Finding aid for the Miscellaneous papers regarding Ambroise Vollard, 1890-1939, bulk 1890-1910

J. Gibbs.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Miscellaneous papers regarding Ambroise Vollard
Date (inclusive): 1890-1939 (bulk 1890-1910)
Number: 2001.M.24
Creator/Collector: Getty Research Institute
Physical Description: 6 Linear Feet (11 boxes)
Repository:
The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
Abstract: Collection comprises original and photocopied letters and records related to the French art dealer Ambroise Vollard and the artists he represented.
Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record  for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
Language: Collection material is in English

Biographical / Historical Note

Ambroise Vollard, the pioneer French art dealer, patron and publisher, can be said to be the first of the ‘modern' art dealers. Malcolm Gee calls Vollard the "most notable contemporary art dealer of his generation in France." Born 1867 in Réunion, he moved to Paris to study law in 1890 and soon began buying and selling prints and drawings. After working at L'Union Artistique for Alphonse Dumas, Vollard set up his own business and in 1894 opened a gallery near the Opéra on the Rue Laffitte, then the center of the Paris art business.
Vollard organized Cézanne's first one-man exhibit and, as was his habit, bought works directly from the artist, building a collection of enormous value. He also bought work from van Gogh, Gauguin, Bonnard, Denis, Redon, Vuillard, Derain, Rouault, Vlaminck, Rousseau, Picasso, Maillol, and Matisse, often holding back the work for years to take advantage of rising prices.
Vollard is also known for his print publishing business (1890s through 1900) and for establishing the genre of the illustrated art book (livre d'artiste). After 1915 Vollard launched over 40 publishing projects with artists, many of which were incomplete when he died in 1939. Vollard wrote several books on artists (Cézanne, Renoir, Degas, among them) as well as his memoir, published in English with the title Recollections of a Picture Dealer (1936, 1978).

Administrative Information

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers with the following exceptions. The Jaz drive in Box 11 containing Gerrard White's inventory and transcriptions is sealed. However, a paper hard copy of the documents is available for read-only access in Box 12 and Box 13; it may not be photocopied or digitally copied in whole or in part.

Publication Rights

Preferred Citation

Miscellaneous papers regarding Ambroise Vollard, 1890-1939, bulk 1890-1910, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2001.M.24.
http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa2001m24

Acquisition Information

The collection was assembled from various sources by Gerrard White, who also made the transcriptions in the collection. Acquired by the Getty Research Library in 2004.

Processing History

Processed by J. Gibbs and Lily Tsukahira.

Scope and Content of Collection

Collection comprises original and photocopied letters and records related to the art dealer Ambroise Vollard and the artists he represented. Also included are transcriptions of photocopied materials.
Included are: 83 items of correspondence, 3 documents, 18 b&w photographs, 12 publications, 1 sketchbook, 2 watercolors, and 1 lithograph. The photocopies of stockbooks, account books, and correspondence, were made from original materials, some of which are now in the Musee D'Orsay. The transcriptions were made by Gerrard White from the photocopies.
Correspondence centers on artists Paul Gauguin, Georges Rouault, Pierre Bonnard, Edouard Vuillard, Théophile Alexandre Steinlen, Daniel de Monfreid, Henri Gabriel Ibels, and Maurice Denis; prominent critics such as Felix Feneon, Roger Marx, Andre Mellerio, Gabriel Mourey, and Jules Laforgue; dealers such as Vollard, Edouard Kleinmann, and Durand Ruel; collectors such as Chaudet, Gabriel Frizeau, and Alexandre Natanson; publishers such as Floury and Marty; and the print dealer André Clot.
This collection was assembled by Gerrard White from various sources including Maurice Malingue, the family of André Mellerio, Baron Benys Cochin, the heirs of André Clot, John Rewald, and Vollard heir Lucien Sébastien.

Arrangement note

Arranged in 6 series: Correspondence concerning Paul Gauguin, 1897-1917; Other correspondence, 1891-1939; Correspondence regarding Vollard's painters and the art market, 1887-1924; Ambroise Vollard dealer's records and related records in other repositories, ca. 1894-1935; Catalogues, monographs and exhibition documentation; Research file

Indexing Terms

Subjects - Names

Mellerio, André
Laforgue, Jules
Marty, Andre
Natanson, Alexandre
Marx, Roger
Rouault, Georges
Mourey, Gabriel
Steinlen, Théophile Alexandre
Bonnard, Pierre
Vollard, Ambroise
Monfreid, Daniel de
Floury, Henri
Denis, Maurice
Clot, André
Fénéon, Félix
Frizeau, Gabriel
Kleinmann, Edouard
Ibels, Henri-Gabriel
Gauguin, Paul

Subjects - Corporate Bodies

Galerie Vollard
Galerie Durand-Ruel

Subjects - Topics

Art -- Marketing -- History
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- History
Artists -- France -- Paris
Art dealers -- France -- Paris
Collectors and collecting -- France -- History
Artists' illustrated books

Genres and Forms of Material

Correspondence
Photographic prints
Prints
Photographs, Original

Contributors

Getty Research Institute
Monfreid, Daniel de
Vuillard, Edouard
Vollard, Ambroise
Steinlen, Théophile Alexandre
Getty Research Institute. Research Library


Container List

 

Series I. Correspondence concerning Paul Gauguin, 1897-1917

Scope and Content Note

Letters concern the sale of Gauguin's art, the critical reception of his work, and the handling of his personal and business affairs, dating mostly from the last decade of the artist's life. The correspondence reveals the roles played in Gauguin's career by his dealer, Ambroise Vollard, and his close friends, particularly Daniel de Monfreid. The provenance of the majority of letters is Maurice Malingue.

Arrangement note

This series is arranged alphabetically per sender's last name.
box 1, folder 1

Georges Chaudet to Paul Gauguin, 1897

Physical Description: 1 item
box 1, folder 2

Jean Dolent to Roger Marx, undated

Physical Description: 1 item
 

Gustave Fayet to Paul Gauguin, 1900-1902

Physical Description: 3 items
box 1, folder 3

1900 October

box 1, folder 4

1901 November

box 1, folder 5

1902

box 1, folder 6

Paul Gauguin to Georges Chaudet undated

Physical Description: 1 item
box 1, folder 7

Mette Gauguin to Daniel de Monfreid, 1893, 1907

Physical Description: 2 letters
box 1, folder 8

Daniel de Monfreid to Paul Gauguin, 1903 June 9

Physical Description: 1 letter, 2 leaves, 4 pp.
box 1, folder 9

Daniel de Monfreid to Mette Gauguin, 1907

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 pp.
box 1, folder 10

Annette Monfreid to Mette Gauguin, 1907 April

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 2 pp.
box 1, folder 11

Daniel de Monfreid to Alexandre Natanson, 1908

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 pp.
box 1, folder 12

Daniel Monfreid to Emile Shuffenecker, 1903

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4 pp.
 

Vollard to Daniel de Monfreid 1898-1901

Physical Description: 7 items, 10 leaves
box 1, folder 13

Receipt for four Gauguin paintings 1898

box 1, folder 14

1900 December

box 1, folder 15-16

1901

box 1, folder 17

1901 September 18

box 1, folder 18

1901 October

box 1, folder 19

1901 December 23

 

Vollard to Paul Gauguin 1902

Physical Description: 3 items
box 1, folder 20

1902 February

box 1, folder 21

1902 April

box 1, folder 22

1902 May

 

Vollard to Daniel de Monfreid 1903-1905, 1917

Physical Description: 5 items
box 1, folder 23

1903

box 1, folder 24

1903 September

box 1, folder 25

1903 October

box 1, folder 26

1905 May

box 1, folder 27

1917

box 1, folder 28

Vollard to unidentified, undated

Physical Description: 1 item
 

Series II. Other correspondence, 1891-1939

Physical Description: 15 items

Scope and Content Note

Contains Vollard's correspondence with Andrè Clot, Gabriel Frizeau, Georges Rouault, and Dr. Goubert, a contract between Vollard and Rouault, and a receipt from Marc Chagall to Vollard. Also, letters from Emile Bernard to Ary Leblond.

Arrangement note

This series is arranged alphabetically per sender's last name
box 1, folder 29

Emile Bernard to Ary Leblond, undated

Physical Description: 6 letters
box 1, folder 30

Marc Chagall to Vollard: receipt and letter, undated

Physical Description: 2 Leaves
box 1, folder 31-32

Georges Rouault to Vollard, undated

Physical Description: 2 letters
box 1, folder 33

Vollard to Dr. Goubert, 1891

Physical Description: 1 letter, 6 leaves

Scope and Content Note

Regarding Raffaëlli.
box 1, folder 34

Vollard to Gabriel Frizeau, 1903

Physical Description: 1 item
box 1, folder 35

Vollard to André Clot, 1911

Physical Description: 1 item
box 1, folder 36

Vollard to Gabriel Frizeau, 1917

Physical Description: 1 item
box 1, folder 37

Vollard to Georges Rouault, 1935

Physical Description: 1 letter, 5 leaves

Scope and Content Note

Missing one leaf.
box 1, folder 38

Vollard to Georges Rouault: contract, 1939

Physical Description: 9 Leaves

Scope and Content Note

Typed, carbon; pages taped together along 1 edge to form binding
 

Series III. Correspondence regarding Vollard's painters and the art market, 1887-1924

Physical Description: 42 letters

Scope and Content Note

Letters between artists, collectors, and dealers in Vollard's circle. In addition to Vollard, the art market, and art criticism, letters touch on printmaking and publication. Arranged alphabetically by writer, however the letter from Kleinmann is filed with the Steinlen correspondence.

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically per sender's last name.
box 2, folder 1

Pierre Bonnard to André Clot, 1902 January 30

Physical Description: 1 p.
box 2, folder 2

George Bottini to Edouard Kleinmann, undated

Physical Description: 11 letters
box 2, folder 3

Gustave Caillebott to Edmond de Bellio (collector), 1887 February 2

Physical Description: 1 postcard
box 2, folder 4

Paul Cézanne to Emile Bernard, 1904 August 24

Physical Description: 2 pp.

Scope and Content Note

Pages stuck together; need conservation treatment.
box 2, folder 5

Maurice Denis and Maurice Dumont to André Marty, 1894 November 7

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 2 pp.
box 2, folder 6

Maurice Denis to André Clot, undated

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 2 pp.
box 2, folder 7

Maurice Denis to Edouard Vuillard, undated

Physical Description: 2 calling cards

Scope and Content Note

Message written on cards.
box 2, folder 8

Marcellin Desboutins to Roger Marx, 1888 February 27

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 pp.
box 2, folder 9

Joseph Durand-Ruel to André Mellerio, 1924 January

Physical Description: 2 letters, 2 pp.
 

Henri Fantin-Latour to Roger Marx, 1892

box 2, folder 10

1892 January 16

Physical Description: 1 leaf
box 2, folder 11

1892 March 2

Physical Description: 1 leaf
box 2, folder 12

Felix Fénéon to Alexandre Natanson, 1915 June 17

Physical Description: 1 leaf
box 2, folder 13

Henri Gabriel Ibels to Henri Foury, 1914 May 20

Physical Description: 1 leaf
box 2, folder 14

Charles Lacoste to Gabriel Frizeau, 1921 April 2

Physical Description: 4 pp.

Scope and Content Note

With envelope.
box 2, folder 15

Jules Laforgue to André Mellerio, 1901 March 8

Physical Description: 2 pp.

Scope and Content Note

With envelope.
box 2, folder 16

Odilon Redon to Joseph Durand-Ruel, 1889 July 16

Physical Description: 2 pp.
box 2, folder 17

Odilon Redon to Gabriel Mourey, 1910 December 19

Physical Description: 2 pp.
box 2, folder 18

Georges Rouault to A. Athis, Galerie Druet, 1925 February 25

Physical Description: 1 p.
 

Théophile Alexandre Steinlen correspondence, 1886-1929

Physical Description: 8 items
box 2, folder 19

Letter to Edouard Kleinmann, 1896 October 14

Physical Description: 3 pp.
box 2, folder 20

Letter to Henri Floury, 1903 March 21

Physical Description: 1 p.
box 2, folder 21

Letter to Edouard Kleinmann, 1901 July 9

Physical Description: 4 pp.

Scope and Content Note

Written from Norway
box 2, folder 22

Letter to André Clot, 1903 March 12

Physical Description: 1 p.
box 2, folder 23

Postcard to Edouard Kleinmann, 1922 July 28

Physical Description: 1 item
box 2, folder 24

Letter from Edouard Kleinmann, 1929

Physical Description: 2 Leaves
box 2, folder 25

Letter to Edouard Kleinmann, undated

Physical Description: 1 leaf, 2 pp.
box 2, folder 26

Note to Roger Marx, undated

Physical Description: 1 item

Scope and Content Note

One calling card with handwritten message.
box 2, folder 27

Edouard Vuillard letters to Pierre Bonnard, undated

Physical Description: 3 items

Scope and Content Note

One 4 pp. letter, 1 postcard with image of Versailles dated 6 fevrier, 1 postcard, image of Place Clichy.
box 2, folder 28

Edouard Vuillard to Roger Marx

Physical Description: 1 item

Scope and Content Note

1 calling card with handwritten message.
box 2, folder 29

Photographic portraits of Vollard, 1934, undated

Physical Description: 4 photographs

Scope and Content Note

Includes 1 Brassai photograph, dated 1934.
 

Series IV. Ambroise Vollard dealer's records and related records in other repositories, approximately 1894-1935

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies made from original materials now in other repositories, including the Musée D'Orsay. Includes transcriptions made by Gerrard White. No original materials, except the photographs and Forain sketchbook and prints. Photocopies of Vollard's account books and correspondence books were acquired by Gerrard White from John Rewald.

Arrangement note

Arranged topically.
box 3, folder 1

Stock book/ledger, 1894

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies.
box 3, folder 2

Carnet Cézanne, approximately 1890

Scope and Content Note

Ledger; photocopy.
box 3, folder 3

Stock book, 1895-1900

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
box 3, folder 4

Stock book/ledger, 1900-1902

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
box 3, folder 4

Financial ledger, 1904

Scope and Content Note

Monies owed to dealers and artists; photocopy.
box 3, folder 5

Stock book, 1904-1909

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
box 3, folder 6

Another copy of Stock book, 1904-1909

Scope and Content Note

Unbound, annotated; photocopy.
box 3, folder 7

Shipping ledger, 1912-1923

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
box 3, folder 8

Consignments ledger, 1925-1933

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy.
box 4

Vollard letters, 1899- approximately 1920

Scope and Content Note

Spiral bound. See Box 5, folder 3 for Gerrard White's transcriptions of these letters. Photocopies.
 

Letters to Vollard, approximately 1895-1935

box 5, folder 1

approximately 1917-1935

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies.
box 5, folder 2

approximately 1895-1935

Scope and Content Note

Seem to be organized alphabetically from Sequin to Zola. Photocopies.
box 5, folder 3

Gerrard White's transcriptions of the Ambroise Vollard letters, 1899- approximately 1920

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies. See also photocopies of originals in Box 4.
box 5, folder 4

André Clot letters received, undated

Scope and Content Note

Several hundred letters addressed to the printer/printmaker from the artists with whom he worked. Photocopies.
box 5, folder 5

Baron Denys Cochin papers, undated

Scope and Content Note

Circa 120 pp of documents concerning the Cochin collection, with receipts and letters from dealers, invoices, lists of paintings sold. Photocopies.
box 5, folder 6

Sketchbook by Jean Louis Forain, undated

Scope and Content Note

Pencil and watercolor sketches; annotation on 1st page: "Croquis de Riki et de Forain." See also watercolors in Box 5, f.7, and lithograph in Box 10*, folder 1.
box 5, folder 7

2 watercolors, by Jean Louis Forain (?), undated

Scope and Content Note

Portraits of Vollard. See also Forain lithograph portrait of Vollard in Box 10*, f.1
box 10*, folder 1

Lithograph by Jean Louis Forain, undated

Scope and Content Note

Portrait of Vollard.
box 10*, folder 2

Photographs of Renoir paintings, authenticated by him

Physical Description: 4 photographs

Scope and Content Note

Mounted on board, signed and dated by P.-A. Renoir.
box 10*, folder 3

Photographs of paintings

Physical Description: 10 photographs

Scope and Content Note

Includes work by Degas, Cézanne, Mary Cassatt, Henri Rousseau.
 

Series V. Catalogues, monographs and exhibition documentation, 1915-1930

Physical Description: 12 items

Scope and Content Note

Printed ephemera and catalogues from Galerie Vollard.

Arrangement note

Arranged topically.
box 6, folder 1

Printed exhibition lists/brochures from Galerie Vollard

Physical Description: 5 items
box 6, folder 2

Ambroise Vollard. Le Père Ubu à l'hopital. Paris: Editions Georges Crès et cie, 1918

box 6, folder 3

Ambroise Vollard. La Politique Coloniale du Père Ubu. Zurich: Editions Georges Crès et cie, 1919

box 6, folder 4

Ambroise Vollard. Paul Cezanne. Paris: Ambroise Vollard, 1915

box 6, folder 5

Ambroise Vollard. Sainte Monique. Paris: Ambroise Vollard, 1930

box 7

Catalogue complet des Editions Ambroise Vollard, 1930

Scope and Content Note

Number 74 of an edition of 625.
box 8

Ambroise Vollard. Le Père Ubu à la Guerre. Paris: Ambroise Vollard, 1923

box 9

Ambroise Vollard. La vie & l'oeuvre de Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Paris: Chez Ambroise Vollard, 1919

 

Series VI. Research file: Gerrard White inventory and transcriptions, 2001

Physical Description: 1 cartridge

Scope and Content Note

Contains Gerrard White's inventory of Vollard papers and transcriptions of the account books and correspondence books. This series is not part of the Vollard papers; it is intended solely as a reference tool.
Included are White's inventory of the Vollard papers he collected, and his transcriptions of the Vollard account books and correspondence books. The original electronic files on the Jaz drive are not available for access. However, they have been printed and the paper hard copy is available for read-only access; it may not be reproduced.

Access Information

Restricted. The Jaz drive computer disk is sealed. The paper hard copy is available for read-only access; it may not be photocopied or digitally copied, in whole or in part.
box 11 - SEALED

Jaz drive (2.5 megabyte)

box 12-13

Paper hard copy