LLANO DEL RIO COLONY PAPERS 1896-1967

Processed by Marisa Diehl
Manuscripts Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2203
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
2002
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

LLANO DEL RIO COLONY PAPERS 1896-1967

The Huntington Library

> >

>San Marino, California

Contact Information:

  • Manuscripts Department
  • The Huntington Library
  • 1151 Oxford Road
  • San Marino, California 91108
  • Phone: (626) 405-2203
  • Fax: (626) 449-5720
  • Email: lgarcia@huntington.org
  • URL: http://www.huntington.org/huntingtonlibrary.aspx?id=554
Processed by:
Marisa Diehl
Date Completed:
July 2002
Encoded by:
Pacific Data Conversion Corp.
2002 The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Llano Del Rio Colony Papers
Date (inclusive): 1896-1967
Date (bulk): (Bulk: 1930s)
Creator: Llano Del Rio Colony
Extent: 516 pieces
Repository: The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information please go to following URL .

Publication Rights

In order to quote from, publish, or reproduce any of the manuscripts or visual materials, researchers must obtain formal permission from the office of the Library Director. In most instances, permission is given by the Huntington as owner of the physical property rights only, and researchers must also obtain permission from the holder of the literary rights. In some instances, the Huntington owns the literary rights, as well as the physical property rights. Researchers may contact the appropriate curator for further information.

Preferred Citation

Llano Del Rio Colony Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Acquisition Information

The collection was given to the Huntington by Mellie Calvert and Knox Mellon. Mellie Calvert donated her portion of the collection between 1969 and 1972; Knox Mellon's gift was made in December of 1973.
Inclusive Dates: 1896 - 1967 (Bulk: 1930s)
The collection contains 516 pieces.

Historical Note

The Llano del Rio Co-operative Colony was incorporated in 1914 by Los Angeles attorney Job Harriman, the socialist nominee for mayor of Los Angeles in 1911. The settlement was located in the Antelope Valley of California near Pearblossom, where an agricultural community was developed. Because of problems with water rights, transportation for produce, and internal dissension, the colony was discontinued in 1918. One group of the colonists went to Louisiana and reestablished a community under the name Newllano.

Scope and Content Note

The collection contains correspondence, documents, minutes, newspaper clippings, photographs, poetry, and printed materials pertaining to the Llano del Rio Colony and its successor, Newllano.
Most of the items donated by Mellie Calvert (Box 1) pertain to the history of the Llano del Rio Colony and the experiences of its colonists. Some of this material looks at the influence Job Harriman and the Young People's Socialist League of California had upon the founding of Llano, while other items represent the lives and daily struggles of individual Llano members.
The vast majority of the Knox Mellon addenda items (Boxes 2-4, plus two oversized items) pertain to Newllano and its various problems. Although the collection spans from 1896 to 1967, the greatest concentration of items were written in the 1930s, a turbulent time in Newllano's development. During the mid-1930s a power struggle arose in Newllano between its elected Board (headed by George T. Pickett, 1876-1959) and a band of individuals who attempted to revoke Pickett's leadership and declare a new Board. Letters and documents reflecting each side of the divide exist within the collection, although more of the materials reflect the pro-Pickett stance. Sidney Young authors many of Pickett's defenses and is a strong voice throughout the collection. Other Knox Mellon items reflect the pre-history of Llano, including copies of late nineteenth century letters penned by Job Harriman and Morris Hillquit (1869-1933).
Subjects represented throughout the collection as a whole include the Llano and Newllano colonies, socialism in the United States, socialist societies, Job Harriman, Morris Hillquit (1869-1933), George T. Pickett (1876-1959) and Sidney Young.

Organization and Arrangement

The collection is arranged in the following series:
  1. Materials given to the Huntington by Mellie Calvert (Box 1)
  2. Materials given to the Huntington by Knox Mellon (Boxes 2-4, plus 2 oversized items)
Within each series the materials original order has been maintained wherever discernible. Items in each series have been arranged in chronological order and grouped by format.

Indexing: Subjects

Cooperative societies - California.
Cooperative societies - Louisiana.
Harriman, Job.
Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933.
Llano Colony (Secular community)
Newllano Colony (Secular community)
Pickett, George T., 1876-1959.
Socialism - United States.
Socialism - Societies.
Socialists - Correspondence.

Collection Contents

Box 1

Mellie Calvert items

 

I. Minutes and correspondence from the Llano del Rio Colony's Board of Commissioners

Box 1, Folder 1

Feb. - Mar. 1915

Physical Description: (19 pieces)
Box 1, Folder 2

Apr. 1915

Physical Description: (13 pieces)
Box 1, Folder 3

May 1915

Physical Description: (12 pieces)
Box 1, Folder 4

June 1915

Physical Description: (14 pieces)
Box 1, Folder 5

July - Aug. 1915

Physical Description: (26 pieces)
 

II. Llano del Rio Colony documents

Box 1, Folder 6

Agreement to purchase stock and agreement of employment

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 1, Folder 7

Constitution of the Llano del Rio Community

Physical Description: (1 volume)
Box 1, Folder 8

Statement and purpose of Wellfare League of Llano del Rio Colony

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 1, Folder 9

To the General Assembly and Commission - Survey and Inventory

Physical Description: (1 piece)
 

III. Llano Colonists - Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 10

Gentry Purviance McCorkle to Mellie Calvert

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 1, Folder 11

Mr. and Mrs. F. W. (Frank W.) Miller to Mellie and Herbert S. Calvert

Physical Description: (33 pieces)
 

IV. Llano Colonists - Manuscripts

Box 1, Folder 12

Mellie Calvert - The Llano del Rio Co-operative Colony

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 1, Folder 13

Experiences of F. W. (Frank W.) Miller during the first three months at Llano

Physical Description: (1 volume)
 

V. Miscellaneous

Box 1, Folder 14

Undated correspondence and documents

Physical Description: (16 pieces)
Box 1, Folder 15

Photographs and miscellaneous items

Physical Description: (13 pieces)
Box 2

Knox Mellon items (1915-1938)

 

I. Correspondence

Box 2, Folder 1

1915 - 1933

Physical Description: (6 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 2

1934

Physical Description: (3 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 3

Apr. - May 1935

Physical Description: (19 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 4

June 1935

Physical Description: (21 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 5

July 1935

Physical Description: (28 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 6

Aug. 1935

Physical Description: (23 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 7

Sept. 1935

Physical Description: (6 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 8

Nov. - Dec. 1935

Physical Description: (10 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 9

Jan. - June 1936

Physical Description: (12 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 10

Sept. - Dec. 1936

Physical Description: (6 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 11

1937

Physical Description: (4 pieces)
Box 2, Folder 12

1938

Physical Description: (6 pieces)
Box 3

Knox Mellon items (1900-1969)

 

I. Documents

Box 3, Folder 1

Crisis at Llano Colony

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 3, Folder 2

The Crisis at Llano Colony: In Lighter Vein

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 3, Folder 3

Legal Documents

Physical Description: (5 pieces)
Box 3, Folder 4

Llano Colony Documents and Notices

Physical Description: (21 pieces)
Box 3, Folder 5

Llano Poetry

Physical Description: (12 pieces)
Box 3, Folder 6

Morris Hillquit (1869-1933) Papers

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 3, Folder 7

Report of Meeting of George T. Pickett [1876-1959] and a portion of his Board with the Board of Advisors to the Receiver

Physical Description: (1 piece)
Box 3, Folder 8

Reports on Fogman No. 1

Physical Description: (3 pieces)
Box 3, Folder 9

Sidney Young - Diary and Statements

Physical Description: (3 pieces)
Box 3, Folder 10

Miscellaneous notes and documents

Physical Description: (67 pieces)
 

II. Newspaper Clippings

Box 3, Folder 11

Newspaper Clippings on Los Angeles mayoral election of 1911

Physical Description: (7 pieces)
 

III. Photographs

Box 3, Folder 12

Photographs

Physical Description: (5 pieces)
Box 4

Knox Mellon items - Oversize (1896-1961)

 

I. Correspondence

Box 4, Folder 1

1896 - 1901

Physical Description: (21 pieces)
Box 4, Folder 2

Oct. 1935

Physical Description: (17 pieces)
Box 4, Folder 3

July - Aug. 1936

Physical Description: (24 pieces)
 

II. Documents

Box 4, Folder 4

The Class War in Idaho by Job Harriman [excerpt]

Physical Description: (2 pieces)
Box 4, Folder 5

Llano mailing lists and reunion information

Physical Description: (14 pieces)
Box 4, Folder 6

Report on the Llano del Rio Co. of Nevada

Physical Description: (1 piece)
 

III. Newspaper Clippings and Ephemera

Box 4, Folder 7

Newspaper clippings and printed materials

Physical Description: (8 pieces)
Box 4, Folder 8

Ephemera

 

Oversize Material

 

Knox Mellon items

 

Folder: Photographs

Physical Description: (4 pieces)
 

Volume: Llano del Rio Board of Directors Minutes, Apr. 1, 1917 - Mar. 1, 1918