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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Related material
  • Separated Material
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Julius S. Held papers
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1918-1999
    Collection number: 990056
    Creator: Held, Julius Samuel, 1905-
    Extent: 168 boxes (ca. 70 lin. ft.)
    Repository: Getty Research Institute
    Research Library
    Special Collections and Visual Resources
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles, Calif. 90049-1688
    Abstract: Research papers of Julius Samuel Held, American art historian renowned for his scholarship in 16th- and 17th-century Dutch and Flemish art, expert on Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, and Rembrandt. The ca. 70 linear feet of material, dating from the mid-1920s to 1999, includes correspondence, research material for Held's writings and his teaching and lecturing activities, with extensive travel notes. Well documented is Held's advisory role in building the collection of the Museo de Arte de Ponce in Puerto Rico. A significant portion of the ca. 29 linear feet of study photographs documents Flemish and Dutch artists from the 15th to the 17th century.
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    Language: Collection material in English

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Julius S. Held papers, ca. 1918-1999, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession number 990056.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the repository in 1999 from Julius Held. Some letters and Held's library list were received in 2003 from Held's family. Seven boxes of Held material were received from the National Gallery in late 2004.

    Processing History

    The collection was rehoused in 1999. An index to the collection was made available in the Getty Research Institute's research files. Between 2001-2004, Isabella Zuralski processed the collection and wrote this finding aid. A few items (letters, a copy of Held's library catalog) were received in 2003 from the Held estate; these were integrated into the archive. Seven boxes of papers received in 2004 have not yet been processed.

    Related material

    Microfilm of Held's correspondence with Leonard Baskin, Saul Baizerman, and J. Paul Getty is available at the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution:
    Julius Samuel Held papers concerning Saul Baizerman and Leonard Baskin, 1947-1976, Inv. no. 20560.
    In 2002, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute in Williamstown, Mass. acquired Julius Held's collection of rare books. Many of the books were collected for their illustrations by artists such as Peter Paul Rubens, Albrecht Dürer, and Anthony van Dyck. The collection comprises ca. 280 volumes.

    Separated Material

    22 publications, including 16 monographs, 5 issues of various periodicals, and 1 auction catalog have been transferred to the Getty Research Institute's Research Library.
    Archives of American Art journal. [New York, N.Y.] : The Archives, c1971-. Vol. 21, no. 1 (1981) Baldwin-Wallace College. The Cosla collection presented by Badwin Wallace College. [Berea, Ohio : The College, 19--] C.G. Boerner (Firm) Ausstellung A. Ostade. Düsseldorf : C.G. Boerner, [1960] Charlton, John, 1909- The Banqueting House Whitehall / John Charlton. [London] : H.M. Stationary Off., c1964. Detroit Institute of Arts. Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of the City of Detroit. [Detroit, Mich.] : The Institute, Vol. 24, no. 2 (1944) Held, Julius Samuel, 1905- The Holocaust, from a distance / by Julius S. Held. University Park, PA : Jewish Studies Program, Pennsylvania State University, c1997. Humbert de Superville, David Pierre Giottino, 1770-1849. David Pierre Giottino Humbert de Superville : virtuose et savant (1770-1849). [France : s.n., 1998] Junius,Hadrianus, 1511-1575. Hadrani Ivnii medici emblemata. Antverpiae : Ex officina Christophori Plantini, 1565. 1969 reprint. Master drawings : people and animals through five centuries. [New York : Herbert E. Feist, 1971] Methuen, paul Ayshford Methuen, Baron, b. 1886. An historical account of Corsham Court : the Methuen collection of pictures and the furniture in the state rooms / by Lord Methuen. [Corsham, England] : Corsham Estate, 1971. Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie. Bulletin du Musée national de Varsovie. Varsovie : Le Musée, Vol. 7, no. 3 (1966) Nieuwsbrief. Den Haag : Mauritshuis, jaarg. 5, nr. 2 (1992) The Parcae : two marble busts by Michaelangelo for the tomb of Julius II. New York, N.Y. : Paul Rosenberg & Co., [1980] Ponce Art Museum. El Museo de Arte de Ponce / texto, ilustraciones y presentación de René Taylor. [Ponce, Puerto Rico : Fundación Luis A. Ferré, 196-] Ponce Art Museum. Inauguración del Museo de Arte de Ponce : Fundación Luis A. Ferré. [Ponce, Puerto Rico] : El Museo, 1965. Ponce Art Museum. Nineteenth century paintings from the Museo de Arte de Ponce, Puerto Rico, Fundación Luis A. Ferré / an exhibition organized by Hayden Gallery Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 17-June 8, 1974. [Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Committee on the Visual Arts, 1974] Ponce Art Museum. Museo de Arte de Ponce. [Ponce, Puerto Rico] : El Museo, [1990?] Price, Frederic Newlin. Edward Hicks 1780-1849. [Swarthmore, Pa.] : Benjamin West Society, Swarthmore College, c1945. Robinson, Franklin Westcott. Gabriel Metsu, the letter. San Diego, Calif. : Timken Art Gallery, c1985. El Sol. Hato Rey, Puerto Rico : Asociación de Maestros de Puerto Rico, Abril 15, 1966 Sotheby Parke Bernet Inc. Old master paintings from the collection of Thomas J. Bryan (1802-1870). New York : Parke-Bernet Galleries, 1971. United States. Secret Service. Know your money. Washington : United States. Secret Service, Treasury Dept., 1946.

    Biographical/Historical Note

    The art historian Julius Samuel Held is considered one of the foremost authorities on the works of Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, and Rembrandt. His advice was sought by other art history scholars, private collectors, dealers, museums, and auction houses in the United States and abroad. For many years his opinion was the final word in matters of attribution of artworks in his field of expertise.
    Held was born in 1905 in Mosbach in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died in 2002 in Bennington, Vermont. He was married to Ingrid-Märta Pettersson (1905-1986), an art conservator, with whom he had a son and a daughter. Held studied art history at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, Vienna, and Freiburg. In 1930 he obtained his Ph.D. from the university of Freiburg under Hans Jantzen, writing on Dürer. In 1931 he became assistant to Max Friedländer at the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin. In 1934 Held fled Nazi Germany to the United States and became a U.S. citizen in 1940.
    Held began his academic career in 1935 as a lecturer in art history at the New York University. In 1937 he was hired as a lecturer at Barnard College, Columbia University, where he was appointed assistant professor in 1944, advanced to associate professor in 1950, full professor in 1954, and served as chairman of the Art History Department from 1967 to 1970. In 1971 Held retired from Barnard College and moved from New York to Bennington,Vermont, where he continued to teach for ten years as Clark Professor of Art in the graduate program for art history at Williams College, and at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute.
    Held also lectured at other institutions: as Carnegie Lecturer from 1936 to 1937 at the National Gallery in Ottawa, visiting lecturer from 1943 to 1944 at Bryn Mawr College, visiting professor from 1946 to 1947 at the New School for Social Research, visiting professor in 1954 and 1958 at Yale University, lecturer with the American College Council for Summer Study Abroad in 1957, and Andrew W. Mellon visiting professor at University of Pittsburgh from 1972 to 1973. He also served as academic advisor at Marlboro College from 1965 to 1980, and as a member of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton in 1967. During the 1950s Held was asked by Luis Ferré, the Governor of Puerto Rico, to advise the new art museum in Ponce. His participation in the selection and acquisition of important European works of art elevated the museum to world recognition.
    Held published extensively. Among his most significant and influential works are Rubens in America (with Jan-Albert Goris, 1947), Rubens, selected drawings (1959), Rembrandt’s Aristotle and other Rembrandt studies (1969), 17th and 18th century art (with Donald Posner, 1971), and Rembrandt studies (1991). At the age of 75 Held issued his landmark study, the two-volume critical catalog Oil sketches of Peter Paul Rubens (1980).
    Held’s classical education influenced his approach to art history. At the time when the discipline was favoring iconography and other more "empirical" methods of study, Held maintained the primacy of connoisseurship as one of the tools of the art historian.
    Held was also actively engaged in matters related to the memory of the Jewish Holocaust. In 1988 he was instrumental in creating a memorial to his boyhood synagogue in Mosbach, destroyed during Kristallnacht.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Julius S. Held papers constitute a comprehensive archive of a preeminent American art historian renowned for his scholarship in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Dutch and Flemish art.
    More then 70 linear feet of material, dating from the mid 1920s to 1999, provides access to a broad and detailed study of Held’s professional life, his scholarly development, and his working methods.
    Ca. 27 linear feet comprises correspondence, of which the predominant portion constitutes correspondence with distinguished art historians and other scholars. Also included is Held's professional correspondence with art dealers, auction houses, museums, publishing firms, and numerous private collectors.
    Substantial material documents Held's research for his publications, his teaching and lecturing activities, extensive travel notes, and material related to his capacity as an art expert in various legal cases.
    A separate group of files concern Held's long association as an art consultant with the Museo de Arte de Ponce in Puerto Rico. The material details Held's advisory role building the collection. It also provides insight into the museum's collection development process.
    A major portion of the archive, ca. 29 linear feet, comprises study photographs and other visual documentation of artwork by Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, Jacob Jordaens, Rembrandt, and a vast number of other artists, predominantly Flemish and Dutch from the 15th to 17th centuries.
    The original arrangement of material is preserved as it was organized by Held, especially the frequent inclusion of correspondence, printed matter and handwritten notes with study photographs and other visual material. Oversize items, items shelved in cold storage, and publications transferred to other sections of the Getty Research Library were pulled and are described separately at the end of the container list.


    Indexing Terms

    Subjects: personal names

    Aertsen, Pieter, 1508-1575
    Allori, Alessandro, 1535-1607
    Altdorfer, Albrecht, ca. 1480-1538
    Baldung, Hans, d. 1545
    Balen, Hendrick van, 1575-1632
    Benson, Ambrosius, 1495-1550
    Bles, Henri, 16th cent.
    Bloemaert, Abraham, 1564-1651
    Boekhorst, Johannes, 1605-1668
    Bol, Ferdinand, 1616?-1680?
    Borch, Gerard ter, 1617-1681
    Bosch, Hieronymus, d. 1516
    Bouts, Dieric, 1415-1475
    Boyermans, Théodore, 1620-1678
    Bril, Paul, 1554-1626
    Brouwer, Adriaen, 1605 or 6-1638
    Broeck, Crispin van den, 1524-1591
    Bruegel, Jan, 1568-1625
    Bruegel, Jan, 1601-1678
    Bruegel, Pieter, ca. 1525-1569
    Bruegel, Pieter, 1564-1638
    Campen, Jacob van, 1595-1657
    Cats, Jacob, 1577-1660
    Coninxloo, Gillis van, 1544-1606
    Cornelisz van Oostsanen, Jacob, 1472?-1533
    Coxcie, Michel, 1499-1592
    Cranach, Lucas, 1472-1553
    Crayer, Gaspar de, 1584-1669
    Crayer, Gaspar de, 1584-1669
    Cuyp, Aelbert, 1620-1691
    Dalem, Cornelis van, ca. 1534-1573
    David, Gérard, ca. 1460-1523
    Diepenbeeck, Abraham van, 1596-1675
    Dou, Gerard, 1613-1675
    Drost, Willem, 1630?-1680?
    Duck, Jacob, ca. 1600-1667
    Dujardin, Karel, 1622-1678
    Dürer, Albrecht, 1471-1528
    Van Dyck, Anthony, Sir, 1599-1641
    Egmont, Justus van 1601-1674
    Elsheimer, Adam, 1578-1610
    Eyck, Jan van, 1390-1440
    Fabritius, Barent, 1624-1673
    Fabritius, Carel, d. 1654
    Floris, Frans, 1519 or 20-1570
    Franchoys, Lucas, 1616-1681
    Francken, Frans, 1581-1642
    Francken, Jerome, 16th cent.
    Fruytiers, Philip, 1610-1666
    Fyt, Jan, 1611-1661
    Geertgen, tot Sint Jans, ca. 1460-1495
    Geest, Cornelis van der, 1577-1638
    Gelder, Aert de, 1645-1727
    Goeree, Jan, 1670-1731
    Goes, Hugo van der, 1435?-1482
    Goltzius, Hendrik, 1558-1617
    Gossaert, Jan, ca. 1478-ca. 1532
    Goudt, Hendrik, 1583-1648
    Goyen, Jan van, 1596-1656
    Grimmer, Abel, ca. 1575-1619
    Grünewald, Matthias, 16th cent.
    Haarlem, Cornelis Corneliszoon van, 1562-1638
    Haecht, Willem van, 1593-1637
    Haensbergen, Johan van, 1642-1705
    Hals, Dirck, 1591-1656
    Hals, Frans, 1584-1666
    Heem, Cornelis de, 1631-1695
    Heem, Jan Davidsz. de, 1606-1683 or 4
    Heemskerck, Egbert van, 1634 or 5-1704
    Heemskerk, Martin van, 1498-1574
    Heimbach, Wolfgang, ca. 1615-1678
    Hemessen, Jan Sanders van, ca. 1500-ca. 1563
    Hicks, Edward, 1780-1849
    Hoecke, Jan van den, fl. 1653
    Holbein, Hans, 1460 or 70-1524
    Holbein, Hans, 1497-1543
    Hollar, Wenceslaus,1607-1677
    Hondecoeter, Gillis Claesz., d. 1638
    Hondecoeter, Melchior de, 1636-1695
    Honthorst, Gerrit van, 1590-1656
    Hooch, Pieter de
    Huber, Wolf, ca. 1490-1553
    Huygens, Constantijn, 1596-1687
    Janssens, Abraham, ca. 1575-1632
    Jegher, Christoffel, ca. 1596-1652 or 3
    Jordaens, Jacob, 1593-1678
    Isenbrant, Adriaen, ca. 1490-1551
    Juan, de Flandes, ca. 1465-1519
    Keil, Bernhard, 1624-1687
    Key, Willem, d. 1568
    Koninck, Philips, 1619-1688
    Lastman, Pieter, 1583-1633
    Lievens, Jan, 1607-1674
    Lint, Pieter van, 1609-1690
    Lombard, Lambert, 1506-1566
    Lucas, van Leyden, 1494-1533
    Maes, Nicolaes, ca. 1634-1693
    Maître de Flémalle, 15th cent
    Maître de la Légende de Sainte Lucie, fl. ca. 1475-ca. 1505
    Maître de la Légende de Sainte Ursule, 15th cent.
    Maître du Saint-Sang
    Malo, Vincent, 17th cent.
    Master of 1518
    Master of the Female Halflenghtfigures
    Master of the Mansi Magdalene
    Meckenem, Israhel van, d. 1503
    Meester van de Magdalena-legende, fl. ca. 1520
    Meester van de Virgo inter virgines, 15th cent.
    Meister von Frankfurt, b. 1460
    Meister von Messkirch, 1488-1565
    Memling, Hans, 1430?-1494
    Metsu, Gabriel, 1629-1669
    Metsys, Quentin, 1465 or 6-1530
    Miereveld, Michiel van, 1567-1641
    Moeyaert, Claes Cornelisz, 1592 or 3-1655
    Molenaar, Jan Miense, ca. 1610-1668
    Momper, Josse de, 1564-1635
    Moreelse, Paulus, 1571-1638
    Moser, Liselotte, d. 1983
    Mostaert, Jan, ca. 1475-1555 or 6
    Mytens, Jan, ca. 1614-1670
    Neer, Aert van der, 1603 or 4-1677
    Ochtervelt, Jacob, 1634-1682
    Orley, Bernard van, d. 1542
    Ostade, Adriaen van, 1610-1685
    Ostade, Isack van, 1621-1649
    Panneels, Willem, b. 1600?
    Ponder, Jacob de, 16th cent.
    Poubus, Frans, 1545-1581
    Pourbus, Frans, 1569-1622
    Provost, Jan, 1465-1529
    Quellinus, Erasmus, 1607-1678
    Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, 1606-1669
    Reymerswaele, Marinus van, ca. 1490-ca. 1566
    Rombouts, Theodor, 1597-1637
    Rottenhammer, Hans, 1564-1625
    Rubens, Peter Paul, Sir, 1577-1640
    Ruisdael, Jacob van, 1628 or 9-1682
    Ruysdael, Salomon van, d. 1670
    Sallaert, Anthonis, ca. 1590-ca. 1657 or 58
    Savery, Roelant, 1576-1639
    Schongauer, Martin, 15th cent
    Schut, Cornelis, 1597-1655
    Scorel, Jan van, 1495-1562
    Seghers, Gerard, 1591-1651
    Seghers, Hercules, 17th cent.
    Sellaer, Vincent, fl. 1538-1544
    Sittow, Michel, 1468?-1525 or 6
    Snyders, Frans, 1579-1657
    Steen, Jan, 1626-1679
    Stimmer, Tobias, 1539-1584
    Suttermans, Justus, 1597-1681
    Swart, Jan, ca. 1500-ca. 1553
    Sweerts, Michiel, 1618-1664
    Teniers, David, 1582-1649
    Teniers, David, 1610-1690
    Teniers, David, 1638-1685
    Terbrugghen, Hendrik, 1588?-1629
    Thomas van Ypern, Johannes, 1617-1678
    Thulden, Theodoor van, 1606-1669
    Titian, ca. 1488-1576
    Van Dyck, Anthony, Sir, 1599-1641
    Velde, Esaias van den, 1587-1630
    Velde, Willem van de, 1610 or 11-1693
    Velde, Jan van de, 1568-1623
    Velde, Willem van de, 1633-1707
    Vellert, Dirck Jacobsz., fl. 1511-1544
    Venne, Adriaen Pietersz. van de, 1589-1662
    Vermeer, Johannes, 1632-1675
    Vermeulen, Jan, 17th cent.
    Vermeyen, Jan Cornelisz, 1500-1559
    Victors, Jan, 1619-1676
    Vinckeboons, David, 1576-1629
    Volmaryn, Pieter Crynse, ca. 1629-1679
    Vos, Cornelis de, 1584 or 5-1651
    Vos, Maarten de, 1532-1603
    Vos, Paul de, ca. 1596-1678
    Vos, Simon de, 1603-1676
    Vrancx, Sebastian, 1573-1647
    Weyden, Rogier van der, 1399 or 1400-1464
    Wierix, Jan, 16th cent
    Wierix, Jeronimus, 1553-1619
    Wildens, Jan, 1585-1653
    Willeboirts Bosschaert, Thomas, 1613 or 4-1654
    Witz, Konrad, ca. 1400-ca. 1445
    Wolfert, Artus, 1581-1641
    Wouters, Frans, 1612-1659
    Wouwerman, Philips, 1619?-1668
    Wtewael, Joachim, 1566-1638
    Zurbarán, Francisco, 1598-1664

    Subjects: corporate bodies

    Barnard College
    Carnegie Museum of Art
    Christie, Manson & Woods International Inc.
    Christie, Manson & Woods
    Columbia College (New York, N.Y.)
    Dorotheum (Firm)
    Galerie Meissner (Zurich, Switzerland)
    Gruner + Jahr AG.
    Heim Gallery
    Historians of Netherlandish Art
    J. Paul Getty Museum
    Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
    National Gallery of Art (U.S.)
    Newhouse Galleries
    Norton Simon Foundation
    Pierpont Morgan Library
    Ponce Art Museum
    Princeton University Press
    Richard L. Feigen & Company
    Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co.
    Sotheby's (Firm)
    Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute
    Williams College

    Subjects: Topics

    Art historians—Correspondence
    Art—Collectors and collecting—Correspondence
    Art dealers—Correspondence
    Art—Private collections—Europe
    Art—Private collections—United States
    Authors and publishers—United States
    Museum curators—Correspondence
    Museum directors—Correspondence
    Painting—Conservation and restoration
    Painting, Dutch—Expertising
    Painting, Flemish—Expertising
    Painting, Modern—17th century—Expertising
    Art, Netherlandish—Expertising
    Art, Flemish—16th century—Expertising
    Art, Flemish—17th century--Expertising
    Art, Flemish—Bruges—Belgium—Expertising
    Art, Flemish—Ghent—Belgium—Expertising
    Art, Dutch—16th century—Expertising
    Art, Dutch—17th century—Expertising
    Art, German—16th century—Expertising
    Art, German—17th century—Expertising

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Black-and-white photographs
    Color photographs
    Color transparencies
    Color slides
    Diffusion transfer prints
    Photographic postcards
    Picture postcards

    Contributors: Personal Names

    Allentuck, Marcia, 1928-
    Alpers, Svetlana
    Ames, Winslow
    Anderson, Laurie, 1947-
    Andersson, Christiane
    Andrews, Keith
    Antal, Friedrich
    Arbitman, Kahren Jones, 1948-
    Barnouw, Adriaan Jacob, 1877-1968
    Barron, Stephanie, 1950-
    Bauch, Kurt
    Baudouin, Frans
    Baumstark, Reinhold, 1944-
    Bautier, Pierre
    Béguin, Sylvie
    Belkin, Kristin Lohse
    Berend-Corinth, Charlotte, 1880-1967
    Behrman, Cynthia Fansler
    Benesch, Otto, 1896-1964
    Bevers, Holm
    Bevington, David M.
    Bialostocki, Jan
    Block, Herbert, 1909-
    Bober, Phyllis Pray
    Boggs, Jean Sutherland
    Bolten, J.
    Boon, Karel G.
    Brown, Christopher, 1948-
    Burchard, Ludwig, 1886-
    Burchard, Otto
    Cattaneo Adorno, Carlotta
    Chaikin, Nathan
    Ciechanowiecki, Andrzej S., 1924-
    Colie, Rosalie Littell
    Comini, Alessandra
    Constable, W. G. (William George), 1887-
    Coolidge, John, 1913-
    Cunningham, Charles Crehore, 1910-1979
    Delen, A. J. J. (Adrien Jean Joseph), b. 1883
    Demus, Klaus, 1927-
    Deutsch Carroll, Margaret
    Downes, Kerry
    Dulière, Gaston
    Egorova, K. S. (Kseniia Sergeevna)
    Einem, Herbert von, 1905-
    Eisler, Colin T.
    Elliger, Ottmar, 1666-1735
    Elsen, Albert Edward, 1927-
    Fenyo, Iván
    Fenwick, Kathleen M.
    Frankl, Paul, 1878-1962
    Freedberg, David
    Friedenberg, Daniel M.
    Friedländer, Max J., 1867-1958
    Garlick, Kenneth, 1916-
    Gay, Peter, 1923-
    Gelder, Jan de
    Geissler, Heinrich
    Gerold, Susanne
    Gerson, H. (Horst)
    Getty, J. Paul (Jean Paul), 1892-1976
    Geuer, Gisela
    Gibson, Walter S.
    Gilbert, Creighton
    Glück, Gustav, 1871-1952
    Golahny, Amy
    Golffing, Francis
    Gombrich, E. H. (Ernst Hans), 1909-
    Goris, Jan Albert, 1899-
    Grafe, I.
    Gregori, Mina
    Greindl, Edith
    Grigaut, Paul L.
    Grund, Norbert Joseph Carl, 1717-1767
    Gudlaugsson, S. J. (Sturla J.), 1913-
    Haeger, Barbara
    Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990
    Harris, Ann Sutherland
    Hartford, Huntington, 1911-
    Hartt, Frederick
    Haverkamp Begemann, Egbert
    Heckscher, William S. (William Sebastian), 1904-
    Held, Jutta
    Herbst, Hans, Dr.
    Herklotz, Ingo
    Hibbard, Howard, 1928-
    Hill Stoner, Joyce
    Hofmann, Werner, 1928-
    Hofstede, Cornelius Müller
    Hollander, Anne
    Huemer, Frances
    Hugelshofer, Walter, 1899-
    Hulst, Roger Adolf d'
    Jaeger, Wolfgang, 1917-
    Jaffé, David, 1953-
    Jaffé, Michael, 1923-
    Janson, H. W. (Horst Woldemar), 1913-
    Jantzen, Hans, 1881-
    Kaufmann, Emil, 1942-
    Kauffmann, Hans, 1896-
    Kahr, Madlyn Millner
    Kaufmann, Thomas DaCosta
    Keck, Caroline K. (Caroline Kohn)
    Kelch, Jan
    Klemm, Christian
    Kristeller, Paul Oskar, 1905-
    Kultermann, Udo
    Kurz, Otto, 1908-1975
    Kuznetsov, IU (IUrii)
    Lavin, Irving, 1927-
    Levine, David, 1951-
    Liebermann, Max, 1847-1935
    Lieberman, Ralph
    Lehrs, Max, 1855-1938
    Liedtke, Walter A.
    Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-
    Lowenthal, Anne W.
    Logan, Anne-Marie S.
    Lugt, Frits, 1884-1970
    Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954
    Martin, John Rupert
    Martin, Gregory
    Mathey, Jacques
    Mayer, Annelise, 1906-
    McIntosh, Millicent C.
    McCurry, H. O.
    McGrath, Elizabeth
    Meiss, Millard
    Mellinkoff, Ruth
    Meulen, Marjon van der
    Mielke, Hans
    Millar, Oliver, Sir, 1923-
    Millen, Ronald
    Mongan, Agnes
    Mont, Frederick
    Moser, Liselotte, d. 1983
    Müller Hofstede, Justus
    Muller, Jeffrey
    Nash, Ray, 1905-
    Nordenfalk, Carl Adam Johan, 1907-
    Noske, Frits, 1920-
    Novak, Barbara
    Oberhuber, Konrad
    Osten, Gert von der
    Panofsky, Erwin, 1892-1968
    Panofsky-Soergel, Gerda, 1929-
    Pariset, François-Georges
    Parkhurts, Chuck
    Porter, Katherine Anne, 1890-1980
    Posner, Donald
    Puyvelde, Leo van, 1882-
    Renger, Konrad
    Ring, Grete
    Roethlisberger, Marcel, 1929-
    Rosand, David
    Rose, Patricia, 1929-
    Rosenberg, Jakob, 1893-
    Rosenberg, Pierre
    Sandy, Stephen
    Sauerländer, Willibald
    Schade, Werner
    Schama, Simon
    Schapiro, Meyer, 1904-
    Scheyer, Evelyn
    Schilling, Edmund, 1888-1974
    Schwartz, Gary, 1940-
    Schöne, Wolfgang, 1910-
    Schulz, Juergen, 1927-
    Serkin, Rudolf, 1903-
    Scribner, Charles
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