatives

 

Series XIV Newspaper Clippings.

Scope and Content Note

Blue tabs; in 38 folders. Divided into two sections: 1) clippings re Stanford University, 2) general clippings. All of the clippings are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box 25

Newspaper clippings re. Stanford University.

Scope and Content Note

Subjects, arranged alphabetically: Administration - Presidents.
Box 26

Newspaper clippings re. Stanford University.

Scope and Content Note

Subjects, arranged alphabetically: Religion - student affairs.
Box 26

Newspaper clippings on general subjects.

Scope and Content Note

Subjects, arranged alphabetically: California - World Affairs.
 

Series XV Printed Matter.

Scope and Content Note

Orange tabs. Folders are not numbered consecutively, because material is often too large to permit storage in file folders.
Box 27. Books, booklets, bound articles,legal data.
Box 28. Unbound articles, published addresses, directories, reports, pamphlets.
Box 29. Periodicals, magazines, bulletins.
Box 30. Commemorative data (e.g., programs, invitations) and miscellaneous.
Box 27

Printed matter: Books, booklets, bound articles, legal data.

Box 28

Printed matter: unbound articles, addresses, pamphlets, directories.

Box 29

Printed matter: periodicals, magazines, bulletins.

Box 30

Printed matter: commemorative data and newspapers.

 

Series XVI Scrapbooks & Albums.

Scope and Content Note

This material is not boxed. Container numbers run consecutively from one bound volume to the next.
Box 31

Scrapbook of miscellaneous news clippings

Box 32

Scrapbook containing clippings of "The Story of Stanford University"

Box 33

Scrapbook containing further clippings of "The Story of Stanford University"

Box 34

Album of photographs concerning the construction of Crothers Hall

Box 35

Notebook containing photostatic copy of memoirs concerning Battle of Santiago, 1898

 

Series XVII Oversized Materials.

Box 36

Wrapped package

Scope and Content Note

Stored in wrapping paper. Contains printed copies of 1) Statute for Permanent Court of International Justice, 2) "The Christmas Wasp"; photographs of G. E. Crothers, Herbert Hoover, Charles G. Lathrop, David Starr Jordan, George Osborne and Crothers Hall; various awards and certificates.