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Mud Creek Glacier Photo Album MSS.304
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Biographical/Historical note
  • Access Restrictions
  • Usage Restrictions
  • Scope and Contents note
  • Arrangement note
  • Immediate Source of Acquisition note
  • Preferred Citation note
  • Material Cataloged Separately
  • Processing Information note
  • Publication Rights

  • Title: Mud Creek Glacier Photo Album
    Identifier/Call Number: MSS.304
    Contributing Institution: California State University, Chico, Special Collections, Meriam Library
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 0.3 Linear feet 1 Box with 21 items
    Date (inclusive): 1924-1941
    Abstract: Photographs of Mud Creek Glacier on Mt. Shasta in August and September of 1924. Warmer weather caused a melting of the glacier, sending down the canyon a wall of water, mud, sand, and rock.
    Alternate Form of Material: No other forms of material.
    Language of Materials note: English
    creator: Morton & Co..

    Biographical/Historical note

    Mount Shasta’s summit is 14,162 feet above the sea, but from about 12,000 ft. level the terrain is covered with perpetual snow and rock and circled by five large glaciers which are situated by the points of the compass from the summit rocks as follows: North slope, has Hotlum and Bolam glaciers, East slope has Wintoon glacier, West slope has Whitney glacier, and the South slope has Konwakiton glacier, which is popularly known as Mud Creek or McCloud glacier, as it is the source of the McCloud River.
    In the winter of 1924, because of the light snowfall the glaciers were free of snow by the first of May, and commenced to melt and discharge large streams of water. Since the melting was mainly along the sides, the water ran under the ice and soon formed channels and undermined the foundations of the Mud Creek Glacier. By the end of June the bodies of ice commenced to break off at the lower ends and falling some hundreds of feet carried great masses of rock sand and gravel with them.
    Observers stated that with sounds like the discharge of cannon, masses as large as an ordinary house would break off every two or three minutes and away they would go down the canyon. The resultant avalanches wrecked the McCloud water system, and made a great slope of glacial sand some seven miles long and a mile or more wide, with a depth of from five to thirteen feet and discolored the McCloud, the Pit and the Sacramento Rivers for miles from their sources.

    Access Restrictions

    Collection is open for research without restriction.

    Usage Restrictions

    No restrictions.

    Scope and Contents note

    This collection contains correspondence with W.B. Cook dated January 17, 1941, a bibliography of related resources, 1 map of Mount Shasta, and 19 photographs of Mud Creek Glacier on Mt. Shasta in August and September of 1924. Warmer weather caused a melting of the glacier, sending down the canyon a wall of water, mud, sand, and rock.
    All photographs were taken September, 1924. Included in the photographs are 4 enlargements that create a panorama of Mud Creek Canyon - north wall of Mud Creek Canyon. All of the photographs have been cataloged and given a sc number, except for three.

    Arrangement note


    Immediate Source of Acquisition note

    Purchase, 1980.

    Preferred Citation note

    Mud Creek Glacier Photo Album, MSS 304, Special Collections, Meriam Library, California State University, Chico.

    Material Cataloged Separately

    The following photographs have been filed with the Historic Photograph Collection
    sc1892 also has a catalog entry.

    Processing Information note

    Processing of the Mud Creek Glacier Photo Album was generously funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and administered by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). The [ABC repository] was awarded a Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives grant from 2010-2012, "Uncovering California's Environmental Collections," in collaboration with eight additional special collections and archival repositories throughout the state and the California Digital Library (CDL). Grant objectives included processing of over 33 hidden collections related to the state's environment and environmental history. The collections document an array of important sub-topics such as irrigation, mining, forestry, agriculture, industry, land use, activism, and research. Together they form a multifaceted picture of the natural world and the way it was probed, altered, exploited and protected in California over the twentieth century. Finding aids are made available through the Online Archive of California (OAC).

    Publication Rights

    The library can only claim physical ownership of the collection. Users are responsible for satisfying any claimants of literary property.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Mud Creek Canyon (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Mud Creek Glacier (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Photograph albums
    Shasta, Mount (Calif. : Mountain)--History.
    Shasta, Mount (Calif. : Mountain)--Photographs.
    Siskiyou County (Calif.)--Photographs.
    Uncovering California's Environmental Collections Project