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Inventory of the California State Senate Elections, Reapportionment, and Constitutional Amendments Committee Records, 1850-2006
See Series description for ID numbers.  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Committee History
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Collections at the California State Archives
  • Oral Histories
  • Other Repositories

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: California State Senate Elections, Reapportionment, and Constitutional Amendments Committee Records
    Dates: 1850-2006
    Collection number: See Series description for ID numbers.
    Creator: California State Senate Elections, Reapportionment, and Constitutional Amendments Committee
    Collection Size: 52 cubic feet
    Repository: California State Archives
    Sacramento, California
    Abstract: The Elections, Reapportionment and Constitutional Amendments Committee is the most recent Senate committee to oversee election law, redistricting and reapportionment, and, beginning in 2005, constitutional amendments. Throughout the life of the committee its scope appears to have remained that of bills relating to elections and reapportionment, with the addition of hearing constitutional amendments in 2005. The Senate Elections, Reapportionment and Constitutional Amendments Committee records consist of Bill Files, 1969, 1975-1980, 1982-2006, Hearing Files, 1967-1975, Contested Election Files, 1850-1937, Reapportionment Files, 1967-1975, 1982-2001, Reapportionment Hearings, 1961, 1971-2001, Reapportionment Court Case Files, 1982-2002, Subject Files, 1962-2004, Correspondence, 1974-2000, Maps and Data Files, 1965-1967, Demographic and Political Profiles, 1992-1993, Miscellaneous Reports, 1851-1858, 1973-1996, and News Clippings, 1980-2004. It is anticipated that the Archives will receive further records from the Senate Elections, Reapportionment and Constitutional Amendments Committee. Researchers should check for recently received, unprocessed records of this committee.
    Physical location: California State Archives
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    For permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the California State Archives. Permission for reproduction or publication is given on behalf of the California State Archives as the owner of the physical items. The researcher assumes all responsibility for possible infringement which may arise from reproduction or publication of materials from the California State Archives collections.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], California State Senate Elections, Reapportionment, and Constitutional Amendments Committee Records, LP[number]:[folder number], California State Archives, Office of the Secretary of State, Sacramento, California.

    Acquisition History

    The State Archives received these records in accordance with California Government Code 9070-908-, which requires legislative committees to transfer their records to the State Archives when they are no longer needed by the committee.

    Committee History

    The Elections, Reapportionment and Constitutional Amendments Committee is the most recent Senate committee to oversee election law, redistricting and reapportionment, and, beginning in 2005, constitutional amendments.
    The first committee that had elections under its purview was Privileges and Elections. It was created as a standing committee of the Senate by the President in 1849. Its purpose was to "examine the returns of the elections of Senators as communicated by the Secretary of State." In 1851 the committee was renamed simply Elections and appears to have expanded its work to include bills relating to elections as well as the examination of election returns. This committee was renamed Elections and Election Laws in 1903, before reverting back to the Elections Committee in 1913, which it remained until 1967 when it became the Elections and Reapportionment Committee. The committee shorted its name again to simply the Elections Committee in 1985, before reverting back to the Elections and Reapportionment Committee in 1989, a name it kept until 2005, when it became the Elections, Reapportionment, and Constitutional Amendments Committee. Throughout the life of the committee its scope appears to have remained that of bills relating to elections and reapportionment, with the addition of hearing constitutional amendments in 2005.
    The chairs of these committees from 1900-2006:
    Delvin, Robert T. (Rep.), 1901-1902
    Beslshaw, C.M. (Rep.), 1903-1904
    Leavitt, Frank W. (Rep.), 1905-1906
    Walker, George S. (Rep.), 1907-1908
    Estudillo, Miguel (Rep.), 1909-1912
    Hewitt, Leslie R. (Rep.), 1913-1914
    Benson, Frank H. (Rep.), 1915-1916
    Flaherty, Lawrence J. (Rep.), 1917-1918
    Slater, Herbert W (Dem.), 1919-1926
    Fellon, Roy (R-D), 1927-1928, 1931-1932
    Merriam, Frank F. (Rep.), 1929-1930
    Jespersen, Chris N (R-D), 1933-1934, 1941-1942
    Allen, James M. (Dem.), 1937-1938
    Hays, Ray W. (Rep.), 1939-1940
    Breed, Arthur H., Jr. (R-D), 1943-1944
    Biggar, George M. (R-D), 1945-1946
    Carter, Oliver J. (Dem.), 1947-1948
    Weybret, Fred (R-D), 1949-1950
    Dilworth, Nelson S. (R-D), 1951-1958
    Cobey, James A. (Dem.), 1959-1960
    Richards, Richard D. (Dem.), 1961-1962
    Rodda, Albert S. (Dem.), 1963-1965
    Mills, James (Dem.), 1967-1968
    Deukmejian, George, (Dem.), 1969
    Whetmore, James E. 1970
    Dymally, Mervyn M. (Dem.), 1971-1974
    Rains, Omer L. (Dem.), 1975-1976
    Holden, Nate (Dem.), 1977-1978
    Keene, Barry (Dem.), 1979-1980
    Boatwrite, Daniel E. (Dem.), 1981-1982
    Lockyer, Bill, (Dem.), 1983-1984
    Carpenter, Paul B. (Dem.), 1985-1986
    Marks, Milton, (Dem.), 1987-1994
    Polanco, Richard G. (Dem.), 1995-1996
    Karnette, Betty (Dem.), 1997-1998
    Murray, Kevin (Dem.), 1999-2000
    Perata, Don (Dem.), 2001-2004
    Bowen, Debra, (Dem.), 2005-2006

    Scope and Content

    The Senate Elections, Reapportionment and Constitutional Amendments Committee records consist of Bill Files, 1969, 1975-1980, 1982-2006, Hearing Files, 1967-1975, Contested Election Files, 1850-1937, Reapportionment Files, 1967-1975, 1982-2001, Reapportionment Hearings, 1961, 1971-2001, Reapportionment Court Case Files, 1982-2002, Subject Files, 1962-2004, Correspondence, 1974-2000, Maps and Data Files, 1965-1967, Demographic and Political Profiles, 1992-1993, Miscellaneous Reports, 1851-1858, 1973-1996, and News Clippings, 1980-2004. It is anticipated that the Archives will receive further records from the Senate Elections, Reapportionment and Constitutional Amendments Committee. Researchers should check for recently received, unprocessed records of this committee.
    The bill files document the bills directed to the committee. The files include committee analysis, letters from interested parties, and the comments of affected agencies. These files show the close involvement of the committee in such issues as campaign finance reform, the Political Reform Act and amendments to the Act, term limits, same day registration and voting, voting rights for young people and efforts to engage them in the voting process, online public disclosure, and secure electronic voting. Other issues taken up by the committee included a revision to the Code of Fair Campaign Practices (AB866, 2005) adding sexual orientation and gender identity to the list of topics a candidate would not use to appeal to negatives prejudices during a campaign.
    The records also include an early series on contested elections. This series spanning 1850-1937 documents the committee's involvement in examining the election results of contested elections at the senate district level and includes transcripts, reports and related material.
    The hearing files span a variety of elections related topics including voter registration and voter turnout, the Political Reform Act of 1974, campaign finance reform, efforts to make elections "English only," electronic voting and voting systems software, the decennial census and redistricting, as well as bill specific hearings.
    There is also a second reapportionment specific hearing series, dealing specifically with the various topics, bills, and initiatives important to the committee's reapportionment work. Also included are hearings to present the proposed redistricting. This series, as well as the reapportionment series and reapportionment court cases deal exclusively with the decennial census, reapportionment, and redistricting process. Here researchers will find documentation of the committee's work drafting new congressional, senate, and assembly districts. The reapportionment court cases document the legal challenges to those proposals and the committee's response. The researcher should note that the committee collected redistricting hearing files under both hearing files and reapportionment hearing files and both series should be consulted.
    The subject files document the committee's work in areas such as a revision of the Elections Code and the Voting Rights Act, campaign finance, voter discrimination, electronic filing, litigation (again mostly in relation to the reapportionment and redistricting process), and the Census and voting demographics, as well as some reapportionment and redistricting material not found in the Reapportionment series. The correspondence consists of mostly outgoing correspondence from the Committee chairperson. Topics include current legislation and redistricting efforts, the organization of public hearings, as well as day to day administrative details of the committee and committee consultants' work. The maps and data series includes maps and data relating to reapportionment and redistricting, such as census population and demographic data, party registration and election results at the state assembly and senate district level and at the federal congressional district level. This series also includes some correspondence and notes.
    The demographic and political profiles are a complete series of profiles for each senate district that were produced by the committee in 1992 and 1993. The miscellaneous reports include mostly reports produced outside the committee on a number of topics including campaign finance, political reform, and reapportionment. This series also includes a number of reports analyzing state propositions in each election cycle. The news clippings are a collection of newspaper and magazine articles collected by the committee on topics relating to the committee's work.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    California. Legislature. Assembly. Committee on Water, Parks, and Wildlife
    Apportionment (Election law) -- Law and legislation
    Election law -- California

    Related Collections at the California State Archives

    James A. Coby Papers
    Albert S. Rodda Papers
    James R. Mills Papers
    James E. Whetmore Papers
    Barry Keene Papers
    Bill Lockyer Papers
    Paul Carpenter Papers
    Milton Marks Papers
    Bill Polanco Papers
    Betty Karnette Papers
    Kevin Murray Papers (restricted)
    Don Perata Papers
    Debra Bowen Papers

    Oral Histories

    Bill Rains, Oral History Interview, 1990. Conducted by Arlene Lazarowitz, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton, for the California State Archives State Government Oral History Program.

    Other Repositories

    Additional records may be found in:
    Collection of the California Special Masters on Reapportionment, 1991 at the Institute for Governmental Studies Library, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley California, 94720-6000.
    Collection of the California Special Masters on Reapportionment, 1973 at the Institute for Governmental Studies Library, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley California, 94720-6000.
    Researchers interested in historical redistricting and reapportionment data should also consult the Statewide Database http://swdb.berkeley.edu/, Institute for Governmental Studies, University of California, Berkeley.