Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Russian independent trade union publications collection, 1987-1999
Collection Number: 2009C16
5 manuscript boxes
(2 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: The collection is comprised of serial issues, pamphlets, leaflets, and circulated documents issued by Russian independent
trade unions, relating to the labor movement in the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
The collection is in Russian.
Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see
or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Russian independent trade union publications collection, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2009.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
SMOT (Svobodnoe mezhprofessional'noe ob'edinenie trudiashchikhsia) records, Hoover Institution Archives
Rostislav Evdokimov papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Oleg Nikolaevich Moskvin papers, Hoover Institution Archives
In the Soviet Union, labor unions were generally guided by Communist party policy, with the All-Union Central Council of Trade
Unions (VTsSPS) in the forefront. Labor unions incorporated a majority of the labor force, as trade union membership was mandatory.
The unions distributed and administered a wide range of social services to workers.
After the Perestroika in 1990, the Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia (FNPR) was established and became the
post-Soviet successor of the
VTsSPS, inheriting its resources as a monopolistic representative of workers' interests. At the same time, liberalization
and economic reforms
caused a tremendous wave of labor protest. Following the strike wave, the
independence of the trade unions from the party was sealed in 1990 by the
amendment of the Soviet constitution and the Soviet trade union law.
The mass protests that marked the end of the 1990s disappeared and since then social peace reigned, supported by economic
growth and high world energy prices. The result was that most alternative unions either faded away or accommodated with management
and shifted into a "traditional" company union. The Independent Miners' Union, which was the heart of the movement,
disappeared. The trade unions of dockers and air traffic controllers,
originally formed as independent professional unions from the traditional
sector unions, struggled to survive. In some regions the regional
administration used the trade unions as an instrument for monitoring local
employers, just as the Communist Party did in the past, and the employer
might approach the regional trade union organization with a request to
establish a trade union branch in order to manage conflicts on the employers' behalf.
Scope and Content of Collection
The collection documents the role of the trade unions in the political life, the structure of Soviet and post-Soviet trade
unions. It contains serial issues, pamphlets, leaflets, and circulated documents issued by Russian independent trade unions.
Documents of "official" or "traditional" trade unions affiliated with the
FNPR; and alternative or free labor unions independent from the FNPR are
included. There are publications and reports of the Independent Trade Union
of Miners (NPG), which marked the beginning of the alternative labor movement in Russia in 1991.
The collection also contains publications of the All-Russian Confederation of Labor (VKT), the Russian Confederation of Labor
(KTR), and the Trade Union Association of Russia (SOTSPROF).
The collection is organized alphabetically by publishing organization.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Labor movement--Soviet Union.
Labor movement--Russia (Federation)