Register of the Jack Kramer papers
Finding aid prepared by Issayas Tesfamariam
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
Title: Jack Kramer papers
Date (inclusive): 1960-1969
Collection Number: 68016
Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material:
1 manuscript box
(0.4 linear feet)
Correspondence, writings, printed matter, photographs, and a tape recording, relating to the Eritrean Liberation Front and
the movement for Eritrean independence. Also available on microfilm (1 reel).
Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research. Use copies of all sound recordings in this collection are available.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Jack Kramer papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1968.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the library catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
Alternative Forms of Material Available
Also available on microfilm (1 reel).
Jack Kramer is an American journalist and author. He graduated from Stanford University in 1965 and completed graduate work
at Columbia University in 1970. Kramer worked as a staff reporter for The Wall Street Journal, contributing editor for Time
Magazine and Middle East Bureau chief for the Bloomberg Business Week. He covered a variety of subjects as a journalist in
the 1960s, from Alabama during the Civil Rights Movement, Vietnam, Laos, Egypt, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tunisia,
Algeria, Western Sahara, Greece and Turkey. His publication include: Travels with the Celestial Dog, a memoir of the Sixties,
a primary source on reporting of Civil Rights, Vietnam, Sudan, the Six Day War and Eritrea, and Rwanda Means a Universe about
Rwanda with Louise Mushikiwabo, the current foreign minister of Rwanda and other business related books.
Scope and Content of Collection
The Jack Kramer papers include correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, and a unique sound recording
recorded in Eritrea in September 1968. The recording has interviews with various people including rank and file and commanders
such as Osman Mohammed Idris aka Abu Shenab of the Eritrean Liberation Front (E.L.F.) who were fighting for independence from
Ethiopia. The correspondences include letters from or to Eritrean nationalists such as Woldeab Woldemariam, Kidane Kiflu,
Mohamud Dinai and Osman Saleh Sabbe.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Eritrean Liberation Front.
Tagādlo hārnat 'Értrā.
Box/Folder 1 : 5
Salih, Fathy Mohamed Ahmed,
Box/Folder 1 : 6
Box/Folder 1 : 7
Memorandum by the Eritrean Liberation Front for the Ethiopian Students Union in Europe,
Box/Folder 1 : 8
Memorandum on Eritrea from the Eritrean Liberation Front office, Damascus,
Box/Folder 1 : 9
Eritrea News Bulletin. Eritrean Liberation Front (E.L.F.). Issue Numbers (73-76, 78-81),
Box/Folder 1 : 10
L'Erythrée Bulletin D'Information Publié par Le Front de la Libération Érythréenne (F.L.E.) Issue Numbers (76-83),
Box/Folder 1 : 11
Report about the Eritrean refugees. Statement by Mr. J. Jamison of United Nation's High Commissioner for Refugees (U.N.H.C.R.),
Box/Folder 1 : 12
Reports of the United Nations' Commission for Eritrea (Memorandum Submitted by the Delegations of Guatemala and Pakistan).
Republished by the Eritrean Liberation Front,
Box/Folder 1 : 13
The United Nations Federal Resolution for Eritrea. Text of Resolution 390 A (V), 1950. Republished by the Eritrean Liberation
Box/Folder 1 : 14
A brief description of the progress of the "Battle of Halhal" camp. Ambush map and pictures with the Eritrean Liberation Front
Box/Folder 1 : 15
"A Letter to the United Nations Secretary General (U.N.S.G.)," Eritrean Liberation Front,
Box/Folder 1 : 16
"Close to Million Victims: Sudan's Bloody Struggle Hushed" The Plain Dealer, Feb. 21,
Box/Folder 1 : 17
"Constitution of Eritrea: Text of the Constitution of Eritrea as adapted by the Eritrean Assembly on 10 July 1952" Republished
by the Eritrean Liberation Front,
Box/Folder 1 : 18
"Crossroads of Africa: Ethiopia's Unknown War" The Nation, Aug. 11,
Box/Folder 1 : 19
"Ethiopia's War of Extermination in Eritrea: Facts and Figures" The Eritrean Liberation Front,
Box/Folder 1 : 20
"Gallows in Eritrea: a dramatic grab of bloody reality. Narrated by a Swedish Journalist. Part One" Eritrean Liberation Front,
Box/Folder 1 : 21
"Hidden War in Ethiopia" Venture, May 1969
Box/Folder 1 : 22
Jack Kramer's report of his travel with members of the Eritrean Liberation Front (E.L.F.),
Box/Folder 1 : 23
"Peking Reds: Guerrilla College on a Spice Island"
San Francisco Chronicle,
Box/Folder 1 : 24
"The Ethiopian Unilateral Abrogation of United Nations Federal Resolution" by Tedla Bairu Eritrean Liberation Front,
Box/Folder 1 : 25
"The Progressives Demand Radical Changes in the Eritrean Liberation Front",
Box/Folder 1 : 26
"Soviets Dispatch Navy Task Force to Suez Canal"
San San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle,
Dec. 15, 1968
Box/Folder 1 : 27
Transcription of the sound recordings with Eritrean Liberation Front members and a map showing plan for the Front's attack,
Box/Folder 1 : 28
"Truths about the Decimation War in Eritrea" Eritrean Liberation Front (in Arabic),
Box/Folder 1 : 29
"War South of Khartoum"
San San Francisco Examiner and Chronicle,
Feb. 16, 1969
Box/Folder 1 : 30
Interview by Jack Kramer with Eritrean Liberation Front Members,
Scope and Content Note
Original magnetic tape cassette (sides 1 and 2) and open reel tapes #1 and #2 (copies) Includes voices, music, and interviews.
Side 1: Kidane Kiflu, Jack Kramer, Abdella Hassan, Mohammed Ali Idris, atrocities testimonials from residents of Adi Ibrahim,
Adi E'kut. Side 2: Introduction by Aberra Mekonnen, music by Mohammed Tahir, Tigre poetry reciting by Garfo, Saadia and Osman
Mohammed Idris/Abu Sheneb. Use copy reference number: 68016_a_0011504