INVENTORY OF THE BIENAL AMERICANA DE ARTE RECORDS, 1961-1969, 1977

Finding aid prepared by Alexis Adkins


Descriptive Summary

Title: Bienal Americana de Arte records
Date (inclusive): 1961-1969, 1977
Number: 970074
Creator/Collector: Bienal Americana de Arte
Physical Description: 20.61 linear feet (26 boxes, 9 flatfile folders, 1 roll)
Repository:
The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles, California, 90049-1688
(310) 440-7390
Abstract: The Bienal Americana de Arte records document the series of art salons and biennials sponsored by Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA). The biennials were important events for exhibiting contemporary art in Latin America in the 1960s. Although regional in focus, they attracted significant international attention. An experimental music section in 1966 featured John Cage among several Latin American composers. The archive documents the planning, realization, and reception of the biennials, as well as two contemporary Latin American art salons.
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Language: Collection material is in Spanish; Castilian with some English.

Biographical/Historical Note

The Bienales Americana de Arte were important events for exhibiting contemporary art in Latin America in the 1960s. Although regional in focus, the biennials attracted significant international and critical attention.
Industrias Kaiser Argentina (IKA) began taking an interest in arts and cultural sponsorship in 1958, when it organized the first of five contemporary visual arts salons in Córdoba, Argentina. The salons were held until 1963 and featured Argentine artists working in a number of mediums. Inspired by the success of the salons, IKA organized the first Bienal Americana de Arte in 1962 and expanded its scope to include artists from the neighboring countries of Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay, in addition to Argentina. The jury was composed of a representative from each of these four countries, a representative from the Organization of the American States (OAS), and headed by British critic Sir Herbert Read.
The second Bienal, in 1964, expanded further to include artists from ten Latin American countries. Umbro Apollonio, director of the Venice Bienale, presided over a jury comprised again of representatives from each participating country and an OAS representative. Selections from the second Bienal later toured North America.
The third and final Bienal took place in 1966. By this time, the event had grown to include artists from 13 Latin American countries in addition to an Experimental Music section featuring John Cage and Earle Brown along with other contemporary musicians and composers from all over the Americas. In a departure from previous years, the jury was restricted to a small pool of internationally known art experts: Alfred Barr Jr., (Director of MoMA, N.Y.), Arnold Bode (Director of Documenta of Kassel, West Germany), Sam Hunter (Director of the Jewish Museum, N.Y.), Carlos Raul Villanueva (an internationally known Venezuelan architect), and Aldo Pellegrini (a highly respected Argentine writer and art critic). Christian Sorenson directed all three biennials and his wife, Magda, coordinated the Experimental Music section.

Administrative Information

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers, except for unreformatted audio visual materials.

Publication Rights

Preferred Citation

Bienal Americana de Arte records, 1961-1969, 1977, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 970074.

Acquisition Information

Acquired in 1997.

Processing History

In 2010 and 2011, Alexis Adkins processed the collection and wrote the finding aid under the supervision of Andra Darlington.

Separated Materials

Six monographs and eight serials were transferred to the library. These publications may be found by searching the Library Catalog  for the provenance, Bienal Americana de Arte Collection.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Bienal Americana de Arte records provide partial documentation of the planning, realization, and reception of Salons IV and V and Bienales I, II, and III. The Salons are grouped into one series, each Bienal into its own series, and there is a separate series for the Experimental Music section.
All of the series include administrative papers and ephemera. The third and fourth series have more extensive and varied records -- including correspondence, photographs, and slides -- which reflect the growing scope and impact of the second and third biennials. The series for the Experimental Music section includes correspondence with and a score by John Cage, and audio recordings of works by the following composers: Earle Brown, Alcides Lanza, Nelly Moretto, and Jorge de la Vega in addition to two compilations.

Arrangement

Arranged in five series:
Series I. Salons, 1961-1967; Series II. I Bienal Americana de Arte, 1961-1963; Series III. II Bienal Americana de Arte, 1963-1967; Series IV. III Bienal Americana de Arte, 1961-1969, 1977; Series V. Experimental Music, 1962-1969, 1977.

Indexing Terms

Subjects - Topics

Art, Latin America--20th century
Avant-garde (Music)

Genres and Forms of Material

Black-and-white photographs--Latin America--20th century
Color slides--Latin America--20th century
Photographic prints
Photographs, Original
Proceedings
Sound recordings

Contributors

Apollonio, Umbro, 1911-
Barr, Alfred Hamilton, 1902-1981
Bode, Arnold, 1900-1977
Brown, Earle, 1926-2002
Cage, John
Hunter, Sam, 1923-
Industrias Kaiser Argentina
Lanza, Alcides
Moretto, Nelly, 1925-1978
Pellegrini, Aldo
Read, Herbert, 1893-1968
Sorenson, Christian
Sorenson, Magda
Vega, Jorge de la, 1930-1971
Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1900-1975


Container List

 

Series I. Salons, Bulk, 1961-1964 1961-1964, 1967

Physical Description: 0.32 linear ft.

Scope and Content Note

This series includes papers regarding the administration of the fourth and fifth IKA salons, black-and-white photographs documenting the events, and related ephemera. Also included are a disassembled photograph binder and poster documenting an IKA sponsored competition for the design of a monument to honor industry in Argentina.

Arrangement

Arranged by document type.
Box 1, Folder 1

Papers, Bulk, 1963-1964 1963-1964, 1967, undated

Box 1, Folder 2

Photographs, 1961, undated

Box 1, Folder 3

Catalog and pamphlet, 1963

 

Industry in Argentina monument competition, 1962

Box 1, Folder 4-6

Binder

Flatfile 1**

Poster

 

Series II. I Bienal Americana de Arte, 1961-1963

Physical Description: 0.1 linear feet

Scope and Content Note

Administrative papers and ephemera, as well as collected press clippings regarding the first Bienal.

Arrangement

Arranged by document type.
Box 1, Folder 7

Papers, 1961-1963, undated

Box 1, Folder 8

Photocopied press clippings, 1961-1962

Flatfile 2**

Poster, 1962

 

Series III. II Bienal Americana de Arte, 1963-1967

Physical Description: 2.17 linear feet

Scope and Content Note

This series includes official correspondence with embassies and other international and regional organizations. Press clippings, serials, black-and-white photographs and color slides document the exhibitions and events. Black-and-white photographs, both loose and mounted in binders, provide artist name, title, size, medium and price of artworks. Also included are papers, correspondence and photographs documenting the travelling exhibition Twenty South American Artists.

Arrangement

Arranged in original groupings according to function and record type.
 

Administration files, 1964-1965, undated

Box 2, Folder 1

Papers, undated

Box 2, Folder 2

Press binder, 1964

Box 2, Folder 3

Danza Actuel, 1964, undated

 

Press clippings, 1964-1965, undated

Box 2, Folder 4-6

Mexico, 1964, undated

Box 2, Folder 7-8

Uruguay, 1964-1965, undated

Box 2, Folder 9-10

Other countries, 1964-1965, undated

Box 3, Folder 1-3

Serials, 1964-1965

 

Correspondence, 1964-1966, undated

Box 3, Folder 4

Catlin, Staton, 1965-1966, undated

Box 3, Folder 5

Comision de Honor, 1964

Box 3, Folder 6

Corredera, Robert, 1965

Box 3, Folder 7-8

Official correspondence, 1964-1966, undated

 

Photographic documentation, 1964-1965, undated

 

Loose photographs, 1964-1965, undated

Box 4, Folder 1

Participants and officials, 1964-1965, undated

 

Paintings, 1964, undated

Box 4, Folder 2

Argentina, 1964, undated

Box 4, Folder 3

Chile, 1964, undated

Box 4, Folder 4

Colombia, 1964, undated

Box 4, Folder 5

Ecuador and Peru, undated

Box 4, Folder 6

Venezuela, Uruguay, Bolivia, and Brazil, 1964, undated

Box 4, Folder 7

Miscellaneous, 1964

 

Photograph binders, undated

Box 4, Folder 8

Argentine paintings

Box 5, Folder 1

Peruvian paintings

Box 5, Folder 2

Uruguayan paintings

Box 25, Folder 1-2

Color slides, 1964

Flatfile 3**

Poster, 1964

 

Twenty South American Artists, 1963-1967, undated

Box 5, Folder 3

Administration files, 1963-1964, undated

 

Correspondence, 1964-1967, undated

Box 6, Folder 1

Alloway, Lawrence, 1965-1966, undated

Box 6, Folder 2-3

Babbit, Hal, 1965-1967, undated

Box 6, Folder 4-5

Inter-American Foundation for the Arts, 1964-1966, undated

Box 6, Folder 6-7

Johnson, Jack, 1965-1966, undated

Box 6, Folder 8

Mills, Paul, 1964-1966, undated

Box 6, Folder 9-10

Pan-American Union, 1964-1966, undated

Box 6, Folder 11

Squirru, Rafael, 1964-1966, undated

Box 5, Folder 4-5

Photograph binder, undated

 

Series IV. III Bienal Americana de Arte, Bulk, 1961-1969 1961-1969, 1977

Physical Description: 12.15 linear feet

Scope and Content Note

The largest series in the collection includes administrative papers and correspondence with cultural institutions, members of the selection committees for each country, and others instrumental in planning the Bienal. Juror, special guest, and artist files include correspondence and mostly black-and-white photographs. Loose black-and-white photographs and a disassembled photo album with mostly black-and-white photographs document the artworks, exhibitions, and events. Serials include several issues of IKA's house organ, Gacetika.
William Weintraub's color slides were included in a letter from Weintraub to Christian and Magda Sorenson dated October 21, 1966.

Arrangement

Arranged in original groupings according to record type. Original groupings retained for correspondence.
 

Administration files, 1961-1967, undated

Box 7, Folder 1-4

Papers, 1965-1966, undated

 

Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 1965-1966, undated

Box 7, Folder 5-5A

Papers, 1965-1966, undated

Flatfile 4**-6**

Architectural prints, 1965-1966, undated

Roll 1**

Architectural print, 1965

Box 7, Folder 6

English translation of catalog, 1966, undated

Box 7, Folder 7

Primera Bienal Internacional de Artes Aplicadas del Uruguay, 1965, undated

 

Press clippings, 1966, undated

Box 7, Folder 8-9

Originals, 1966

Box 8, Folder 1-2

Photocopied, undated

Box 8, Folder 3-10

Serials, 1961-1967

 

Correspondence, 1962-1967, undated

 

Arranged by correspondent, 1965-1967, undated

Box 9, Folder 1

Arroyo, Miguel, 1966-1967

Box 9, Folder 2

Art in America, 1966-1967

Box 9, Folder 2A

Center for Interamerican Relations, 1966

Box 9, Folder 2B

Coplans, John, 1966

Box 9, Folder 3-5

Diament Sujo, Clara, 1965-1967, undated

Box 9, Folder 6

Museum of Modern Art, 1967, undated

Box 9, Folder 7

Neumann, Hans, 1965-1966, undated

Box 9, Folder 8

Palacios, Inocente, 1965-1966, undated

Box 9, Folder 9

Rockefeller, Rodman C., 1966

Box 9, Folder 10

Rubin, Ida E., 1966, undated

Box 9, Folder 11

Tamarind Lithography Workshop, 1965-1967, undated

Box 10, Folder 1

Visión, 1966-1967, undated

 

Weintraub, William, 1965-1967, undated

Box 10, Folder 2-6

Correspondence, 1965-1967, undated

Box 25, Folder 3

Color slides, 1966

 

Arranged by country, 1964-1967, undated

Box 10, Folder 7

Argentina, 1965-1966, undated

Box 10, Folder 8

Bolivia, 1964-1966, undated

Box 10, Folder 9-10

Brazil, 1965-1966, undated

Box 11, Folder 1-3

Chile, 1965-1967, undated

Box 11, Folder 4

Colombia, 1966, undated

Box 11, Folder 5

Mexico, 1964-1967

Box 11, Folder 6-7

Peru, 1965-1966, undated

Box 11, Folder 8

Uruguay, 1965-1966, undated

Box 11, Folder 9-12

Arranged by museums and cultural institutions, 1962-1967, undated

 

Jurors and special guests, 1964-1967, undated

 

Barr, Alfred, 1964-1967, undated

Box 12, Folder 1

Papers, 1964-1967, undated

Box 24*, Folder 1

Oversize photograph, undated

Box 12, Folder 2

Bode, Arnold, 1965-1966, undated

Box 12, Folder 3

Hunter, Sam, 1965-1966, undated

Box 12, Folder 4-6

Soto, Jesús, 1965-1967, undated

Box 12, Folder 7

Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1966, undated

Box 12, Folder 8

Prospective Jurors and Special Guests, 1964-1966, undated

 

Artists, 1964-1967, undated

 

Venezuelan artists, 1964-1966, undated

Box 13, Folder 1

Abreu, Mario, 1966, undated

Box 13, Folder 2

Cruxent, J. M., 1964-1966, undated

Box 13, Folder 2

Papers, 1964-1966, undated

Box 25, Folder 4

Color photograph, undated

Box 13, Folder 3

Cruz Diez, Carlos, 1966, undated

Box 13, Folder 4

Hung, Francisco, 1966, undated

Box 13, Folder 5

Leufert, Gerd, 1966, undated

Box 13, Folder 6

Rodriguez, Alirio, 1966, undated

Box 13, Folder 7-8

Other artists, 1966-1967, undated

 

Photographs, 1964-1966, undated

 

Loose photographs, 1964-1966, undated

Box 14, Folder 1-2

Paintings, 1964-1966, undated

Box 14, Folder 3-5

Exhibition and events, 1966, undated

Box 14, Folder 6-7

Artists, 1966, undated

Box 15

Photograph albums, 1966

 

Special exhibitions, 1965-1967, undated

Box 16, Folder 1

Salon de Humor, 1966, undated

 

Train exhibition, 1965, undated

Box 16, Folder 2

Papers, 1965, undated

Box 23*, Folder 2

Map, undated

Flatfile 7**

Oversize plan, undated

Box 16, Folder 3

Travelling exhibition of selected works, 1966-1967, undated

Box 16, Folder 4

Xul Solar Homenaje, 1966, undated

 

Ephemera, 1964-1967, undated

Box 16, Folder 5

Stamps, undated

Box 16, Folder 6-7

Cards and stationery, 1964-1966, undated

Box 16, Folder 8

Offprint, 1967

Flatfile 8**

Posters, 1966

Box 23*, Folder 1

Flags, 1966

Flatfile 9**

Large flags, 1966

 

Series V. Experimental music, Bulk, 1962-1969 1962-1969, 1977

Physical Description: 5.87 linear feet

Scope and Content Note

This series includes detailed administrative records, correspondence with composers and others, papers regarding various related events, ephemera, musical scores, and audio recordings. Also included are correspondence with and a score by John Cage and audio recordings of works by the following composers: Earle Brown, Alcides Lanza, Nelly Moretto, and Jorge de la Vega in addition to two compilations.

Arrangement

Arranged in original groupings according to function and record type.
 

Administration files, 1965-1967, undated

Box 17, Folder 1

Catalog and recording sales and distribution, 1966-1967, undated

Box 17, Folder 2

Centro de Musica Experimental, 1966

Box 17, Folder 3

Concert documentation, undated

Box 17, Folder 4-6

Copyright permissions, 1966, undated

Box 17, Folder 7-8

Curricula vitae and notes on works, 1966, undated

Box 17, Folder 9

Detail of works and papers received and catalog material, undated

Box 17, Folder 10

Dummy notebooks, undated

Box 17, Folder 11

English translation of composer biographies, undated

Box 17, Folder 12

General plan, 1966, undated

Box 17, Folder 13

Internal correspondence, 1966, undated

Box 18, Folder 1

List of addresses, undated

Box 18, Folder 2

List of works, undated

Box 24*, Folder 2

Map of Córdoba with poster locations, undated

Box 18, Folder 3-6

Miscellaneous, 1966-1967, undated

Box 18, Folder 7-8

Other music events, 1965-1966, undated

Box 18, Folder 9

Papers and notes for notebooks, 1965-1966, undated

Box 18, Folder 10

Press clippings, 1966, undated

Box 18, Folder 11

Press diffusion and special items, 1966, undated

Box 18, Folder 12

Shipping documentation, 1966, undated

 

Correspondence, Bulk, 1965-1969 1965-1969, 1977, undated

Box 19, Folder 1

Caracas, Bulk, 1965-1966 1965-1966, 1977, undated

 

Composers, 1966-1969, undated

Box 19, Folder 2

Arrandia, Jorge Navarro, 1966

Box 19, Folder 3

Asuar, José Vicente, 1966

Box 19, Folder 4

Bolaños, Cesar, 1966

Box 19, Folder 5

Brown, Earle, 1966, undated

Box 19, Folder 6

Brunn, Herbert, 1966

Box 19, Folder 7

Cage, John, 1966, undated

Box 19, Folder 8

Canton, Edgardo, 1966-1969

Box 19, Folder 9

Davidovksy, Mario, 1966

Box 19, Folder 10

Dianda, Hilda, 1966

Box 19, Folder 11

Etkin, Mariano, 1966

Box 19, Folder 12

Feldman, Morton, 1966

Box 19, Folder 13

Franchisena, Cesar, 1966

Box 19, Folder 14

Gandini, Gerardo, 1966, undated

Box 19, Folder 15

Hiller, Lejaren, 1966

Box 19, Folder 16

Kagel, Mauricio, 1966-1967

Box 19, Folder 17

Krenek, Ernest, 1966-1967

Box 19, Folder 18

Krieger, Armando, 1966

Box 19, Folder 19

Kropfl, Francisco, 1966

Box 19, Folder 20

Lanza, Alcides, 1966

Box 19, Folder 21

Martirano, Salvatore, 1966

Box 19, Folder 22

Moretto, Nelly, 1966

Box 19, Folder 23

Mumma, Gordon, 1966

Box 19, Folder 24

Rondano, Miguel Angel, 1966

Box 19, Folder 25

Roque Alsina, Carlos, 1966

Box 19, Folder 26

Strang, Gerald, 1966

Box 19, Folder 27

Tauriello, Antonio, 1966, undated

Box 19, Folder 28

Ussachevsky, Vladimir, 1966

Box 19, Folder 29

Valcarcel, Edgar, 1966-1967

Box 19, Folder 30

Vega, Aurelio de la, 1966-1967, undated

Box 19, Folder 31

Wolff, Christian, 1966

 

Copied correspondence, 1966, undated

Box 19, Folder 32

A-D, 1966, undated

Box 19, Folder 33

E-L, 1966, undated

Box 20, Folder 1

M-Z, 1966

Box 20, Folder 2

USA Originals, 1966-1968, undated

Box 20, Folder 3-5

Composers, 1964-1966, undated

 

Photographs, 1966, undated

Box 20, Folder 6-10

Black-and-white photographs 1966, undated

Box 25, Folder 5

Color photographs, undated

Box 21, Folder 1-5

Symposia, undated

Box 21, Folder 6

Torino 380 W en acción, undated

 

Ephemera, 1965-1967, undated

Box 21, Folder 7

Programs, offprints, envelopes, and supplement, 1965-1967, undated

Box 23*, Folder 6

Posters, 1966

 

Scores, 1962-1966, undated

 

Bazan, Oscar, 1965, undated

Box 21, Folder 8

Scores, 1965

Box 24*, Folder 3

Oversize scores, 1965, undated

Box 23*, Folder 10-12

Brown, Earle, 1962-1965, undated

Box 21, Folder 9

Cage, John, undated

Box 21, Folder 10

Castillo, Graciela, undated

Box 21, Folder 11

Dianda, Hilda, undated

Box 21, Folder 12

Echarte, Pedro, undated

Box 23*, Folder 7

Etkin, Mariano, undated

Box 21, Folder 13

Feldman, Morton, 1962

Box 21, Folder 14

Ferpozzi, Carlos Alberto, undated

Box 21, Folder 15

Gandini, Gerardo, 1966

Box 21, Folder 16

Hiller, Lejaren, undated

Box 21, Folder 17

Lanza, Alcides, 1966

Box 21, Folder 18

Mumma, Gordon, undated

Box 21, Folder 19

Pablo, Luis de undated

Box 21, Folder 20

Rondano, Miguel Angel, 1966

Box 23*, Folder 1A

Roque Alsina, Carlos, 1965

Box 21, Folder 21

Tosco, Virgilio, 1965

 

Vaggione, Horacio, 1966

Box 21, Folder 22

Score,

Box 23*, Folder 8

Oversize score,

Box 23*, Folder 3-5

Valcárcel, Edgar, 1964-1966

Box 21, Folder 23

Wolff, Christian, 1962

 

Unidentified, undated

Box 21, Folder 24

Score,

Box 23*, Folder 9

Oversize score,

Box 21, Folder 25

Copies of drawings for slide projections, undated

 

Audio recordings, 1966, undated

Access Information

Audio visual materials are unavailable until reformatted.
 

Brown, Earle, undated

Box 26, Item R1

"Available Forms I",

Box 26, Item R2

"Available Forms I" / "From Here I",

Box 26, Item R3

"From Here II",

 

"Voices T.O. III",

Box 26, Item R4

Reel-to-reel tape,

Box 21, Folder 26

Accompanying material,

 

Centro de Musica Experimental, undated

Box 26, Item R5

"1",

Box 26, Item R6

"2",

Box 26, Item R7

Lanza, Alcides : "Plectros II", undated

Box 26, Item R8

Moretto, Nelly : "Composition No 9-B", undated

Box 22, Item D1

Primeras jornadas americanas de musica experimental, 1966

Box 26, Item C1

Vega, Jorge de la : "El Gusanito en Persona", undated