Register of the Vrangel' family papers

Processed by Natasha Porfirenko, revised by Lora Soroka
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2009
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Vrangel' family papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Natasha Porfirenko, revised by Lora Soroka
Date Completed:
2008
Encoded by:
Jessica Lemieux and Lora Soroka
© 2009 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Vrangel' family papers
Dates: 1849-2003
Collection number: 95012
Creator: Vrangel' family
Collection Size: 9 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box 6 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: The Vrangel' family papers include correspondence, printed matter, and photographs, relating to Russian military activities during World War I, White Russian military activities during the Russian Civil War, and especially to Russian émigré affairs in the interwar period. Includes obituaries of Petr Vrangel' and letters of condolence following his death. Mainly in Russian.
Physical location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: Russian and English

Administrative Information

Access

Microfilm use only.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Vrangel' family papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1995

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

A veteran of the Russian-Japanese War (1904-1905) and World War I General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' joined the anti-Bolshevik armies in Southern Russia in late 1917. He was known for many years in Russia as the "black baron" and "the last enemy of the Soviet Republic", while on the other hand he was honored as "the last knight of the Russian Empire" by his comrades. Vrangel' was the commander-in-chief of the White Army in the final stage of the Civil War and leader of the White émigré movement.
After the rout in early 1920 of the Denikin forces, Vrangel' succeeded Denikin in command and soon whipped the demoralized remains of the White Army into shape. He also tried to win popular support with a program for land reform. Vrangel' was successful for a while on the Crimean front, but after the Russian armistice with Poland in October 1920, the Communists were able to concentrate larger forces against him. Vrangel' was forced back into the Crimea, and in November 1920, he had to evacuate his forces to Constantinople. The Russian Civil War thus came to an end. Vrangel' died in exile at Brussels. His children believed he had been poisoned by the Soviet secret police. He is buried in the Russian Cathedral in Belgrade.
This collection contains personal papers of the members of the Vrangel' family: General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', his wife Baroness Ol'ga Mikhailovna Vrangel' (including papers relating to her grandfather, conservative Russian journalist Mikhail Katkov), their son Baron Alexis (Aleksei Petrovich) Vrangel', and grandson Baron Petr Petrovich Vrangel', as well as his mother Baroness Maria Dmitrievna Vrangel', his brother Baron Nikolai Nikolaevich Vrangel', and granddaughter Natal'ia.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Vrangel' family papers include correspondence, photographs, and military papers relating to Russian military activities during World War I, White Russian military activities during the Russian Civil War, and especially to Russian émigré affairs in the interwar period and after. They include obituaries of Petr Vrangel' and letters of condolence following his death. The materials are mainly in Russian.
This collection contains personal papers of the members of the Vrangel' family: Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', his wife Ol'ga Mikhailovna Vrangel', their son Alexis (Aleksei Petrovich) Vrangel', and grandson Petr Petrovich Vrangel', as well as his mother Baroness Maria Dmitrievna Vrangel', his brother Nikolai Nikolaevich Vrangel', and granddaughter Natal'ia.
A significant part of the collection are the letters from Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' to his wife Ol'ga during his time in the Army. The original correspondence was sent over an extensive time period; starting in pre-revolutionary times, through the Russian Revolution and Civil War period, and ending with the emigration. The letters give a unique picture of the dynamic situation in the Russian Army in exile with information on various people, military units and schools in emigration.
Baroness Olga Mikhailovna Vrangel' worked as a volunteer nurse with the Russian Army during World War I, and after the revolution headed a group of volunteers who organized a tuberculosis sanitarium in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. During the 1930s, while living in Belgium, she raised funds for the support and education of young Russian refugees. She later came to the United States, where she died in 1968. Olga Mikhailovna served as chairman of the Ladies Welfare Committee at Our Lady of Kazan Russian Orthodox Church in Long Island. Her papers include personal documents and correspondence.
The papers of Baron Alexis (Aleksei Petrovich) Vrangel' contain materials on their family genealogy, correspondence, and a memoirs relating to the Russian Civil War and his grandfather Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel'.
The increment received in 2009 contains material relating to conservative Russian journalist Mikhail Katkov, grandfather of Olga Vrangel.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into four series: Family file, Photographs, Mlitary Archive, and Katkov Family file.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
World War, 1914-1918-Russia
Refugees
Russia. Armiia--Officers
Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921
Russia--Emigration and immigration
Vrangel', Petr Nikolaevich, baron, 1878-1928.

Related Material

There are two additional Vrangel' collections in the Hoover Institution. One originates with General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' and another with Baroness Maria D. Vrangel'.
Vrangel' collection, 1916-1929, Hoover Institution Archives
Baronessa Mariia Dmitrievna Vrangel' collection, 1915-1944, Hoover Institution Archives

Collection Contents

Box: 1-5

Family file, 1908-2003.

Physical Description: 5 boxes

Scope and Content Note

Includes letters, service records, personal papers, articles, and obituaries relating to General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel'.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.
Box/Folder: 1 : 1-2

Family history, undated

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence, astrological chart, the book Geschichte der Wrangel zur dänischen und Ordenszeit, and an edict of the Most Holy Synod of Russia (photocopy)
 

Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' (1878-1928), 1908-2003

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

Children's drawing, undated

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 4

Fairy tale and nursery rhymes, holograph (in Russian) by Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', undated

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Service record 1921 December 29

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Order of the day, 1916 January 27

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
 

Correspondence

 

Ol'ga Mikhailovna Vrangel' (wife)

 

Pre-revolutionary period

Box/Folder: 1 : 7-8

1908-1914

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 9

1914-1915

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 10

1914-1917

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 11

1915-1916

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Letters from the Army (after the Revolution), 1917.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1

Scope and Content Note

Includes typescripts of the letters.
Box/Folder: 1 : 13

Civil War, 1919-1921

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
 

Emigration

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 14

1921-1928

Note

Available on microfilm reel 1
Box/Folder: 1 : 15

circa 1923

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 1 : 16

1923-1924

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 1 : 17

1926

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 1

1927

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 2-3

1927-1928

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 4

Princess Mariia Vladimorovna, 1918-1928

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2

Scope and Content Note

Includes letters from Ol'ga Mikhailovna Vrangel'.
Box/Folder: 2 : 5

Boris Alekseevich regarding Russian Army in Constantinople, 1921 May 13

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
 

Publications devoted to the last Russian Commander in Chief Lieutenant General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', 1928-2003

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
 

Clippings

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 6

Bound, 1953-1978

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 7

Loose, 1960-2003

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
 

Newspapers and magazines

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 8

1928

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 9

1929

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 10

1957

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 11

1971.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2

Scope and Content Note

Includes articles commemorating departure of the White Army from the Crimea.
Box/Folder: 2 : 12

1979

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 13

1980

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 14

1981

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 15

1982

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 16

1993

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
Box/Folder: 2 : 17

1998

Note

Available on microfilm reel 2
 

Death anniversaries

Box/Folder: 2 : 18

Thirtieth, 1958

Note

Available on microfilm reel 3
Box/Folder: 2 : 19

Fortieth, 1968

Note

Available on microfilm reel 3
Box/Folder: 2 : 20

Fiftieth, 1978

Note

Available on microfilm reel 3
 

Obituaries and letters and telegrams of condolence on the death of Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', 1928

Note

Available on microfilm reel 3
Box/Folder: 3 : 1-2

General

Note

Available on microfilm reel 3
Box/Folder: 3 : 3

Volume 1 (Russian correspondents)

Note

Available on microfilm reel 3
Box/Folder: 3 : 4

Volume 2 (Foreign correspondents)

Note

Available on microfilm reel 4
 

Clippings (bound)

Note

Available on microfilm reel 4
Box/Folder: 4 : 1

Russian newspapers and magazines, 1928

Note

Available on microfilm reel 4
Box/Folder: 10 : 1

Rossiia, newspaper, 1928 May 5

Note

Available on microfilm reel 10
Box/Folder: 4 : 2

Foreign media, 1928

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 4 : 3

Près de la tombe, musique de Th. Evsevsky, symphony devoted to General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', 1928.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5

Scope and Content Note

Includes marches of Kirasir and Sumy Regiments.
Box: 5

Ol'ga Mikhailovna Vrangel', wife of Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' (1885-1968), 1908-1968

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 1

Marriage certificate of Petr Vrangel' and O'lga Ivanenko, 1908 October 1

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 2

Passports 1918-1946

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 3

Certificates and travel documents (as a wife of the Commander in Chief of the Russian Army), 1912-1919

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
 

Correspondence

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 4

General, 1917-1923

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 5

Family, undated.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5

Scope and Content Note

Includes letters from her daughters Natal'ia and Elena.
Box/Folder: 5 : 6

Obituaries and letters of condolence, 1968

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 10 : 2

"Fears for Finland Future," interview with Baroness Vrangel in the Detroit News, 1940 February 11

Note

Available on microfilm reel 10
Box: 5 : 7

Mariia Dmitrievna Vrangel', 1857-1944 (mother of Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel'). Letter to her granddaughter Natal'ia , undated

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
 

Alexis (Aleksei Petrovich) Vrangel', son of Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' (1922-2005), 1922-2004

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
 

Personal documents and service papers

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 8

Birth certificate, 1922 July 7

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 9

Mein Stammbuch Vrangel' family genealogy compiled by Alexis Vrangel', 1936.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5

Scope and Content Note

In German.
Box/Folder: 5 : 10

Marriage certificates

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 11

Certificate of naturalization, United States of America, 1948 December 13

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 12

Diplomas

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 13

Letter of recommendation, Headquarters, Continental Air Command, Mitchell Air Force Base, New York, 1955

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 14

Correspondence, 1958-2004

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 15

Publishing file, 1961-1987

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5

Scope and Content Note

Includes letter from A. Shcherbatov regarding the Smolensk GPU Archive .
Box: 5

Photographs, 1912-1929.

Physical Description: 7 folders

Scope and Content Note

Prints depicting Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' during the Russian Civil War and in exile. Many prints depict his burial in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.
Box/Folder: 5 : 18

Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', undated.

Physical Description: 2 photographs

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 19

Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' as Horse Guards officer, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1912

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 19

Parade in Tsaritsyn (Southern Russia) with General Denikin, Civil War, 1919

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 19

Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' with his wife, Constantinople, 1921.

Physical Description: 2 prints

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 19

Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' with cadets in Yugoslavia, 1922.

Physical Description: 2 prints

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 20

General Baron Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel' in Zemun, Yugoslavia, 1922 March 19.

Physical Description: 1 album

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 21

Russian Army in the Balkans, 1922-1923.

Physical Description: 1 postcard album

Note

Available on microfilm reel 5
Box/Folder: 5 : 22

Russian Army in exile (everyday activities), 1925.

Physical Description: 1 album

Note

Available on microfilm reel 6
Box/Folder: 5 : 23

Petr Nikolaevich Vrangel', burial in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, 1929.

Physical Description: 29 prints

Note

Available on microfilm reel 6
Box/Folder: 10 : 3

Ninth Siberian Battalion, Ura-Tiub, 1870 August.

Physical Description: 1 print

Note

Available on microfilm reel 10
Box: 6-9

Military archive 1914

Physical Description: 4 boxes
Box/Folder: 6 : 1

Polki Imperatorgkoi konnitsy, bound manuscript circa 1914.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 6

Scope and Content Note

Includes verses.
Box/Folder: 6 : 2

Polki Imperatorgkoi kavalerii, holograph lists, undated

Note

Available on microfilm reel 6
Box: 6-9

Shatilov, P. N., General, memoirs, undated.

Box: 6 : 3-5

Volumes 1-3, undated.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 6
Box: 7 : 1-4

Volumes 4-6, undated.

Note

Available on microfilm reels 7 and 8
Box: 8 : 1-5

Volumes 7-11, undated.

Note

Available on microfilm reels 8 and 9
Box: 9 : 1-2

Volumes 12-13, undated.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 9

Scope and Content Note

Includes content summary
Box: 9 : 3

Sbornik Rossiiskoi voennoi poezii, izdanie obshche-kadetskogo ob'edineniia, Paris, 1957

Note

Available on microfilm reel 9
Box: 9

Katkov family file 1854-1910

Physical Description: 2 files

Note

Available on microfilm reels 9 and 10
Box/Folder: 9 : 4

Letters, memoranda, and essays by M. N. Katkov, copied by his daughter, N. M. Ivanenko, undated.

Note

Available on microfilm reel 10

Scope and Content Note

Bound manuscript
Box/Folder: 6 : 2

Correspondence relating to the Katkov family, 1849-1910

Note

Available on microfilm reel 6